Waart, Edo de. 56 Wachmann, Eduard 56



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Wlach, Leopold


(b Vienna, 9 Sept 1902; d Vienna, 7 May 1956). Austrian clarinettist. He studied under Bartholomy and Pollatschek at the Vienna Music Academy, and in 1926 toured the world with an instrumental group. In 1928 he joined the Vienna Philharmonic and Staatsoper orchestras. He taught at the Academy from 1932 to 1956 and trained many outstanding pupils, including Alfred Boskovsky. Viennese wind playing between 1930 and 1950 is inseparably connected with Wlach, whose interpretative influence was profound. His performances were notable for beautiful tone and superb control of pianissimo. He excelled in Mozart's Clarinet Quintet, and in 1954 the Vienna Mozart Society conferred on him its medal.

BIBLIOGRAPHY


P. Weston: More Clarinet Virtuosi of the Past (London, 1977), 274

PAMELA WESTON


Wobisch, Helmut


(b Vienna, 25 Oct 1912; d Vienna, 28 Feb 1980). Austrian trumpeter. He studied in Vienna, where his teachers included Engelbert Lax and Franz Dengler. He joined the orchestra of the Vienna Staatsoper as first trumpet in 1936 and the Vienna PO in 1939; in 1954 he was appointed to teach at the Vienna Music Academy. He was manager of the Vienna PO from 1952 to 1969, and in 1970 founded the Carinthian Summer Music Festival. Wobisch’s recordings, which include Haydn’s Concerto, several of Bach’s cantatas and Brandenburg Concerto no.2, made him a very influential soloist in the 1950s, during the revival of interest in Baroque music. Numerous works were written for him, and for brass ensembles under his direction, notably by Theodor Berger, Karl Pilss, Alfred Uhl, Friedrich Wildgans and Richard Strauss (Festmusik der Stadt Wien, 1943). He was a passionate proponent of the distinctive Viennese sound.

EDWARD H. TARR


Wockenfuss, Petrus Laurentius


(b Gross-Brüskow, nr Stolp, Pomerania [now Słupsk, Poland], 17 March 1675; d Husum, Aug 1721). German composer and poet. He probably studied at Regensburg where he is mentioned in documents as ‘Petr. Laurentius Wockenfuss S.S. Theol. Stud. Philharmonic’. By 1700 he had moved to north Germany where he came into contact with the theologian and poet Heinrich E. Elmenhorst in Hamburg; Elmenhorst included four of his songs in the influential collection of Geistreiche Lieder (Lüneburg, 1700). On 7 July 1708 he was appointed Kantor at the Nikolaikirche, Kiel, and held this post until his death.

Wockenfuss's cantatas, composed during his years at Kiel, include conservative works rooted in the tradition of Buxtehude as well as modern ones with simple recitatives and da capo arias (for a formal analysis see Voss). They abound in short and plain chorale settings without any trace of the sophisticated contrapuntal procedures of the 17th-century north German school. Wockenfuss also wrote the texts of many of his cantatas, combining biblical passages, chorales and madrigalian verse in a way resembling the ‘mixed cantatas’ of Erdmann Neumeister, but greater poetic achievements are found in his songs.


WORKS


Tröstlich auss dem Grabe (funeral cantata), 4vv (Regensburg, c1686)

[35] Musicalische Fest Andachten, nach Anleitung der ordentlichen Evangelischen und Epistolischen Texte durch das gantze Jahr (Kiel, 1714) [texts only]

4 sacred songs, 1v, bc, in H.E. Elmenhorst: Geistreiche Lieder … anjetzo aber bis auff 100 vermehret, mit schönen anmuhtigen Melodeyen versehen … auch geordnet von M.J. Jauch (Lüneburg, 1700); ed. in DDT, xlv (1911/R)

Cants.: Also hat Gott die Welt geliebet, 3vv, 2 vn, bc, S-L; Es war ein reicher Mann (actus musicus), 4vv, 2 vn, 2 va, bc, B-Bc [text in Musicalische Fest Andachten (Kiel, 1714)]; Gott Lob und Dank, 4vv, 3 tpt, timp, 2 vn, 2 va, bn, bc, D-Bsb; Heilge Luft dein süsses Sausen, 4vv, rec, ob, violetta, bc, Bsb; Heilig ist Gott der Herr, 4vv, bc, Bsb; Jerusalem, die du tötest die Propheten, 4vv, 2 vn, 2 va, bn, bc, Bsb; O Gott, der du aus Herzens Grund, 4vv, 2 vn, 2 va, bn, bc, Bsb; Siehe, der Herr kömmt, 4vv, 2 vn, 2 va, bc, Bsb; Siehe, ich will meinen Engel senden, 4vv, 2 vn, ob, vc, Bsb; Und da der Sabbath vergangen war, 4vv, 2 vn, 2 va, bn, bc, Bsb; 2 Dixit Dominus, 4vv, 2 vn, bc, Bsb

Musicalische Todes-Gedancken: Es hats kein Auge gesehen; Ich habe einen guten Kampf gekämpfet; Ich wil gäntzlich mich hinwenden; Was erhebt sich doch; Wie der Hirsch schreyet: 4vv, 2 vn, 2 va [1 with bn and no va], bc, Bsb

5 occasional works, 1710–12, KIl, KIu (texts only, see Dittmann and Voss); other cants., Passion music for 1710, 1715, 1719: lost

BIBLIOGRAPHY


EitnerQ

MGG1 (U. Haensel)

D. Mettenleiter: Musikgeschichte der Stadt Regensburg (Regensburg, 1866)

T. Dittmann: ‘M.D. Wockenfuss’, General-Anzeiger [Neumünster] (1922), no. 29, suppl. ‘Bilder aus der Heimat’

T. Voss: Petrus Laurentius Wockenfuss, Kantor an St. Nicolai in Kiel von 1708 bis 1721: der Mann und sein Werk im Lichte der Schleswig-Holsteinische Kulturgeschichte (Kiel, 1926)

W. Orthmann: ‘Petrus Laurentius Wockenfuss: ein Kantor an St Nicolai in Kiel von 1708–21’, Schleswig-Holsteinische Schulzeitung, lxxxv (1937), 420–21

F. Krummacher: Die Überlieferung der Choralbearbeitungen in der frühen evangelischen Kantate (Berlin, 1965)

F. Krummacher: Die Choralbearbeitung in der protestantischen Figuralmusik von Praetorius bis Bach (Kassel, 1978)

DOROTHEA SCHRÖDER




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