A.B. Magna Cum Laude in Government, Harvard University, 1986.
Distinguished Senior Scholar and Centennial Fellow, Edmund A. Walsh School of Foreign Service, Georgetown University, since September 2016.
Coordinating research and conferences, and a writing book on human dignity in global affairs and global institutions.
President, Freedom House, 2015-2016
CEO of leading nonprofit focused on human rights and democracy– with global programming, research, and advocacy pillars -- with an annual budget of $28 million and staff of 180 in Washington, New York, and over a dozen field offices globally.
Forged with Staff and Board new Strategic Plan and Implementation Plan for 2016-19.
Led 75th Anniversary Gala to meet $1 million goal (more than twice previous Galas), and launched global fundraising campaign for “Expression” initiative and Senior Fellows.
Professor of the Practice of International Affairs, and Chair, Global Politics and Security, Master of Science in Foreign Service Program, Georgetown University, 2010- 2014.
Coordinator of advising, curriculum, requirements, and adjunct professors in the GPS Concentration, which about 45 percent of MSFS select.
Finished 2014 book under contract, Human Dignity and the Future of Global Institutions.
Courses: “The UN and Global Institutions” and “Ethics and Decision-Making.”
Adjunct Senior Fellow in Human Rights, Council on Foreign Relations, since July 2010.
Running CFR Roundtable series on global human rights promotion, and conducting research and writing for International Institutions and Global Governance Program.
Senior Advisor for Corporate Responsibility, LexisNexis Inc., in 2010-2011.
Paid consultant, developing a business coalition against human trafficking.
Executive Director and CEO, Polaris Project, 2009-2010.
Headed 45-person staff of 8-year old leading nonprofit to combat human trafficking. Three offices in the U.S. and one in Japan, conducting victim services and legislative advocacy, and running the primary U.S. Government-sponsored hotline, the National Human Trafficking Resource Center (1-888-3737-888).
Functioned as chief spokesperson and chief fundraiser. Built corporate partnerships with LexisNexis and Manpower. Oversaw and increased budget to $3.1 million in 2010.
Represented Polaris as featured exemplar at Clinton Global Initiative, New York, 2009.
Ambassador at Large and Director, Office to Monitor and Combat Trafficking in Persons
(TIP), U.S. Department of State, 2007-2009.
Directed office of 30 personnel who led U.S. diplomatic efforts to fight TIP; prepared the Annual Global TIP Report on other countries; and managed tens of millions of dollars in programmatic grants worldwide.
Chief U.S. envoy to combat human trafficking, in close collaboration with Department’s senior leadership and Regional Bureaus. Senior Adviser to Secretary of State.
Chair of inter-agency group established by law to combat TIP domestically and abroad.
Chief spokesman and manager of domestic and international public awareness campaign, constantly collaborating with broad left-right coalition on Capitol Hill and among NGOs.
Confirmed by Senate May 2007, with statutory Ambassadorial Rank.
Led U.S. delegations at UN Vienna Forum on TIP in February 2008 and UN Committee on the Rights of the Child in Geneva in May 2008.
Traveled to 28 countries. Met with Ministries, law enforcement, NGOs, and media.
Deputy Assistant Secretary of State, International Organization Affairs, 2004-2007.
Managed 40 officers in UN policy related to: human rights and social issues; bureau planning/priorities; congressional, NGO, press, and international outreach; and UN reform, budget, hiring of Americans. Coordinated Department efforts on UN management reform and reform of the UN human rights machinery. Point person on creating an operational UN Democracy Fund, a presidential initiative. Led markedly increased coordination with Democracy, Human Rights, & Labor Bureau; Population, Refugees, & Migration Bureau; National Security Council; and Domestic Policy Council.
Won Meritorious Honor Award for World Conference Delegation led to Japan after Asian Tsunami, 2005.
Commendation, runner-up, Swanee Hunt Award for Advancing Role of Women, 2006.
Won Superior Honor Award for Report and Delegation presenting on Convention Against Torture, 2006.
Won Superior Honor Award for negotiation completing UN Convention for Persons with Disabilities, 2007.
Member of the Policy Planning Staff, Office of the Secretary of State, 2002-2004
Responsible for International Organization Affairs; also Democracy/Human Rights, Public Diplomacy. Prepared analyses for Secretary and Deputy Secretary. Advised International Organizations, Human Rights, and Public Diplomacy Bureaus.
Won Superior Honor Award for work on UN, human rights, and public diplomacy, 2004.
Responsibilities for Republican Chairman: State Department Authorization Bill, U.N./ international organizations, international financial institutions, sanctions, public diplomacy/broadcasting, human rights.
Council on Foreign Relations International Affairs Fellow, 1998-99.
Researched U.S. opinion leaders’ and China policy; ran study group on China’s rise.
Deputy Director, House Republican Policy Committee, 1995-98.
Senior Foreign and Defense Policy Analyst, promoted in 1997 to management position.
On PRC: Coordinated 11 bills helped launch Select Committee on Technology Transfers.
Research Associate, American Enterprise Institute, 1993-95. Chief aide to former UN
Ambassador Jeane Kirkpatrick.
Writing and research chiefly focusing on international organizations (UN, NATO, EU).
Nicaragua Desk, Department of State, 1987. Intern as Ph.D. student.
PREVIOUS TEACHING EXPERIENCE
Overview: 1989-2003 taught 20 courses for undergraduate and graduate students on I.R. Theory, U.S. Foreign Policy, Democracy, Economic Instruments of Policy, and U.S.-European Relations.
Visiting Assistant Professor of Government, Georgetown University (full-time), 1991-93.
Adjunct Professor of Government, Georgetown University, 1989-91, 1993-95.
Adjunct Professor, National Security Studies, Georgetown University, 1997-2000.
Adjunct Professor, Institute of World Politics 2002-2003.
ACTIVITIES AND ORGANIZATIONS
Life Member, Council on Foreign Relations. Former CFR International Affairs Fellow.
Board Member and Founding Counselor, the Global Business Coalition Against Human Trafficking (gbcat.org).
Board Member, Council for a Community of Democracies.
On Advisory Committee of ECPAT (End Child Prostitution and Trafficking)-USA.
On National Advisory Council of the Center for the Victims of Torture.
Associate Editor, the journal, Perspectives on Political Science.
Member, St. Mary’s Episcopal Church, Arlington, VA.
Born August 19, 1965 in Concord, MA. Married to Dr. Susan Sullivan Lagon, Senior Fellow, Government Affairs Institute at Georgetown University. Daughter Elena, born 1993, University of Virginia medical student.
CFR 'GLOBAL STAKES IN HUMAN RIGHTS' ROUNDTABLES ORGANIZED AND HOSTED June 16, 2014 - The Role of Congress in U.S. Human Rights Policy and Beyond
Chris Smith, Chair, House Subcommittee on Human Rights and International Organizations
June 12, 2014 - Making Justice Real: Delivering Freedom from Fear and Want
Irene Khan, Director-General, International Development Law Organization
May 7, 2014 - Atrocities Accountability in North Korea: UN Commission of Inquiry and Then What?
Roberta Cohen, Senior Fellow, Brookings Institution
April 8, 2014 - Full-Day Workshop: Winning Human Rights and Democracy: Grassroots Nonviolent Movements and International Actors
Peter Ackerman, Founding Chair, International Center on Nonviolent Conflict (ICNC)
Erica Chenoweth, Associate Professor, University of Denver
Maria J. Stephan, Senior Policy Fellow, U.S. Institute of Peace, Senior Fellow, Atlantic Council
Hardy Merriman, Vice President, ICNC
Jennifer Williams, Founder and leader, Women of Zimbabwe Arise
Mohsen Sazegara, Political activist, Iran
Howard Barrell, Former African National Congress, South Africa
Ivan Marovic, Cofounder of Otpor, Serbia
Maciej Bartkowski, Senior Director of Education and Research, ICNC
Gisella Gori, Senior Political Adviser, Political, Security, and Development Section, Delegation of the European Union to the United States of America
Paula Schriefer, Deputy Assistant Secretary of State, International Organization Affairs
Kristin Lord, Acting President, U.S. Institute of Peace
Jeremy Kinsman, Coauthor, A Diplomat’s Handbook for Democracy Development Support
Jeffrey Gedmin, Former President of Radio Free Europe-Radio Liberty and Legatum Institute
January 14, 2014 - UN High Commissioner for Human Rights: Conscience for the World?
Felice Gaer, Director of AJC’s Jacob Blaustein Institute for Human Rights
Christen Broecker, Associate Director of AJC’s Jacob Blaustein Institute for Human Rights
December 16, 2013 -Human Rights before the 1993 Vienna Conference, and Since
November 20, 2013 - Promoting Religious Freedom in U.S. Foreign Policy
Robert George, Chairman, U.S. Commission on International Religious Freedom
Katrina Lantos Swett, Vice Chair, U.S. Commission on International Religious Freedom
Nicole Bibbins Sedaca, Washington Represetative, Independet Diplomat
October 30, 2013- Military Roles in Democratic Transitions
Dennis Blair, Former Director of National Intelligence, United States of America
September 18, 2013 -UN Security Council Taking On Human Rights: Should It? Can It?
Anthony Arend, Director, Georgetown University Master of Science in Foreign Service Program
Jared Genser, Managing Director, Perseus Strategies, LLC
June 3, 2013 - Counterterrorism, Drones, and Human Rights Ben Emmerson, UN Special Rapporteur for Counterterrorism and Human Rights
May 15, 2013 -Full-Day Workshop:Business and Human Rights: Best Practices in Supply Chains
Michael Posner, Professor, New York University Stern School of Business (Keynote Speaker)
Eric Biel, Associate Deputy Undersecretary for International Affairs, U.S. Department of Labor
Rachel Rigby, Child Labor, Forced Labor & Trafficking Office, U.S. Department of Labor
Aimee Carter, Washington Director, Corporate Affairs, Council on Foreign Relations
Melike Yetken, Section Chief, Business and Human Rights, U.S. Department of State
Dan Bross, Senior Director, Corporate Citizenship, Microsoft Corporation
Bennett Freeman, Senior Vice President for Social Research and Policy, Calvert Investments
Clifford Henry, Associate Director, Global Sustainability, Procter & Gamble
David Schilling, Sr. Program Dir., Human Rights, Interfaith Council on Corporate Responsibility
Letty Ashworth, General Manager of Global Diversity, Delta Air Lines Inc.
Jean Baderschneider, President, End Human Trafficking Now
Dan Viederman, Chief Executive Officer, Verité
May 3, 2013 - Assessing the International Criminal Court's Impact: The View of Member States Amb. Tiina Intelmann, President, Assembly of State Parties of the International Criminal Court
John B. Bellinger III, Adjunct Senior Fellow, CFR; Partner, Arnold & Porter LLP
March 13, 2013 - The Rule of Law: Between Rhetoric and Reality
Ana Palacio, Member, Council of State; Former Foreign Affairs Minister of Spain
March 4, 2013 - The UN Human Rights Council: Its Relevance and the U.S. Role
Eileen Donahoe, U.S. Ambassador to the UN Human Rights Council
February 28, 2013 -Iran's Human Rights and Nuclear Ambitions: Linkages?
Mark Wallace, CEO, United Against a Nuclear Iran; ex-Amb. to UN for Management/Reform
Omid Memarian, Journalist; Former World Peace Fellow, University of California, Berkeley
January 16, 2013 - Freedom in the World 2013
David Kramer, President, Freedom House
Arch Puddington, Vice President for Research, Freedom House
Jill Dougherty, Foreign Affairs Correspondent, CNN
Larry Diamond, Professor and Senior Fellow, Hoover Institution, Stanford University,
Tamara Cofman Wittes, Director, Saban Center for Middle East Policy, Brookings Institution
November 16, 2012- Putin's Crackdown: How Should the United States React? Boris Nemtsov, Co-Chairman, People's Freedom Party, Russia
Vladimir Kara-Murza Jr., Senior Policy Advisor; Institute of Modern Russia
November 8, 2012 - Public Diplomacy, Public-Private Partnerships, and Universal Values
Goli Ameri, President and Interim CEO, Center for Global Engagement
Kristin Lord, Executive Vice President/Director of Studies, Center for a New American Security
September 7, 2012- Human Rights for Uighurs in China: A Conversation with Rebiya Kadeer
Rebiya Kadeer, President, World Uyghur Congress
June 20, 2012- Atrocities Prevention: Interrupting the Supply Chain
Elisa C. Massimino, President and Chief Executive Officer, Human Rights First
April 23, 2012 - Demand Driven Democratization: The Role of the UN Democracy Fund
Roland Rich, Exec. Head, UN Democracy Fund; Officer-In-Charge, UN Office for Partnerships
April 18, 2012 - Human Rights in Bahrain a Year After Protests Arose: At a Standstill?
M. Cherif Bassiouni, Emeritus Distinguished Research Professor of Law, DePaul University
Frank Jannuzi, Deputy Executive Director and Head, Washington Office, Amnesty USA
March 27, 2012- The OSCE, Human Rights, and Human Trafficking
Ruth Freedom Pojman, Deputy Coordinator, Office of the Special Representative and
Coordinator for Combating Trafficking in Human Beings,
Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE)
Kurt Volker, Professor of Practice, Arizona State University; former U.S. Ambassador to NATO
February 24, 2012 - Consent of the Networked: The Worldwide Struggle for Internet Freedom
Rebecca MacKinnon, Bernard L. Schwartz Senior Fellow, New America Foundation
Séverine Arsène, Yahoo! Fellow, Institute for the Study of Diplomacy, Georgetown University
February 2, 2012 - Illiberal Religious Democracies: Challenges for U.S. Foreign Policy
Amitai Eztioni, University Professor, The George Washington University
November 30, 2011 - Videoconference with Aung San Suu Kyi
Aung San Suu Kyi, General Secretary, National League for Democracy
Paula J. Dobriansky, Sr. Vice President/Global Head of Government Affairs, Thomson Reuters
November 16, 2011 - Full-Day Workshop:International Institutions and Human Dignity Lee Feinstein, U.S. Ambassador to Warsaw, Department of State (Keynote Speaker)
Nancy E. Soderberg, President, Connect U.S. Fund
Chester Crocker, James Schlesinger Professor, Georgetown University
Abiodun Williams, Senior Vice President, U.S. Institute of Peace
Mark Dybul, Co-Director, Global Health Law Program, O’Neill Institute, Georgetown University
Raj Desai, Professor, School of Foreign Service.Georgetown University
Carol J. Lancaster, Dean, School of Foreign Service, Georgetown University
Anthony Arend, Director, MSFS Program, Georgetown University
October 5, 2011 - Lawlessness Devastating the Dream to End Global Poverty
Gary Haugen, CEO, International Justice Mission
September 28, 2011- Advancing Democracy, Human Rights, and Governance: USAID's New Look
Sarah E. Mendelson, Dep. Assistant Administrator, U.S. Agency for International Development
June 29, 2011 -Humanitarian Intervention: Lessons from Libya and Ivory Coast
Tod Lindberg, Editor, Policy Review June 13, 2011 - Democracy and Human Rights Promotion: The Cause of the Middle East
Zalmay M. Khalilzad, Former U.S. Ambassador to the UN, to Afghanistan, and to Iraq
May 10, 2011 - Assisting Democratization Worldwide: Tools in the Toolbox After the Arab Winter Wave
Lorne W. Craner, President, International Republican Institute
Ken Wollack, President, National Democratic Institute
May 5, 2011 - The Right of Children to Be Free from Labor Exploitation
Sandra Polaski, Deputy Undersecretary, International Labor Affairs, U.S. Department of Labor
Dawn Conway, Senior Vice President for Corporate Responsibility, Lexis Nexis
February 25, 2011 - Good Governance & Prosperity: Unfinished Global Revolution
Mark Malloch Brown, Chairman for Global Affairs, FTI Consulting;
Former UN Deputy Secretary-General
December 14, 2010 - The Gender of Atrocity: Peace versus Justice in Sudan and Beyond
Catharine A. MacKinnon, Professor of Law, University of Michigan;
Special Gender Adviser to the Prosecutor, International Criminal Court
October 12, 2010 - The UN Human Rights Council: The Fruits of Engaging
Suzanne F. Nossel, Deputy Assistant Secretary for the International Organization Affairs,
U.S. Department of State
September 27, 2010 - Global Leadership and the Promotion of Liberal Values Henry R. Nau, Professor, The Elliott School, George Washington University
David Shorr, Program Officer, Stanley Foundation
PUBLICATIONS AND PREPARED REMARKS
BOOKS Mark P. Lagon and Anthony Clark Arend (eds.), Human Dignity and the Future of Global Institutions (Washington, DC: Georgetown University Press, forthcoming August 2014). Author or co-author of 4 chapters, for conceptual introduction, multilateral human rights architecture, anti-human trafficking partnerships, and conclusion on policy recommendations.
The Reagan Doctrine: Sources of American Conduct in the Cold War's Last Chapter. (Westport, CT: Praeger Publishers, 1994).
SPEECHES AND CONGRESSIONAL TESTIMONY (Academic conferences below) Testimony before the House Foreign Affairs Committee on “The Global Decline in Freedom: Threats to U.S. Values and Interests,” July 12, 2016.
Testimony before the Tom Lantos Human Rights Commission on “Ten Years Later: The Status of the U.N. Human Rights Council,” May 17, 2016.
Testimony before the House Foreign Affairs Subcommittee on Africa, Global Health, Global Human Rights, and Internal Organizations on “Freedom in the World, and Freedom from Slavery,” March 22, 2016.
Testimony before the House Foreign Affairs Subcommittee on Africa, Global Health, Global Human Rights, and International Organizations on “The U.S. Anti-Trafficking Report and Diplomacy: Sustaining Candor and Credibility,” November 4, 2015.
Testimony before the Senate Foreign Relations Committee on “U.S. Interests in Human Rights: Leveraging Prudent Policy Tools,” July 16, 2015.
Testimony before the House Foreign Affairs Subcommittee on Africa, Global Health, Global Human Rights, and International Organizations on ““Trafficking Trends and Key Rankings: Say No to Grade Inflation,” April 22, 2015.
Testimony before the Congressional Executive Commission on China on ““The Umbrella Movement: A Pivotal Moment for Democracy in Hong Kong,” November 20, 2014.
Testimony before the House Foreign Affairs Subcommittee on Africa, Global Health, Global Human Rights, and International Organizations on “Human Trafficking: Focusing on Key Countries, Demand, and Victim Protection,” April 29, 2014.
Testimony before the Senate Foreign Relations Committee on “Netting People:
Treaties Reducing Illicit Fishing and Human Trafficking,” February 12, 2014.
Testimony before the House Foreign Affairs Subcommittee on Africa, Global Health, Global Human Rights, and International Organizations on “Grading States For Not Degrading People: Human Trafficking Assessments,” April 18, 2013.
Remarks as Chair of Panel on “Strategies, Tactics and Tools to Mitigate Human Trafficking in Labor Sourcing,” at Conference on “ Engaging Business: Addressing Human Trafficking In Labor Sourcing” sponsored by Coca Cola and the International Organization of Employers, at Coca Cola Global Corporate Headquarters, Atlanta, GA, February 14, 2012.
Keynote Speech for Session on “Human Trafficking and Law Enforcement” to the Annual Conference of Western Attorneys-General (CWAG), Kona, HI, July 8, 2011.
Keynote Address at Conference on “Human Trafficking and the Transportation Sector,” Bilateral Safety Corridor Coalition, San Diego, CA, May 11, 2011.
Speech on “Human Trafficking: Sources and Solutions” to the Annual Winter Meeting of the National Association of Attorneys-General (NAAG), Fort Lauderdale, FL, November 30, 2010.
Testimony before the House Foreign Affairs Committee on “U.S. Spotlight on Human Trafficking: Taking Stock of What Has Worked,” September 30, 2010.
While Serving As Ambassador at Large and as Deputy Assistant Secretary of State
“Overlaps of Prostitution, Migration and Human Trafficking,” Speech at Swiss Foreign Ministry Conference for Law Enforcement, Berne, Switzerland, November 12, 2008.
“Success Against Slavery and Strategies for the Future,” Remarks at the Promising Practices in International Programming Conference at the White House, Washington, DC, October 28, 2008.
“Civil Remedies for Human Trafficking Victims,” Remarks at the American Bar Association National Training Institute on Civil Remedies for Human Trafficking Victims, Washington, DC, October 2, 2008.
Remarks at the U.S.-Canadian Consultations to Prepare for World Congress III Against Sexual Exploitation of Children and Adolescents, Arlington, VA, October 2, 2008.
Keynote Address at the National Symposium on the Health Needs of Human Trafficking Victims at the Department of Health and Human Services; Washington, DC, September 22, 008.
"‘Missing Girls’ in Asia: Magnitudes, Implications, and Possible Responses,” Remarks at the American Enterprise Institute; Washington, DC, September 17, 2008.
“Child Trafficking and Labor Prevention Programs,” Remarks at InterAction; Washington, DC, September 16, 2008.
“The Profits of Pimping: Abolishing Sex Trafficking in the United States,” Remarks at the Hudson Institute, Washington, DC, July 10, 2008.
Remarks following the Secretary of State at the Release of the 8th Annual Trafficking in Persons Report, Washington, DC, June 4, 2008.
“Slavery and Supply Chains: What Businesses Can Do To Fight Human Trafficking,” Lecture at Council on Foreign Relations, New York, NY, May 14, 2008.
“Closing the Window of Vulnerability: Preventing Human Trafficking of Migrant Laborers,” Remarks to the American Society of International Law, Washington, DC, May 7, 2008.
“The Path Forward to Combat Human Trafficking,” Remarks at the Promising Practices and Public Private Partnerships Symposium, hosted by Interfaith Center on Corporate Responsibility, Washington, DC, March 25, 2008.
“A Struggle for Survival: Trafficking of North Korean Women,” Remarks at the Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars, Washington, DC, March 3, 2008.
“Engaging Business: Addressing Forced Labor,” Remarks at Conference on Forced Labor and Corporate Responsibility, Hosted by Coca-Cola Company, Atlanta, GA, February 19, 2008.
Plenary National Statement for the U.S., at the Vienna Forum of the UN Global Initiative to Fight Human Trafficking, Vienna, Austria, February 13, 2008.
“Fighting Demand for Sex Trafficking,” Remarks at the Hudson Institute, Washington, DC, February 5, 2008.
“The Impact of 21st Century Slavery and Human Trafficking on Development,” Remarks at Conference at the World Bank, Preston Auditorium; Washington, DC, December 10, 2007.
“Governing Justly and Combating Human Trafficking: The Linkages,” Remarks at Freedom House-SAIS Forum on Human Trafficking and Freedom, Washington, DC, December 3, 2007.
“Combating Human Trafficking,” Remarks Before the New York County Lawyer's Association New York, NY, November 14, 2007.
Statement to Congressional Human Rights Caucus, on “Trafficking in China,” Washington, DC, October 31, 2007.
“Trafficking in Persons: A Great Moral Calling of Our Day,” Address at the New Hampshire Institute of Politics, St. Anselm College, October 29, 2007.
Remarks at Compassion in Action Roundtable on Human Trafficking at the White House, Washington, DC, October 24, 2007.
“Leadership and the Fight To Abolish Modern Day Slavery,” Remarks to the Congressional Youth Leadership Conference; Washington, DC, October 17, 2007.
Statement to US Commission on Security and Cooperation in Europe on “Combating Trafficking for Forced Labor Purposes in the OSCE Region,” Washington, DC, October 11, 2007.
“Protecting Migrants From Trafficking and Forced Labor,” Remarks on panel for the United Nations General Assembly, U.S. Mission to the UN, New York, NY, October 3, 2007.
“Trafficking in Persons: How To Care for Survivors,” at the Faith Alliance Against Slavery and Trafficking (FAAST) Release of the "Hands that Heal: International Curriculum to Train Caregivers of Trafficking Survivors,” Washington, DC, September 12, 2007.
Remarks at my Swearing-in Ceremony, Benjamin Franklin Room, U.S. Department of State, Washington, DC, July 9, 2007.
Remarks following the Secretary of State at the Release of the 7th Annual Trafficking in Persons Report, Washington, DC, June 12, 2007.
Testimony before the Senate Committee on Foreign Relations, on “U.S. Efforts To End Modern-Day Slavery,” Washington, DC, May 9, 2007.
Statement to Congressional Human Rights Caucus, on “United Nations Convention on the Rights of People with Disabilities,” Washington DC, December 5, 2006
“A U.N. Strengthened by and Strengthening Democracy.” Speech at the New America Foundation in Washington, DC, September 25, 2006.
Testimony before House International Relations Committee, Subcommittee on Africa, Global Human Rights and International Operations, “UN Human Rights Council: Reform or Regression” Washington, DC, September 6, 2006
Remarks to Congressional Human Rights Caucus on “The New UN Human Rights Council,” Washington, DC, February 8, 2006
“The United Nations and Democracy.” Lecture at the Institute of International Law and Politics, Georgetown University, Washington, DC, November 15, 2005.
Statement in Informal Meeting of General Assembly on “Creation of a Human Rights Council,” at the UN in New York. November 1, 2005.
“Advancing the Promotion and Protection of Human Rights at the United Nations.” Speech at B’nai B’rith, Washington, DC, October 29, 2005.
Remarks in Human Rights Council Working Group on “Creation of Human Rights Council,” at the UN in New York, October 18, 2005.
“A UN That Lives Up To Its Founding Principles.” Speech at the Hudson Institute, Washington, DC, September 13, 2004.
Testimony before House International Relations Committee on “UN Management Reform,” Washington DC, May 19, 2005.
Testimony before House International Relations Committee, Subcommittee on Africa, Global Human Rights and International Operations on “The UN Commission on Human Rights: Protector or Accomplice?” Washington DC, April 19, 2005
Remarks to the 61st Commission on Human Rights, “U.S. Statement for Civil and Political Rights,” at the UN in Geneva, March 31, 2005.
SCHOLARLY OR POLICY PUBLICATIONS (Sole author unless otherwise noted) Forthcoming: “Women and Global Freedom,” World Affairs, vol. 179, no. 3 (Fall 2016). Co-authored with Rebecca Hughes.
“A New Multilateralism for Atrocities Prevention: A Global Fund and Development Agenda Advancing the Rule of Law,” Policy Analysis Brief, The Stanley Foundation, March 2015. Co-authored with Ryan Kaminski.
“Power to the People: Taking Diplomacy to the Streets,” The National Interest, no. 136 (March/April 2015). Co-authored with Sarah Grebowski.
“Traits of Transformative Anti-Trafficking Partnerships,” Journal of Human Trafficking, vol. 1, no. 1 (January 2015).
“Almost a Miracle: Encouraging Inclusive Growth in India,” World Affairs, vol. 176, no. 1 (May-June 2013). Co-authored with Samir Goswami.
“Clash of Elites: What Lies Behind the Defamation Debates,” Georgetown Journal of International Affairs vol. 14, no.1, (Winter/Spring 2013). Co-authored with Ryan Kaminski
“A Global Trust for Legal Rights: A Transformative Partnership,” Policy Innovation Memorandum No. 26, Council on Foreign Relations, October 16, 2012.
Ten Critical Human Rights Challenges For The Next American President, Report co-organized and co-edited with Freedom House, Connect U.S. Fund, and Human Rights, August 2012.
“Conservatives, Liberals, and Human Rights,” Policy Review 171, February-March 2012. Co-authored with William F. Schulz.
“Issue Brief” for Global Governance Monitor on Human Rights, Council on Foreign Relations, February 27, 2012. Comprehensive assessment of multilateral human rights architecture.
“Promoting Human Rights: Is U.S. Consistency Desirable or Possible?” Expert Brief for Council on Foreign Relations, October 20, 2011
“The Value of Values: Soft Power Under Obama,” World Affairs, vol. 174, no. 3 (September-October 2011).
“Promoting Democracy: The Whys and Hows for the United States and the International Community,” Expert Brief for Council on Foreign Relations, February 11, 2011.
“The Global Abolition of Human Trafficking: The Indispensible Role of the United States,” Georgetown Journal of International Affairs vol. 12, no.1 (Winter-Spring 2011).
“Trafficking and Human Dignity,” Policy Review 152, December 2008-January 2009.
“America and the United Nations: An Exchange,” Survival, vol. 49, no. 2 (June 2007). Co-authored with David Shorr.
“How to Keep From Overselling or Underestimating the United Nations,” Paper published by the Stanley Foundation, March 2007. Co-authored with David Shorr. Subsequently republished in Bridging the Foreign Policy Divide, edited by Derek Chollet, Tod Lindberg, and David Shorr (New York: Routledge, 2007).
“Visions of Globalization: Pretexts for Prefabricated Prescriptions – and Some Antidotes,” World Affairs, vol. 165, no. 3 (Winter 2003).
“Leader Among Democratic Allies: America’s Agenda in Asia,” in U.S. International Leadership in the 21st Century, edited by W. Bruce Weinrod and Paula J. Dobriansky (McLean, VA: Potomac Foundation, 2000).
Editor and author of introductory essay for symposium on "Opinion Leaders and Foreign Policy in Democracies" in Perspectives on Political Science, vol. 29, no.14 (Winter 1999-2000).
“The ‘Shanghai Coalition’: The Chattering Classes and China” in Perspectives on Political Science, vol. 29, no. 1 (Spring 2000).
“The Eurocorps: A NATO Pillar, Not Placebo,” European Integration and American Interests: What the New Europe Really Means for the United States, ed. by Jeffrey Gedmin (Washington: AEI Press, 1997).
Editor and author of introductory essay for Symposium on "Comparative Perspectives on Democratic Elites and Foreign Policy," in Perspectives on Political Science, vol. 25, no. 2 (Spring 1996).
"Are `Influentials' Less Influential? U.S. Foreign Policy in a Post-Cold War Information Age," World Affairs, vol. 158, no. 3 (Winter 1996).
"A Rational Choice: The Prevailing Incentives in the Field," Perspectives on Political Science, vol. 25, no.1 (Winter 1995-96).
"The Beliefs of Leaders: Perceptual and Ideological Sources of Foreign Policy After the Cold War," in Introduction to International Relations Theory, ed. by Marc A. Genest (New York: Harcourt Brace Jovanovich, 1995).
"The Illusions of Collective Security," The National Interest 39 (Summer 1995).
Authored report on American Enterprise Institute (AEI) conference on "Do Sanctions Work? Economic Sanctions as a Tool of U.S. Foreign Policy" (April 1995).
"Elite Values," in Handbook on U.S. Latin American Policymaking, ed. by David W. Dent (Westport, CT: Greenwood, 1995).
"A Liberal Democratic World Order: Renewing America's Strategic Mission," National Security Studies Quarterly, vol. 1, no. 1 (Winter 1995). Co-authored with Asheesh J. Jain.
Editor and author of introduction for "International Relations Theory After the Cold War," symposium in Perspectives on Political Science, vol. 23, no. 2 (Spring 1994).
"In the Eye of the Beholder: Realignment of American Elite Beliefs After the Cold War," Perspectives on Political Science, vol. 23, no. 2, (Spring 1994).
"The International System and the Reagan Doctrine: Can Realism Explain Aid to `Freedom Fighters'?" British Journal of Political Science (Winter 1991-92).
"The Illogic of American Arms Control Dogma: Lessons from the Carter and Bush Experiences," World Affairs, vol. 154, no. 2 (Fall 1991). Co-authored with Bernard I. Finel.
ESSAYS AND OP-EDS “Keeping Internet Governance Out of the Wrong Hands,” The Hill, July 7, 2016. Co-authored with Eileen Donahoe.
“Women Who Light the Way for Freedom,” The Baltimore Sun, May 23, 2016.
“Democracy Is Retreating in the United States Too,” Wall Street Journal, February 5, 2016.
“The U.S. Government Turns a Blind Eye to Policies that Fuel Sex Trafficking,” Washington Post, February 1, 2016. Co-authored with Laila Mickelwait.
“Democracy Takes a Global Hit,” Wall Street Journal, January 27, 2016. With Arch Puddington.
“Dignity Over Dictators—To Truly Sustain Development,” Huffington Post, October 1, 2015. Co-authored with Shawna Bader-Blau.
“Gender Equality in Politics Still Far Away,” The Baltimore Sun, September 18, 2015. Co-Authored with Mary Ann Peters.
“Putting Human Rights in Iran Front and Center,” The Hill, September 12, 2015. Co-authored with Dokhi Fassihian.
“Congress, Make AGOA Work,” The Hill, April 27, 2015. Co-authored with Stephen Rickard.
“Argentina: Recuperar La Democracia de la Amenaza Populista,” El Pais, April 24, 2015.
“One Year After the Annexation, a Darkness Falls Over Crimea,” Wall Street Journal, March 18, 2015. Co-authored with Alina Polyakova.
“In Cuba, The Importance of Listening,” The Hill, February 5, 2015.
“Exploiting Terrorism as a Pretext for Repression,” Wall Street Journal, January 27, 2015. With Arch Puddington.
“Modern Slavery Will Continue If Corporations Keep Passing the Buck,” The Guardian, June 27, 2014.
“Trapped on the High Seas,” Washington Post, January 10, 2014. On human trafficking in illegal, unreported and unregulated (IUU) fishing
“The GOP’s Foreign Policy Blueprint After Losing,” Chicago Tribune, November 8, 2012.
“Washington State Must Lead the Fight Against Modern-Day Slavery,” Seattle Times, co-authored with Sean O’Donnell (Senior Deputy Prosecuting Attorney, King County, WA),March 10, 2011.
“The Swedish Way: A Surprising Model for Chicago’s Crackdown on Prostitution,” The Weekly Standard (November 16, 2009): 15.
“How To Stop Human Trafficking, The American (On-line Edition), January 16, 2009.
“Modern-Day Slavery: Human Trafficking’s Terrible Toll,” Op-ed in The Washington Times, October 6, 2008.
“Say No to Slave-Made Products,” Op-ed in Seattle Post-Intelligencer, September 9, 2008.
“The Burmese Junta's Hidden Victims,” Op-ed in Wall Street Journal Asia, November 2, 2007.
“Carnegie: Well-Endowed, But Not Well,” Philanthropy, vol.15, no. 2 (March/April 2001).
“China is a Fascist Country,” Op-ed in Apple Daily (22 May 2000). Published in Hong Kong in Chinese.
“America Should Treat Taiwan as a Partner,” Op-ed in Apple Daily (23 August 1999). Published in Hong Kong In Chinese.
“Taiwan Gets Bold: What the U.S. Should Do,” National Review (9 August 1999): 24-26.
“The Old NATO Meets the New Europe,” Article in Sunday Currents and Books section of Newsday (20 June 1999): B5.
“Ties That Bind China,” Op-Ed in The Washington Times (8 April 1999): A21.
“U.S. Warheads Made in China,” Op-Ed in The Washington Times (15 March 1999): A17.
“A Spanking for Dictators,” Op-Ed in The Washington Times (28 January 1999): A21.
“Taiwan’s Strait Talk,” Op-Ed in The Washington Times (28 October 1998): A21.
" 'We Owe It To Them To Intervene.' " Extrapolations, vol. 34, no. 3 (Fall 1993). Article on foreign policy issues explored in Star Trek, subsequently republished in the book, Political Science Fiction, ed. by Donald M. Hassler and Clyde Wilcox (Columbia, SC: University of South Carolina Press, 1997).
"The Clinton Administration's Worldview: European Style Declinism," in Security and Insecurity: A Critique of Clinton Policy at Mid-Term, ed. by Jeane Kirkpatrick and Jacqueline Tillman (Washington, DC: Empower America, 1994).
"For Our Best Military Strategy: Go Navy." Op-ed in The Providence Journal-Bulletin (3 March 1993): A9.
"The Future of the CSCE..." The American Enterprise, vol.3, no.4 (July-August 1992): 16-22.
"Intelligence Gathering For '90's," Op-Ed in The Washington Times (24 March 1992): F3.
"U.S. Should Sell EC on Eastern Europe," Op-Ed in The Atlanta Journal / Atlanta Constitution (11 August 1991): E1, E5.
"American Way: Enduring Interests of U.S. Foreign Policy," Policy Review, no.57 (Summer 1991). Co-authored with Michael Lind.
"A Domino Theory in Reverse." Middlesex Bulletin (Summer 1989).
"International Education: The Good and the Bad." Philanthropy 11, (May-June 1989).
BOOK REVIEWS Sole author of 550-word reviews of the following books for the political science journal, Perspectives on Political Science.
-- The Rise of China: Essays on the Future Competition, ed. by Gary J. Schmitt (2010).
-- The Tiananmen Papers, ed. by Andrew Nathan and Perry Link (2001).
-- Not Whether But When: The U.S. Decision to Enlarge NATO by James M. Goldgeier (2001).
-- Honey and Vinegar: Incentives, Sanctions and Foreign Policy, ed. by Richard Haass and
Meghan O'Sullivan (2000).
-- Tocqueville and American Character by Michael Ledeen (2000).
-- Marketization and Democracy: East Asian Experiences by Samantha Ravich (2000).
-- Sovereignty by Stephen D. Krasner (2000).
-- Strange Bedfellows: NATO Marches East by George W. Grayson (2000).
-- East and West by Christopher Patten (1999).
-- Asian Security Practice, ed. by Muthiah Alagappa (1999).
-- Leo Strauss and the American Right by Shadia B. Drury (1998).
-- The Next War by Caspar Weinberger and Peter Schweizer (1998).
-- The Clash of Civilizations and the Remaking of World Order by Samuel P. Huntington (1997).
-- On the Brink: The Dramatic, Behind-the-Scenes Saga of the Reagan Era and Men and Women
Who Won the Cold War by Jay Winik (1997).
-- American Exceptionalism: A Double-Edged Sword by Seymour Martin Lipset (1997).
-- A Twilight Struggle: American Power and Nicaragua, 1977-1990 by Robert A. Kagan (1997).
-- The Navy in the Post-Cold War World: The Uses and Value of Strategic Sea Power by Colin S.
-- America's Mission: The United States and the Worldwide Struggle for Democracy in the
Twentieth Century by Tony Smith (1995).
-- Idealism Without Illusions: U.S. Foreign Policy in the 1990s by George Weigel (1995).
-- German Unification in the European Context by Peter H. Merkl (1995).
-- A Certain Idea of France: French Security Policy and the Gaullist Legacy by Philip H. Gordon
-- Grasping the Democratic Peace: Principles for a Post-Cold War World by Bruce Russett
-- Ideas and Foreign Policy: Beliefs, Institutions and Political Change, ed. by Judith Goldstein
and Robert Keohane (1994).
Additional Book Reviews: “To China with Love,” The Weekly Standard (July 5-12, 1999). Review of Betrayal: How the Clinton Administration Undermined American Security by Bill Gertz.
Review of The Crisis of Global Capitalism by George Soros in Philanthropy, vol.13, no. 2 (March/April 1999).
“Foreign Policy for Sale: Clinton, China, and Commercial Foreign Policy,” The Weekly Standard (December 20, 1998). Review of The Year of the Rat by Edward Timperlake and William Triplett II.
"Who's Sorry Now?" Review of In Retrospect: The Tragedy and Lessons of Vietnam by Robert S. McNamara in The American Enterprise, vol. 6, no. 5 (September-October 1995).
"Managerial Man." Review of Power and Promise: The Life and Times of Robert McNamara by Deborah Shapley. The National Interest, vol. 32 (Summer 1993).
"Visions of the New Europe," Global Affairs, vol.7, no.1, (Winter 1992). Review of Securing Europe by Richard H. Ullman, and The New European Community, ed. by Robert O. Keohane and Stanley Hoffmann.
"Not Too Tart, Not Too Sweet," Security Studies, vol.1, no.1 (Summer 1991). Review essay on Bound to Lead by Joseph S. Nye, and The Myth of America's Decline by Henry Nau.
"Was Reagan a `Hands-Off' President?" Global Affairs, vol.5, no.4, (1990). Review of Presidential Power and the Modern Presidents by Richard Neustadt, 5th edition.
ACADEMIC CONFERENCES, PAPERS, AND LECTURES “Corruption, Free Expression and the Rule of Law: Stakes for Business and Democracy,” Chatham House, The Royal Institute of International Affairs, London, England, March 2, 2016.
“The Global Democracy Recession: Can We Recover?” and “What Diplomacy Can Do—And Cannot Do—About Human Trafficking.” Given as the annual Binns Lectures on the Sacred and Secular and Power and Justice in Society, William Jewell College, March 31-April 1, 2016.
Lecture on “The Global Struggle for Freedom and Human Rights,” 23rd National Security Law Institute, University of Virginia School of Law, Charlottesville, June 12-14, 2015.
Presentation at forum on his book Human Dignity and the Future of Global Institutions, James Madison Program in American Ideals and Institutions, Princeton University, February 12, 2015.
"Constructing a Dialogue on Dignity: Advocacy for Human Dignity as Global Institutions' Focus," co-authored with Anthony Clark Arend. Paper for the Conference on “The Social Practice of Human Rights” at the University of Dayton, October 4, 2013.
Organizer and Host for Workshop on “Business and Human Rights: Best Practices in Supply Chains,” Council on Foreign Relations, Washington, DC, May 15, 2013.
Panelist on Roundtable on "Obama and Beyond: Change and Continuity in American Foreign Policy,” International Studies Association Annual Conference, San Francisco, April 4, 2013.
Organizer and Panelist at Conference titled “Human Dignity and The Future of Global Institutions: A Workshop,” co-sponsored by Master of Science in Foreign Service Program and the Berkley Center for Religion, Peace and World Affairs, Georgetown University, March 19, 2013.
Organizer and Panelist at Conference on “Human Dignity and International Institutions,” co-sponsored by Master of Science in Foreign Service Program and the Mortara Center for International Studies, Georgetown University, June 6-7, 2012.
Lectures on “Religious Defamation and Minority Rights” and “UN Debates on Religious Defamation and Freedom of Expression,” at International Seminar on “Religion and Minority Rights” co-sponsored by the Tony Blair Faith Foundation and McGill University, in Montreal, July 17, 2012.
Organizer and Panelist at Conference on “Human Dignity and International Institutions,” co-sponsored by the Mortara Center for International Studies and Master of Science in Foreign Service Program, Georgetown University, June 6-7, 2012.
Organizer and Panel Chair for Workshop on “International Institutions and Human Dignity,” Council on Foreign Relations, Washington, DC, November 16, 2011.
Panelist on “Liberty, Democracy, and the Liberal International System” (with Daniel Deudney, Andrew Moravscik, and Jeremy Rabkin) at the Third Annual Workshop on “The Future of Liberal Internationalism: Global Governance in a Post-American Hegemonic Era,” Woodrow Wilson School, Princeton University, May 5, 2012.
Lecture on human trafficking at the U.S.-China Education Trust Summer Institute, George Washington University, Washington DC, July 2011.
Remarks as Panel Chair on “Non-Violent Political Change” at the Conference on “Irregular Warfare: Threats and Opportunities” of the Center for Irregular Warfare and Armed Groups (CIWAG), U.S. Naval War College, Newport, RI, June 22, 2011.
Delivered the William V. O’Brien Lecture in International Law and Morality, “Combating Human Trafficking: Migration, International Law, and Human Dignity,” Georgetown University, April 9, 2008.
Presented keynote address at conference on “Globalization: Prospects for Peace, Prosperity and World Order” hosted by the McCormick Tribune Foundation in Wheaton, Illinois, May 9-10, 2002. Revised version published as article in World Affairs (Winter 2003) – see above.
Chair and discussant for panel on “Regional Organizations and the U.S. as an Extra-Regional Power,” at the International Studies Association’s International Security Studies Section annual meeting, Arlington, VA, November 1999.
“China and the Chattering Classes: Opinion Elites Shaping U.S. Policy Toward the PRC,” Paper for Annual Seminars of the International Affairs Fellows, Council on Foreign Relations, New York, NY, October 1999.
Organizer, chairman, and panelist at Council on Foreign Relations seminar on “Western Nations’ Views of China as an Emerging Power,” February 1999.
Presider and participant in conference on “NATO: Reforming for the Future” of the Atlantic Partnership Program of the Council on Foreign Relations, November 1998.
Chair, introductory panel at AEI conference on “Rethinking the Middle East,” November 1998.
Organized and participated in panel on “Alternatives to Revoking MFN in U.S. China Policy,” for Council on Foreign Relations, U.S. Capitol, February 1998.
Chaired a session on "How Has the Communications Revolution Changed the Foreign Policy Making Process?" for Council on Foreign Relations seminar, September 1995.
Participant in panel on "The `Normalization' of German Foreign Policy" at AEI conference on "America, Germany, and Europe--Five Years after the End of the Cold War," September 1995.
Chaired panel on "Elites and Foreign Policy in Liberal Societies: A Comparison of Four Democracies" at American Political Science Association (APSA) annual meeting, September 1995.
"Are `Influentials' Less Influential? U.S. Foreign Policy in a Post-Cold War Information Age." Paper for APSA annual meeting, September 1995.
Address at the AEI Friday Forum on "International Organizations and American Purpose: Definitions Matter," July 1995.
Chaired a session on "Congress's Role in Foreign Policy" for the Council on Foreign Relations seminar, June 1995.
Author of conference report and organizer of AEI conference on "Do Sanctions Work? Economic Sanctions as a Tool of U.S. Foreign Policy," April 1995.
Address at the AEI Friday Forum on "Foreign Policy Elites in the Newt-onian Information Age," April 1995.
Address at St. Anselm College (New Hampshire) on "The Implications of the 1994 Elections for Clinton Administration Foreign Policy," November 1994.
Address for the Forum for Renewing American Leadership on "The Europeanization of America: The Clinton Administration's Worldview," August 1994.
Address at the AEI Friday Forum on "Turning America into a European Country," June 1994.
Participant in panel on "Does NATO Exist?" at AEI conference on "The Clinton Foreign and Defense Policies: An Early Assessment," November 1993.
Address for the Forum for Renewing American Leadership on "Who's Left? Who's Right? Elite Attitudes After the Cold War," July 1993.
Address at the AEI Friday Forum on "The Realignment of Elites and Ideology in U.S. Foreign Policy," June 1993.
"Breakdown of Consensus Revisited: Elite Beliefs and Post-Cold War U.S. Foreign Policy." Paper for APSA annual meeting, September 1992.
"A Grand Bargain? Right Premise, Wrong Method." Paper for International Studies Association (ISA) regional meeting, November 1991.
"Elite Beliefs and Foreign Policy: A `First Image' Methodology." Paper for APSA annual meeting, August 1991.
"The International System and the Reagan Doctrine: Can Realism Explain Aid to Freedom Fighters?" Paper for APSA annual meeting, August 1990.
"Sources of American Conduct: Environment and Elite Beliefs in the Reagan Doctrine." Paper for APSA annual meeting, August 1990.
"Structures and Beliefs: Perspectives on the Declaration of the Reagan Doctrine." Paper for ISA annual meeting, April 1990.
"Will NATO Exist?" Presented at Annual Research Conference of the Association for Public Policy and Management, November 1989.
THESES IN HIGHER EDUCATION Ph.D. Dissertation: "`Crusade for Freedom': International and Ideological Sources of the Reagan Doctrine." Defended dissertation, With Distinction, April 1991. Mentor: Robert J. Lieber.
Bachelors Honors Thesis: "The `Totalitarian Breakthrough' in the Consolidation of the Soviet and Chinese Communist Regimes." Awarded Magna Cum Laude honors, June 1986. Adviser: Roderick MacFarquhar.