“Old Immigrants” primarily came from Northwestern Europe
“old” immigrants settled in the U.S. and became Mid-West/Great Plains/Farmers
New immigrants came to the U.S. and settled in crowed cities and took low paying jobs.
The major port of entry for the majority of immigrants entering through the Eastern seaboard wasEllis Island
Religious freedom, political freedom, economic opportunities, cheap land, crop failures, overpopulation, and the introduction of large steamships offering cheap passage contributed to the increase Immigration to the U.S.
Nativists were American born citizens that opposed immigration or favored strict immigration laws.
Education was the most likely aid in the assimilation of immigrants into American society.
Jane Addams established a settlement house, known as Hull House, in Chicago to help the urban poor and immigrants.
The violent massacre of Russian Jews, known as POGROMS, in the late 1800s caused many of these Jewish people to immigrate to America.
Gold Rush was the leading factor for immigration to California.
Gilded Age: Corruption and Muckrakers exposure led to a variety of reforms:
The Whiskey Ring was the name of the scandal which involved a group of distillers bribing government officials in order to avoid paying a high tax on liquor (Under the Grant Administration)
Black Friday was the short-lived crisis in the United States in which two financial speculators attempted to control the gold market, artificially inflating the price of gold, thus causing thousands of people to suffer financial losses.
Credit Mobilier was the name given to the scandal involving railroad construction that took place under Grant’s administration.
Jacob Riis exposes Slum poverty in tenement houses in New York City in his book “How the Other Half Lives”?
William Marcy “Boss” Tweed controlled Tammany Hall, the political club that ran New York City’s Democratic Party that cheated the city of millions through fraudulent city contracts and extortion.
Political machines such as Tammany Hall derive their strongest support from Immigrants and the poor/ in return for their votes the political machine helped provide them with jobs and housing
Granger Laws were passed to regulate the rates being charged unfairly to farmers by railroads.
Populist political party did the Farmer’s Alliance form in 1891?
Interstate Commerce Act was passed in order to regulate or curb the abusive prices of the railroad industry and was the first federal regulatory agency designed to protect the public interest from business combinations?
Pendleton Civil Service Act established a merit system for hiring government workers, thus ending the spoils system where elected officials appointed friends and supporters to government jobs, regardless of their qualifications.
The Dawes Act 1887 granted farmland to Native Americans as a part of a plan to assimilate them into American society.