University of maiduguri



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UNIVERSITY OF MAIDUGURI

POSTGRADUATE

PROSPECTUS




© 2013 www.unimaid.edu.ng

POSTGRADUATE PROSPECTUS OF THE FACULTY OF LAW,
UNIVERISTY OF MAIDUGURI



1.0 INTRODUCTION

The Faculty of Law started in October 1976 as a Department of Law in the former Faculty of Social Sciences and Law. The department commenced teaching in November, 1976 with Professors Niki Tobi (now a retired Justice of the Supreme Court of Nigeria) and Mr Olusegun Yerokun as the pioneer members of the teaching staff. The Department sent its first set of students to the Nigerian Law School in 1979. Although the department of law was converted into a full-fledged faculty in 1978, the faculty continued to operate as a single department until the beginning of the 1980/1981 academic session when it was split into the departments of Common law and Sharia.

The main objective of the Faculty of Law, University of Maiduguri, as a teaching and research unit is to train students who upon graduation will proceed to the Nigerian Law School where they will receive one year compulsory training for the purposes of being called to the Nigerian Bar. This objective is of particular importance to the University’s catchment area States who depend on the faculty to provide high, middle and low levels manpower to serve both the Bench and the Bar. The Faculty’s teaching philosophy is to adopt an inter-disciplinary approach in the training of students in the legal profession so that they will meet the challenges of the modern era.
Although the faculty actually started with the Department of Common Law, five departments were initially approved for the Faculty of Law by the National Universities Commission (NUC). However, due to infrastructural constraints and other difficulties, all the five Departments could not take off at the same time. As a result the creation of the common law department was later followed by the establishment of the Department of Sharia with effect from 2nd October 1980. In 1997 the Senate of University of Maiduguri approved the splitting of the Department of Common Law into the Departments of Private and Public Law. Presently, the Faculty has three Departments, namely: Department of Private Law, Department of Public Law and Department of Sharia.

The Faculty of Law, through its departments, offers academic programmes leading to the award of undergraduate and postgraduate degrees. All the three departments run four and five-year degree programmes. Candidates for the five-year degree programme are admitted through the Universities Tertiary Matriculation Examinations (UTME) conducted by the Joint Admissions and Matriculation Board (JAMB), while the four-year degree programme (Direct Entry) is open to candidates with A-level qualifications with at least a Merit grade in Diploma in Law or IJMB. This is in addition to possessing 5 O’ level credits including mathematics and English as the basic entry requirement which all candidates aspiring to read law must have.



Postgraduate programme in the Faculty was introduced in 1996 and since the inception of the programmes many students have graduated in the Master of Laws (LL.M) and Doctor of Philosophy in Law (PhD) programmes. There are many students currently undergoing their LL.M and PhD studies in the Faculty.


  1. BENCHMARK/MINIMUM ACADEMIC STANDARDS FOR LL.M. AND M. Phil./Ph.D. PROGRAMMES IN NIGERIAN UNIVERSITIES

The Benchmark statements contained herein, describe the minimum requirements that each university should attain without prejudice to such modifications that can be made thereon for higher quality.

    1. Philosophy

The philosophy of the postgraduate programmes in Law is to develop highly skilled and research oriented lawyers for the public and private sectors.

    1. Aims and Objectives

The postgraduate programmes in Law are aimed at:

  • Enabling their products to assume broader responsibilities in the rapidly changing environment.

  • Providing knowledge and elevated thought processes required for the understanding and practical analysis of legal problems.

  • Producing legal experts/researchers who are capable of applying appropriate legal principles and techniques to solving national and international legal problems.

  • Producing socially responsible legal experts/researchers who are sensitive to the accepted norms and ethics of the rule of law and the imperatives of democratic values.

  • Encouraging the production of legal experts/researchers who will be equipped with relevant ICT knowledge and skills that drive legal research.

  • Encouraging the production of legal experts/researchers who will be equipped with managerial skills and leadership qualities.

  • Producing legal experts/researchers with the necessary competencies and skills to function effectively in institutions of higher learning.

    1. Admission Requirements

      1. Master of Laws (LL.M) Degree

The criteria for admission into the LL.M programme are as follows:

  1. A Bachelor of Laws degree from an approved university with a minimum of Second Class Honours Lower Division.

  2. A minimum of five (5) credit passes, including English Language and Literature in English, at not more than two (2) sittings in SSC/GCE Ordinary Level or its equivalent.

  3. A minimum of two positive references as to character and learning must to be submitted by the applicant. At least one of the references must be obtained from the applicant’s former lecturer in the Faculty of Law.

A university may in addition, conduct a qualifying examination for applicants for the purpose of admission.

      1. Master of Philosophy (M.Phil.) Degree

The criteria for admission into the Master of Philosophy Programme in Law are as follows:

  1. A Bachelor of Laws degree from an approved university with a minimum of Second Class Honours Upper Division.

OR

  1. An LL.M degree.



      1. Doctor of Philosophy (Ph.D.) Degree

The criteria for admission into the Doctor of Philosophy Programme in Law are as follows:

  1. A Master of Philosophy (M.Phil.) degree from an approved university.
    OR

  2. A Master of Laws (LL.M) degree from an approved university with research thesis and a weighted course work average which shall normally be not less than 60%

OR

  1. A Master of Laws (LL.M.) degree by course work from an approved university with an average which should normally be not less than 60%.

Applicants for M.Phil. and Ph.D. degree programmes must also satisfy the requirements under section 2.3.1 (ii) and (iii) above.

A university may, in addition, conduct a qualifying examination for applicants for the purpose of admission into M.Phil. /Ph.D. degree programmes.



    1. Specialised Master’s Programmes

Specialised Master’s programmes may be run by a university in special areas of the Law for public officers, legal practitioners and other professionals who need law to enable them perform efficiently in their vocations. Such specialized Master’s programmes shall be for a minimum of twelve (12) calendar months.

    1. Duration of Programmes

      1. LL.M.

  1. The Full-time LL.M. programme shall run for a minimum of 12 calendar months and a maximum of 24 calendar months.

  2. For extension beyond the maximum period, special permission of the Postgraduate school Board shall be required.

      1. M. Phil.

  1. The Fulltime M.Phil. programme shall run for a minimum of 24 calendar months and a maximum of 36 calendar months.

  2. For extension beyond the maximum period, special permission of the Postgraduate School Board shall be required.

      1. Ph.D.

  1. The Full time Ph.D. programme shall run for a minimum of 24 calendar months and a maximum of 48 calendar months.

  2. For extension beyond the maximum period, special permission of the Postgraduate School Board shall be required.

      1. Part time Programmes

LL.M., M.Phil. and Ph. D. degrees may be offered on part-time basis. The duration shall be:

  1. For the LL.M., a minimum of 2 years and a maximum of 4 years;

  2. For the M.Phil., a minimum of 3 years and a maximum of 5 years and

  3. For the Ph.D, a minimum of 4 years and a maximum of 7 years.

However, the board of the School of Postgraduate Studies may, upon reasonable grounds, grant extension to a student.

    1. Mode of Study

      1. LL.M. Degree

The student shall be required to register for four (4) courses. At the end of course work, he shall be required to sit for an examination. He shall also submit a well researched Long Essay which shall be awarded a mark. A student may be required to do an oral defence of the Long Essay. A university may mount an LL.M. programme with research thesis. The course work shall be the same as for LL.M with Long Essay but the student shall be required to submit and defend a researched thesis at the end of the programme.

      1. M.Phil. Degree

  1. A student with a first degree shall be required to take examinations in 4 courses at the end of the first year. He shall submit and defend a well-researched Thesis at the end of the second year.

  2. A student with an LL.M. degree shall present two in-depth seminar papers on different courses within the first year. The seminar papers shall be awarded marks as course work. The student shall submit and defend a well researched thesis at the end of the second year.

  3. A student whose performance in the course work is adjudged to be outstanding may, on the recommendation of the Faculty Postgraduate Committee be allowed to transfer/convert to the Ph.D. Programme on terms to be determined by the Postgraduate School Board.

      1. Ph.D. Degree

The Faculty offers a PhD in law by research. The course structure of the programme is as follows:


S/NO

TIME FRAME

PROPOSED ACTIVITY

METHODOLOGY/EXPECTED OUTCOME

PERSON(S) RESPONSIBLE

1

First Year of Registration

(First Two semesters)


PRELIMINARIES: Selection of topic, defending of topic before the Faculty Postgraduate Committee and, appointment of supervisors by the Faculty Postgraduate Committee.

Selection of proposed topic, presentation of a mini-proposal on proposed topic before the Faculty Postgraduate Committee.

Ph.D. Student/Faculty Postgraduate Committee.

2




COURSE WORK: LEGAL RESEARCH METHODS The course shall focus on Legal Research Methods and the Use of Information Technology (IT) as a tool for Research. The course is primarily designed to assist the candidates to acquire the relevant knowledge and skills in research methods that would help them in writing their proposals and the Ph.D Thesis.

Candidates shall be examined and present a Seminar paper on Legal Research Methods and the Use of Information Technology (IT) as a tool for Research. It shall carry four (4) credit units.

Ph.D. Student/Faculty Postgraduate Committee.

3

Second year of Registration.

(Third and Fourth Semester)




TWO (2) NON-THESIS BASED SEMINARS

The topics for the two Non-Thesis Based Seminars shall focus on any area of the law approved by the supervisors of the candidate. Each Non-Thesis Based Seminar shall carry four (4) credit units

Ph.D. Student/Supervisors/Faculty Postgraduate Committee.


4

Third year of Registration (Fifth & sixth semesters, up to the tenth semester).




Ph.D. RESEARCH

Gathering of materials, writing up of thesis, and presentation of post research seminar before the Faculty PG Committee.

Ph.D. Student/Supervisors/Faculty Postgraduate Committee

5




POST RESEARCH PHASE

Submission of draft copy, submission of copy for defence, thesis defence, effecting corrections after the defence, etc.

Ph.D. Student/Supervisors/Faculty Postgraduate Committee.

The thesis must form a distinct contribution to knowledge and afford evidence of originality shown either by the discovery of new facts and techniques or by the exercise of independent critical reasoning. It should not form part of any work presented for a higher degree at the University of Maiduguri or any other University. The Thesis shall carry forty (40) credit units.



BREAKDOWN OF CREDIT UNITS

S/NO

COURSE CODE

COURSE

UNITS

1

LW 800

Course work: Legal Research Methods

4

2

LW 801

Non-Thesis Based Seminar I

4

3

LW 802

Non-Thesis Based Seminar II

4

4

LW 803

Thesis Based Seminar I

4

5

LW 804

Thesis Based Seminar II

4

6

LW 899

Ph. D. Thesis

40




TOTAL UNITS




60

A candidate shall be required to submit and defend a well-researched thesis on a chosen topic in a field or subject of his choice in Law.

    1. Requirements for Graduation

      1. LL.M. Degree

A student shall be required to complete at least 24 units (6 units each) and also present a Long Essay or Thesis, as the case may be, which must be an original research work. The Long Essay carries 6 units which make a total of 30 units for the LL.M. programme.

To be eligible to sit for examination in a particular course, a student must record at least 75% attendance at lectures, seminars and tutorials delivered for the course.



      1. M.Phil. Degree

A student shall be required to complete at least 24 units (6 units each) for the course work. At the end of the first year, a student shall be required to take an examination in the 4 courses selected. During the second year, the student shall be expected to submit and defend his thesis in accordance with the regulations of the university.

Where the M. Phil course work is by Seminars, each seminar shall carry 7 units.



      1. Ph.D. Degree

A candidate is expected to carry out an original research and present a thesis on an approved topic. The candidate shall defend the thesis in accordance with the regulations of the University.

    1. Domain of the Programme

The LL. M. /M. Phil. /Ph.D. programme shall be based in the Faculty of Law.

    1. Student Enrolment

Enrolment into the programmes shall be subject to the carrying capacity of the Faculty.

  1. ACADEMIC STANDARDS

    1. Academic Regulations

      1. Academic Year

An academic year consists of twelve calendar months.

    1. Programme Requirements:

    1. Registration Procedure

Students shall normally complete registration of courses for the programme not later than two weeks after the start of the programme. A student cannot withdraw from a course after a third of it has been taught without the permission of the Faculty Postgraduate Committee. A student who withdraws after this time or who fails to sit for the final examination without reasons acceptable to the Senate shall be deemed to have failed that course.

    1. Student Academic Status

A student’s academic status shall be determined on the basis of his performance at the end of the programme. The following categorization shall be used:

      1. Good Standing

To be in good standing, a student must at the end of the programme have a minimum score of 50% in each course taken.

      1. Withdrawal
        A student who fails to obtain a minimum score of 50% in at least 2 courses at the end of a particular year of study shall be required to withdraw from the University. A student who fails any re-sit subject shall be required to withdraw from the programme.



    1. Course Evaluation

  1. Attainment Levels

In the LLM programme assessment of students’ achievements should be based on:

a) Examinations

b) Seminar/Term Papers

c) Oral presentations and problem solving exercises

d) Assignments

e) Group project work

f) LL.M. Dissertations


  1. Continuous Assessment

Continuous assessment may be done through seminars, tests, term papers and home work. Scores from continuous assessment shall constitute not more than 30% of the final marks for the courses.

    1. Examinations, Grading Procedure and Results

    1. Examinations

      1. In addition to continuous assessment, final examinations shall be given at the end of the programme. The total score obtainable for any course (continuous assessment and final examinations) is 100%.

      2. Each course shall normally be completed and examined at the end of the programme in which it is offered.

      3. A written examination shall normally last for 3 hours.



    1. Pass Mark

The minimum pass mark in any course shall be 50%


% Scores

Letter Grades

Remark

70 & Above

60 – 69


50 – 59

Below 50


A

B

C



F

Distinction

Pass


Pass

Fail



    1. External Examination System

The external examination system shall be used to assess the course work and Long Essay/Thesis of the graduate programme, to assess final year courses and projects and to certify the overall performance of the graduating students as well as the quality of facilities and teaching.

    1. Presentation of Results

Results from the Postgraduate School Board shall be presented to Senate for approval.

    1. Release of Results

Results shall be released /published after approval by the Senate.


  1. LL.M. /M.Phil. Course Work

The following courses may be offered in the LL.M. /M.Phil. programmes:

  • Jurisprudence and Legal Theory

  • Administrative Law

  • Comparative Constitutional Law

  • Corporate Law, Management and Finance

  • Law of Labour Relations

  • Comparative Family Law

  • Law of Industrial and Intellectual Property

  • Comparative Conflict of Laws

  • Comparative Criminal Law

  • International Maritime Law

  • Law of International Institutions

  • Criminology and Penology

  • Law of Secured Credit Transactions

  • International Economic Law

  • International Copyright, Patent and Competition Law

  • International Humanitarian Law

  • Land Law and Land Development

  • International Environmental Law

  • Diplomatic and Consular Law

  • The Law of Personal taxation

  • The Law of Business Taxation

  • Law of Non-Marine Insurance

  • Law of Marine Insurance

  • Law of Treaties

  • Legal Systems in Africa

  • International Human Rights Law

  • Environmental Law

  • Aviation Law

  • Telecommunication Law

  • Law and Medicine

  • Principles of Civil Litigation

  • Military Law

  • Legislative Process and Legislative Drafting

  • International Trade and Investment Law

  • Law of International Banking and Finance

  • Energy and National Resources Law

  • International Law of Development

  • Foreign Relations Law

  • International Boundary and Immigration Law

  • International Labour Law

  • Law of International Taxation

  • Law of Banking and Negotiable Instruments

  • Law of Commercial Arbitration, Conciliation and Mediation

  • Law of Carnage of Goods by Land, Air and Sea

  • Law of Commercial and Consumer Transactions

  • Islamic Law

  • Law of Outer Space

  • Nuclear Law

  • Legal History

  • Customary Law

  • Refugee Law

  • Law of Landlord and Tenant





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