Методические указания и задания для домашней контрольной работы по дисциплине «Иностранный язык



Download 229.59 Kb.
Date10.08.2017
Size229.59 Kb.
TypeМетодические указания
ЧАСТНОЕ УЧРЕЖДЕНИЕ ОБРАЗОВАНИЯ

«БАРАНОВИЧСКИЙ ЭКОНОМИКО-ЮРИДИЧЕСКИЙ КОЛЛЕДЖ»



Методические указания и задания для домашней контрольной работы по дисциплине

«Иностранный язык (профессиональная лексика)» (английский)

Специальность 2-25 01 10 «Коммерческая деятельность»

Курс I, заочная форма получения образования

Разработали:

Т.И.Штукина
2016

I. Пояснительная записка
Основной целью обучения студентов английскому языку является практическое владение этим языком, что предполагает при заочной форме получения образования формирование умения самостоятельно читать литературу по специальности с целью извлечения информации из иноязычных источников, развитие навыков устной речи (говорение и аудирование) в рамках определенной тематики. Для контроля понимания прочитанного, в качестве способа передачи полученной при чтении информации, а также как средство обучения используется перевод.

Особенностью заочного обучения является то, что объём самостоятельной работы студента по выработке речевых навыков и умений значительно превышает объём практических аудиторных занятий с преподавателем, поэтому для того, чтобы добиться успеха, необходимы систематические самостоятельные занятия.

Самостоятельная работа студента по изучению иностранного языка включает в себя заучивание лексических единиц, овладение правилами словообразования и грамматики, чтение текстов вслух в соответствии с правилами чтения, построение вопросов и ответов к текстам, перевод на русский язык устный и письменный.

Выполнение контрольной работы является важной составной частью самостоятельной подготовки учащихся заочной формы получения образования по специальности: 2-25 01 10 «Коммерческая деятельность» («Экономическая деятельность и услуги») по изучению дисциплины «Иностранный язык (профессиональная лексика)» (английский).



II. Требования к выполнению контрольной работы
При выполнении домашней контрольной работы учащимся необходимо руководствоваться следующими правилами:

  1. Порядок определения варианта контрольной работы: номер варианта контрольной работы определяется по последней цифре зачетной книжке. Если последняя цифра «0», то выполняется вариант № 10.

  2. Домашняя контрольная работа выполняется с применением печатающих устройств ЭВМ на белой бумаге формата А4 с одной стороны листа. По всем краям сохраняются поля: размер левого поля 30 мм, правого - 15 мм, верхнего и нижнего - 20 мм. Междустрочный интервал одинарный, шрифт печати Times New Roman,14; выравнивание текста по ширине.

  3. Контрольная работа нумеруется, кроме титульного листа, в правом верхнем углу страницы арабскими цифрами.

  4. Структура домашней контрольной работы включает: титульный лист, содержание, основную часть работы, список использованных источников, рецензия (заполняется преподавателем).

  5. В домашней контрольной работе обязательно указывается номер задания и каждого предложения, причём каждое предложение в грамматическом задании пишется с новой строки.

  6. Контрольная работа подписывается учащимся, указывается дата её исполнения. В законченном виде она должна быть представлена в отделение заочной формы получения образования в установленный срок, и после регистрации передаётся на рецензирование.

  7. Если работа не зачтена вследствие недостатков, отмеченных преподавателем в рецензии, то учащийся выполняет работу повторно, по тому же варианту, с учётом замечаний рецензента и должен представить вновь подготовленную и ранее не зачтённую работу с рецензией для проверки.

  8. Учащиеся, не представившие к установленному сроку контрольную работу, не допускаются к сдаче экзаменов и написанию обязательной контрольной работы.


III. Содержание заданий

Для выполнения заданий контрольной работы необходимо тщательно изучить материал по следующим темам:



  • Имя прилагательное.

  • Имя существительное.

  • Местоимения.

  • Времена группы Simple.

  • Времена группы Continuous.

  • Времена группы Perfect.

  • Времена группы Passive Voice.

  • Инфинитив: формы и функции.

  • Типы вопросов.

  • Этика делового общения.

  • Рабочий день делового человека.

  • Экономика страны изучаемого языка.

  • Республика Беларусь.

  • Образование.

При выполнении заданий с переводом предложений, запишите английский вариант, а затем с новой строки запишите русский вариант.

Вариант 1
1. Перепишите предложения, раскрыв скобки и употребив глаголы в соответствующей временной форме группы Indefinite Active и Passive. Переведите предложения на русский язык.
1. Every morning the sun ( shine ) in my bedroom and (wake) me up.
2. When he (come) back? – He (arrive) two days ago.
3. The painting (deliver) tomorrow, and everybody (see) it.
4. Professor Smith, who (award) a major science prize last month, (invite) to take part in a conference.
2. Перепишите предложения, употребив существительные во множественном числе и сделав соответствующие изменения:

  1. That was a long story.

  2. The leaf of this tree is yellow.

  3. Is this a man or a woman?

  4. There is a child in the garden.

3. Перепишите предложения, подчеркните инфинитив. Переведите предложения на русский язык.

  1. The two sides appear to have solved the problem.

  2. The management seems to be moving in the right direction.

  3. We expected John to be elected.

  4. He prefers to represent his firm abroad.

  5. Customers and lenders may publicly regulate the terms of credit transactions to prevent abuses.

4. Дополните диалог, используя реплики после таблицы. Перепишите диалог.

-

-Good morning. I’ll see if he’s there … I’m afraid that he’s out of office at the moment. Can I take a message?

-

-Not until tomorrow, I’m afraid.

-

-Yes, certainly.

-

-Thank you for calling. Goodbye.

  1. -Thank you very much. Goodbye.

  2. -Could you ask him to call me back?

  3. -Yes please. Could you tell him that Susan Small rang? We met at trade fair in Hanover. He asked me to ring when I am in Moscow. When will he be back?

  4. – Good morning. Can I talk to Mr. James?


5. Прочитайте текст и письменно переведите 1,2,3 абзацы на русский язык. Поставьте 4 различных типов вопросов к тексту.
THE BOARD OF DIRECTORS

1. The board of directors of a limited company is primarily responsible for determining the objectives and policies of a business. It is the directors who determine the direction the business is going to take. They will need to ensure that the necessary funds are available and will appoint key staff to whom they will delegate the authority to run the business on a day-to-day basis. They will need to design an effective organization structure so that there is both a chain of command linking one level of management with another and an effective communication network so that instructions can be passed downward and information passed upward.

2. The directors are appointed by the shareholders, normally at the company's annual general meeting, at which the chairman of the board will be expected to account for their stewardship the previous year. The company's accounts will be presented to the shareholders at that time so they can judge for themselves whether or not the board has been successful.

3. Direction in business is like strategy in war situation. The strategic decisions determine the areas in which the company's resources will be employed. Above all it involves planning to ensure that the business first survives and then flourishes. Strategic decisions, made by the board of directors, are concerned with the disposition of resources. These contrast with the tactical decisions by means of which the senior executives (appointed by the directors) carry out in detail the plans conceived or approved by the board of directors.

4. The fact that boards of directors tend to meet rather infrequently, say once a week, means that part-time directors can be elected to the board. Since they will not have departmental responsibilities within the company they are often described as non-executive directors. There are arguments in favour of such directors though they may lack a detailed knowledge of the company's activities. They may bring expertise to the board. Some are lawyers, or experts in tax affairs. Some represent influential groups of shareholders whose support is necessary if the board is going to carry out its plans, while others are directors in a number of companies and are used to interlock boards within a group of companies. For example, a holding (or parent) company may appoint a director from their board to serve on the board of a subsidiary company, with a view to keeping a watching brief on the directors' activities. 
6. Напишите резюме на английском языке.
7. Оформите вашу визитную карточку на английском языке.

Вариант 2
1. Перепишите предложения, раскрыв скобки и употребив глаголы в соответствующей временной форме группы Indefinite Active и Passive. Переведите предложения на русский язык.


  1. She always (wear) dark spectacles. She (not see) very well.

  2. Where she (go) last summer? – She (fly) to Italy.

  3. The letter (send) tomorrow, so they (know) the news soon.

  4. A large reception (organize) for the professor and about 200 eminent scientists (invite) to meet him that evening.

2. Перепишите данные предложения, употребив существительные во множественном числе и сделав соответствующие изменения.
1. This is a nice city.

2. The roof of this house was white.

3. Is that a goose or a hen?

4. There is a mouse in the cellar.


3. Перепишите предложения, подчеркните инфинитив. Переведите предложения на русский язык.

1. She appeared to be supporting the manager.

2. I am pleased to have been doing this work all the time.

3. I meant to have called you but I didn’t have time.

4. It is impossible for us to accept these terms.

5. In order to create a supply of loans, people with the necessary financial resources have to be persuaded to loan.



4. Дополните диалог, используя реплики в таблице. Перепишите диалог.

A: Can I check in here for flight 179 to Houston?

B: …..

A: Yes, here you are.



B: …..

A: Sure. I have four suitcases.

B: …..

A: Oh! Can I just carry this one with me?



B: …..

- Thank you. Can you put your luggage up here, please?

- Do you already have your ticket?

- We allow only three pieces. I’m afraid you’ll have to pay an extra change.

- No, I’m sorry. It won’t fit under your seat. That’s 8 dollars. Thank you. You can choose your seat at Gate 4.Enjoy your flight.




5. Прочитайте текст и письменно переведите 3, 4, 5, 7 абзацы на русский язык. Поставьте 4 различных типов вопросов к тексту.
Belarus economy

1. The Republic of Belarus is located in the center of Europe, on the crossroads of trade ways between West and East, North and South, in the East European Plain. The flat character of the territory, moderately continental climate create favorable conditions for habitation of population, building industrial enterprises.

2. The territory of the Republic of Belarus covers 207.6 thousand square kilometers. Minsk is the capital of the Republic of Belarus. The total population of the republic reached about 10 million people. The Republic of Belarus consists of six regions with centers in the cities of Minsk, Brest, Vitebsk, Gomel, Grodno, Mogilev, which are further divided into 118 rural districts, 102 towns and over 24 thousand townships and villages.

3. Most of Belarus territory is farming land and in the past Belarus was mainly an agricultural country. The lands here are not very rich. Four-fifth of its arable land is constituted by acid soil which needs constant improvement. Today agriculture specializes in meat and milk production. The main crops grown here are potatoes, grain, flax and vegetables.

4. Belarus is not rich in mineral resources. There are some deposits of petroleum, combustible slates, brown coal, ferrous and non-ferrous ore, dolomites, potassium salts on the lands of the republic. The reserves of peat, fire-resistant and refractory clay, loam and sand for the manufacture of glass, various construction materials are great.

5. The backbone of Belarus economy is constituted by industry. The industry produces nearly 70% of GNP. The main branches are motor industry, manufacture of tractors, and agricultural engineering, machine-tool industry, and manufacture of bearings, electronics and electrical industry, manufacture and refining of petroleum, mining, manufacture of synthetic fibers, mineral fertilizers, radio engineering products, pharmaceutical industry, manufacture of construction materials, light industry and food-processing industry.

6. Over 100 large enterprises are the basis of Belarus economy. These are such large plants as Minsk Tractor Plant, the Refrigerator Producing Amalgamation Atlant, the TV sets Producing Amalgamation Gorizont, Belarus Amalgamation of Heavy-load Trucks Production BelavtoMAZ, Novopolotsk and Mozyr oil-processing plants, Zhlobin metallurgy plant, artificial fibers plants and many others.

7. The main trading partners are Russia, Ukraine, Germany, Poland, Lithuania, Italy, Latvia, Kazakhstan, Moldova, Brasil, China, and Argentina. Development of export potential, improvement of the structure of export and import, rational use of external financing are the main perspectives for the republic.



6. Напишите резюме на английском языке.

7. Оформите вашу визитную карточку на английском языке.

Вариант 3
1. Перепишите предложения, раскрыв скобки и употребив глаголы в соответствующей временной форме группы Indefinite Active и Passive. Переведите предложения на русский язык.

1. I (have) a car but I (not/ use) it very often.

2. What your friend (buy) at the shop yesterday? – He (buy) a lot of things and (spend) a lot of money.

3. The article (publish) next Wednesday, you (read) it soon.

4. This picture (paint) by my uncle. A lot of money (offer) for it.
2. Перепишите данные предложения, употребив существительные во множественном числе и сделав соответствующие изменения.
1. That is a happy family.

2. The book from this library is interesting.

3. Is this a tooth or a stone?

4. There was one goose in the field.


3. Перепишите предложения и переведите их на русский язык. Подчеркните инфинитив.

1. There is no even a chance for him to be promoted.

2. He didn’t dare to argue with his boss.

3. Peter was sorry not to have been offered the job.

4. To control an economy is the same as to intervene in it.

5. The economics course to be offered to students is to bring together microeconomics and macroeconomics.


4. Дополните диалог, используя реплики в таблице . Перепишите диалог.

A visit of a foreign partner. At the office.

A: Mr. Pospelov, I’d like to visit our factory and study your requirements. B: ….. A: What time? B: ….. A: That’s fine. B: ….. A: Fine. I’ve got some advertising leaflets so you’ll be able to study the main characteristics of our equipment yourself. B: ….. A: Good-bye, Mr. Pospelov. B: …..

-Well. That’s all … our driver‘s waiting for you. He’ll take you to your hotel.

- I’ll show you our factory tomorrow.

- Good-bye, Mr. Cartwrite. See you tomorrow.

- Let me see…. I have an appointment with my lawyer at 9 a.m. How about 10?

- If we decide to buy your equipment, our Commercial Director‘ll visit your company and you’ll discuss the contract with him in detail.



5. Прочитайте текст и письменно переведите на русский язык. Поставьте 4 различных типов вопросов к тексту.
A Career in Business

Many office workers dream of working their way up to the top from messenger to president of the corporation. The way lies through middle management positions. Middle management includes junior executives, who may recommend action to management or see the company’s policies for their companies, especially those that involve finances. The top managers of the large corporations have a great deal of power and influence.

It is still possible to start out at the bottom and go all the way to the top. Because the financial operation of business is so important, some accountants become top executives. In companies where technology is important, people with engineering background can also rise to the top. Nowadays, however, education plays a central role in the selection of men and women for management jobs. Many US universities have courses in business administration. The graduates of these courses often start out in middle management jobs. From there they can easily be promoted if they show the necessary personality and ability.

6. Напишите резюме на английском языке.

7. Оформите вашу визитную карточку на английском языке.

Вариант 4
1. Перепишите предложения, раскрыв скобки и употребив глаголы в соответствующей временной форме группы Indefinite Active и Passive. Переведите предложения на русский язык.


  1. My father (not/go) to work by bus, he usually (walk) there.

  2. When you last (see) Mary? – I (meet) her three days ago.

  3. The parcel (send) tomorrow, you (get) it in a week.

  4. She (employ) by an international company last week and (invite) for an interview.

2. Перепишите данные предложения, употребив существительные во множественном числе и сделав соответствующие изменения.
1. This is a big country.

2. The life of this man was hard.

3. Is that a mouse or a rat?

4. There is a leaf under the tree.


3. Перепишите предложения, подчеркните инфинитив. Переведите предложения на русский язык.

1. It is impossible for us to accept these terms.


2. She seems to have asked him about it. 3. I am glad to have been working with you all these years. 4. He was pleased to be given the chance to hold negotiations. 5. We found the prices for consumer goods to have been raised.
4. Дополните диалог, используя реплики в таблице . Перепишите диалог.

A visiting of a foreign partner. At the airport.

A: ….. B: Yes. A: ….. B: How do you do? A: ….. B: Oh, no ….the plane‘s just arrived. Thank you for coming to meet me. A: ….. B: Yes, thank you. I was a bit air –sick, but now I’m OK. A: ….. B: Thank you.

-My car‘s just outside the airport. My driver will take your suitcase. - Not at all. Did you have a good trip? - Excuse me….Are you Mr. Cartwright?

- Have I kept you waiting? – I’m Vladimir Ivanov, from TST System. How do you do?




5. Прочитайте текст и письменно переведите на русский язык. Поставьте 4 различных типов вопросов к тексту.
World Exhibition

The first world industrial exhibition was held in London in 1851. It was a great success. It displayed exhibits of 40 participating nations and the number of visitors reached over 6 million.

Since then world industrial exhibitions have had a colourful history. Many such events have been held, some of them on a large scale. They have changed not only in size and scale, but also in character and overall purpose. Such events provided opportunities for exchanging scientific, technological and cultural achievements of the people of Europe, America, Australia, Asia and Africa. Beginning with the early 60s, international expositions began to take new forms, trying to emphasize not only technological progress, but also other aspects of life. They became festivals of industry and culture.

In our country international specialized exhibitions are organized by different trade fair organizing firms. The companies organize international specialized exhibitions, presentations, seminars, training programmes, Industrial Trade Fairs, etc. The events cover all sectors influencing the national economy including agriculture, machine tool construction, metal working and woodworking, national construction and food industry. Such fairs and exhibitions provide an opportunity to establish profitable contacts and promote mutual understanding among different nations.



6. Напишите резюме на английском языке.

7. Оформите вашу визитную карточку на английском языке.

Вариант 5
1. Перепишите предложения, раскрыв скобки и употребив глаголы в соответствующей временной форме группы Indefinite Active и Passive. Переведите предложения на русский язык.

  1. How well your friend (speak) English? – He (speak) English badly.

  2. When you last (go) to the theatre? – We (be) at the theatre two weeks ago.

  3. The hotel (redecorate) by a famous designer next month. I think it (be) nice.

  4. The building (destroy) by the bomb three days ago; a lot of people (injure).

2. Перепишите данные предложения, употребив существительные во множественном числе и сделав соответствующие изменения.
1. That was a nice woman.

2. The story from this book is interesting.

3. Is this a sheep or an ox?

4. There is a big shelf in the kitchen.


3. Перепишите предложения, подчеркните инфинитив. Переведите предложения на русский язык.

1. The owner of the firm does not like to be deprived of his rights.

2. The sales manager is unhappy to have failed the sales.

3. Their income is not raising enough to keep up with the cost of living.

4. One of the best ways to get a feeling for economics is to examine some problems in the field.
4. Дополните диалог, используя реплики в таблице. Перепишите диалог.

Making an Appointment

A: Good morning. This is Linda Chamberlain of Rhodes and Baker. I hope you’ve got my letter.

B: …..


A: By all means. When would be the most convenient time for you?

B: …..


A: That’s Tuesday, isn’t it?

B: …..


A: Suits me fine. We’ll see you…what about eleven thirty?

B: …..


A: Bye.


- OK. Good. See you then. Bye now.

- Yes? That’s right.

- Hold on. How’s the last week in June for you? Let’s say the 28th.

- Morning. Yes, I have discussed your letter with my colleagues. I should say we’d quite like to see what you’ve got.




5. Прочитайте текст и письменно переведите на русский язык. Поставьте 4 различных типов вопросов к тексту.
Going Trough the Customs

Customs’ regulations are on the whole similar in any country of the world and a businessman should know them.

When you get off the plane you go through passport control, where an immigration officer asks you to show your passport. He asks you about the purpose of your visit to the country and the length of you stay there. You may answer that you have arrived on a business trip for a week. If you passport is in order you go through the customs.

It is not difficult to get through the customs but you’ll have to fill in an entry form (customs declaration form). The customs officer inspects your bags (luggage) and asks if you have things liable to duty, any presents, and things for your personal use or money about you. He may inform you about what items are liable to duty and what things you may have duty free. As a rule personal things may be brought in duty free. The customs officer also asks you to put your suit-cases (your luggage) on the scales, and if there’s some extra weight you’ll have to pay extra taxes.

Two special signs are sometimes used to show passengers which way to go through the customs hall: “Nothing to declare’’ and “Goods to declare”. In some countries they have the system of red and green doors. If the visitor has nothing to declare he walks through the green door, if he has goods to declare – through the red one.

In some cases the customs inspector may ask you to open your bags for inspection. It sometimes happens that a passenger’s luggage is carefully gone through (examined) in order to prevent smuggling. After you are through with all customs formalities the inspector will put a stamp on each piece of your luggage and wish you to have a good stay in the country.



6. Напишите резюме на английском языке.

7. Оформите вашу визитную карточку на английском языке.

Вариант 6
1. Раскройте скобки, употребив глагол в нужном времени (Indefinite, Continuous, Active, Passive).
1. It (to rain) hard last night when I (to leave) the office.
2. Tomorrow at this time they (to discuss) this article.
3. He (take care off).
4. I (not to drink) coffee now. I (to write) an English exercise. 

2. Перепишите предложения, употребив прилагательные в нужной степени сравнения. Переведите предложения.
1. His son is (short) than I and much (thin).

2. This is (funny) story in the whole book.

3. Today your answer is (bad) than last week.

4. She is (ambitious) person I know.


3. Перепишите предложения, подчеркните инфинитив. Переведите предложения на русский язык.

1. The sales director claimed to have found three new buyers.

2. The sales manager is unhappy to have failed the sales. 3. Their income is not raising enough to keep up with the cost of living. 4. One of the best ways to get a feeling for economics is to examine some problems in the field.

5. Since that time the market share of these larger companies does not seem to have increased.


4. Дополните диалог, используя реплики в таблице. Перепишите диалог.

А: Can I check in here for flight 179 to Houston? B: ….. A: Yes, here you are. B: ….. A: Sure. I have four suitcases. B: ….. A: Oh! Can I just carry this one with me? B: …..



  • We allow only three pieces. I’m afraid you’ll have to pay an extra charge.

  • Do you already have your ticket?

  • Thank you. Can you put luggage up here, please?

  • No, I’m sorry. I won’t fit under your seat. That’s 8 dollars. Thank you. You can choose your seat at Gate 4. Enjoy your flight.


5. Прочитайте текст и письменно переведите на русский язык. Поставьте 4 различных типов вопросов к тексту.

Making Purchases

When on a business trip abroad I often go shopping. I need to make some purchases before leaving the country because I want to buy presents for my wife and children.

I prefer supermarkets for shopping. They have become very popular with the shoppers because you can buy everything you need under one roof and they are self- service shops and have parking possibility. I can also make a purchase at clothes shops, shoe shops, book shops, etc. But I call at a department store as it has many departments and I can buy everything I need in one building. I don’t like expensive department stores are open every day till 7 o’clock. Almost all the shops are closed on Sundays.

I ask the nearest way to the Central Department Store and get there by bus. It takes me 10 minutes. A lot of people move along the counters of the shop and look at the shop- windows choosing what they need. I’d like to buy a suit for me, a pair of gloves for my wife and some toys for my children. There’s a very good choice of ready- made clothes at the men’s and women’s departments of the store. I ask the shop- assistant (the sales- girl) to help me choose a summer suit of the right size for everyday (office, better) wear. I try on a few suits in the fitting room. The suit I choose fits me perfectly, it is in grey and matches my eyes, it’s not expensive. At least, it costs no more than I can spend. I’m sure that it’s my style and it’ll wear for ages. I pay for the suit in cash. The cashier gives me a change. I also buy a pair of nice gloves at the women’s department for my wife. If the gloves are tight, I’ll get a refund. And the toys I buy for my children will be a good present and make them happy.



6. Напишите резюме на английском языке.

7. Оформите вашу визитную карточку на английском языке.
Вариант 7
1. Раскройте скобки, употребив глагол в нужном времени (Indefinite, Continuous, Active, Passive).
1. Where are you going this Sunday? – This Sunday I (to go) to the country, but usually on Sunday I (to stay) at home.
2. My friend (to talk) to the teacher, when I (to see) him.
3. He (not to wait) for us at 6 o’clock tomorrow. 
4. The gates (to paint) now.

2. Перепишите предложения, употребив прилагательные в нужной степени сравнения. Переведите предложения.

1. My brother’s flat is (big) than mine and much (light).

2. Where is (near) shop?

3. This French film is (interesting) than the American one.

4. She is (good) student in the group.
3. Перепишите предложения, подчеркните инфинитив. Переведите предложения на русский язык.

1. He is said to be writing his course paper.

2. Many mergers appear to have been motivated by a desire to increase market power rather than by a desire to increase efficiency.

3. The sales director claimed to have found three new buyers.

4. Wage increases have helped (to) push up prices.

5. They consider him to become a good engineer.


4. Дополните диалог, используя реплики в таблице. Перепишите диалог.

А: Can I check in here for flight 179 to Houston?

B: …..

A: Yes, here you are.



B: …..

A: Sure. I have four suitcases.

B: …..

A: Oh! Can I just carry this one with me?



B: …..


  • We allow only three pieces. I’m afraid you’ll have to pay an extra charge.

  • Do you already have your ticket?

  • Thank you. Can you put luggage up here, please?

  • No, I’m sorry. I won’t fit under your seat. That’s 8 dollars. Thank you. You can choose your seat at Gate 4. Enjoy your flight.


5. Прочитайте текст и письменно переведите на русский язык. Поставьте 4 различных типов вопросов к тексту.
So you want to be a mail order entrepreneur?

Mail order makes shopping easier – for the customer that is. It is possible to buy flowers, furniture, books, chocolates and many other products by post. The company sends customers a catalogue, and they can choose products without leaving their home. Johnny Boden is the chairman of the mail order clothing company Boden. He says that mail order companies ‘process the customer’s order, get the item from the warehouse, check the colour, size, etc., deliver it to their homes and arrange returns if necessary’. In shops the customer does all these things.

Is it easy to be a mail order entrepreneur? The disadvantage is that the start-up costs are high. You need stock to sell and computers to process orders. You also need a lot of employees. However, mail order does have advantages. A mail order company can operate from almost any place. Charlie and Caroline Gladstone moved from London to Scotland and started Pedlars clothing company. Mr. and Mrs. Gladstone wanted to work from home. They wanted a better quality of life and to operate from a low-cost location. Mr. Gladstone and Mr. Boden visited the US separately. They saw that mail order was a popular business with good customer service. Mr. Gladstone believes that customer loyalty is important. A successful mail order company provides a personal experience, like a good shop.

6. Напишите резюме на английском языке.

7. Оформите вашу визитную карточку на английском языке.


Вариант 8
1. Раскройте скобки, употребив глагол в нужном времени (Indefinite, Continuous, Active, Passive).
1. When we (to come) to this town a new theatre (to build) here.
2. He (to look) at her: “You (to shake). Are you all right?”
3. “You (to drive) out tonight? – We usually dine at home. But today we (to go) to the café.
4. Large crowds (to wait) at the station when the delegation (to arrive).
5. When I (to wake up) this morning, the sun (to shine) high in the sky.

2. Перепишите предложения, подчеркнув в них местоимения. Укажите разряд местоимения. Переведите предложения. 
1. Please tell me about your new friends.

2. Who wrote the book about the famous Russian sportsmen?

3. Is there anybody in the room? I see nobody.

4. On the way home he fell down and hurt himself.


3. Перепишите предложения, подчеркните инфинитив. Переведите предложения на русский язык.

1. Supply of goods is not enough to meet the demand requirements.

2. They happened to be discussing something when I came in.

3. This financial capital could have been used elsewhere.

4. The aim of macroeconomics is to study the economy in general.

5. He wants to be asked a question.


4. Дополните диалог, используя реплики в таблице. Перепишите диалог.

A: Hello, this is the press office.

B: …..

A: I’m sorry; you must have the wrong number. There’s no-one of that name here.



B: …..

A: No, it’s 5558790.

B: …..

A: No problem! Bye!



-Oh. Can I check the number I’ve got….is that not 5568790?

-Oh sorry about that. I must have dialed the wrong number.

- Rachel Allsop, please.


5. Прочитайте текст и письменно переведите на русский язык. Поставьте 4 различных типов вопросов к тексту.
Agriculture in Britain

Great Britain is an industrial country. But agriculture is also well-developed. Four fifth of the land is devoted to agriculture. About one million people work on farms. Britain produces nearly two-thirds of its total food requirements. It is self-sufficient in milk, eggs, meat, potatoes and wheat.

The climate of Great Britain and soils are not very favourable for the development of agriculture. It is developing thanks to modern technology and scientific research. The most productive area is Lowland Britain.

Wheat growing in confined mainly to England. Barley and oats are grown in the same areas together with sugar beet. More than half the crop is harvested mechanically. Potatoes are grown mainly in the east of England and in Lancashire, while Scotland supplies seed-potatoes.

Dairy farming is distributed all over the country but is characteristic of the west of England.

Britain is an exporter of pedigree cattle, sheep, pigs and horses. Sheep are found in hilly counties particularly. Britain has been famous for its wool for centuries. There is hardly a place in the country which hasn`t got some connection with the wool trade. Many surnames show a family`s past connection with the wool trade. Shepherd and Weaver are the best examples.

Britain’s second major source of food is the surrounding sea (the fishing industry).

At present most farms in Britain are large, commercial farms. There are a number of traditional family farms, but they are not characteristics.

Market gardening centres are usually situated near the big towns. Glasshouses are found mainly in southern England.

6. Напишите резюме на английском языке.

7. Оформите вашу визитную карточку на английском языке.


Вариант 9
1. Раскройте скобки, употребив глагол в нужном времени (Indefinite, Continuous, Active, Passive).
1. Look! How many birds (to fly) high up in the air!
2. Yesterday he (to tell) us for two hours about his trip to India.
3. I (to watch) TV, when somebody (to knock) at the door.
4. These goods (to export) to all European countries.

2. Перепишите предложения, подчеркнув в них местоимения. Укажите разряд местоимений. Переведите предложения.
1. Who can better know my weakness than I?

2. He has never got anything interesting to say.

3. None of those dogs are ours.

4. The child fell and hurt himself badly.


3. Перепишите предложения, подчеркните инфинитив. Переведите предложения на русский язык.

1. Too high prices of resources to be used in production are the problem of many enterprises.

2. The exchange rate is reported to have fallen. 3. He was one of the very few men to have seen everything with his own eyes.

4. He was sorry to have been arguing with them so long. 5. There is no need to hire a manager.


4. Дополните диалог, используя реплики в таблице. Перепишите диалог.

A: Hello, finance department

B: …..

A: I’m afraid he is in a meeting at the moment. Can I help?



B: …..

A: In about an hour. Can you call back later?

B: …..

A: Or can I take a message?



B: …..

A: Certainly, I’ll give the message.

B: …..

A: Goodbye.





- Thank you. Goodbye.

- No I need to talk to Mr. Hopwood, I think. What time will he be out of the meeting?

- Hello, can I speak to Adrian Hopwood, please?

- Okay, I’ll do that.

- Actually, would you mind? Could you tell him that Jennifer Andrews called and that I’m in the office all day if could call me back.



5. Прочитайте текст и письменно переведите 1, 2, 5 абзацы на русский язык. Поставьте 4 различных типов вопросов к тексту.

Careers: Economist

1. Economists study the ways in which individuals and society choose to use limited resources, such as natural resources, labor, factories, and machines, in an effort to satisfy unlimited wants. They are concerned with the production, distribution, and consumption of goods and services and are interested in helping society get as much satisfaction as possible from its limited resources. Economists collect, process, and analyze data to determine the costs and benefits of using resources in various ways.

2. Economists are employed in a number of different job settings. About half of them are academic economists, who engage in teaching, writing and doing research in colleges, and Universities. They also write textbooks and journal articles, develop and test new theoretical models, provide consulting services to governments and businesses, and engage in variety of other professional activities. The other half of all economists work for government or business.

3. Government economists collect and analyze information about economic conditions in the nation and possible changes in government economic policies. Much of this information is published in government bulletins and reports. Often the government economist wears a second hat as a policy analyst. Economists forecast tax revenues and interest rates, analyze, who gains and who loses from particular changes, monitor prices, compute total output and perform other useful tasks in the public sector.

4. Business economists work for banks, insurance companies, investment companies, manufacturing firms, economic research firms, and management consulting firms.

5. Some economists operate their own economic businesses. They are called entrepreneurs. Entrepreneurs are a mystery to some people, especially those who are only comfortable with a nine-to-five existence and assured weekly paychecks and fringe benefits. The entrepreneur is a business person who prefers to take calculated risks in order to be his or her own boss. An individual hoping to start up a new company needs to have entrepreneurial flair or talent, as well as good technical skills and financial skills, because they make a profit through risk taking or initiative. They are self-employed, and often work long hours for less pay than they would if they were an employee of another company.



6. Напишите резюме на английском языке.

7. Оформите вашу визитную карточку на английском языке.

Вариант 10
1. Перепишите предложения, раскрыв скобки и употребив глагол в соответствующей временной форме группы Perfect Active и Passive. Переведите на русский язык.
1. Why you (not bring) me the letters for signature? You (not type) them yet.
2. We didn’t need to queue because I (buy) already the ticket.
3. Jenny flew to Rome last year. She never (be) on a plane before that.
4. When this street (be widened) the residents (be kept) awake all night by the roar of the traffic.
2. Перепишите предложения, употребив прилагательные в нужной степени сравнения. Переведите предложения.

1. Her daughter is (tall) than I but much (thin).
2. This is (warm) room in the house.
3. Old shoes are usually (comfortable) than new shoes.
4. He is one of (good) engineers at the plant.

3. Перепишите предложения, подчеркните инфинитив. Переведите предложения на русский язык.

1. It is important to carry out these changes as quickly as possible.


2. Many mergers appear to have been motivated by a desire to increase market power rather than by a desire to increase efficiency.

3. A small firm is likely to be specializing in one product.


4. Wage increases have helped (to) push up prices.

5. We expect John to be elected.


4. Из данных фраз составьте диалог. Перепишите диалог.

1. - Good morning. I'm Stepanov of the Belarus Trade Delegation. I'd like to speak to Mr. Ham.

2. - Yes. Could you tell him Mr. Stepanov phoned and wanted to speak to him about our offer for Lada cars?

3. - Thank you, good bye.

4. - Good morning. Mr. Ham's office.

5. - Certainly, Mr. Stepanov.

6. - Good bye.

7. - He is not here at the moment. Could I take a message for him?


5. Прочитайте текст и письменно переведите на русский язык. Поставьте 4 различных типов вопросов к тексту.
What is a Manager?

A number of different terms are used for ‘” manager’’ including “director’’, “administrator” and the “president”. The term ‘’ manager ‘’ is used more frequently in profit –making organizations, while the others are used more widely in government and non-profit organizations such as universities, hospitals and social work agencies.

What, then, is a manager? When used collectively the term “management” refers to those people who are responsible for carrying out decisions within a system. They directly supervise people in an organisation. A manager sets objectives and decides what has to be done to reach these objectives. He make the objectives effective by communicating them to people that are responsible for various jobs.

Almost everything a manager does involve decisions. In decision- making there is always some uncertainty and risk. Decision- making is the act of selecting a preferred course of action among alternatives, the act of decision- making enters into almost all of manager’s activities. Managers must reach decisions about objectives and plans for their organizational units. They must decide how to direct, how to organize, and how to control.

Making and implementing decisions are crucial parts of management. Management attempts to improve the decision- making process. The success of business and non-profit organizations depends on their ability to make good decisions and to implement their decisions well.

6. Напишите резюме на английском языке.

7. Оформите вашу визитную карточку на английском языке.

Список использованных источников


  1. Бизнес-курс английского языка. Словарь-справочник. / И.С.Богацкий, М.Н.Дюканова. – Киев: ООО «ИП Логос – М», 2011.-352с.

  2. Деловой английский. Business communication: Учеб. пособие/ В.С.Слепович. – Мн.: «ТетраСистемс», 2003.-256с.

  3. Поговорим о Беларуси. / А.В.Конышева, О.П.Козакова. – Мн.: Дикта, 2005. – 256с.

  4. Грамматика: сборник упражнений / Ю.Б. Голицинский. «КАРО», 2006.

  5. Murphy, R. English Grammar in Use / R. Murphy. — CUP, 1997.

Методические указания рассмотрены и утверждены на заседании цикловой комиссии социально-гуманитарных дисциплин.

Протокол от «____» ____________2016г. №____

Председатель цикловой комиссии _______________Т.И.Штукина


СОГЛАСОВАНО

Зам. директора

по учебной работе



__________ О.В.Прусевич

«___» ____________2016 г.

Download 229.59 Kb.

Share with your friends:




The database is protected by copyright ©ininet.org 2020
send message

    Main page