1. Chapter- 1 backdrop of the proposed plan



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Working Population

Population

Male

Female

Total

Population (District as a whole)

255423

263414

518837

No. of workers

144552

130989

275534

Employed (Main workers)


116456

63536

179992

Semi employed











Cultivators

49565

27030

76595

Agricultural laborer

30278

24823

55101

Workers in household industries

2382

1337

3719

Workers in other than household industries

34231

10346

44577

Marginal workers

28096

67446

95542

Marginal cultivators

4548

8979

13527

Marginal agricultural laborers

18678

50741

69419

Marginal workers in household industries

483

1544

2027

Marginal workers in other than household Industries


4387

6182

10569

Unemployed


110871

132432

243303







Literacy and Education

The literacy level in the district is very low. The present literacy rate of the district is 41.73 %.There exist wide variations in literacy level among various population categories. The female literacy is only 28.2% where as male literacy is 54.71%. Wide variation is visible in the literacy rates in urban and rural areas also. The urban literacy is nearly 71.11 % while rural literacy is only 37.59%. The literacy rate of Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes were 21.74% and 15.88 per cent respectively. Table given below provides the details of literacy in the district.



Table 4: Literacy level of the district

Literacy

Population

Percentage

Total Literates

1,75,850  

41.26

Literacy rate (Male)

1,13,924 

54.71

Literacy rate (Female)

  61,926  

28.42

Literacy rate (Uraban)

33,198  

71.11

Literacy rate ( Urban Male)

18,937  

81.16

Literacy rate ( Urban Female)

14,261  

61.06

Rural

1,42,652  

37.59

Male

94,987  

51.37

Female

47,665  

24.50

Literacy rate (SC)

--

21.74

Literacy rate (SC Male)

-

33.44

Literacy rate (SC Female)

-

10.14

Literacy rate (ST)

-

15.8

Literacy rate (ST Male)

-

25.66

Literacy rate ( ST Female)

-

6.75

Source: District Statistical Handbook:2005. Human Development Report, Orissa-2004
Work Participation
The district has a total workforce of 276,000. The total workforce constitutes nearly 54 % of the total population of the district. Nearly 87 % of the workforce is engaged in agriculture sector. Industrial workers constitute a very small proportion of 2.31 percent. Out of the total work force 50.2 percent are cultivators, 35.39 percent are agricultural labourers, and nearly 8.73 percent in trade, commerce, mining and other than household activities. Only 5.6 % of the work force is engaged in services sector.
Table 5: Occupational classification of total workers in the district: 2006-07

Types of workers

Number of workers

Total Workers

275534

Marginal workers

95542

Main workers

179992

Cultivators

76595

Agricultural labourers

55101

Industrial workers

3719

Other workers

44577

Work participation Rate (WPR)

53.18

Work Participation Rate( Rural)

55.32

WPR ( Urban)

34.31

WPR( Female)

49.8

WPR ( Male)

56.6

Source: Orissa Agricultural Statistics: 2006-07, Human Development Report, Orissa:2004


AGRICULTURE & ALLIED SECTOR


AGRICULTURE IN THE DISTRICT

Sl.No.

Crops

2006-07

Area

(000Ha

Yield

(Kg/Ha

Production (000MT)

1

Total cereals

61.42

1505

92.45

2

Rice

38.56

---

69.07

3

Total pulses

30.68

568

17.42

4

Total food grains

92.10

1193

109.87

5

Total oil seeds

17.08

470

8.03

6

Total fibers

0.72

444

1.88

7

Total vegetables

18.17

11434

207.76

Source: Orissa Agricultural Statistics: 2006-07

Agriculture forms the major economic activity of the people in the district. The soil type and climate is suitable for both horticulture and agriculture crops. The major crops in the district consist of paddy (38560 Ha), Pulses (30680 Ha), Oilseeds (17080 Ha), Sugarcane and Cotton. As on 2006-07 the total food grain production in the district was 109870 MT. The cereals production consists of 92450 MT. The total pulses produced in the district were 17420 MT. Paddy is one of the major cereal crops in the district. The total area under paddy constitutes nearly 38560Ha with a production of 69070 MT (2006-07).


Table 6: Key indicators for agriculture in the district


Sl No

Area in 000 ha

Gajapati

Orissa

1

Geographical area (000Ha)

433

1557

2

Cultivated area

76

6180

3

Net area sown

76

5654

4

Gross cropped area

142.25

8960.35

5

Kharif cropped area

84.65

6135.87

6

Rabi cropped area

46.84

2487.62

7

Cropping intensity

186

158

8

Net irrigated area

23.24

2001

9

Gross irrigated area

31.35

31.49

10

Kharif paddy coverage

37.96

4135.72

11

Fruit

9.76

336.86

12

Total cropped area

131.49

8623.49

13

Fertiliser consumption kg/ha

40

47

Source: Orissa Agricultural Statistics: 2006-07

Table 7: Area, Yield and Production of Major crops in Gajapati district

(A=Area in 000 ha, Y =Yield in Kg. /ha, P=Productionin’000 MTs)




Sl.

NO.


Principal

Crops


2006-07

A

Y

P

1

Paddy

38.56

2673

69.07

2

Wheat

0.04

1800

0.07

3

Maize

8.60

1412

12.14

4

Ragi

10.18

870

8.86

5

Jowar

2.08

600

1.25

6

Bazaar

0.72

610

0.44

7

Small millets

1.24

500

0.62

8

Mung

6.75

541

3.65

9

Biri

10.69

546

5.84

10

Kulthi

4.36

400

1.74

11

Cowpea

3.15

568

1.79

12

Arhar

4.35

800

3.48

13

Gram

0.07

555

0.04

14

Fielopea

0.37

725

0.27

15

Other pulses

0.94

650

0.61

16

Ground nuts

1.63

1294

2.11

17

Sesamum

7.57

244

1.85

18

Caster

0.84

595

0.50

19

Sunflower

0.89

685

0.61

20

Niger

4.85

487

2.36

21

Mustard

1.30

465

0.60

22

Mesta

0.22

760

0.93

23

Sunhemp

0.04

520

0.12

24

Cotton

0.46

306

0.83

25

Sweet potato

2.43

8313

20.20

26

Onion

0.28

8464

2.37

27

Other vegetables

15.46

11978

185.18

28

Chilies

1.81

851

1.54

29

Coriander

0.09

778

0.07

30

Garlic

0.07

3000

0.21

31

Turmeric

0.59

2373

1.40

32

Ginger

0.44

2023

0.89

33

Sugar cane

0.42

82368

34.59

Source: Orissa Agricultural Statistics: 2006-07
Livestock Resources
The major livestock resources of the district consist of cattle, buffalo, sheep, goat, and poultry etc. Data on livestock resources reveal that the district has 239997 cattle, 24967 buffaloes, 10492 sheep, 122391 goats, 17039 piggery and 359781 poultry. A large share of the cattle and buffaloes population is indigenous. The Cross breed cattle and buffalo constitute only 4.5% and 3.2 % respectively. Table given below provides the details of the livestock resources in the district.
Table 8: Livestock resources in the district

 Livestock resources

Indigenous

Cross Breed

Total

Cattle Population

229101

10896

239997

Buffaloes

24168

801

24967

Sheep

 NA

 NA

10492

Goat

 NA

 NA

122391

Piggery

 NA

 NA

17039

Poultry

 NA

 Na

359781

Source: District statistical Hand Book: 2005, www.gajapati.nic.in, Department of Animal Husbandry
Table 9 : Milk, meat and egg production in the district( 2004)

Sl No

Quantity in MT

Total Milk production

12010

Meat Production

631720

Sheep

124901

Goat

444631

Pig

62188

Egg production

103.26( Lakh numbers)

Source: District statistical Hand Book: 2005

INDUSTRIAL SCENARIO OF THE DISTRICT

Category of Industry

No. of Units

Investment (in lakh)

Employment

Food and allied

181

590.00

1350

Chemical and allied

4

16.25

25

Engineering and Metal

29

110.50

220

Electrical and Electronics

6

20.00

46

Textiles

11

14.75

85

Paper and Paper Products

4

11.50

30

Plastic and Rubber

5

15.00

40

Glass and Ceramic

5

27.25

75

Repairing and Servicing

80

250.00

550

Miscellaneous Industries

19

104.75

250

T O T A L

344

1160.00

2671

Source: District Industries Center Gajapati
INDUSTRY

Except a few agro-processing industries, there is no industry and industrial estate in this district. However some activities of cottage industries like Horn work, Jaikhadi bag, Cane and Bamboo, Ganjappa Card and Pattachitra Mukha, Tibetan and Woolen Carpet, Broom work and Siali leaf plate making find some place in the industrial sector of the district. The current employment in industrial sector is also very low, small scale and household industry constitutes 2.31%, construction 0.5%, and rural artisans at 0.77% of the population. In order to achieve gainful employment to all, we have to assess the potential for various sector including agriculture, small scale industries, and IT Tourism and services, for providing employment. One of the major challenges before the district during the coming years is to expand the employment opportunities for the growing unemployed and raising their living standard.


DRINKING WATER AND SANITATION

The data on availability of drinking water and sanitation reveals that nearly 121 villages are not have access to safe drinking water. The district has nearly 1033 sanitary wells, and 2293 tube wells. Table given below provides the details of accessibility to safe drinking water and sanitation in the district. Still a large number of villages and households are still not accessed to sanitation and drinking water facilities.


Table 10: Accessibility to safe drinking water and sanitation facilities in the district

Sl.No


Particular

Name of the Blocks

Gumma

Kashinagar

Mohana

Nuagada

Gosani

R.Udyagiri

Rayagada

Total

1

No/of Villages /Hamlets having no source of safe drinking water facilities

20


8


24


24


2


14


29



121

2

No. of working Tube wells

324

321

729

124

407

190

198

2293

3

No. of Villages covered

117

83

402

44

122

150

69

987

4

No. of working sanitary wells

165

20

144

258

27

171

248

1033

5

No. of villages covered

83

11

74

107

12

88

126

501

6

No. of piped water projects

1

3

4

--

9

2

1

20

7

No. of villages covered

1

4

4

--

17

2

1

29

Source: District statistical Hand Book: 2005
TRANSPORT AND COMMUNICATION

The district has a total road length of 5895 kilometers. This consists of state high way (250 km), district roads (105 km), forest roads (107 km), village and Grama Panchayat roads (5033 km). Paralakhemundi town is situated on the axis of State Highway No.17 connecting Berhampur at one end and Gunupur and Rayagada on the other.  Berhampur is situated at 120 KM from this place and other urban nuclei like Gunupur and Rayagada are distanced at 60 & 120 KMs respectively. respectively.  The nearest National Highway (N.H–5) junction is at around 40 KMs. from this place. There is a narrow gauge railway line (called Naupada-Gunupur Rail line) running through this town. The work of conversion to broad gauge is going on.  The state highway is of 151 km. long with 66 km. long major district road, 4253 km. of grama panchayats road and 440 km of village road till 1998-99. The district is having one head post office, 18 numbers of sub-post offices, and 130 branch offices with a total numbers of 146 post offices. It is having 50 km. of narrow gauge single lined railway line with seven railway stations.  



Table 11: Length of Different Categories of Roads in Gajapati District (In km)


Sl.No.

Categories Of Road

2001-02

2002-03

2003-04

1

State Highway

250

-

250

2

Major District Roads

66

--

66

3

Other District Roads

39

--

39

4

Forest Roads

107

--

107

5

Gram panchayat Roads

4253

4253

4253

6

Classified Village Roads

37

38

--

7

P.S.Roads

3014

301

301

8

Village Roads

441

441

479

9

Urban Roads

144

--

Na

Source: District statistical Hand Book: 2005



HEALTH AND MEDICAL FACILITIES

The health facilities in the district consist of district hospital (1), Ayurvedic Hospital and dispensaries (2), primary health centers (20) and one TB Center. The district hospital has the facilities for out patient and in patient treatments. Along with modern medicine, there are also facilities for Ayurvedic and Homeopathic treatment. The table given below provides information with regard to the medical facilities in the district.



Table 12: Hospitals and Clinics in the district


No.of Hospital

2002

2003

2004

2005

2006

2007

District Hospital

1

1

1

1

1

1

No.of PHCs

3

3

3

3

3

3

AH & Dispensaries

2

2

2

2

2

2

District. TB Center

1

1

1

1

1

1

Grant in Aid-Institutions

0

0

0

0

0

0

Leprosy

1

1

1

1

1

1

Community Health Centers

4

4

4

4

4

4

PHC (N) & MHU

20

20

20

20

20

20

Total

32

32

32

32

32

32

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