Private Energy Producers, Largest Consumers, Associations and their Interaction with the State
The private sector is well represented in Louisiana’s response to any emergency through the Louisiana Business Emergency Operations Center (LA BEOC) and the Louisiana Fuel Team. The LA BEOC has been established as a public-private partnership between the Louisiana Governor’s Office of Homeland Security and Emergency Preparedness (GOHSEP), Louisiana Economic Development (LED), the National Incident Management Systems and Advanced Technologies (NIMSAT) Institute at the University of Louisiana at Lafayette, and the Stephenson Disaster Management Institute (SDMI) at Louisiana State University. The LA BEOC works under the Governor of Louisiana and the Unified Command Group (UCG), under the direction of LED and with the support of GOHSEP. Under the direction of LED and GOHSEP, the NIMSAT Institute will lead the LA BEOC, when the LA BEOC is activated, managing the incident and the LA BEOC’s coordinated response.
In addition, the partnership includes business and industry representatives from across the state’s 18 critical infrastructure sectors. The Business and Industry representatives from the energy sector below have seats at the LA BEOC. This is in addition to the major power plants that are seated at the State Emergency Operations Center. Each of the organization below has agreed to communicate to the entire industry in which its association represents, rather than exclusively its membership.
Also included at the LA BEOC are relevant regional economic development organizations such as:
Acadiana Economic Development
Baton Rouge Area Chamber
Central Louisiana Economic Dev. Authority
Greater New Orleans, Inc.
South Louisiana Economic Council
Southwest Louisiana Economic Development
Assessing the Consequences and Severity of Energy Emergencies
With 85% of the infrastructure and resources needed to successfully implement state energy assurance in the private sector, successful public private partnerships, working through the LA BEOC, the Fuel Team, and ESF 12 are key. Some of the principles and processes required cut across both of our stated problem areas: electricity and fuel. These are abilities to assess the problem and its impact on downstream infrastructure and the economy, abilities to track energy supply disruptions, and abilities and procedures for public and private entities to effectively communicate with each other. Another cross-cutting capability that could ensure a more orderly (and perhaps later) oil, gas, and refinery shut down process, and most importantly could enable significantly earlier regeneration of capability after the event, is the ability to enable smart grids of co-generated power, during times of emergency, at locations where this is feasible.
Monitoring of Energy Markets
Energy supply monitoring should take place regularly. State Energy Offices and Public Utilities Commissions keep track of energy developments pertaining to the state, its region, and the nation through industry contacts, trade publications, and statistical reports. The EIA website(http://www.eia.doe.gov/) and the Monthly Energy Review (http://www.eia.doe.gov/emeu/mer/contents.html) provides an abundance of reports and statistics on all types of energy, arranged in a variety of ways to make the data easy to find.
The monitoring of electricity supply and demand is done on a day-to-day basis by operating companies. Utilities generally prepare annual forecasts estimating demand for electricity and the means to satisfy it for the following five years. Other forecasted information includes:
plant status and similar data
The Henry Hub, which is situated at Sabine Pipeline LLC’s Henry Gas Processing Plant, interconnects nine interstate and four intrastate pipelines. These pipelines include: Acadian, Columbia Gulf, Dow, Equitable (Jefferson Island), Koch Gateway, LRC, Natural Gas Pipe Line, Sea Robin, Southern Natural, Texas Gas, Transco, Trunkline, and Sabine’s mainline. Collectively, these pipelines provide access to markets in the Midwest, Northeast, Southeast, and Gulf Coast regions of the United States.
Petroleum markets are monitored continuously by marketers and commercial buyers. Statistical organizations such as the EIA maintain databases containing information used to determine recent market behavior and anticipate supply disruptions