Us history Bonus Review Packet By Goal: Goal 1: The New Nation (1789-1820)



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US History Bonus Review Packet By Goal:

Goal 1: The New Nation (1789-1820)- The learner will identify, investigate, and assess the effectiveness of the institutions of the emerging republic.
Objective 1.01: Identify the major domestic issues and conflicts experienced by the nation during the Federalist Period.

1. Explain the difference between strict and loose constructionists.

2. What was the Judiciary Act of 1789?
3. Explain laissez-faire economics.
4. What is the significance of the Whiskey Rebellion?
5. What were the Alien and Sedition Acts?
6. Why was Marbury v. Madison (1803) significant? What are “Midnight Judges”?
7. What is the major principle behind the Virginia and Kentucky Resolutions?
8. Why was the Election of 1800 significant?
9. What was the Louisiana Purchase?
10. What happened at the Harford Convention?
11. Complete the following chart:

Federalists Democratic-Republicans

a. Alexander Hamilton b. John Adams c. Thomas Jefferson

d. James Madison c. John Marshall d. Strict Constructionists

e. Loose Constructionists f. Strong Federal Government g. States and Individual Rights

h. VA and KY Resolutions i. Supported England j. Supported France

k. supported the national bank l. New England m. Southern and Western States

n. supported industry o. supported farmers p. supported a strong tariff



Goal 1.02: Analyze the political freedoms available to the following groups prior to 1820: women, wage earners, land owners, farmers, American Indians, African Americans and other ethnic groups.
12. Who was Tecumseh?
13. What was the Treaty of Greenville (1796)?
14. Who was Abigail Adams?
Goal 1.03: Assess commercial and diplomatic relationships with Britain, France and other nations.

15. Why did Washington encourage neutrality?


16. What was Jay’s Treaty?
17. What was Pinckney’s Treaty?
18. Describe the XYZ Affair.
19. What was the Convention of 1800?
20. What was the Embargo Act (1807)?
21. What were the causes and effects of the War of 1812?

22. Why was the Battle of New Orleans significant?


23. What did the Adams-Onis Treaty do?

Goal 2: Expansion and Reform (1801-1850): The learner will assess the competing forces of expansionism, nationalism and sectionalism.
Goal 2.01: Analyze the effects of territorial expansion and the admission of new states to the Union 1801-1850.

1. What was the significance of the Lewis and Clark expedition?


2. What were the terms of the Missouri Compromise?

3. What did the Supreme Court decide in Worcester v. Georgia (1832)?


4. What was the Trail of Tears?
5. Who was Stephen F. Austin?
6. What is the Alamo?
7. What was the Webster-Ashburton Treaty (1842)?
8. What was the Oregon Trail?
9. Which presidential candidate coined the phrase “54-40 or fight”?
10. Why was the election of 1844 important?
11. Explain the annexation of Texas.

12. What was the Wilmot Proviso?


13. What were the causes and effects of Mexican-American War?

14. What were the terms of the Treaty of Guadalupe-Hidalgo?


15. Who were the ‘49ers?
16. Why did the US buy the Gadsden Purchase?
Goal 2.02: Describe how the growth of nationalism and sectionalism were reflected in art, literature, and language.

17. Who was Noah Webster?

Match the following authors with their major works:

18. Washington Irving A. The Scarlet Letter

19. Nathaniel Hawthorne B. Walden

20. James Fenimore Cooper C. The Raven

21. Ralph Waldo Emerson D. The Last of the Mohicans

22. Henry David Thoreau E. Led the Transcendentalist Movement

23. Edgar Allan Poe F. The Legend of Sleepy Hollow
24. Why is Alexis de Tocqueville important?
25. What was the Hudson River School for Artists?
Goal 2.03: Distinguish between the economic and social issues that led to sectionalism and nationalism.

26. What was the Industrial Revolution?

Match the inventor with the invention:

27. Eli Whitney A. Steel Plow

28. John Deere B. Mechanical Reaper

29. Cyrus McCormick C. Steam Boat

30. Samuel Morse D. Cotton Gin

31. Robert Fulton E. Morse Code/Telegraph
Goal 2.04: Assess the political events, issues and personalities that contributed to sectionalism and nationalism.

32. What was the Era of Good Feelings?


33. What caused the Panic of 1819.
34. Why was McCulloch v. Maryland (1819) important?
35. What was decided in Gibbons v. Ogden (1824)?
36. What was the Monroe Doctrine?
37. Why was the election of 1824 significant?
38. What was the “corrupt bargain”?
39. What were the 3 parts to Henry Clay’s American System?
40. Define suffrage.
41. What was the Tariff of Abominations?
42. Who was John C. Calhoun?
43. What was the significance of Nat Turner’s Rebellion?
44. Why was the Election of 1832 significant?
45. What are Pet Banks?
46. Why is the election of 1840 significant?

Goal 2.05: Identify the major reform movements and evaluate their effectiveness.

Match the following reformers with their movements/accomplishments.



47. Dorothea Dix A. Founded Mormonism

48. Horace Mann B. Led the Mormons to Utah

49. Elizabeth Cady Stanton C. Education Reform

50. Lucretia Mott D. Mental Asylums

51. Sojourner Truth E. Mentor of Elizabeth Cady Stanton

52. Susan B. Anthony F. Abolitionist/Suffragette

53. Joseph Smith G. Leader of the Seneca Falls Convention

54. Brigham Young H. voted illegally in the election of 1872
55. What was the 2nd Great Awakening?
56. What is a utopian society? Give two examples.

Goal 2.06: Evaluate the role of religion in the debate over slavery and other social movements and issues.

57. Why is slavery described as a “necessary evil”?


Match the following people with their significance.

58. William Lloyd Garrison A. wrote The Liberator

59. Grimke Sisters B. leader of the 2nd Great Awakening

60. David Walker C. black abolitionist from North Carolina

61. Frederick Douglass D. wrote The North Star

62. Charles G. Finney E. suffragettes/abolitionists
Goal 3: Crisis, Civil War and Reconstruction (1848-1877): The learner will analyze the issues that led to the Civil War, the effects of the war, and the impact of Reconstruction on the nation.
Goal 3.01: Trace the economic, social and political events from the Mexican War to the outbreak of the Civil War.

1. Who were the Know-Nothings?


2. What were the Slave Codes?
3. What was the Underground Railroad? Who was Harriet Tubman? What was the Fugitive Slave Act?

4. What was the Free Soil Party?


5. Define popular sovereignty.
6. What was the significance of the Dred Scott v. Sanford (1857) court case?
7. Why are the Lincoln-Douglas Debates important?
8. What was the Freeport Doctrine?
9. What were the main ideas of the Republican Party?
Match the following causes of the Civil War with their descriptions.

10. allowed states in the west to use popular sovereignty A. Compromise of 1850

11. a white abolitionist attacked a federal arsenal B. Uncle Tom’s Cabin

12. a fight in Congress over state’s rights C. Kansas-Nebraska Act

13. book written by Harriet Beecher Stowe D. Brooks-Sumner Incident

14. Agreement that made CA a free state and a tougher Fugitive Slave Act E. John Brown’s Raid on Harper’s Ferry
Goal 3.02: Analyze and assess the causes of the Civil War.

15. Why was the election of 1860 significant?


16. Where were the first shots of the Civil War fired?
17. Who was Abraham Lincoln?
18. Who was Jefferson Davis?
19. What were the two sides in the Civil War?
Goal 3.03: Identify political and military turning points of the Civil War and assess their significance to the outcome of the Civil War.

20. Describe the three parts of the Anaconda Plan.

21. What is a blockade?

Match the following battles with their significance:



22. Turning point of the war along the Mississippi River A. Battle of Bull Run

23. First major battle B. Antietam

24. Turning point of the war in the East—Gettysburg Address C. Vicksburg

25. Union general used total warfare to take the land between Atlanta and Savannah D. Gettysburg

26. Bloodiest single day during the Civil War E. Sherman’s March to the Sea
27. Who were the two primary Confederate generals?
28. Who was George McClellan? Who was Ulysses S. Grant?

Fill in the following chart:


Union Advantage Confederate Advantage


A. More Railroads B. Cotton C. Better weapons

D. Better Generals E. More Soldiers F. Home-field Advantage

G. More industry H. European Support I. Abraham Lincoln


29. Define the Writ of Habeas Corpus.
30. Who are Copperheads?
31. What was the Emancipation Proclamation?
32. Why is the Election of 1864 significant?
33. Where was the surrender of the Civil War?
34. Who assassinated Abraham Lincoln?
Goal 3.04: Analyze the political, economic, and social impact of Reconstruction on the nation and identify the reasons why Reconstruction came to an end.

35. What was the Freedman’s Bureau?


36. Describe the Radical Republican’s plan for reconstruction.

37. Describe Andrew Johnson’s plan for reconstruction.

38. Who was Thaddeus Stevens?
39. What was the Compromise of 1877?
40. What was the Tenure of Office Act?
41. What are Scalawags? Carpetbaggers?

42. Why is the KKK significant?


43. Who are sharecroppers? Tenant farmers?

44. What are Jim Crow Laws?


45. What is the south called the “Solid South”?
46. What is the Grandfather clause?
Goal 3.05: Evaluate the degree to which the Civil War and Reconstruction proved to be a test of the supremacy of the national government.
Match the Amendment with their provisions:

47. States’ Rights A. 10th Amendment

48. Freed the slaves B. 13th Amendment

49. Defined Citizenship and declared everyone had equal protection under the law. C. 14th Amendment

50. Gave African American males the right to vote D. 15th Amendment
51. What was the Civil Rights Act of 1866?
52. Why was the election of 1876 significant?
53. What was the Compromise of 1877?

Goal 4: The Great West and the Rise of the Debtor (1860-1896): The Learner will evaluate the great westward expansion and assess the impact of the agricultural revolution on the nation.
Goal 4.01: Compare and contrast the different groups of people who migrated to the West and describe the problems they experienced.

1. What was the Gold Rush?


2. What was the Comstock Lode?
3. What was the Homestead Act?
4. What was the Morrill Land Grant Act (1862)?
5. What are sod houses?
Goal 4.02: Evaluate the impact that settlement in the West had upon different groups of people and upon the environment.

6. Why was the transcontinental railroad important? Promontory Point, Utah?

7. Who are the Buffalo Soldiers?
8. What significant of the Sand Creek Massacre?
9. What happened at the Battle of Little Big Horn?
10. Who was Sitting Bull?
11. What was the Dawes Severalty Act?
12. Who is Chief Joseph?
13. What is significant about Helen Hunt Jackson’s A Century of Dishonor?
14. What happened at Wounded Knee?
15. Who was Frederick Jackson Turner?
Goal 4.03: Describe the causes and effects of the financial difficulties that plagued the American farmers and trace the rise and decline of Populism.

16. What is The Grange?


17. What was the National Farmers’ Alliances?
18. Compare and contrast the Gold Standard to Bimetallism.
19. What is the significance of Munn v. Illinois (1877)?
20. What is the significance of Wabash v. Illinois (1886)?
21. Who was William Jennings Bryan? Describe the significance of his “Cross of Gold” Speech.
Goal 4.04: Describe the innovations in agricultural technology and business practices and assess their impact on the West.

22. Why is barbed wire important?


23. Why is the refrigerated train car significant?
24. What is the windmill important?


Goal 5: Becoming an Industrial Society (1877-1900): The learner will describe innovations in technology and business practices and assess their impact on economic, political, and social life in America.
Goal 5.01: Evaluate the influence of immigration and rapid industrialization on urban life.

Match the person with their significance.



1. Settlement Houses A. Jacob Riis

2. Invented the light bulb B. Jane Addams

3. Invented the telephone C. Frederick Olmsted

4. “Muckraker” who wrote about life in the tenements D. Thomas Edison

5. Designed Central Park E. Alexander Graham Bell
6. What is the difference between “new” and “old” immigrants?

7. What is Ellis Island?


8. What was the Chinese Exclusion Act?
9. What are amusement parks and spectator sports significant?
Goal 5.02: Explain how business and industrial leaders accumulated wealth and wielded political and economic power.

10. What was the Bessemer Process?


11. Define the Gilded Age?
12. What is a Robber Baron?
Match the following person with their significance.

13. Financier who formed US Steel A. Edwin Drake

14. Ran Standard Oil B. John D. Rockefeller

15. The biggest philanthropist of the industrial age C. Andrew Carnegie

16. Discovered how to pump oil out of the ground in PA D. JP Morgan

17. Ran the railroad industry E. Cornelius Vanderbilt

18. Author who was famous for his “rags to riches” stories F. Herbert Spencer

19. Invented the railway brake G. Horatio Alger

20. Coined the term “survival of the fittest” H. George Westinghouse
Goal 5.03: Assess the impact of labor unions on industry and the lives of workers.

21. Describe the working conditions in factories in the late 19th Century.


22. What is the difference between a trade union and a craft union?
23. What was the Haymarket Riot?
24. Describe the impact of the Sherman Anti-trust Act.
Match the following terms with their definitions:

25. The company shuts its doors so the employees can work. A. Blacklist

26. Employees refuse to work. B. Strike

27. People who work for the employees refusing to work. C. Yellow Dog Contract

28. Businesses prohibiting certain people from working for various reasons. D. Closed Shop

29. You can only work for this company if you join the union. E. Lockout

30. Agreement that says the employee will not join the union. F. Scabs
31. What was the Great Strike of 1877?
32. What was the Homestead Strike?
33. What was the Pullman Strike?
34. Who is Eugene Debs?
35. Who is Samuel Gompers?
36. What is the American Federation of Labor?
37. What is the Knights of Labor?
Goal 5.04: Describe the changing role of government in economic and political affairs.

38. What is the Pendleton Act?


39. What is the Civil Service System?
40. Describe Boss Tweed, political machines and Tammany Hall.

41. What is the difference between initiative, referendum and recall?




Goal 6: The emergence of the US in World Affairs (1890-1914): The learner will analyze the causes and effects of the United States emergence as a world power.
Goal 6.01: Examine the factors that led to the US taking an increasingly active role in world affairs.

1. Who was Alfred T. Mahan?


2. Who was Josiah Strong?
3. What is the “White Man’s Burden”?
4. Define Jingoism.
Goal 6.02: Identify the areas of the US military, economic and political involvement and influence.

5. What was Seward’s Folly?


6. Why did the US annex Hawaii? Who was Queen Liliuokalani?
7. What was the “Splendid Little War”?
8. What were the causes and effects of the Spanish American War?

9. What is Yellow Journalism? Who were the two main newspaper editors that used it?

10. Who were the Rough Riders?
11. What is the Teller Amendment?
12. Why did the US build the Panama Canal?
13. Who was Pancho Villa?
Goal 6.03: Describe how the policies and actions of the US government impacted the affairs of other countries.

14. Describe the Open Door Policy.


15. What was the Boxer Rebellion?
16. What is the Roosevelt Corollary?
17. Compare and contrast “Big Stick”, Dollar, and Moral Diplomacy. Be sure to tell which president used each policy.

Goal 7: The Progressive Movement (1890-1914): The learner will analyze the political , economic and social reforms of the Progressive Period.
Goal 7.01: Explain the conditions that led to the rise of Progressivism.

Match the following reformers with their cause.



1. Upton Sinclair A. Meat Factories (The Jungle)

2. Ida Tarbell B. Standard Oil under paying employees

3. Lincoln Steffens C. investigated government corruption
4. What was the Triangle Shirtwaist Factory Fire?
Goal 7.02: Analyze how different groups of Americans made economic and political gains in the Progressive Era.

Match the following amendments with their provisions.



5. 16th Amendment A. Direct Election of Senators

6. 17th Amendment B. Women’s Suffrage

7. 18th Amendment C. Income Tax

8. 19th Amendment D. Prohibition
9. Who was Carrie A. Nation?
10. What is the Elkins Act?
11. What is the Payne-Aldrich Tariff?
12. What is the Mann Act?
13. Why was the election of 1912 significant?
14. What is the Bull Moose Party?
15. What is the Federal Reserve Act?
16. What is the significance of the Clayton Antitrust Act?
17. Compare and contrast Theodore Roosevelt, William Howard Taft, and Woodrow Wilson as progressive presidents.
Goal 7.03: Evaluate the effects of racial segregation on different regions and segments of the US.

18. What is the significance of Plessy v. Ferguson (1896)?


19. What was the Niagara Movement?
20. What was the Great Migration?
21. What is the difference between de jure and de facto segregation?

22. What were Jim Crow Laws?


Match the following people with their accomplishment:

23. Founded the Tuskegee Institute A. Ida B. Wells-Barnett

24. Founded the NAACP B. WEB DuBois

25. African American woman who wanted to stop lynchings C. Booker T. Washington
26. Define literacy test, poll taxes and the grandfather clause.


Goal 7.04: Examine the impact of technological changes on economic, social, and cultural life in America.

27. How did electricity change the home life of Americans?


28. Why are mail order catalogs significant?
29. What did the Wright Brothers invent?
30. Why are skyscrapers important to America?
31. How did Henry Ford’s Model T and the use of the assembly line change American industry?
Goal 8: The Great War and Its Aftermath (1914-1930)- The learner will analyze US involvement in World War I and the war’s influence on international affairs during the 1920s.
Goal 8.01: Examine the reasons why the US remained neutral at the beginning of World War I but later became involved.

1. What are the four major causes of World War I?

M-

A-

I-



N-
2. What was the catalytic event that started WWI?
3. Define the following events that led to US involvement into WWI:

a. Zimmerman Telegram:

b. Sinking of the Lusitania:
4. What is isolationism?
5. What countries made up the Allies? The Central Powers?
6. Why is the election of 1916 significant?
7. What is the Selective Service Act?
8. What event allowed Wilson to use the slogan, “Make the world safe for democracy”?

Goal 8.02: Identify political and military turning points of the war and determine their significance to the outcome of the conflict.
9. Describe how the following technological advancements from WWI changed modern warfare?

a. Trench warfare:

b. Mustard Gas:

c. Machine Guns:

d. Tanks:

e. Airplanes:


10. Describe the role of John J. Pershing, the American Expeditionary Force, and doughboys on the war.

11. Who were the “Big Four”?

12. Define Armistice.
13. Describe the important aspects of Wilson’s Fourteen Points.

14. What is the Treaty of Versailles?


15. Why is the League of Nations important? Which country did not join?
16. What role did Henry Cabot Lodge have the peace process?
Goal 8.03: Assess the political, economic, social and cultural effects of the war on the US.
Match the following agency with the person that headed it:

17. Committee on Public Information A. Herbert Hoover

18. Food Administration B. Bernard Baruch

19. War Industries Board C. George Creel
20. What did the Espionage and Sedition Acts do?
21. Describe the significance of Schenck v. United States (1919).
22. What did the Industrial Workers of the World do?
23. What were the results of the Washington Naval Conference?
24. What was the significance of the Dawes Plan?
25. Who headed the United Mine Workers?
26. What were the Palmer Raids?

Goal 9: Prosperity and Depression (1919-1939)- The learner will appraise the economic, social, and decades of “The Twenties” and “The Thirties”.
Goal 9.01: Elaborate on the cycle of economic boom and bust in the 1920s and 1930s.
1. What was Warren G. Harding’s slogan after World War I?
2. What was the Teapot Dome scandal?
3. What was the role of Calvin Coolidge in the 1920s?
4. What is the Hawley-Smoot Tariff?
5. Describe how the following terms helped lead to the Great Depression:

a. Buying on Margin

b. Speculation

c. “Black Tuesday”


d. Installment Plans

e. Easy credit


f. Overproduction
6. How did Herbert Hoover try to solve the Great Depression?
Goal 9.02: Analyze the extent of prosperity for different segments of society during this period.
7. Why were Hoovervilles formed?
8. What is the significance of the Bonus Army?
9. Describe the conditions surrounding the Dust Bowl.


Goal 9.03: Analyze the significance of social, intellectual and technological changes of lifestyle in the US.

Match the following figures from the 1920s-1930s with their description.



10. The best baseball player of all time. A. Louis Armstrong

11. First person to fly alone across the Atlantic. B. F. Scott Fitzgerald

12. Wrote The Great Gatsby and coined the term “Roaring ‘20s” C. Ernest Hemingway

13. Jazz musician D. Sinclair Lewis

14. Won the Nobel Prize in literature and was famous for his criticism of American society. E. Babe Ruth

15. Wrote For Whom the Bell Tolls and The Sun Also Rises among other novels. F. Charles Lindbergh
16. How did the automobile change American society?
17. What are bootleggers and speakeasies?

18. How did the radio change American society?


19. Why did Franklin D. Roosevelt use “fireside chats”?
Goal 9.04: Describe the challenges to traditional practices in religion, race and gender.
Match the following figures with their accomplishment:

20. Most famous evangelist in the first two decades of the 1900s A. Langston Hughes

21. Encouraged the use of birth control B. Zora Neale Hurston

22. Founded the Universal Negro Improvement Association and the back to Africa Movement. C. Marcus Garvey

23. African American author who led the Harlem Renaissance D. Aimee Semple McPherson

24. Wrote Their Eyes Were Watching God E. Billy Sunday

25. Most famous female evangelist of the 1920s F. Margaret Sanger
26. What did the Native American Suffrage Act do?
27. Why was the Sacco and Vanzetti court case significant?
28. Why was the Scopes Trial significant?
29. Describe the flappers.
Goal 9.05: Assess the impact of the New Deal reforms in enlarging the role of the federal government in America.
30. What is Deficit Spending.
31. Describe why Father Charles Coughlin, Huey P. Long and Frances Perkins did not like the New Deal.
Match the following New Deal Program with its goals:

32. Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC) A. Part of 2nd New Deal that created jobs for professionals

33. Agricultural Adjustment Act (AAA) B. Focused on building up the Tennessee River Valley

34. Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC) C. Gave young men jobs doing public works projects

35. Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) D. Provided jobs on government projects (1933)

36. National Industrial Recovery Act (NIRA) E. Provided money to states to create jobs

37. Public Works Administration (PWA) F. Goal was to raise crop prices by lowering production

38. Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA) G. Set maximum hour requirements and minimum wage

39. Works Progress Administration (WPA) H. Provided federal insurance for bank accounts

40. National Labor Relations Act (Wagner Act) I. Protected workers’ collective bargaining rights

41. Fair Labor Standards Act J. Regulates the stock market
Goal 10: World War II and the Beginnings of the Cold War (1930-1963)- The learner will analyze the United States involvement in World War II and the war’s influence on international affairs in the following decades.
Goal 10.01: Elaborate on the causes of World War II and reasons for the United States’ entry into the war.

1. Identify the following leaders:

a. Benito Mussolini
b. Adolf Hitler
c. Emperor Hirohito
d. Joseph Stalin
e. Winston Churchill
2. What was the Munich Pact?
3. What was the Kellogg-Briand Pact?
4. Explain the Neutrality Acts.
5. What was the Non-Aggression Pact?
6. Describe the Four Freedoms.
7. What was the Lend-Lease Act?
8. Describe the significance of Pearl Harbor.
Goal 10.02: Identify military, political and diplomatic turning points of the war and determine their significance to the outcome and aftermath of the conflict.
9. What was the German blitzkrieg strategy?
10. What was the Battle of Britain?
11. Describe the significance of the following battles:

a. Stalingrad:

b. D-Day:

c. Midway:


d. Iwo Jima:
e. Okinawa:
f. Battle of the Bulge:
Match the following people with their significance:

12. Commanded the American naval forces in the Pacific. A. Douglas McArthur

13. Lead scientist in the Manhattan Project. B. J. Robert Oppenheimer

14. Led the American forces throughout the Pacific Islands. C. George Patton

15. Led the Allied forces in Europe. D. Chester Nimitz
Match the following conferences with their significance:

16. Casablanca Conference A. Planned the final strategy of the war

17. Tehran Conference B. Countries would only be allowed to take reparations from their zones

18. Yalta Conference C. Churchill and FDR agreed to only accept unconditional surrender

19. Potsdam Conference D. Stalin agreed to allow free elections in Eastern Europe
20. Describe the significance of the atomic bomb.
21. What were the Nuremberg Trials?
Goal 10.03: Describe and analyze the effects of the war on American economic, social, political and cultural life.
22. What did the War Production Board do?
23. What are war bonds?
24. What is the significance of the GI Bill?
25. Who was Rosie the Riveter?
26. Describe the significance of Korematsu v. United States (1944)
27. What is the significance of the Baby Boomers?


Goal 10.04: Elaborate on changes in the direction of foreign policy related to the beginning of the Cold War.

28. What as the Iron Curtain?


29. Why was the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) created?
30. What was the significance of the Marshall Plan and the Berlin Airlift?
31. Define the Truman Doctrine.
32. Describe the causes and effects of the Korean War.

33. What were the Geneva Accords?


34. What is the Eisenhower Doctrine?
35. Who was Nikita Khrushchev?
36. Who was Fidel Castro?
37. Why are the Bay of Pigs, U-2 incident, and the Cuban Missile Crisis significant?

38. Describe the significance of the Berlin Wall.


39. What was the Limited Test Ban Treaty?
Goal 10.05: Assess the role of organizations established to maintain peace and examine their continuing effectiveness.
Match the following agreements/groups with their purpose:

40. United Nations A. Agreement betw. US and W. European countries

41. Security Council B. Agreement betw. SE Asian countries to stop communism

42. Organization of American States (OAS) C. Group of countries who meet to promote world peace

43. North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) D. Promoting peace and security in the Americas

44. Southeast Asian Treaty Organization (SEATO) E. Agreement betw. Communist countries

45. Warsaw Pact F. US, USSR, China, Great Britain and France
Goal 11: Recovery, Prosperity and Turmoil (1945-1980)- The learner will trace economic, political and social developments and assess their significance for the lives of Americans during this time period.
Goal 11.01: Describe the effects of the Cold War on Economic, political and social life in America.
1. What was the House Un-American Activities Committee?
2. Who was Alger Hiss?
3. Who were Julius and Ethel Rosenberg?
4. What was the significance of the National Security Act (1947)?
5. What was the Taft-Hartley Act?
6. What was the Fair Deal?
7. What was the National Highway Act?
8. Describe Détente.
9. Why are SALT I and SALT II significant?
Goal 11.02: Trace the major events of the civil Rights Movement and evaluate its impact.
Match the following people with their significance:

10. Thurgood Marshall A. Popularized the term “Black Power” and led the Black Panthers

11. Earl Warren B. Refused to give up her seat in a Birmingham Bus

12. Rosa Parks C. Chief Justice who ruled in Brown v. BOE

13. Martin Luther King Jr. D. Governor of Alabama who encouraged segregation

14. George Wallace E. First African-American Supreme Court Justice

15. James Meredith F. African-American preacher who encouraged Islam in the black community

16. Malcolm X G. Led the Civil Rights Movement, encouraged non-violent protests

17. Stokely Carmichael H. First African American student at Univ. of Mississippi
18. What was the significance of Brown v. Topeka Board of Education (1954)?
19. Describe the following events from the Civil Rights Movement.

a. Montgomery Bus Boycotts:

b. Little Rock Nine:

c. SNCC


d. Sit-ins
e. Freedom Riders
f. 24th Amendment
g. Civil Rights Act of 1964
h. Voting Rights Act of 1965

Goal 11.03: Identify major social movements including, but not limited to, those involving women, young people and the environment and evaluate the impact of these movement in the United States’ society.
20. What is the significance of Roe v. Wade (1973)?
21. Describe the British Invasion.
22. Who was Elvis Presley?
23. Define Counterculture.
24. Describe the significance of Woodstock?
25. Describe the significance of the creation of the Environmental Protection Agency, the Clean Air Act and the Clean Water Act.

26. Describe Betty Friedan’s Feminine Mystique.


27. What is the National Organization for Women?
28. What was the American Indian Movement (AIM)?
29. Who was Cesar Chavez?
Goal 11.04: Identify the causes of the United States’ involvement in Vietnam and examine how this involvement affected society.
30. Describe the causes and effects of the Vietnam War.

31. What are Agent Orange and Napalm?


32. Who was Ho Chi Minh?
33. Who are the Vietcong?
34. What was the Gulf of Tonkin Resolution?
35. Who was Robert McNamara?
36. Who was General William Westmoreland?
37. Describe the Tet Offensive.

38. What was the My Lai Incident?


39. What happened at Kent State University during the Vietnam War?
40. Why is New York Times v. US (1971) significant?
41. What did the 26th Amendment do?
42. What are the Paris Peace Accords?
43. What did the War Powers Act of 1973 do?
44. Describe the fall of Saigon.
Goal 11.05: Examine the impact of technological innovations that have impacted American life.

45. What was Sputnik?


46. What is NASA?
47. What was the significance of the National Defense Education Act?
48. Who were John Glenn and Neil Armstrong?
49. What is an ICBM?
50. Describe the controversy of using nuclear power.
Goal 11.06: Identify political events and the actions and reactions of the government official and citizens and assess the social and political consequences.
51. What was the New Frontier?
52. Describe the Peace Corps?
53. Describe LBJ’s Great Society?
54. Why is Robert Kennedy significant?
55. What happened at the 1968 Democratic National Convention?
56. Describe the Watergate scandal.

57. What did the 25th Amendment do?


58. Why was US v. Nixon (1974) important?

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