(b ?Neuenburg am Rhein, c1485; d Berne, spr. 1551). Swiss choirmaster and composer. In 1510 he arrived in Berne completely destitute, and obtained the position of choirmaster at Berne Minster, but gave it up in 1513 because of disagreements with the cathedral chapter. In autumn of the same year the council of the town of Fribourg appointed him choirmaster of St Nicolas and in 1515 to a similar position in the new collegiate foundation there. In the following years he joined the Fribourg humanist movement, together with Hans Kotter, organist of St Nicolas, and found like-minded friends in Zwingli and Glarean. At the movement's peak Wannenmacher was removed from office by its opponents, arrested and put on trial. At the urgent request of the council of Berne he was released and exiled. On 17 March 1531 Wannenmacher went to Interlaken where he was a magistrate's clerk until his death.
Wannenmacher was among the most important Swiss composers of the Reformation. His compositions are found in the collections of songs of Apiarius, Schoeffer and Ott, as well as Glarean's treatises. In his 26 extant compositions all the vocal genres of the age may be found, both religious (motet, psalm and hymn as well as settings of the Ordinary and the Proper) and secular. Two stylistic techniques can be recognized in the religious works: cantus-firmus technique, in which three to five parts join an existing or freely composed melody (usually in the tenor) and unite in imitative passages; and the contrast of groups of parts, a technique arising from the antiphonal delivery of the psalms which Wannenmacher had taken over from Josquin. In the songs Wannenmacher combined the two techniques.
 Bicinia, sive duo germanica ad aequales (Berne, 155331), 1 ed. in PÄMw, iii (1875)
Adoramus te, o Domine, 6vv, CH-SGs 463
Agnus Dei, 3vv, H. Glarean, Musice epitome (Basle, 1557)
Attendite populus meus, 4vv, ed. in MSD, vi/2 (1965)
Domine quod multiplicati sunt, 4vv, D-Kl 4° Mus.24
Grates Domino, 4vv, CH-Bu F.X.5–9
Laetatus sum, 2vv, D-Kl 4° Mus.24 (B only)
Salve regina, CH-Bu F.X.5–9
Encomium urbis Bernae, 5vv, CH-Bu F.X.5–9 (piece dated 1535)
Invidie telum lato torquetur in orbe, 4vv, Bu F.X.5–9 (piece dated 1544)
W.Schuh: ‘Johannes Wannenmacher, Musiker und Landschreiber’, SMz, lxx (1930), 439–43
A.Geering: Die Vokalmusik in der Schweiz zur Zeit der Reformation (Aarau, 1933), 127–56
HANS JOACHIM MARX
Wanning [Waningus Campensis, Wannigk, Wannicke, Wangnick], Johannes
(b Kampen, Netherlands, 1537; d Danzig [now Gdańsk], bur. 23 Oct 1603). German composer of Netherlandish birth. From 1560 he studied at Königsberg; until 1567 he also sang alto in the ducal Kapelle and wrote music for it from 1564. From 1569 to 1599 he was Kapellmeister at the Marienkirche, Danzig. He was the first Protestant composer to write cycles of de tempore motets for the whole church year. His Latin Sententiae insigniores was the immediate precursor of, and probably also the model for, the many collections of settings of German Gospel texts for the church year that appeared in the late 16th and early 17th centuries. His compositions are technically assured and the settings of texts in dialogue form are vital and well constructed.
Sacrarum cantionum, 5–8vv/insts (Nuremberg, 1580) [ded. dated Oct 1579]; 1 motet ed. F. Kessler, Danziger Kirchenmusik: Vokalwerke des 16. bis 18. Jahrhunderts (Neuhausen, nr Stuttgart, 1973)
Sententiae insigniores, ex evangeliis dominicalibus excerptae, 5–7vv (Dresden, 1584; Venice, 2/1590); 5 motets ed. in UVNM, viii (1878)
Sacrae cantiones, accomodate ad dies festos totius anni, 5, 6vv (Venice, 1590); 1 motet ed. F. Kessler, Danziger Kirchenmusik: Vokalwerke des 16. bis 18. Jahrhunderts (Neuhausen, nr Stuttgart, 1973)
Missa super ‘Vestiva i colli’, 5vv, inc., D-LÜh
Jubilate Deo, 7vv, Dlb
Epithalamium in honorem nuptiarum Jo. Wendii et Annae, 6vv, inc., Stadtbibliothek, Elbing
9 motets, 5, 6vv, Mbs (org tablature; all motets from 1580)