1. Определите форму и функцию герундия в следующих предложениях

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1.Определите форму и функцию герундия в следующих предложениях.
1. He finished speaking and sat down. 2. Stop arguing and start working. 3. The children prefer watching TV to reading. 4. Walking is very useful. 5. I had to hope of meeting her here. 6. On seeing her parents the girl laughed. 7. He is thinking of leaving his job and going to America. 8. I don’t enjoy going to the doctor. 9. I remember my mother laughing at my jokes. 10. He was wakened by someone knocking at the door.

2. Преобразуйте предложения, употребив герундий вместо инфинитива.

Образец: I like to read. – I like reading.
1. I like to skate. 2. I hate to read detective stories. 3. I think to send him a telegramme. 4. I remember to tell you about it. 5. They stopped to smoke. 6. They prefer to stay at home in the evening.

7. He continued to speak to his friends. 8. He kept to talk about the events.

3. Выделите в следующих предложениях инфинитив. Определите его форму и функцию

в предложениях:
1. He can’t help you. 2. My son likes to read books. 3. I wanted to answer the letter but then I forgot. 4. The captain was the last man to leave the ship. 5. To save the child he rushed into the burning house. 6. We saw the guests enter the house. 7. We heard somebody open the window, and saw a man walk quickly upstairs. 8. He is considered to be a clever man. 9. He was seen to enter the library at 9 o’clock. 10. He seems to have been writing a test for an hour already. 11. She appeared to know several foreign languages. 12. It is likely to rain. 13. It is necessary for you to know the truth. 14. He spoke too loud for us to hear. 15. Here is a book for you to read.


  1. Вставьте частицу « to» перед инфинитивом, где необходимо.

1. I like … play the guitar. 2. My brother can … speak French. 3. We had … put on our overcoats because it was cold. 4. They wanted … cross the river. 5. They heard the girl … cry out with joy. 6. I would rather … stay at home today. 7. I wanted … speak to Nick, but could not … find his telephone number. 8. Let me … help you with your homework. 9. She made me repeat my words several times. 10. I saw him enter the room.

  1. Замените выделенные части предложений инфинитивным оборотом.

Например: The boy had many toys which he could play with. – The boy had many toys to play

1. I have no books which I can read. 2. There was nothing that he could do except go home. 3. I have an examination which I must take soon, so I can’t go to the theatre with you. 4. I have only a few minutes in which I can explain these words to you. 5. Don’t forget that she has a baby which she must take care of.

  1. Переведите на русский язык, обращая внимание на причастие. Выпишите причастие, определите его форму и роль в предложении.

1. Everybody looked at the dancing girl. 2. The man playing the piano is Kate’s uncle. 3. Entering the room, she turned on the light. 4. Coming to the theatre, she saw that the performance had already begun. 5. Looking out of the window, he saw his mother watering the flowers. 6. She went into the room, leaving the door open.

  1. Переведите на русский язык, обращая внимание на герундий. Выпишите герундий, определите его форму и роль в предложении.

1. Have you finished writing? 2. Taking a cold shower in the morning is very useful. 3. I like skiing, but my sister prefers skating. 4. Can you remember having seen the man before? 5. After being corrected by the teacher, the students’ papers were returned to them. 6. I wondered at my mother’s having allowed the journey. 7. On being told the news she turned pale.

  1. В следующих предложениях замените придаточные дополнительные герундием с предлогом “of”.

Например: She thought she would go to the country for the week-end. - She thought of going to the country for the week-end.

  1. I thought I would come and see you tomorrow. 2. I am thinking that I shall go out to the country tomorrow to see my mother. 3. I don’t know now; I thought I would go to the zoo, but the weather is so bad that probably I shan’t go. 4. I thought I would work in the library this evening, but as you have to come, I won’t go to the library.


  1. Раскройте скобки, употребляя глагол в нужном времени.

1. Mike (eat) ice-cream every day. Look! He (eat) ice-cream now. 2. When I (come) to the station yesterday, I (learn) that my train already (leave). 3. You (go) to the library tomorrow? – No, I already (be) to the library this week. 4. Yesterday I (put) five apples into the vase. 5. What your brother (do) now? 6. My friend (like) pies. He (eat) pies every day. When I (meet) him in the street yesterday, he (eat) pie. He (tell) me that he (buy) that pie at the corner of the street. Look at my friend now! He (eat) a pie again.

  1. Вставьте правильный предлог там, где необходимо. Переведите на русский язык.

1. Sasha, would you like to come … school … me tomorrow? 2. First we go … our homeroom class. 3. Each period lasts … 45 minutes. 4. I have known my history teacher … several years. 5. Earth science is the study … the earth.

  1. Посмотрите на прилагательные с отрицательной частицей. Напишите прилагательные, от которых они образованы.

Eg.: unhappy – happy
Uninteresting –

Impossible –

Informal –

Inattentive –

Irregular –

Uncomfortable –

  1. Задайте общий вопрос следующим предложениям. Сделайте предложения отрицательными:

  1. I have known my history teacher for several years.

  2. We wrote the dictation yesterday.

3. My brother will go to school next year.

  1. Заполните пустые графы таблицы видовременными формами глагола to work в 1 лице единственного числа.




Perfect Progressive


I work.



1. Put in the correct preposition and translate into Russian:

  1. I’d like to come … me to our annual food fair.

  2. Why do they … their food for free?

  3. I see a lot of people going … Main Street.

  4. Try it … cream cheese.

  5. I’m sorry. I’ve spilled some water … your jeans.

  6. You should always arrive … time.

  7. If you are going to be late call your host or hostess … … time.

  8. Take part … the conversation.

  9. When dinner is …, help clean the dishes … the table.

  10. When the meal is over, pick … your napkin and place it … the table … the left … your plate.

2. Complete the sentences using the correct form of Gerund:
Have you finished (write). 2. (Take) a cold shower in the morning is very useful. 3. I like (ski) , but my sister prefers (skate). 4. Can you remember (see) the man before? 5. After (correct) by the teacher, the students’ papers were returned to them.
3. Complete the sentences. Use the Infinitive or the Gerund form.

  1. Would you mind (repeat) it again, please?

  2. How about (go) to the disco this evening?

  3. Shall I get you something (drink)?

  4. Can you show me how (use) this computer program?

  5. Would you mind (prepare)the first three chapters?

4. Match the translation with the verbs:

  1. отказаться a) give away

  2. раздавать b) give out

  3. уступать c) give in

  4. отдавать, дарить d) give up

5. Translate into Russian:

  1. When do you expect the book to be printed?

  2. Why didn’t she let her call Andrew?

  3. Do you want me to talk to them?

  4. Did you expect them to have sold the house?

  5. She was right when she made her son learn English?

  6. She watch her friend laughing and dancing.

  7. I don’t want the doctor to be sent for.

  8. I saw Peter riding a bike.


  1. Complete the sentences using the correct form of the verb.

1. Mike (play) football every day. Look! He (play) football now. 2. When I (come) to the station yesterday, I (learn) that my train already (leave). 3. You (go) to the cinema tomorrow? 4. Yesterday at 5:00 p.m. we (write) a dictation. 5. What your brother (do) now? 6. Kate (play) piano for two hours when John (come).

  1. Put in the correct preposition and translate into Russian.

1. Homeroom class only lasts … ten minutes.

2. … homeroom we go … our first real class.

3. A school bus picks me … … the corner … our street.

4. This year I worked … the school newspaper every day … school.

5. If we pass all … our tests, we go … … the next grade.

6. Each day begins … 8:00 a.m.

7. … noon the students gather … a large cafeteria where they purchase their lunch.

8. Many … the students come … to ask questions … their assignments.

  1. Fill in the blanks with the correct word from the list below.

    1. The students have their own … in our high school.

    2. What is a … day like at school?

    3. A poor grade is D and if we … we receive an F.

    4. We have two more weeks of classes and then we will be … our final … during the last week of school.

    5. during this time the … of our school often makes special … over the ….

    6. The students elect … to the Student … .

    7. Our … … will be sent home. We receive four … … a year.

    8. One club that I … is the Diversity Club.


to fail, principal, report card, representative, typical, announcements, diversity, president, soccer, council, intercom, to take a test, advise, to pass a test, government, to print, besides, to cover.

  1. Translate the words into Russian.

To include – classmate -

To look up – preparation time -

To obey – software -

To press - choice –

5. Match the translation with the verbs:
1. to get up a) жить (поживать)

2. to get on b) оправиться после болезни

3. to get over c) вставать, подниматься

4. to get together d) собираться, встречаться

5. to get off e) сойти ( с автобуса), слезть


  1. Put the verbs in brackets in the correct tense in Passive Voice.

1. The book (print) last year. 2. The letter (write) next week. 3. The dress (make) already. 4. The mail (deliver) by 7 a.m. yesterday.

  1. Ask questions starting with the words in brackets.

  1. America was discovered by Columbus. ( By whom)

  2. America was called “ New World”. (How)

  3. Walt Disney was born in 1901. ( When)

  4. They will be met in the airport. (or)

  5. His letter has already been sent. (Yes/ No)

3. Ask all possible questions to the sentens.
The telegram will be sent by Sasha tomorrow.
4. Write down the formula of Passive Voice.
5. Find out the right translation of the verb in Passive Voice.

  1. Три новых фильма были выпущены в прошлом году.

a) are made; b) had made; c) were made; d) were being made

  1. Когда я приехал, в школе ставили новую пьесу.

a) will be staged; b) was being staged; c) was staged; d) had been staged

  1. Каждый год в нашем театре ставится новый спектакль.

a) is staged; b) had staged; c) were staged; d) are being staged

  1. Сейчас ставится одна из пьес Чехова.

a) is staged; b) is being staged; c) is staging; d) stage

  1. Эта пьеса будет поставлена в новом году.

a) will be staged; b) is being staged; c) will have been staged; d) will be staging

  1. Translate into English.

  1. Текст уже переведен.

  2. Его вчера встретили в аэропорту.

  3. За Леной уже послали.

  4. Об этом человеке часто говорят.

  5. За моим сыном присмотрит моя подруга.

1. Change Active into Passive.

Example: The gardener has planted some trees. – Some trees has been planted by the gardener.
1. Doctor Brown will give you some advice. 2. Someone has broken the vase. 3. The postman delivers letters. 4. He is writting a book. 5. They built this church in 1815. 6. The Queen will open a new library.

2. Ask questions to the underlined words.
1. The Mona Lisa was painted by Da Vinci. 2. 30 (thirty) people were invited to his party. 3. Bananas are grown in Africa. 4. America was discovered by Columbus.
3.Put the correct preposition where necessary.

  1. Could I speak ... Sasha, please.

  2. I’m having a great time ... Atlanta.

  3. This is Joey calling ... New York.

  4. I’m calling you about our trip ... Washington D.C.

  5. I think I can take the train ... Atlanta ... Washington.

  6. Our house will have been finished ... the time you come.

  7. I’ll be waiting ... your call.

4.Change the sentences using the verbs with prefix re-.
1. She used this bag again. 2. The director asked Lena to write the letter once more. 3. A famous designer will decorate the hotel once more. 4. The student failed the test and had to do it again. 5. Nick must clean his shoes once more. 6. Sasha has to call Joey again.

5. Write down some rules to follow if you are going to travel by train.
6. Write down what you should do in following situation:
You are home alone. Someone knocks at the door and says they have a package to deliver for your mother.
7. Match each idioms with its meaning.

  1. I’ll have to sleep on it. A) Следи за тем, что говоришь.

  2. He must put his foot down. B) Он изменил свое мнение.

  3. You are really take the cake. C) Я больше не буду это терпеть.

  4. Watch your mouth. D) Мне нужно подумать.

  5. This is where I draw the line. E) Ты – победитель.

  6. I’m shorthanded. F) Ему придется расхлебывать кашу.

  7. You’ll have to face the music. G) Мне нужна помощь.

  8. He’s backing out of it. H) Ему нужно решительно воспротивиться.


  1. Read the text and answer the questions.


Pushkin is the most important Russian writer of all times. He provided the standards for Russian arts and literature in the 19th century.

Pushkin was born in Moscow in 1799 into an upper-class family. In 1811 he entered a lyceum at Tsarskoye Selo. In 1817 he graduated from the lyceum and began to work in the foreign office in St.Petersburg. In 1820 the foreign office transferred Pushkin to Ekaterinoslav, and later to Odessa for writing anti-tsarist poetry. In 1824, for his letters against the tsar, he was exiled to Mikhailovskoye. In 1824, Tsar Nicolas I allowed Pushkin to return to Moscow. In 1830 he got married with Natalya Goncharova. His wife was suspected of an affair with Baron Georges D’Antes; this became the subject of gossip. Pushkin challenged d’Antes to a duel. Pushkin was wounded and died two days later.

Pushkin was Russia’s greatest poet. He developed his own style, which was realistic but classical in form. In 1823 Pushkin began writing his masterpiece “Eugene Onegin”, a novel in verse. This novel became the linguistic and literary standard. It is a commentary on the life of the early 19th century Russia. It is noted for brilliant verse.

  1. What part did Pushkin play in the development of the Russian language and literature?

  2. When and where was Pushkin born?

  3. Where did he study?

  4. Why was Pushkin exiled to Mikhailovskoye?

  5. Why did Pushkin challenge D’Antes to a duel?

  6. How can you characterize “Eugene Onegin”?

  1. Put the verbs in brackets in the correct tense form:

Example: If it (snow), the children (play) snowballs. – If it snows, the children will play snowballs.

    1. If he (have) his telephone number, he easily (settle) this matter with her.

    2. If I (get) this book, I (be) happy.

    3. If my friend (be) at home, he (tell) us what to do.

    4. If you (go) to Moscow, you (see) its sights.

    5. If you (ring) me up, I (tell) you a secret.

  1. Choose the correct answer:

1. If the earth ... warmer, the snow will melt.

a) get; b) gets; c) will get.

2. I ... with you if I had time.

a) would go; b) went; c) go.

3. If you ... we will catch a bus!

a) will hurry; b) hurry; c) are hurring.

4. If she finished her work early she ... home.

a) will go; b) went; c) would go.

5. If you need money, I ... you some.

a) will lend; b) lend; c) lends.

6. She ... to you, if Joan wants any information.

a) writes; b) wrote; c) will write.

7. If I had money, I ... a flat.

a) bought; b) would buy; c) will buy.

8. If she ... in Italy, she would learn Italian.

a) live; b) would live; c) have lived.

9. If you invite them, they ...

a) come; b) would come; c) will come.

10. If he had left home, they ... very upset.

a) will be; b) would be; c) would have been.

11. If Jane ... hurry, she would be late.

a) will not hurry; b) doesn’t hurry; c) didn’t hurry; d) wouldn’t hurry.

12. We would have reached the airport on time, if we ... taxi.

a) took; b) had taken; c) hadn’t taken.

  1. Translate into English.

    1. Если бы она позвонила завтра, мы бы пошли в кино.

    2. Если завтра будет дождь, мы никуда не пойдем.

    3. На ее месте я бы позвонила Сергею завтра.

    4. На вашем месте я бы купил эту книгу.

    5. Она бы купила это платье, если бы у нее были деньги.

    6. Я ничего ему не скажу, если он не спросит об этом.

TEST (Unit 6)

      1. Read the text and answer the questions.

Sports in Russia.

Millions of people all over the world go in for sports. People in our country are sport-lovers, too. Many sports are popular in Russia, such as hockey, soccer, track-and-field, weightlifting, tennis, basketball, volleyball, figure-skating, cross-country skiing and many others. Sporting activities are a part of daily life in Russia, especially in schools, colleges and universities. You don’t find a school without a gym or a sport ground. Every town and city has a few stadiums or a swimming pools. In Russia sport is divided into professional and amateur. There are various sport clubs in our country. Many of them take part in international tournaments and are known all over the world. Our sportsmen also take part in the Olimpic Games and always win a lot of medals.

There are a lot of keep-fit centres in Russia where people go in for aerobics, yoga, body-building, swimming, skating, jogging. Thousands of people go to the stadiums to support their favourite team and many people prefer to watch the games on TV.

  1. What kind of sports are popular in Russia?

  2. Is there a gym or a sport ground in your school?

  3. Where do our sportsmen take part?

  4. Are there any keep-fit centres in our town?

  5. Do you go in for sport?

  6. What is your favourite kind of sport?

  7. What do you prefer go in for sport or watch the games on TV?

2. Exchange the sentences into Reported Speech.

Просьбы: say to\ tell ASK TO Don’t NOT TO

Приказы: say to TELL TO Don’t NOT TO

1. “Go home”, said the teacher to us.

2. She said to Nick: “ Please don’t say anything about it to your sister”.

3. “Buy some meat at the shop”, said my mother to me.

4. “Don’t forget to clearn your teeth”, said granny to Helen.

5. Father said to me: ” Don’t stay there long.”

3. Translate from English into Russian.
1. I knew that you were ill.

2. We found that she had left home at eight o’clock that morning.

3. When he learnt that his son always received excelent marks in all subjects at school, he was very pleased.

4. We did not know where our friends went every evening.

5. She said that her best friend was a doctor.

6. I didn’t know that you worked at the Hermitage.

4. Exchange the questions into Reported Speech.
1. “My friend lives in Moscow,” said Alic.

2. “You have not done your work well”, said the teacher to me.

3. “This man spoke to me on the road”, said the woman.

4. “I can’t explain this rule to you”, said my classmate to me.

5. The teacher said to the class: “We’ll discuss this subject tomorrow.”

6. Mike said: ”We have bought this books today.”

7. She said: “You will read this book in the ninth grade.”
5. Translate into English. Pay attention to the rules of Sequence of Tenses.

1. Мы вчера узнали, что она больна.

2. Он думал, что она не придет в школу.

3. Я знал, что моя сестра изучает французский язык, и думал, что она поедет в Париж.

4. Мне сказали, что ты мне звонил.

5. Я думал, что ты в Москве.

6. Она знала, что мы никогда не видели ее картины.

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