|Analyzing the Effects of Disruptions to Energy Markets
The NIMSAT Institute has conducted analyses information portals such as the EIA databases to identify the interdependency of critical infrastructures and disaster supply chains. Such analyses have revealed that a disruption to select refined product pipelines in Southern Texas will significantly impact the availability of fuel in South Alabama to evacuate people during hurricanes – compromising disaster response operations, as illustrated in Figure 7.
With similar analytical effort the NIMSAT Institute has also determined that disruptions to the flow of natural gas from the Gulf of Mexico states (the majority of which passes through Louisiana) can significantly impact the availability of natural gas in New England states (Figure 8).
Figure 8: Natural Gas Dependency of New England States on the Gulf Region
Likewise, the NIMSAT Institute has also shown that the fertilizer supply for agriculture activity within the Mississippi River valley is highly dependent on natural gas from the Gulf of Mexico region, and specifically to a single processing facility involving single points of failure in natural gas distribution and in processing capability (Figure 9).