Report of the Working Group on Petroleum & Natural Gas Sector for the XI plan



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Report of the Working Group on Petroleum & Natural Gas Sector for the XI Plan

(
2007-2012)


Ministry of Petroleum & Natural Gas

November 2006

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Report of Working Group on

Petroleum & Natural Gas Sector for the XI Plan

(2007-2012)

Table of Contents

v


Executive Summary 6

1.1 Economy & Energy 6

1.2 International Scenario 6

1.3 Indian Scenario 7

1.4 Thrust Areas for the Petroleum and Natural Gas Sector 8

1.5 Acknowledgements 9



2 Overview of Petroleum & Natural Gas Sector 11

2.1 Background 11

2.2 Global Scenario 11

2.3 Indian Scenario: 17



3 Performance Review of X Plan Period 25

3.1 Introduction 25

3.2 Hydrocarbon Reserve Position 25

3.3 Crude Oil and Natural Gas Production 26

3.4 Implementation of New Exploration Licensing Policy (NELP) 28

3.5 Implementation of Coal Bed Methane (CBM) Policy 28

3.6 Equity Oil and Gas from Abroad 29

3.7 Consumption of Petroleum Products during X Plan 31

3.8 Refining Capacity 32

3.9 Investments 33



4 Review of Policy Measures 36

4.1 Marketing and Distribution of Petroleum Products 36

4.2 Marketing & Distribution of Natural Gas 39

4.3 Auto Fuel Policy 40

4.4 Safety & Environment Management 41

4.5 Subsidy Structure 44

4.6 Regulatory Environment 45

4.7 Report of the Expert Committee on Integrated Energy Policy 48

4.8 Dr. C Rangarajan Committee Report 51

4.9 Dr. V. Krishnamurty’s Report on Restructuring of Petroleum Sector 55



5 Thrust Areas for XI Plan Period 57

5.1 Major Thrust Areas for XI Plan Period 57



6 Demand - Supply Gap Analysis for XI Plan Period 60

6.1 Demand for Petroleum Products 60

6.2 Demand Supply Gap for Petroleum Products 63

6.3 Demand for Natural Gas 65

6.4 Demand – Supply Gap for Natural Gas 69

7 Towards Oil and Gas Security 72

7.1 Towards Oil Security 72

7.2 Bio-fuels Programme 72

7.3 Strategic Storage 74

7.4 Conservation of Products 75

7.5 Alternative Sources of Energy 77



8 Targets for XI Plan Period 82

8.1 Exploration and Development of Oil and Gas 82

8.2 Crude Oil and Natural Gas Production 83

8.3 Equity Oil and Gas Abroad 84

8.4 Refining Capacity Additions 87

8.5 Crude Oil Requirements and Imports 89



9 Manpower Planning for XI Plan and beyond 93

9.1 Planning for Sustained Availability of Knowledge Workers for the Oil and Gas Industry 93

9.2 Servicing E&P Activities in India 97

10 Research & Development Focus during XI Plan 98

10.1 Internationalization of R&D 98

10.2 Drivers of Global R&D. 98

10.3 R&D in developing countries 99

10.4 Exploration & Development 100

10.5 Natural Gas Sector 101

10.6 Refining Sector 102

10.7 R&D – Way Forward 104



11 Investment Requirement and Infrastructure Development 105

11.1 Exploration and Production Sector 105

11.2 Refining and Marketing Sector 106

11.3 Natural Gas Sector 109



12 Conclusions & Suggestions 113

12.1 Exploration & Production Sector 113

12.2 Natural Gas Sector 113

12.3 Refining Sector 115

12.4 Marketing Sector 117

12.5 Others 117



13 Annexure 118

13.1 Annexure I – Constitution of the Working Group 118

13.2 Annexure II (a) – Constitution of Working Sub Groups 123

13.3 Annexure II (b) –Sub Group on E&P 126

13.4 Annexure II (c) –Sub Group on NG and Marketing 127

13.5 Annexure III - Energy Policy in Asian Economies 129

13.6 Annexure IV - Herfindahl-Hirschman Index (HHI) 134

13.7 Annexure V - Year Wise, Product Wise Comparison of Actual & X Plan Projections 135

13.8 Annexure VI - Demand Projections by Various Agencies 136

13.9 Annexure VII - Demand For Petroleum Products During The XI Plan & Beyond 137

13.10 Annexure VIII - Potential for Reducing Oil Demand Through Vehicle Fuel Economy Improvement 139

13.11 Annexure IX – Demand Projections By Various Agencies for Natural Gas 142

13.12 Annexure X - Refining Capacity at Beginning Of XI Plan 143

13.13 Annexure XI- Value Addition & Other Benefits of Surplus Capacity 146



13.14 Annexure XII- Abbreviations 148


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