United States Department of Agriculture Forest Service Southwestern Region tp-r3-16-26

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United States Department of Agriculture
Forest Service

Southwestern Region


June 2014

Guidance for Invasive Species Management in the Southwestern Region

invasive sweet resinbush (euryops subcarnosus ssp. vulgaris) on land bordering the coronado national forest

Cite as: USDA Forest Service. 2014. Guidance for invasive species management in the Southwestern Region. US Dept. Agric., Forest Serv., Southwest. Region. TP-R3-16-26. Albuquerque, NM.

Cover: Invasive sweet resinbush (Euryops subcarnosus ssp. vulgaris) on Frye Mesa near Safford, AZ. The alluvial fan forming the mesa lies at the boundary of the Coronado National Forest, which begins along the foothill toeslopes in the background. Although sweet resinbush is currently being contained at the edge of the mesa and at the Forest’s boundary with spot treatments, seed may still be transported away from the mesa by vehicle traffic, animals, and surface runoff. Photo courtesy of Bob Celaya, Arizona State Forester’s Office.

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Printed on recycled paper – June 2014

Guidance for Invasive Species
Management in the
Southwestern Region

Allen White, Regional Coordinator for Invasive Species and Pesticide Use

Rangeland Management

Carol Boyd, Director (acting)

Forestry, Forest Health, Cooperative and
International Forestry

Clifford Dils, Director

U.S. Forest Service
333 Broadway Blvd., SE
Albuquerque, NM 87102


State Coordinators for the USFS State & Private Forestry

Grant Program for Invasive Plants

Arizona: John Richardson (johnrichardson@azsf.gov)

New Mexico: Shannon Atencio (shannon.atencio@state.nm.us)


Guidance for Invasive Species
Management in the Southwestern Region 8

Regional Priorities for Invasive Species
Management 10

Coordinator Responsibilities 12

Forest Invasive Species Coordinators 13

District Invasive Species Coordinators 14

Forest Pesticide Coordinators 15

District Pesticide Coordinators 16

Line Management Responsibilities 17

Invasive Species 18

Pesticide Use 18

Invasive Species in Region 3 20

Invasive Species Taxa 21

Forest Service Goals and Objectives for Managing Invasive Species 25

Regional Guidelines for Managing Invasive Species 28

Prevention 28

Detection 37

Control and Management 38

Rehabilitation and Restoration 40

Pesticide Use for Invasive and Non-Invasive Species 44

Pesticide-Use Requirements 44

NEPA Documents for Pesticide Use 46


Data Management for Invasive Species 50

NRM’s Integrated Application 51

Data Management Guidelines 53

Management Strategies for Invasive Species 57

Population Growth of Invasive Species 58

Management Strategies 58

Planning for Invasive Species Management 63

Risk Assessments for Invasive Species 63

Prioritizing Invasive Weed Species 63

Weed Management Plans 65

Project Risk Assessments 68

Designing Weed Treatment Projects 70

Restoration Planning for Invasive Species 72

Wilderness and Other Natural Areas 77

Requirements for Managing Natural Areas 77

Natural Area Management 79

Weed Management Planning 82

Volunteerism for Natural Areas 82

Coordination of Invasive Species Management 84

Invasive Species Issue Teams 85

Coordination with Other Forest Service Branches 85

Cooperation with Departments of Transportation, County Road Departments, and Utilities 85

Cooperative Weed Management 86

Resources for Cooperative Management and Partnership 91

WorkPlan and Accomplishments Reporting 94

Integrated Resource Restoration Pilot 95

WorkPlan 95

Accomplishments Reporting for Invasive Species 98

References 102

Appendix - Contacts for Animal-Mounted Spray Operations 105

Training Contacts 105

Information Contacts for Animal-Mounted Sprayers 105

List of Figures

List of Tables

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