Meehan 10 (Chris, writer @ clean energy authority,11/22/10http://www.cleanenergyauthority.com/solar-energy-news/rise-up-solar-campaign-112210/) JPG
To keep that from happening, the American Solar Energy Society (ASES) isbuildingthe Rise-Up Solar Nation campaign, which aims to have 1 million members to help influence Congress to pass legislationsupportingthesolar and renewable industries, which as of 2007, employed 9 million Americans. “The campaign for a solar nation is a bold call to action for our chapters like CRES, the solar advocates everywhere who will become known as the Rise Up campaign,” said Brad Collins, ASES national campaign director and former executive director during a presentation at the Colorado Renewable Energy Society’s monthly meeting on Nov. 18. “The sun rises up every day. It’s time for us to rise up and make this change happen, and we can do this.” The Rise-Up campaign will generate about $500,000 before it really gets underway, Collins said. “We’re going to raise 25 million dollars; we’re going to ask the million solar citizens to each give us 25 dollars,” he said. “You give us 25 bucks, we’ll make this happen. And we’re going to focus on solar energy’s immediate potential to improve the environment, increase energy independence create jobs and make America more competitive—all good things.” The campaign also will fight against misinformation, propagated by the fossil fuel industry, Collins said. According to Collins, the campaign will seek to recreate the successes of the Solar Lobby of the 1980’s. “There were about 60,000 people in the Solar Lobby,” he said. “Members of Congress called the Solar Lobby and asked for advice on rule-making and legislative writing because they knew it was a powerful group. That’s what we need to do. We need to create a powerful movement.” The campaign, he explained, will focus on social change as a means to increase awareness of solar’s benefits. “Here’s the marvelous thing about social change, all you have to do is create the momentum,” he said. “The change agents, the decision makers, the politicians, the spokesmen, the key stakeholders all around will be attracted to that. They will stand proudly in front of that parade and take it for their own. And more power to them. We don’t have to own this. We don’t have to lead it. All we have to do is start it.”
NSWR is the same as Orion but doesn’t destroy satellites or link to spending Montgomerie 3 (Ian, professional alternate historian, Dec 31, [www.alternatehistory.com/gateway/essays/OrionProblems.html#Environmental] AD: 7-6-11, jam)
In the "radiation-spewing atomic rocket" category, there is the Nuclear Salt Water Rocket. It is a concept for a rocket whose fuel is a solution that undergoes fission. This system would be just as polluting as an Orion rocket, but it would also produce an ISP even higher than that of the Oriondesign. An ISP of 6700 for an initial low-efficiency design has been projected. Unlike Orion, the NSWR does not generate satellite-frying X-rays or require a ship massing thousands of tons. Except for the ion drive, these systems are presently untested concepts that would require much development... but so would Orion. While Orion was the highest-performing option back in the 50s, by the present day that is not the case.
ESA CP – General
The ESA wants to use nuclear tech
De Selding 5 (Peter, writer @ Space News, http://www.space.com/692-esa-chief-europe-space-nuclear-power-options.html) JPG
Europe will have no choice but to develop nuclear-powered satellites if it wants to continue to explore the outer solar system, European Space Agency (ESA) Science DirectorDavid Southwood said. Several European nations, notably Germany, have strong anti-nuclear feelings and may resist any move to develop radioisotope thermoelectric generators (RTGs), which are currently the preferred method for providing power to satellites traveling too far away from the sun to make solar-electric power feasible. Europe's Rosetta comet-chaser satellite, launched in February, carries a huge solar-array system that Southwood agreed is about as far as solar-electric power can go. "Is this where we want to stop? I refuse to believe that," Southwood said in an interview here as he followed ESA's Huygens probe as it descended to the surface of Saturn's largest moon, Titan. Huygens was carried to Saturn orbit by NASA's Cassini satellite, which is nuclear-powered. "The fact is you cannot imagine going to the outer planets without a power source that doesn't depend on sunlight." Southwood said ESAprogram managers have been discussing the best way to introduce at least an RTG-development program, if not a nuclear-propulsion program, onto ESA's technology-research agenda. Sergio Vetrella, president of the Italian Space Agency, said he would favor a broad development program on new forms of nuclear power that focused not only on space applications but on uses in medical science and other areas. Concerning conventional RTGs aboard future ESA satellites, Vetrella said he would favor not an ESA development program but a policy of buying RTGs from the United States. "We shouldn't get too dispersed in what we develop," Vetrella said, adding that he recognized the need for alternate satellite-power sources. "For conventional nuclear power on satellites, let's buy it off the shelf." Southwood acknowledged that anything related to nuclear technology "remains very sensitive in Europe, even though several nations, including Britain and France, have mastered nuclear technology for civilianand military purposes. It is an issue we will have to treat delicately, but we've got to put it on our agenda. It's an issue ESA absolutely must address." Southwood said ESA is happy with its collaboration with NASA on Cassini and Huygens, but sooner or later Europe would need to develop technologies to permit it to lead big-ticket space-exploration missions. "We don't always want to be the younger brother in our collaboration with NASA," Southwood said. "For a real cooperation, you need two partners fully able to contribute." Southwood said long-duration rovers on Mars -- currently the subject of low-level research at ESA -- ultimately would need RTGs and that Europe's space-exploration program, called Aurora, may be the most logical avenue by which to start an RTG effort.