Topics: telescopes, observatories, instruments, optics, astronomy

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Wilson, Thomas L., Wei-Kan Chu, & Peter C. Chen. Advanced technology lunar telescope. Lunar and Planetary Institute, Twenty-Fifth Lunar and Planetary Science Conference, 1994. Part 3, pp1501-1502.

Wing, John. A compleat body of surveying, with the description and use of a new quadrant…Scientia Stellarum. London: printed for A C. and sold by W. Taylor at the Ship in Pater-Noster-Row 1699.

Wing, Vincent. Astronomia Britannica. Londini: Typis Johannis Macock: Impensis Georgii Sawbridge, 1669. VW: 1619-1668.

Wing, Vincent. Astronomia Instaurata, or, A new compendious restauration of astronomie. VW: 1619-1668. London: Printed by R. and W. Leybourn, for the Company of Stationers, 1656.

Wing, Vincent. Ens fictum Shakerlaei or the annihilation of Mr. Jeremie Shakerley, his in-artificiall anatomy of Urania practica. Wherein his falacies or ignorance, are demonstratively detected his malice in its groundlesse colours display'd, and the authors of the said Urania practica justly vindicated from his unjust aspersions. By Vin. Wing, and Will. Leybourn, philomathematicis. London: Printed by Robert Leybourn, 1649. 21pp.

Wing, Vincent. Harmonicon coeleste, or, The coelestiall harmony of the visible world. London : Printed by Robert Leybourn for the Company of Stationers, 1651. V.W.: 1619-1668.

Wing, Vincent, 1619-1668. Urania practica, or, Practical astronomy. London: Printed by R. Leybourn, 1649. (2nd ed. Not yet digitized)

Wingate, Edmund. Wingate's rule of proportion, in arithmetick and geometry: or, Gunter's line newly rectified. London: printed by R.H. for W. Fisher, T. Passinger, R. Boulter, and R. Smith, 1683. E.W.: 1596-1656.

Winter, Frank. Observatories in Space, 1920s Style. Griffith Observer 46 (June 1982) 2-8.

Winthrop, John. An Account of a Meteor Seen in New England, and of a Whirlwind Felt in That Country. Philosophical Transactions 52 (1761-1762) 6-16.

Winthrop, John. An Account of Several Fiery Meteors Seen in North America. Philosophical Transactions 54 (1764) 185-192. (James Cawley, Account of Three Meteors.)

Winthrop, John. Extract of a Letter from John Cambridge, N. England; To B. Franklin...Dated Sept. 6. 1769. Philosophical Transactions 60 (1770) 358-362. (Transit of Venus & aberration of light)

Winthrop, John. Extract of a Letter from Mr. John Winthrop, Professor of Mathematics in Cambridge, New England, to James Short, A.M.F.R.S. Philosophical Transactions 54 (1764) 277-278. (Transit of Venus)

Winthrop, John. A Letter ...concerning the Transit of Mercury Over the Sun, April 21. 1740. and of an Eclipse of the Moon, Dec. 21. 1740. Philosophical Transactions 42 (1742-1743) 572-578.

Winthrop, John. A Letter from Dr. Franklyn, F.R.S. to the Astronomer Royal; Containing an Observation of the Transit of Mercury Over the Sun, November 9th 1769. Philosophical Transactions 61 (1771) 51-52.

Winthrop, John. Observation of the Transit of Mercury Over the Sun, October 25, 1743. Philosophical Transactions 59 (1769) 505-506.

Winthrop, John. Thoughts on Comets. Philosophical Transactions 57 (1767), abridged edition, pp405-408. Dec. 2003.

Winthrop, John. Two lectures on the parallax and distance of the sun, as deducible from the transit of Venus. Read in Holden-Chapel at Harvard-College in Cambridge, New-England, in March 1769. By John Winthrop, Esq. Hollisian Professor of the Mathematics and Philosophy at Cambridge, and F.R.S. Published by the general desire of the students. Boston: Printed and sold by Edes & Gill in Queen-Street,, M,DCC,LXIX. [1769]. 47pp. (Early American Imprints) (J.W. 1714-1779.)

(Winthrop) Bernhard, Winfred E.A. Winthrop, John. American National Biography Online Feb. 2000. Oxford University Press. Nov 25 2003.

(Winthrop, Jr.) Bremer, Francis J. Winthrop, John, Jr. American National Biography Online Feb. 2000. Oxford University Press. Nov 25 2003.

Wislicenus, Walter F. Über den Einfluss von Ring- und Scheibenblenden auf Mikrometermessungen. Astronomische Nachrichten 128 (1891) 345-358.

Wislicenus, Walter F. Ueber einen Apparat zum Photographiren von Meteoren. Astronomische Nachrichten 150 (1899) 9-12.

(Wislicenus) A.M.W.D. Dr. Wislicenus's method of determining absolute personal equations in transit observations. Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society 49 (Feb. 1889) 235-236.

(Wislicenus) Comstock, George C. Astronomischer Jahresbericht. Science 14 (Aug. 9, 1901) 216-218 (#345).

(Wislicenus) Obituary. Frost, Edwin B. Walter Friedrich Wislicenus. Astrophysical Journal 22 (1905) 345.

(Wislicenus) Obituary. The Observatory 28 (Nov. 1905) 429.

(Wislicenus) Obituary. Science 22 (Oct. 1905) 542 (#565).

Witty, Robert. A Survey of the Heavens, Being A Plain Description of the admirable Fabrick and Motions of the Heavenly Bodies, as they are discovered to the Eye by the Telescope, and several eminent Consequences illustrated thereby. London: Richard Jones, 1685. (RW 1613?-1684)

Wolfe, B., A. Silverman & J.W. DeWire. Identification of Charged Particles with a Crystal Telescope. Review of Scientific Instruments 26 (1955) 504-510. (charged particle counter)

Wolfschmidt, Gudrun. Die Entwicklung des Teleskops. Sterne und Weltraum Special, Europas neue Teleskope, 3 (2003) 14-27.

Wollaston, Francis. An Account of the Going of an Astronomical Clock. Philosophical Transactions 61 (1771) 559-566. (using transit telescope)

Wollaston, Francis. Astronomical Observations Made at Chislehurst in Kent. Philosophical Transactions 63 (1773) 67-78. (Dollond triplet. clock mechanism of Henry Hindley. drawings of Jupiter.)

Wollaston, Francis. Astronomical Observations Made at Chislehurst, in Kent, in the Course of the Year 1773. Philosophical Transactions 64 (1774) 329-339. (drawings of Jupiter)

Wollaston, Francis. Observations Made at Chislehurst, in Kent, in the Year 1774. Philosophical Transactions 65 (1775) 290-29.

Wollaston, Francis. Observations of Miss Herschel's Comet, in August and September, 1786. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London 77 (1787) 55-60. (details telescopes, wire reticle)

Wollaston, Francis. On a Method of Describing the Relative Positions and Magnitudes of the Fixed Stars; Together with Some Astronomical Observations. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London 74 (1784) 181-200. (reticle, radial pattern, for accurate drawing)

Wollaston, William Hyde. On a Method of Comparing the Light of the Sun with That of the Fixed Stars. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London 119 (1829) 19-27.

Wollaston, William. A Method of drawing extremely fine Wires. Philosophical Transactions 103 (1813) 114-118. (micrometers)

Wollaston, William Hyde. A Method of Examining Refractive and Dispersive Powers, by Prismatic Reflection. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London 92 (1802) 365-380.

Wollaston, William. On a Periscopic Camera Obscura and Microscope. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society 102 (1812) 370-377.

(Wollaston) Carlyle, E. Irving. Wollaston, Francis (1731-1815). Dictionary of National Biography. N.Y.: Macmillan, 1908.

(Wollaston) Life of Wollaston. The Living Age 11 (October 3, 1846) 9-22. (#125) (Wollaston.gif, Wollaston.doc)

(Wollaston) North, J.D. Wollaston, Francis. Dictionary of Scientific Biography. Charles Gillispie, ed. New York: Scribner, 1970--.

Wolpert, H.D. Life Lessons: Photonic systems in nature can offer technical insights to designers of optical systems and detectors. OE Magazine 2:2 (Feb. 2002).

Wong, W. & L. Barr. The planning of NOAO 8 M telescope enclosure and facilities. Astrophysics and Space Science 160:1-2 (Oct. 1989) 87-101.

Wood, R.W. Nickeled Glass Reflectors for Celestial Photography. Astrophysical Journal 34 (Dec. 1911) 404-409.

Wood, R.W. The Thomas Young Oration. Transactions of the Optical Society 12 (1910-1911) 22-65. (p47-65, spinning mercury mirror)

(Wood) Abrahams, Peter. A Brief Biography of Robert W. Wood. Optics & Photonics News 15:7 (July 2004) 21.

(Wood) Hines, Terence. Wood, Robert Williams. American National Biography Online Feb. 2000. Oxford University Press. Nov 25 2003.

(Wood) Smith, Gil. Anecdotes From My Association With Robert W. Wood. Optics & Photonics News 15:7 (July 2004) 20-23.

Woodgate, Bruce E. A flat array large telescope concept for use on the moon, earth, and in space. Review of Scientific Instruments 62 (1991) 2931-2935. (gimballed flat mirrors direct light to single telescope)

Woodhouse, Robert. On the Derangements of Certain Transit Instruments by the Effects of Temperature. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London 117 (1827) 144-158.

Woodhouse, Robert. On the Transit Instrument of the Cambridge Observatory; Being a Supplement to a Former Paper. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London 116 (1826) 75-76.

Woodward, R.S. The Century's Progress in Applied Mathematics. Science 11 (#264) (Jan. 19, 1900) 81-92.

Woolf, N.J., J. Angel, J. Antebi, N. Carleton, & L. Barr. Scaling the Multiple Mirror Telescope (MMT) to 15 meters: Similarities and differences. pp79-88. Proceedings of SPIE 332. International Conference on Advanced Technology Optical Telescopes, Tucson, Ariz., March 11-13, 1982. Bellingham: SPIE, 1982.

Woolley, Richard. Captain Cook and the Transit of Venus of 1769. Notes and Records of the Royal Society of London 24:1 (June 1969) 19-32.

Woolley, R.V.D.R. The Isaac Newton Telescope. Quarterly Journal of the Royal Astronomical Society 3 (March 1962) 249-258.

Woolley, R.V.D.R. The transits of Venus, 1761 and 1769. Vistas in Astronomy 20:1 (1976)191-193.

Wornum, W. Esmond. Protective Paints and Varnishes for Scientific Instruments and Apparatus. Journal of Scientific Instruments 20:6 (June 1943) 98-102. Symposium on Protective Finishes for Scientific Instruments & Apparatus.

Worzelbaur, J.P. A Letter Sent to the Publisher of These Transactions, concerning an Abstract of Some Observations Made of the Eclipse of the Sun, September 13. 1699. Philosophical Transactions 22 (1700-1701) 619-624.

Wren, Christopher. The Description of an Instrument Invented Divers Years Ago by Dr. Christopher Wren, for Drawing the Out-Lines of Any Object in Perspective. Philosophical Transactions 4 (1669) 898-899.

Wren, Christopher. Generatio Corporis Cylindroidis Hyperbolici, Elaborandis Lenti bus Hyperbolicis Accommodati, Auth. Christophoro Wren L L D. et Regiorum Aedisiciorum Praefecto, Nec non Soc. Regiae Sodali. Philosophical Transactions 4 (1669) 961-962.

Wright, Edward. The description and use of the sphaere. 1613.

Wright, Edward. A short treatise of dialing. London : Printed by Iohn Beale for William Welby, 1614. E.W.: 1558?-1615.

Wright, Franklin B. A New Kind of Herschel Telescope. Proceedings of the 2nd Annual Convention of the Western Amateur Astronomers, 1950, pp100-104. (section of a Maksutov)

Wright, Franklin B. Some Variations of the Ronchi Test. Proceedings of the 6th Annual Convention of the Western Amateur Astronomers, 1954.

Wright, K.O. Astronomy in Canada. Journal of the Royal Astronomical Society of Canada 61 (Oct. 1967) 211-217.

Wright, K.O. Fifty Years at the Dominion Astrophysical Observatory. Journal of the Royal Astronomical Society of Canada 62:6 (1968) 269-286.

Wright, K.O. The Wray Telescope of the Victoria Centre of the R.A.S.C. Journal of the Royal Astronomical Society of Canada 39 (Feb. 1945) 65-68.

Wright, W.D. Hints on the use of lens systems in industry. Journal of Scientific Instruments 18:4 (April 1941) 53-57.

Wright, W.H. Introductory Account of the D.O. Mills Expedition. p15-22. Description of the Instruments and Methods of the D.O. Mills Expedition. p25-70. (Campbell, William Wallace. Organization and history of the D.O. Mills Expedition to the Southern Hemisphere. p5-12.) Publications of the Lick Observatory of the University of California 9:1 (1907). (36 in. Brashear reflector; testing mirror)

(Wright, W.H.) Osterbrock, Donald E. Wright, William Hammond. American National Biography Online Feb. 2000. Oxford University Press. Nov 25 2003.

Wright, Thomas. The female vertuoso's. London: Printed by J. Wilde for R. Vincent..., 1693.

Wuerker, Ralph F. Mercury Telescopes Highly Reflective, Easy to Clean. Physics Today 57:7 (July 2004) 82.

Wynn, Henry. The description and uses of the general horological-ring: or universal ring-dyal. London: printed by A. Godbid and J. Playford, for the author, 1682

Wynne, C.G. Achromatized Bowen-Vaughan telescopes. Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society 253 (1 Nov. 1991) 160-166. (R-C mirrors, rear aspheric doublet plate)

Wynne, C.G. Afocal Correctors for Paraboloidal Mirrors. Applied Optics 6:7 (July 1967) 1227-1231.

Wynne, C.G. Atmospheric dispersion at prime focus. Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society 230 (Feb. 1, 1988) 457-471. (prisms with curved surfaces for an ADC)

Wynne, C.G. & S.P. Worswick. Correction of atmospheric dispersion. pp241-248. J.V. Wall & A. Boksenberg. Modern Technology and its Influence on Astronomy. Cambridge: Cambridge U. Press, 1990.

Wynne, C.G. An Extension of the Lens-Mirror System of Maksutov. Nature 158 (Oct. 19, 1946)

Wynne, C.G. Field Correction for Very Large Telescopes. Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society 273:3 (April 1995) L45-L46.

Wynne, C.G. Field Correctors for Parabolic Mirrors. Proceedings of the Physical Society 62 (Dec. 1949) 772-787.

Wynne, C.G. A New Wide Field Triple Lens Paraboloid Field Corrector. Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society 167 (1974) 189-197.

Wynne, C.G. The Optics of the Achromatized UK Schmidt Telescope. Quarterly Journal of the Royal Astronomical Society 22 (1981) 146-153.

Wynne, C.G. Ritchey-Chretien Telescopes and Extended Field Systems. Astrophysical Journal 152 (June 1968) 675-694.

Wynne, C.G. Wide field Cassegrain telescopes. Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society 163 (1973) 357-367.

(Wynne) Maxwell, Jonathan. Charles Gorrie Wynne FRS. Astronomy & Geophysics 41:2 (April 2000) 36.

Wyse, Arthur B. What Does a Telescope Do? Astronomical Society of the Pacific Leaflet 93 (1936) 169-172.

Yamamura, Kozo. Japan's Deus Ex Machina: Western Technology in the 1920s. Journal of Japanese Studies 12:1 (Winter, 1986) 65-94. (Japan-U.S. Glass; US investor: Libby-Owens Sheet Glass, 1918.)

Yamawaki, Hideki. The Evolution and Structure of Industrial Clusters in Japan. Wash. D.C.: World Bank, 2001. 23pp.

(Yapp) The opening of the Yapp telescope at Greenwich. The Observatory 57 (July 1934) 218-223. (Grubb)

Yarneli, J. & R.M. Goody. Infra-red solar spectroscopy in a high-altitude aircraft. Journal of Scientific Instruments 29:11 (November 1952) 352-357.

Yeates, Andrew. On the Notches, Y's, or Bearings for the Pivots of Transit Instruments. M.N.R.A.S. 25 (1865) 214-215.

(Yeates) Yeates, Andrew. Obituary. Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society 37:4 (1877) 159-160. (1800-1876)

Yellot, John I. Binocular Depth Inversion. Scientific American 245:1 (July 1981).

Yeomans, D.K.; J. Rahe; & R.S. Freitag. The history of Comet Halley. Journal Royal Astronomical Society of Canada 80 (April 1986) 62-86.

Yockell-Lelièvre, Hélène; Ermanno F. Borra, Anna Ritcey, & Lande Vieira da Silva Jr. Optical Tests of Nanoengineered Liquid Mirrors. April 2003

Yoder, Joella. Book reviews: Christiaan Huygens, 1629-1695. Een vernuftig geleerde: De technische vondsten van Christiaan Huygens, by Rob H. van Gent & Anne C. van Helden. The Huygens Collection, by Anne C. van Helden & Rob H. van Gent. Christiaan Huygens en de Wetenschapsrevolutie van de 17de eeuw, by H.F. Cohen. Isis 88:4 (Dec. 1997) 709-710.

Yoder, Paul. Optomechanical Design in Five Easy Lessons. OE Magazine 4:2 (Feb. 2004) 29-32. (sidebar biog. Yoder)

Yoder, Paul. Opto-Mechanical Systems Design. N.Y.: Marcel Dekker, 1986. pp322-346, mirror mounts.

Yoshida, Tadashi. Book review: Science and Culture in Traditional Japan, A.D. 600-1854. by Masayoshi Sugimoto & David L. Swain. Isis 71:4 (Dec. 1980) 684-685.

Young, C. Driving and controlling mechanism of the 36-inch reflecting telescope of the Royal Observatory, Edinburgh. Journal of Scientific Instruments 7:8 (August 1930) 264-266. (Grubb)

Young, Charles Augustus. A Text-book of General Astronomy for Colleges and Scientific Schools. Boston; London: Ginn, 1889. 551p.

(Young) Frost, Edwin. Charles Augustus Young. Astrophysical Journal 30:5 (Dec. 1909) 323-338.

(Young) Shor, Elizabeth Noble. Young, Charles Augustus. American National Biography Online Feb. 2000. Oxford University Press. Nov 25 2003.

Young, Thomas. The Bakerian Lecture: Experiments and Calculations Relative to Physical Optics. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London, Vol. 94. (1804), pp. 1-16.

Zahn, Johann. Oculus artificialis teledioptricus sive Telesopium, ex abditis rerum naturalium & artificialium principiis protractum novam methodo, eamque solidam explicatum ac comprimis e triplici fundamento physico seu naturali, mathematico dioptrico et mechanico, seu pratico stabilitum. Norimbergae: sumptibus J. C. Lochneri; Bibliopolae: typis johannis Ernesti Adelbulneri, 1702. 797p.

Zarenski, Ed. How to Understand Binocular Performance. Feb. 2003

Zarenski, Ed. Limiting Magnitude in Binoculars. 2003. July 2004

Zarenski, Ed. Understanding Resolution. Nov. 2003.

Zboril, M. Astronomy in Slovakia: A Brief Description. Irish Astronomical Journal 23:2 (1996) 205-208.

Zeilinger, Stefan and Michael Hascher. Museums of Technology in Germany. Technology and Culture 41.3 (2000) 525-529. (.htm)

Zernike, F. Diffraction Theory of the Knife-edge Test, and its Improved Form, the Phase-Contrast Method. Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society 94 (1934) 377-384. (Nobel Prize)

Zernike, Frits. How I Discovered Phase Contrast. Nobel Lecture, December 11, 1953. Nobel Lectures, Physics 1942-1962, Elsevier Publishing Company, Amsterdam. Nov. 2003

Zezong, Xi. Chinese Studies in the History of Astronomy, 1949-1979. Isis 72:3 (Sept. 1981) 456-470.

Zezong, Xi. New studies in the history of Chinese astronomy. Vistas in Astronomy 31 (1988) 797-803.

Ziegler, H.G. Telescope Mountings, Drives, and Electrical Equipment. pp137ff. Guenter Roth, ed. Compendium of Practical Astronomy. Handbuch für Sternfreunde, translated by Harry Augensen & Wulff Heintz. Berlin: Springer, 1994.

Zinner, E. Die Remeis-Sternwarte zu Bamberg 1889-1939. Veroeffentlichungen der Remeis-Sternwarte zu Bamberg, Band IV (1939) 1-96. (ADS VRSB v4 ppi-96, plates)

Zinner, Ernst. Some reflections on research in the history of astronomy. Vistas in Astronomy 9 (1967) 171-175.

Zissell, Ronald E. Evolution of the "Real" Visual Magnitude System. The Journal of the American Association of Variale Star Observers 26:2 (1998) 151-161

Zissell, Ronald E. Exposure Nomographs. The Journal of the American Association of Variable Star Observers 24:1 (1996) 26-35.

Zuidervaart, Huib J. & Rob H. Van Gent. “A Bare Outpost of Learned European Culture on the Edge of the Jungles of Java”: Johan Maurits Mohr (1716–1775) and the Emergence of Instrumental and Institutional Science in Dutch Colonial Indonesia. Isis 95 (2004) 1-33. (2 Bird astronomical quadrants; Dollond 4.5 foot Gregorian with heliometer; Dollond 3 foot Gregorian; 18 foot astronomical telescope, possibly Dollond; Dollond 3 foot achromatic telescope; Sisson 4.5 meridian transit; Paauw parallel telescope on stand; equal-altitude instrument)

Zverko, Juraj. International Aspects Between Central Europe and Central Asia. pp175-186. Oswalt, Terry, ed. The Future of Small Telescopes in the Next Millenium. Vol. 1, Perceptions, Productivities, and Policies. Dordrecht: Kluwer, 2003. (astronomy in countries, former USSR)

Zwicky, F. Morphological Astronomy. The Observatory 68 (1948) 121-143. (126-127, photo-electronic telescope of Zwicky & Zworykin. 127, image stabilizer of Zworykin. 128, telescope in space.)

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