Unit I questions Multiple Choice



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Unit I Questions
Multiple Choice

Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.
____ 1. Latitude and Longitude may be used to determine which of the following characteristics of a place?

a.

Its formal region

d.

Its site features

b.

Its absolute location

e.

Its relative location

c.

Its friction of distance

____ 2. Looking at an issue such as total fertility rate from a local to global perspective in geography would be an example of using:



a.

regional analysis

d.

scale of analysis

b.

differentiated analysis

e.

continuous synthesis

c.

Map scale

____ 3. Which of the following statements concerning longitude is not correct?



a.

Longitude is the angular distance east or west of the prime meridian

d.

Meridians converge at the poles

b.

Meridians run north and south around the earth.

e.

Meridians are parallel to the equator

c.

Longitude is depicted by north-south lines called meridians.

____ 4. A map generally has all of the following attributes EXCEPT:



a.

title

d.

spatial data

b.

1:1 scale

e.

two-dimensional

c.

symbolic representation

____ 5. Location is identified geographically in the following ways:



a.

size, relationship to nearest natural landform, age

d.

flora and fauna in the area

b.

population, northern or southern hemisphere, climate

e.

place-name, site, situation, mathematical location.

c.

important people and events

____ 6. When human geographers study the relative elevation of various places, which type of map would they most likely use?



a.

Cognitive (mental) map

d.

Choropleth thematic map

b.

Isoline topographic map

e.

Robinson Projection

c.

Mercator Projection

____ 7. If it is 2 p.m. in your city and it is 12 p.m. in Greenwich, England, what is your city’s approximate longitude?



a.

45 degrees west

d.

30 degrees west

b.

15 degrees west

e.

30 degrees east

c.

15 degrees east

____ 8. Taking photos of Earth from space is also called:



a.

geographic information systems

d.

aerial photography

b.

geographic positioning systems

e.

remote photography

c.

satellite imagery

____ 9. Which of the following provides the most accurate representation of the earth?



a.

Isoline topographic map

d.

Mercator Projection

b.

Gall-Peters Projection

e.

Robinson Projection

c.

Globe

____ 10. Every map projection has some degree of distortion because:



a.

parallels and meridians never cross at right angles on a globe.

d.

Earth is not a perfect sphere

b.

a curved surface cannot be represented on a flat surface without distortion.

e.

latitude lines never intersect while meridians meet at the poles.

c.

the grid system is two dimentional, while the real world is three dimentional.

____ 11. Meridians and parallels are most helpful in determining



a.

spatial organization

d.

relative location

b.

physical site characteristics

e.

absolute location

c.

the “why of where”

____ 12. Of these, the map using the smallest map scale would be the map of:



a.

Atlanta, GA.

d.

Pennsylvania.

b.

South America.

e.

the world.

c.

Main Street, Small Town, Ohio.

____ 13. Newspaper delivery areas are an example of which type of region?



a.

graphical

d.

vernacular

b.

formal

e.

functional

c.

statistical

____ 14. Which of the following is not true with respect to “places”?



a.

They have location

d.

They have both physical and cultural characteristics

b.

Most have a toponym that helps to distiguish one place from another

e.

They may be large or small

c.

They cannot interact with other places

____ 15. Regional boundaries are marked by



a.

the boundaries or a city or incorporated political unit

d.

spatial reality

b.

subtle differences between geographically similar towns and cities.

e.

precise decisions based upon the scale of the map

c.

dramatic changes in the region’s unifying characteristic



____ 16.

The map above represents what type of projection?



a.

A Robinson projection

d.

A planar projection with diverging lines at the poles

b.

A polar projection

e.

A mercator projection with distorted land areas

c.

A homolosine projection with continuity of land masses

____ 17. Geographic information systems are:



a.

measures to record elevation

d.

surveys that resulted in the long lot system.

b.

a compute program that relies solely on GPS data.

e.

computer systems that combine various geographic data.

c.

paper maps.

____ 18. Which of the following applies to all aspects of human geography?



a.

Gender

d.

Space

b.

Climate

e.

Density

c.

Ethnicity

____ 19. Which of the following statements concerning spatial systems (GIS) is not correct?



a.

Maps cannot be used to measure and analyze systems, only models can.

d.

Layers of information can be used to study a location on many different levels.

b.

The analysis of the role of each component helps reveal the operation of the entire system.

e.

Spatial systems may be the basis for regional identification

c.

They function as units because their component parts are independent.

____ 20. The map type used to record not only the presence of a phenomenon but also to suggest its spatial pattern, distribution, or dispersion is:



a.

isoline

d.

mercator projection

b.

statistical

e.

choropleth

c.

dot

____ 21. Which of the following characteristics of a place is most important in determining its centrality or isolation?



a.

relative location

d.

physical site characteristics

b.

absolute location

e.

toponym

c.

pattern

____ 22. If it is midnight at the prime meridian, then at the international Date Line it is:



a.

Noon

d.

6 A.M.

b.

6 P.M.

e.

midnight of the following day

c.

midnight of the previous day

____ 23. Which of the following has the coarsest level of data aggregation?



a.

Analysis of lead in an office

d.

Analysis of Asian birthrates

b.

Analysis of gender ratios at Southern Illinois University-Edwardsville.

e.

Analysis of death rates in Afghanistan

c.

Analysis of drug use in Germany

____ 24. At what degree of latitude is the North Pole?



a.

90 degrees south

d.

0 degrees

b.

45 degrees south

e.

90 degrees north

c.

45 degrees north

____ 25. Newspaper delivery areas are an example of which type of region?



a.

Formal

d.

Functional

b.

Graphical

e.

Statistical

c.

Vernacular

____ 26. Which of the following items below is an absolute location?



a.

479 Elm Street, Muncie, Indiana

d.

10 miles east of Pittsburgh

b.

3 degrees south

e.

Prime meridian

c.

Washington

____ 27. Which of the following is not used by geographers to determine absolute location?



a.

latitude

d.

equator

b.

longitude

e.

prime meridian

c.

distance from fresh water

____ 28. All of the following are correct statements about time zones EXCEPT:



a.

The organization of the world into time zones requires that somewhere on the globe the date has to change.

d.

The local time in neighboring zones is exactly one hour different.

b.

Many areas have adopted daylight savings time during spring and summer months.

e.

The People’s Republic of China has more time zones thatn the United States does because China is a larger country.

c.

Time zones are geometrically subdivided by meridians each 15º of longitude appart.

____ 29. One method of organizing earth’s surface into regions emphasizes core and peripheral areas. This method identifies



a.

perceptual regions

d.

uniform regions

b.

functional regions

e.

formal regions

c.

vernacular regions

____ 30. What are maps called that keep shapes intact but distort area?



a.

Azimuthal

d.

Relative

b.

Conformal

e.

Equal area

c.

Molleweide

____ 31. According to the theory of environmental determinism, which of the following areas would have the most productive settlements?



a.

Temperate regions

d.

Arctic Regions

b.

Mountainous regions

e.

Tropical regions

c.

Arid regions

____ 32. If one wanted to find the global distribution of coal, he/she would use a:



a.

reference map.

d.

thematic map.

b.

general purpose map.

e.

topographic map.

c.

location map.

____ 33. Physiological population density is viewed as a superior measure of population density for which of the following reasons?



a.

It yields the average population density

d.

It measures the average by dividing total land area by total number of people.

b.

It best reflects the percentage of a population that is urbanized

e.

It is more reflective of population pressure on arable land

c.

It is more reflective of the world’s largest population concentrations

____ 34. Regionalization is to geography as



a.

characterization is to drama

d.

periodization is to history

b.

exploration is to geology

e.

description is to literature

c.

composition is the music

____ 35. Which of the following is a type of region categorization that emphasizes the relationship between core and peripheral areas?



a.

functional regions

d.

uniform regions

b.

vernacular regions

e.

perceptual regions

c.

formal regions

____ 36. Which of the following maps would be most useful for demonstrating varying levels of mountain elevation?



a.

Isoline topographic

d.

Proportional symbol

b.

Dot density

e.

Mercatur Projection

c.

Azimuthal

____ 37. If a traveller crosses the International Date Line going from America to Asia, s(he) will set the time



a.

24 hours back

d.

24 hours ahead

b.

12 hours back

e.

48 hours back

c.

12 hours ahead

____ 38. Which of the following is an example of the spatial analysis tradition in geography?



a.

the sizes of major oceans

d.

a checkerboard pattern created by agricultural use of land

b.

the number of ships constructed in New England

e.

natural vegitation on hillsides

c.

flight patterns of birds in migration

____ 39. Regions share all of these characteristics EXCEPT:



a.

common features.

d.

relative loction.

b.

spatial extent.

e.

easily defined.

c.

boundaries.

____ 40. GPS determines latitude in relation to _______________ and longitude in relation to __________ .



a.

the equator; the prime meridian

d.

the prime meridian, the international date line

b.

the prime meridian, the equator

e.

climate; time zones

c.

the equator; Antarctica

____ 41. Linear, centralized, random, and grid patterns help to define the



a.

distance between objects on a map and the distance between objects on the earth’s surface

d.

organization of earth’s surface into distinct areas

b.

arrangement of objects on earth’s surface in relation to other objects

e.

position of something on earth’s surface

c.

physical gap or distance between two objects

____ 42. The geographical perspective is distinct from that of other fields in its emphasis on



a.

urban lifestyles

d.

spatial analysis

b.

cultural traditions

e.

political relationships

c.

sustainable development



____ 43.

The map above represents what kind of projection?



a.

A homolosine projection with continuity of landmasses

d.

A planar projection with diverging lines at the poles

b.

A Mercator projection with distorted land area

e.

A gnomonic projection with distortions of bodies of water

c.

A Robinson projection with distortions at the equator

____ 44. Which of the following matches the actual areas would be represented by a map with the largest scale?



a.

The world.

d.

a country

b.

a continent

e.

a city

c.

a park

____ 45. If an area has objects in it that are tightly arranged, it is said to be what?



a.

Dispersed

d.

Scattered

b.

Clustered

e.

Regionalized

c.

Dense

____ 46. The “why of where” refers to:



a.

spatial patterns on the landscape.

d.

the importance of landscape features.

b.

the depiction of a region’s physical features.

e.

the fact that geography only focuses on location.

c.

the idea that geography explains spatial patterns.

____ 47. The characteristics of places today are the result of:



a.

technology

d.

current inhabitants

b.

space-time compression

e.

constantly changing past and present conditions

c.

level of education

____ 48. 1:100,000 is an example of what type of scale?



a.

Fractional

d.

Line statement

b.

Large scale

e.

Word

c.

Small scale

____ 49. Transferring locations from Earth’s surface to a flat map is called projection. What types of distortion can occur in this transference?



a.

The relative size of different areas may be altered.

d.

The direction from one place to another can be distorted.

b.

The shape of an area can be distorted.

e.

All of the above are distortions that can occur on maps.

c.

The distance between two points bay be incorrect.

____ 50.

On the map above, the farther apart the contour lines:

a.

the colder the climate

d.

the gentler the slope

b.

the closer to water

e.

the steeper the slope

c.

the closer to mountain tops

____ 51. A special type of map designed to reveal the nature of local topography is called a



a.

reference map

d.

contour map

b.

local-global continuum map

e.

Peters projection map

c.

Robinson projection map

____ 52. Land parcels in the American Midwest tend to be rectilinear because:



a.

the federal survey system adopted in the late eighteenth century imposed a geometric pattern on the landscape.

d.

Native American settlement patterns were rectangular.

b.

English-speaking settlers replicated the landscape patterns of England.

e.

there were no mountains or rivers to use as boundaries.

c.

Spanish colonists laid out settlements in a rigid geometric pattern.

____ 53. What is another name for a meridian?



a.

Line of Longitude

d.

Poles (North and South)

b.

Line of Latitude

e.

Equator

c.

Parallel

____ 54. The Spanish language concentration, brought over from Cuba after the communist revolution, of Little Havana in Miami is an example of what type of diffusion.



a.

hierarchical diffusion

d.

contageous diffusion

b.

expansion diffustion

e.

relocation diffusion

c.

stimulus diffusion

____ 55. The system that measures the position of an object on earth and stores different types of information about it in layers is called a



a.

GPS

d.

space-time prism

b.

map projection

e.

physical landscape

c.

GIS

____ 56. Which of the following is NOT used by geographers to determine absolute location.



a.

Longitude

d.

Latitude

b.

Prime Meridian

e.

Equator

c.

Distance to the nearest city

____ 57. Each place on earth has a situation, a characteristic referring directly to:



a.

physical sites

d.

toponyms

b.

patterns

e.

relative location

c.

absolute locations

____ 58. Which of the following sets of maps would help explain how scale of inquiry affects truth?



a.

Maps of the Mississippi river drawn both by Native Americans and the earliest European explorers

d.

Maps showing the different locations of McDonalds restaurants in New York and Los Angeles.

b.

Maps showing the area of Mexico before and after surveying

e.

Maps showing the number of murders in Chicago before and after the White Sox won the World Series.

c.

Maps showing the election results for counties in Illinois and in each of the fifty states.

____ 59. A student who lives in Minneapolis chooses to spend her spring break in Florida rather that in Jamaica because Florida is closer and the plane fare is cheaper. This type of decision making best illustrates the concept of:



a.

distortion.

d.

the friction of distance.

b.

relative direction.

e.

sence of place.

c.

spatial perspective.

____ 60. Who first coined the term geography?



a.

Eratosthenes

d.

Zheng He

b.

Socrates

e.

Plato

c.

Aristotle

____ 61. Which of the following adjectives is



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