ATLANTA RIOT OF 1906 - This took place in Atlanta in 1906 after misleading stories were published in the newspaper accusing black men of attacking white women. As a result, many black owned business, homes, and property was destroyed. Although this was not an isolated event, it was a reflection of the racial violence occurring in the “Deep South”. This event also pushed for and eventually ended with statewide prohibition alcohol.
LEO FRANK CASE - was one of the most controversial cases in Georgia’s history. It focused on a Jewish factory manager accused of murdering and assault. This case brought up a lot of racial tension, and it also brought back a revival of the KKK in Georgia.
As a reaction to racial discrimination and violence in the early 1900s, African Americans – C (The Great Migration)
fought back through the court system.
elected black leaders to help them.
began leaving in large numbers for jobs in the North.
joined the Niagara Movement.
Many African Americans challenge the Early Civil Rights movement. Many disagreed with the approach to challenge civil social equality. This would later be known as the “Great Debate”. Matching: Write the letter of the correct match.
A. Alonzo Herndon B. Lugenia Burns Hope C. W.E.B. DuBois
D. John Hope E. Booker T. Washington E 12. founder of Tuskegee Institute in Alabama
D 13. president of Morehouse College and Atlanta University
B 14. started the Neighborhood Unions and the YMCA
A 15. owner of the Atlanta Life Insurance Company
C 16. Professor at Atlanta-Clark University and helped to establish
World War I
World War I was the first global war. It was fought from 1914-1918, and technological advancements during this time led to millions of deaths in this war.
MEN – AS SOLDIERS, WOMEN – AS RED CROSS VOLUNTEERS AND NURSES AS WELL AS WORKING IN FACTORIES
What three military infantry bases were established in Georgia to train infantry solders to fight in World War I?
BENNING 2. GORDON 3. McPHERSON
World War I ended by signing an ARMISTACE or cease fire on 11 day, of the 11 month, at the 11 hour of the day.
The treaty of VERSAILLES was created by the allied nations to punish Germany for the war.
What were the conditions of this treaty? GERMANY HAD TO PAY WAR DEBTS PLUS DAMAGES, NO LONGER HAVE A MILITARY, ACCEPT RESPONSIBILITY FOR THE WAR, GIVE UP THEIR EMPIRE IN AFRICA, CHINA, AND THE NORTH PACIFIC
The Roaring Twenties
After WWI, the United States (and Georgia) went through a time of growth and prosperity called the Roaring Twenties
The Roaring Twenties was a time of GROWTH and PROSPERITY.
The 19TH amendment to the U.S. Constitution gave women the right to vote
The larger cities of Georgia people began to buy items on CREDIT.
RICH’S was the first store to offer “buying on Credit” in Atlanta, Georgia.
COCA-COLA was the new drink sold in soda counters across the state. It was invented by John Pemberton.
How were crops in Georgia destroyed during the Roaring Twenties?
BOLL WEEVIL ▪ DROUGHT
The Great Depression
Who was president when America entered the Great Depression?
Why was Georgia not as affected by the Great Depression as were other states? THE BOLL WEEVIL AND DROUGHT HAD ALREADY DEVISTATED GA’S COTTON CROP. PLUS GA WAS MOSTLY AGRICULTURAL THEN SO THERE WERE STILL FEW INDUSTRIES ACROSS THE STATE AND THE AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTS WERE NOT DIVERSIFIED
List causes of the Great Depression. STOCK MARKET CRASH OF 1929, BANK FAILURES, REDUCTION IN PURCHASING, THE SMOOT-HAWLEY TARIFF (RAISED PRICES OF US GOODS IN FOREIGN MARKETS), OVERPRODUCTION OF AGRICULTURE PRODUCTS./DROUGHT
Which president pulled America out of the Great Depression? FRANKLIN DELANO ROOSEVELT (FDR)
What did Roosevelt call his plan to pull America out of the Great Depression? NEW DEAL
How did Roosevelt communicate his plan to the people of America instilling hope and trust to rebuild? SPEECHES OVER THE RADIO CALLED FIRESIDE CHATS
The “New Deal”was a series of federal programs designed to put people to work and give federal aid to those in need.
CIVILIAN CONSERVATION CORPS (CCC) – This agency was created by Roosevelt and it put young men to do work creating public work projects. It put money in pockets and gave the young men food and shelter.
AGRICULTURAL ADJUSTMENT ACT (AAA)– This was a measure where the government paid farmers to keep them from producing goods (to limit overproduction).
RURAL ELECTRIFICATION – This agency was created by FDR to bring electricity to the rural (country) areas of the United States (especially the South).
SOCIAL SECURITY ADMINISTRATION (SSA)– This agency was created to give retirement benefits to the elderly and still exists today.
__________________________ renewed hope in the banking industry. .
EUGENE TALMADGE tried to stop Georgia from receiving the benefits of the New Deal Plan.
Why did African Americans NOT receive the benefit from Roosevelt’s New Deal plan? MOSTLY TENANT FARMERS AND SHARECROPPERS DID NOT RECEIVE BENEFITS FROM THE AAA PAYMENTS
World War II
At the beginning of the war, President Roosevelt wanted the United States to remain NEUTRAL.
Roosevelt did NOT support isolation and began to speak out against neutrality with his ___________________ speech to gain support of American. Roosevelt knew without America’s support the war could not be won.
The United States entered World War II when Japan attacked - D
China c. Manchuria.
Midway d. Pearl Harbor
Which statement best describes the involvement of the United States in World War II before the bombing of Pearl Harbor? - A
The United States provided lend-lease aid to Great Britain and the Soviet Union.
The United States maintained strict neutrality with no favoritism.
The United States provided advisory troops to aid Great Britain.
The United States secretly sank German submarines
What four countries formed the Allied Powers?
GREAT BRITAIN (ENGLAND) c. FRANCE
SOVIET UNION (USSR) d. UNITED STATES
What three countries formed the Axis Powers?
GERMANY b. ITALY c. JAPAN
The LEND LEASE ACT allowed the United States to send weapons to Great Britain because they were battling a common enemy.
President Franklin D. Roosevelt died on April 24, 1945, while sitting for a portrait at the Little White House in - B
Defense contractors meanwhile relocated throughout Georgia, providing employment, aiding the state's economic recovery, and allowing civilians to make valuable contributions to the war effort.
Georgia helps prepare for war by:
BUILDING BOMBERS AT BELL AIRCRAFT IN MARIETTA
EXPANSION AND CREATION OF MILITARY BASES
BUILDING SHIPS IN SAVANNAH AND BRUNSWICK
WOMEN IN FACTORIES AS WELL AS RATIONING
Who were the two military leaders who help prepare Georgia for war and are most remember for their service during World War II?
RICHARD RUSSELL ▪CARL VINSON
CARL VINSON is know as the “Father of the two ocean Navy”. Under his leadership he began to help build Naval Bases throughout Georgia.
RICHARD RUSSELL helped establish many military infantry bases throughout Georgia. After the war, he helped to establish the first school lunch program and served in the U. S. Senate from 1932 to 1971 and on June 27, 1931, he became the youngest governor for the State of Georgia proving that Republicans could achieve public office in Georgia.
Between 1942 and 1945 the Bell Aircraft Corporation transformed Marietta from the small seat of rural Cobb County to one of the main industrial centers.
Hundreds of Liberty Ships were built in the shipyards of _______________ and _______________.
________________ _______________ Air Force based trained some of the best fighter pilots in the world.
African-American men registered for the ___________, and black women volunteered in large numbers.
Use page 124 of the Georgia CRCT Coachbook to help you identify how Roosevelt impacted Georgia during World War II.
Why did Roosevelt spend so much time in Georgia? HE BUILT THE LITTLE WHITE HOUSE FOR HIS TREATMENT OF POLIO AT WARM SPRINGS, GA
What was the NIRA? NATIONAL INDUSTRIAL RECOVERY ACT
What was the purpose of NIRA? HELP WORKERS BY SETTING A MINIMUM WAGE, ALLOWING FOR UNION ORGANIZATION, AND CUTTING BACK PRODUCTION
How did the NRA affect Georgia? TEXTIE INDUSTRY – STRETCH OUT REQUIRED SAVE PRODUCTIVITY IN SHORTER HOURS WORKED. CAUSED A STRIKE WHICH HURT TH EWORKERS. NIRA EVENTUALLY CALLED UNCONSTITUTIONAL BY SUPREME COURT
Use page 119 of the CRCT Coachbook, to list major the military installation in Georgia during World War II?