Topic of Focus: Apollo Missions 11 and 17



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Lesson Plan: Apollo Missions to the Moon Steve Heck

Topic of Focus: Apollo Missions 11 and 17 (Compare and Contrast).

Subject: 5th- 8th Grade Earth Science

Time Duration: 50 - 60 Minutes (2 Classes)

Standards:


National Science: History of Science

Earth in the Solar System

Understanding about Science and Technology
State of Ohio: Describe how the universe is studied by the use of equipment such as telescopes, probes, satellites, and spacecraft.
Give examples of how technological advances, influenced by scientific knowledge, affect the quality of life

Milford COS: The Universe (A): Space and Space Exploration


Rationale:

This lesson is designed to engage students to inquire and discover NASA’s Apollo program specifically the Apollo 11 and Apollo 17 missions. At the completion of the lesson, students will present their visual concept of the missions highlighting how their objectives and uniqueness.


First, students will discover the background of both the Apollo 11 and 17 missions. This background information is designed to both engage and explain the concepts needed for the students to develop a visual concept (PowerPoint or Poster). It will also be used to share in the instruction of other students. The visual concept must include but is not limited to the following:
1. Title

2. KEY components of the Apollo Missions (Objectives)

3. The landing location of the Apollo Missions

4. What made each Apollo Mission unique?

5. Some form of animation of the Apollo Missions (movie, sound, special effects)

6. Your references




Resources for Content: Teacher's Background Information


NASA: http://www.nasa.gov/mission_pages/apollo/
http://www.nasa.gov/mission_pages/apollo/missions/apollo11.html
http://www.nasa.gov/mission_pages/apollo/missions/apollo17.html
http://history.nasa.gov/SP-4029/Apollo_18-18_Mission_Insignias.htm

Google Moon: www.google.com/moon

Students Background (Reference Sheet)
Google Moon
www.google.com/moon
Historical Background
http://www.nasa.gov/centers/kennedy/about/history/spacehistory_toc.html
http://www.nasa.gov/mission_pages/apollo/
http://spaceflight.nasa.gov/history/apollo/index.html
http://www.nasa.gov/mission_pages/apollo/missions/apollo11.html
http://science.ksc.nasa.gov/history/apollo/apollo-11/apollo-11.html
http://www.nasa.gov/mission_pages/apollo/missions/apollo17.html
http://science.ksc.nasa.gov/history/apollo/apollo-17/apollo-17.html
http://history.nasa.gov/SP-4029/Apollo_18-18_Mission_Insignias.htm

Movies/Videos/Audios
http://www.nasa.gov/multimedia/hd/apollo11.html
http://history.nasa.gov/alsj/a17/video17.html
http://www.nasa.gov/mission_pages/apollo/apollo_tapes.html
http://www.nasa.gov/multimedia/videogallery/index.html?media_id=11463015
http://www.nasa.gov/multimedia/videogallery/index.html?media_id=11463016

Animations/PowerPoint
http://spaceflight.nasa.gov/history/apollo/apollo_mission.html
http://www.nasa.gov/externalflash/apollo11_landing/
http://spaceflight.nasa.gov/history/apollo/index.html
http://event.arc.nasa.gov/virtual-worlds/ppt/Creel/lurova_edutainment.pdf

Objectives:


Students will define the objectives (key components) of the Apollo 11 and 17 missions.

Students will be able to compare and contrast the Apollo 11 and 17 missions.

Students will develop a visual presentation to instruct the Apollo 11 and 17 missions to the moon.



Bloom's Taxonomy:

Knowledge - Comprehension - Application

Materials:


Student worksheet with student reference page

Computer (with internet access)

Calculators

PowerPoint or Poster Board (for presentation)

Pencil or Pen

Colored Markers


Activities and Procedures:


This lesson is divided into two separate parts. Part one is designed to set the stage for student(s) preparing a visual concept of the Apollo 11 and 17 missions for part two. This visual concept maybe presented to the entire class.
Day One: During the first class period the teacher sets the stage with an overview of the Apollo programs websites (student resource page.) Student(s) are then directed to research the Apollo 11 and 17 missions given the “recourses list” of internet web sites. Student(s) are to complete the “student worksheet” so as to have the information they need for day two.

Day One Timing: (45-50 minutes)
Technology needed: Computers
00 – 20 Teacher lead discussion on the history of the Apollo program

(See suggestions)


20 – 25 Student(s) assigned to computer(s)

(Can accomplish as individuals or with a partner)


25 – 45 Student(s) conduct internet research of the Apollo 11 and 17 missions using supplied research listings
Student complete worksheet (assessment number one)
45 – 50 Review days work (questions and answers)

Day Two: During this class period, the teacher should review the requirements for the student(s) develop visual concept. Questions and answers should be address before the students embark on developing their visual concept. The remainder of the class period is designed for the student(s) to develop the visual concept of the Apollo 11 and 17 missions. Students should start the assignment by brainstorming and working cooperatively to develop either a PowerPoint Presentation or Poster. Both the PowerPoint and Poster MUST have some type of animation (an example for the poster is provided)
Day Two Timing: (45 – 50 minutes)
Technology needed: Computers
00 – 10 Discussion on visual concept (requirements-handout)
10 – 45 Student(s) complete work on visual concept (assessment number two)
PowerPoint visuals: Copy of slides and notes need to be turned in

Posters: Poster due in


45 – 50 Final wrap up and review.

Special Needs:


Modification of Student Worksheet at the discretion of Special Education Staff.

Students with writing or visual difficulties given additional time.

Hearing headsets available.

Assessments:

Assessment: Graded Student Worksheet Score: __________


Name: ___KEY_________________________Date: ______________ Class:
Apollo 11 and 17 Missions
Who were the Astronauts on Apollo 11 and 17?
Apollo 11 Crew: Neil Armstrong, Buzz Aldrin, and Michael Collins.
Apollo 17 Crew: Eugene Cernan, Ronald Evans, Harrison “Jack” Schmitt
Historical Background:


  1. When and how long did each mission last?



    1. Apollo 11: July 16 – July 24 1969 (@9 days)



    1. Apollo 17: December 7 – December 19 1972 (@13 days)



  1. Where did each mission land on the moon and on what date?



    1. Apollo 11: Mare Tranquillitatis (July 20, 1969)



    1. Apollo 17: Taurus-Littrow (December 19, 1972)



  1. What were the objectives of each mission?



    1. Apollo 11: Complete National goal set by President John F. Kennedy (perform a crewed lunar landing and return to Earth)



    1. Apollo 17: Final "J Type" mission (extended hardware capability), larger payload capabilities, and use of battery powered Lunar Roving Vehicle.



  1. What were some on the scientific experiments (objectives) conducted by the crews (list at least 3)



    1. Apollo 11: Deployment of TV Cameras to transmit to Earth

Solar Wind composition Experiment

Seismic Experiment Package

Laser Rangefinder Retroreflector

Samples of Lunar Terrain



    1. Apollo 17: ALSEP (Apollo Lunar Surface Experiment Package) - with heat flow experiment.

LSP (Lunar Seismic Profile)

LSG (Lunar Surface Gravity)

LACE (Lunar Atmospheric Composition Experiment)

LEAM (Lunar Ejecta and Meteorites)

Lunar sampling

BioStack II Experiment

BIOCORE Experiment



  1. Who was the first man on the moon and what did he say when he first step on the moon? Neil Armstrong

"That's one small step for a man. One giant leap for mankind"

  1. Who was the first scientist on the moon and who was the last man on the moon for the Apollo program? Harrison "Jack" Schmitt - Geologist (Only Scientist to step on the Moon during the Apollo program).

Last man to leave the Moon in the Apollo Program: Eugene Cernan (Mission Commander)


  1. Compare and Contrast (how are the alike and how are the different) Apollo 11 to Apollo 17. You may list the comparisons or use a Venn diagram. OPEN-examples

Compare:

Rocket Saturn Five

Command Module (3 Astronauts) and Lunar Lander (2 Astronauts)

Destination

Distance and Time to Moon

Food

Lunar samples



Contrast:
Lunar Rover

Length of stay (days)

First Scientist Astronaut

Scientific Experiments

Location of Lunar landings

Look at the Mission Patches and explain why the crews designed them the way they appear:


A




Apollo 11: American eagle, symbolic of the United States about to land on the Moon. Olive branch in talon indicates the crew "came in peace for all mankind". The Earth was the place they came from and would return to safely in order to fulfill President Kennedy's challenge to the nation, rested on a field of black, representing the vast unknown of space.




Apollo 17: Apollo the Greek sun God. Contemporary designs of American eagle-red bars of eagle wing represent the US flag. Three white stars symbolized the three astronauts. Backgrounds deep blue of space within it the Moon the planet Saturn and a spiral galaxy. The Moon partially overlaid by the eagle's wing suggests that man had visited and in sense conquered the Moon. Gaze of Apollo and eagle toward Saturn and galaxy was meant to imply that man's goal in space would someday include the planets and stars. Gold =golden age of spaceflight.


Design your own Apollo Patch and tell why you chose the design:

Show your work:

Assessment: Visual Concept Score: __________ out of 24 pts.




Multimedia Project : Apollo Missions to the Moon
















 

 

 

 

 
















Teacher Name: Mr. Heck

























Student Name:     ________________________________________



















CATEGORY

4

3

2

1

Title

Student(s) title presents the overall topic and draws the classes attention using visual media

Title is clear and concise. Relates to the overall topic

Title relates to the topic but does not create a sense of where the topic is headed. Details incomplete.

Missing information of what topic is about.

Content

Covers topic in-depth with details and examples. Subject knowledge is excellent.

Includes essential knowledge about the topic. Subject knowledge appears to be good.

Includes essential information about the topic but there are 1-2 factual errors.

Content is minimal or there are several factual errors.

Graphics and Animation

Student(s) animation enhances the overall understanding of the topic. Dynamic images are used to enhance the topic

Animation depicted the topic and assisted in the presentation. Animation was appropriate for the topic

Animation was related but did not enhance the overall visual concept.

Animation was unrelated to the topic. Animation did not enhance the visual concept.

Research (works cited)

Student(s)shows accurate research took place using multiple sources and interpreted all significant facts correctly

Shows relevant information from multiple sources. Evidence of student(s) evaluation of relevant information

Shows few misinterpretations of information. Unclear identification of facts relative to topic

Missing information that is relevant or important to topic

Layout

Student(s) layout is visually pleasing and contribute to the overall visual concept

Layout uses information wisely and effectively (space and proportions)

Layout shows structure but is cluttered and distracting (space and proportions)

Layout show little if any structure, Poor planning of space and proportions

Requirements

All requirements are met and exceeded.

All requirements are met.

One requirement was not completely met.

More than one requirement was not completely met.
















Assessment: Graded Student Worksheet Score: __________


Name: ____________________________Date: ______________ Class:
Apollo 11 and 17 Missions
Who were the Astronauts on Apollo 11 and 17?
Apollo 11 Crew:

Apollo 17 Crew:


Historical Background:


  1. When and how long did each mission last?



    1. Apollo 11:

    2. Apollo 17:



  1. Where did each mission land on the moon and on what date?



    1. Apollo 11:

    2. Apollo 17:



  1. What were the objectives of each mission?



    1. Apollo 11:

    2. Apollo 17:



  1. What were some on the scientific experiments conducted by the crews (list at least 3)



    1. Apollo 11:

    2. Apollo 17:



  1. Who was the first man on the moon and what did he say when he first step on the moon?



  1. Who was the first scientist on the moon and who was the last man on the moon for the Apollo program?



  1. Compare and Contrast (how are the alike and how are the different) Apollo 11 to Apollo 17. You may list the comparisons or use a Venn diagram.


Look at the Mission Patches and explain why the crews designed them the way they appear:


A




Apollo 11:




Apollo 17:


Design your own Apollo Patch and tell why you chose the design:

Show your work:

Student Reference Pages


Google Moon
www.google.com/moon
Historical Background
http://www.nasa.gov/centers/kennedy/about/history/spacehistory_toc.html
http://www.nasa.gov/mission_pages/apollo/
http://spaceflight.nasa.gov/history/apollo/index.html
http://www.nasa.gov/mission_pages/apollo/missions/apollo11.html
http://science.ksc.nasa.gov/history/apollo/apollo-11/apollo-11.html
http://www.nasa.gov/mission_pages/apollo/missions/apollo17.html
http://science.ksc.nasa.gov/history/apollo/apollo-17/apollo-17.html
http://history.nasa.gov/SP-4029/Apollo_18-18_Mission_Insignias.htm

Movies/Videos/Audios


http://www.nasa.gov/multimedia/hd/apollo11.html
http://history.nasa.gov/alsj/a17/video17.html
http://www.nasa.gov/mission_pages/apollo/apollo_tapes.html
http://www.nasa.gov/multimedia/videogallery/index.html?media_id=11463015
http://www.nasa.gov/multimedia/videogallery/index.html?media_id=11463016
Animations/PowerPoint
http://spaceflight.nasa.gov/history/apollo/apollo_mission.html
http://www.nasa.gov/externalflash/apollo11_landing/
http://spaceflight.nasa.gov/history/apollo/index.html
http://event.arc.nasa.gov/virtual-worlds/ppt/Creel/lurova_edutainment.pdf

Name: Date: Class:



Apollo Missions to the Moon

NASA’s Apollo program changed forever the way we look at the Moon and the Earth. The Apollo Program represents some of humankind’s greatest achievements. It all started in 1963 and during a four years period, 1968 to 1972, 24 men went to the moon with 12 men actually walking on the moon’s surface logging over 300 hours on the moon (80 hours outside the lunar module). It was more than just getting to the moon and walking on it. Over 5000 pounds of scientific equipment was placed on the moon and 840 pounds of Moon material was brought back to Earth for analysis. It changed the lives of everyone who watched the missions unfold.

Your job today is to create either a PowerPoint presentation or a visual poster that will compare and contrast the Apollo 11 or Apollo 17 missions.


You must have the following (as a minimum):
1. Title

2. KEY components of the Apollo Missions (Objectives)

3. The landing location of the Apollo Missions

4. What made each Apollo Mission unique?

5. Some form of animation of the Apollo Missions (movie, sound, special effects)

6. Your references
Please check the list of Student References to help you in your visual concept
You will not be required to present your visual concept to the class. However, a copy of your PowerPoint or your Poster should be supplied for grading.
If you wish to present ... GREAT.... we will set time aside for your presentation

Teacher Presentation Suggestions:




  1. Show Students how website research is accomplished by using www.NASA.gov




    1. Demo search for mission pages on Apollo




  1. Demonstrate to the class what is and how to use: "Google Moon"




    1. Specifically - show how the Apollo missions are shown on the moon.




  1. Demonstrate how video can be saved and later using in a PowerPoint Presentation.




  1. Demonstrate the difference between an animation website and a video website.


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