Aboriginal higher learner success factors at vancouver community college

Provide a Title for Your First Lesson

Download 321.85 Kb.
Size321.85 Kb.
1   ...   15   16   17   18   19   20   21   22   23

Provide a Title for Your First Lesson

It was very unusual for me as a First Nations consultant to undertake this academic research process that did not allow for the level of collaboration undertaken with my prior research. Within the recognized process of working with Aboriginal peoples, the process is emergent, with the Aboriginal organization or Nation leading the identification of research required to benefit their community and participating in the development and approval of questions that often follows one or more of the initial steps of research: for example, a literature review, committee planning session, or both. This on-going collaboration in an emergent research process maximizes the potential of action research to affect localized change efforts. This academic research process was utilized with an interest to maximize the collaboration with the Consortium partners. However, prior approvals with completed research questions was, in my opinion, not as effective as the more collaborative methods used in most of my previous work.

This was also the experience of the University of Victoria, which has recently introduced a new innovation in their approach to research involving Aboriginal peoples, wherein they seek an approval in principle at the outset of the research with subsequent steps that include identification of research specifics and research questions to be identified through collaborative planning with their First Nations partners (C. Lalonde, personal communication, November 3, 2010). Once this process is completed, full approval is sought.

Impact of Research on Researcher

The second lesson learned was the intimate nature of the research and the impact it can have on a researcher. According to Dr. Shawn Wilson, “If the research doesn’t change you, you’re not doing it right” (personal communication, April 19, 2010). This research forced me to face inter-generational residential school syndrome issues that have negatively affected me and that I have seen impact other Aboriginal learners at an alarming rate. Given that this healing process has only recently begun nationally with the Residential School apology by the federal government (Government of Canada, 2008), the outcomes, like the need to support national healing, is only just starting to emerge.

Provide Title of this Third Lesson

Another lesson learned was related to the intergenerational residential school syndrome, where trust of the education system is difficult for Aboriginal peoples. I, too, found trusting the process difficult, despite the kind and supportive nature of both my academic supervisor and my project sponsor. Without any rational reason, I experienced a deep sense of fear and insecurity at the outset of each course. Despite having developed the resiliency required to move through the courses in the Masters of Arts in Leadership Program at Royal Roads University, this fear has lessened, but still remains. This awareness helps me to support other learners through the system using a strengths-based approach and establishing resiliency videos for VCC Aboriginal learners, workshops within VCC, and in providing services. More importantly, however, I have started to develop a deep sense of respect and trust my academic supervisor and my project sponsor, who in retrospect, I wish I had relied upon more.

Leadership Training

In looking at leadership lessons learned, I have realized how important leadership training is for and by leaders at all levels within an organization. This leadership is rarely linked to positional power and is primarily established through social influence arising from servant leadership values and actions. Within the time of this research being undertaken, a great deal of progress has been made, based primarily upon social influence and a strong sense of community responsibility. This approach has allowed me, along with the support of many good people, to “do the right thing” (INT 3) and to lead from the heart (Kouzes & Posner, 2007, p. 351). For myself and others like those at the Confederation College,

We look at our work as evolving. It is a work in progress. We cannot be positional but can remain principled in our approaches. We have worked hard to neutralize the political influence and interference factors although this is difficult. We have tried to cultivate our own sense of leadership in post-secondary education and are actively de-segregating ourselves in this larger mainstream educational environment. We are committed to transforming this learning environment to enable all of us to explore and expand upon Aboriginal and Canadian discourse. We know that it will not be easy but we are determined to make changes. We are not merely interested in maintaining the status quo or in adaptation of educational models; rather, we recognize that we are responsible to build them. (Confederation College, as cited in ACCC, 2005, pp. 7071)


Aisaican, R. (2001). Aboriginal post-secondary education, a priority for Aboriginal women of Canada. Retrieved September 7, 2010, from http://web.viu.ca/firstnations/richard.pdf

Arnove, R. F. (1980). Comparative education and world-systems analysis. Comparative Education Review, 24(1), 4862. Retrieved September 5, 2010, from http://www.jstor.org/stable/1187395

Assembly of First Nations. (1972). Indian control of Indian education. Retrieved September 7, 2010, from http://www.afn.ca/calltoaction/Documents/ICOIE.pdf

Assembly of First Nations. (2010a). First nations control of first nations education. Retrieved July 10, 2010, from http://www.afn.ca/calltoaction/Documents/FNCFNE.pdf

Assembly of First Nations. (2010b). History of Indian residential schools. Retrieved July 12, 2010, from http://www.afn.ca/residentialschools/history.html

Association of Canadian Community Colleges. (2005). Meeting the needs of Aboriginal learners. An overview of current programs and services, challenges, opportunities and lessons learned: Final report. Retrieved January 15, 2010, from http://www.accc.ca/ftp/pubs/200507_Aboriginal.pdf

Atleo, R. (2004). Tsawalk: A Nuu-chah-nulth worldview. Vancouver, BC: UBC Press.

Barker, J. (2010). The new business of paradigms [DVD lecture]. St. Paul, MN: Star Thrower Distribution.

Battiste, M. (2002). Indigenous knowledge and pedagogy in First Nations education. Retrieved January 15, 2010, from http://www.yorku.ca/hdrnet/images/uploaded/Battiste_review.pdf

Battiste, M. (2004). Animating sites of postcolonial education: Indigenous knowledge and the humanities. CSSE plenary address May 29, 2004, Manitoba, MB. Retrieved July 1, 2010, from http://www.usask.ca/education/people/battistem/csse_battiste.htm

Battiste, M., & Henderson, J. (2000). Protecting indigenous knowledge and heritage: A global challenge. Saskatoon, SK: Purich.

Battiste, M., & McLean, S. (2005). State of First Nations learning. Retrieved December 28, 2009, from http://www.ccl-cca.ca/pdfs/AbLKC/StateOfFirstNationsLearning.pdf

BC Progress Board. (2007). Strategic considerations for BC’s future: Issues and trends 2007 report. Retrieved July 11, 2010, from http://www.bcprogressboard.com/2007Report/IssuesReport/Issues_exec_summ_final.pdf

BC Stats. (2008, February). The Aboriginal population in BC and recent trends in off reserve Aboriginal labour force participation. Business Indicators. Retrieved January 30, 2009, from http://www.bcstats.gov.bc.ca/pubs/bcbi/bcbi0802.pdf

Bolman, L., & Deal, T. (2003). Reframing organizations: Artistry, choice and leadership (3rd ed.). San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.

Briscoe, D. (2002). The evolution of customer loyalty: Bringing the customer inside. Ottawa, ON, Canada: The Conference Board of Canada.

Cajete, G. (1999). Ignite the sparkle: An indigenous science education model. Skyand, NC: Kivaki Press.

Canadian Chamber of Commerce. (n.d.). Aboriginal labour force strategy: Tapping into an underutilized pool. Retrieved January 12, 2010, from http://www.chamber.ca/images/uploads/Resolutions/2009/S-AboriginalLabourForceStrategy.pdf

Canadian Information Centre for International Credentials. (2009). Postsecondary education systems in Canada: An overview. Retrieved January 20, 2010, from http://www.cicic.ca/421/an-overview.canada

Canadian Federation for the Humanities and Social Sciences. (2010). The Province of British Columbia. Retrieved November 14, 2010, from http://www.fedcan.ca/content/en/369/the-province-of-british-columbia.html

Canadian Information Centre for International Credentials. (2010). Postsecondary education in British Columbia. Retrieved February 4, 2010, from http://www.cicic.ca/566/description.canada

Coghlan, D., & Brannick, T. (2007). Doing action research in your organization. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.

College and Institute Act, R.S.B.C., 1996, c. 52 [British Columbia]. Retrieved November 4, 2010, from http://www.canlii.org/en/bc/laws/stat/rsbc-1996-c-52/latest/rsbc-1996-c-52.html

Cornell, S., & Kalt, J. P. (2010). Overview of the Harvard Project. Retrieved February 21, 2010, from http://www.hks.harvard.edu/hpaied/overview.htm

Deakin University. (2007). History of the Institute of Koorie Education. Retrieved October 25, 2010, from Institute of Koorie Education Web site: http://www.deakin.edu.au/ike/history.php

Dipuma, F. (2009). Aboriginal learners’ survey: A Capilano University and Vancouver Community College collaboration with the Coastal Corridor Consortium. (Available from Vancouver Community College, Aboriginal Education & Services Department, 2234-1155 Broadway, Vancouver, BC V5T 4V5)

Ely, R. (2004). A field study of group diversity, participation in diversity education programs, and performance. Retrieved November 7, 2010, from http://web.mit.edu/cortiz/www/Diversity/Ely%202004.pdf

Evans, M., McDonald, J., & Nyce, D. (2000). Acting across boundaries in Aboriginal curriculum development: Examples from northern British Columbia. Retrieved January 10, 2009, from University of Northern BC, Dr. James McDonald Research and Publications Web site: http://mcdonald.unbc.ca/PDF/indigenous/acrossboundaries.pdf

First Nations Education Steering Committee. (2008). Aboriginal post secondary education in British Columbia: A place for Aboriginal institutes (Policy Background Paper). Retrieved January 1, 2010, from http://www.fnesc.ca/publications/pdf/Policy_Bkgrd_Paper_May08.pdf

First Peoples’ Heritage, Language and Culture Council. (2010). Report on the status of First Nations languages 2010. Retrieved October 25, 2010, from http://www.fphlcc.ca/downloads/2010-report-on-the-status-of-bc-first-nations-languages.pdf

Geraldine Bob, G., Marcuse, G., Nyce, D., & Williams, L. (1993). First Nations: The circle unbroken video series handbook. Ottawa, ON: The National Film Board of Canada.

Glesne, C. (2006). Becoming qualitative researchers: An introduction (3rd ed.). New York: Longman.

Government of British Columbia. (2009). Aboriginal report 2004/052008/09: How are we doing? Retrieved July 11, 2010, from http://www.bced.gov.bc.ca/abed/perf2009.pdf

Government of British Columbia, Ministry of Aboriginal Relations and Reconciliation. (2005). The transformative change accord. Retrieved February 4, 2010, from http://www.gov.bc.ca/arr/social/down/transformative_change_accord.pdf

Government of British Columbia, Ministry of Advanced Education and Labour Market Development. (n.d.). Aboriginal service plan guidelines. Retrieved January 20, 2010, from http://www.aved.gov.bc.ca/aboriginal/documents/guidelines_aboriginal_service_plan.pdf

Government of British Columbia, Ministry of Advanced Education and Labour Market Development. (2007). Aboriginal post-secondary education strategy and action plan. Retrieved January 20, 2010, from http://www.aved.gov.bc.ca/aboriginal/documents/strategy.pdf

Government of British Columbia, Ministry of Advanced Education and Labour Market Development. (2008). Aboriginal report: Charting our path: Public post-secondary system. Retrieved January 20, 2010, from http://www.aved.gov.bc.ca/aboriginal/documents/Aboriginal_Indicator_Report-Oct2008.pdf

Government of British Columbia, Ministry of Advanced Education and Labour Market Development. (2010a). Aboriginal service plan. Retrieved March 19, 2010, from http://www.aved.gov.bc.ca/aboriginal/documents/strategy.pdf

Government of British Columbia, Ministry of Advanced Education and Labour Market Development. (2010b). British Columbia labour market outlook: 20092019. Retrieved July 1, 2010, from http://www.workbc.ca/docs/BCLMOutlook.pdf

Government of British Columbia, Ministry of Advanced Education and Labour Market Development. (2010c). New relationships with Aboriginal people and communities in B.C.: Measuring outcomes 2008–2009. Retrieved May 1, 2010, from http://www.newrelationship.gov.bc.ca/shared/downloads/measuring_outcomes_final.pdf

Government of British Columbia, Ministry of Education. (1999). Aboriginal education enhancement agreements. Retrieved October 1, 2010, from http://www.bced.gov.bc.ca/abed/agreements/

Government of British Columbia, Multiculturalism and Immigration Branch. (2008). The diversity of visible and ethnic origins in BC. Retrieved September 26, 2010, from http://www.llbc.leg.bc.ca/public/pubdocs/bcdocs/444122/visible_minorities_ethnic_origins.pdf

Government of Canada. (2008). Prime Minister Harper offers full apology on behalf of Canadians for the Indian residential schools system. Retrieved July 12, 2010, from http://pm.gc.ca/eng/media.asp?id=2149

Government of Ontario, Ministry of Education. (2008). Reach every student: Energizing Ontario education. Retrieved October 10, 2010, from http://www.edu.gov.on.ca/eng/document/energize/energize.pdf

Gurin, P. (1999). The compelling need for diversity in higher education. Expert testimony in Gratz et al. v. Bollinger, et al. Michigan Journal of Race & Law, 5, 363425.

Harmon, D. (2003). In light of our differences: How diversity in nature and culture makes us human. Washington, DC: Smithsonian Institution Press.

Hofstede, G. (1984). Cultural dimensions in management and planning. Retrieved July 25, 2010, from http://www.springerlink.com/content/p17811531v546347/fulltext.pdf

Human Capital Strategies. (2005). Final report review of aboriginal post-secondary education programs, services and strategies/best practices & aboriginal special projects funding (ASPF) program (Report submitted to Ministry of Advanced Education, Province of British Columbia). Retrieved July 10, 2008, from http://www.humancapitalstrategies.ca/download/final_report_june_30-05.pdf

Indian Act, R.S.C., 1876, c. 1-5. [Canada] Retrieved January 4, 2010, from

Interagency Advisory Panel on Research Ethics. (2009). Tri-council policy statement: Ethical conduct for research involving humans (Draft 2nd ed.). Retrieved January 16, 2010, from http://pre.ethics.gc.ca/eng/policy-politique/initiatives/revised-revisee/Default/

Izen, M. (2008). Final report: Aboriginal trades & apprenticeship. Retrieved November 7, 2010, from http://www.itabc.ca/AssetFactory.aspx?did=808

Katenies Research and Management Services and Chignecto Consulting Group. (2006, March 31). Review of the Indian studies support program component of the PSE program. (Available from Assembly of First Nations, Trebla Building, 473 Albert Street, Suite 810, Ottawa, ON K1R 5B4)

Kawagley, A., & Barnhardt, R. (1998). Education indigenous to place: Western science meets native reality. Retrieved September 23, 2010, from http://www.ankn.uaf.edu/EIP.html

Kirkness, V. (1999). Aboriginal education in Canada: A retrospective and a prospective [Reprint]. Journal of American Indian Education, 39(1, Spec. Issue 2), 129. Retrieved January 10, 2010, from http://jaie.asu.edu/v39/V39I1A2.pdf

Kotter, J. (1996). Leading change. Boston: Harvard Business School Press.

Kouzes, J., & Posner, B. (2007). The leadership challenge (4th ed.). San Francisco: Jossey-Bass/Wiley.

Leonard, T.C. (2004). Mistaking eugenics for social Darwinism: Why eugenics is missing from the history of American economics. Retrieved July 15, 2010, from http://www.princeton.edu/~tleonard/papers/mistaking.pdf

Malatest, R. (2002). Best practices in increasing Aboriginal postsecondary enrolment rates. Retrieved July 8, 2008, from http://www.cmec.ca/Publications/Lists/Publications/Attachments/49/malatest.en.pdf

Malatest, R. (2004). Aboriginal peoples and post secondary education: What educators have learned. Retrieved January 8, 2010, from http://www.millenniumscholarships.ca/images/Publications/aboriginal_en.pdf

Marchant, H. C. (2002). Indigenous ways of learning, being and teaching: Implications for new teachers to First Nations schools. Retrieved September 15, 2010, from http://dspace.library.uvic.ca:8080/dspace/bitstream/1828/1929/3/CMarchant2009h.pdf

Mayes, C. (2007). No higher priority: Aboriginal post-secondary education in Canada: Report of the Standing Committee on Aboriginal Affairs and Northern Development. Retrieved November 1, 2010, from http://www.afn.ca/calltoaction/Documents/NHP.pdf

Meek, V. L., Teichler, U., & Kearney, M. (Eds.). (2009). Higher education research and innovation: Changing dynamics. Paper presented to UNESCO Forum on Higher Education Research and Knowledge/International Centre for Higher Education Research Kassel at the University of Kassel. Retrieved September 26, 2010, from http://unesdoc.unesco.org/images/0018/001830/183071e.pdf

Merkel, G. (2006). Improving Aboriginal post-secondary education forward: “Developing a strategy” (Summary). Report presented to the Ministry of Advanced Education’s 3rd Annual Aboriginal Post Secondary Education Forum March 16, 2006, UBC First Nations House of Learning. Retrieved February 4, 2010, from http://www.aved.gov.bc.ca/aboriginal/documents/aboriginal_education_forum06.pdf

Metro Vancouver. (2008). 2006 census bulletin: Data on Aboriginal peoples. Retrieved September 8, 2010, from http://www.metrovancouver.org/region/aboriginal/Aboriginal%20Affairs%20documents/2006CensusBulletinOnAboriginalPeoples.pdf

Milem, J. (in press). The educational benefits of diversity: Evidence from multiple sectors. Retrieved August 6, 2010, from http://www.stanford.edu/~hakuta/www/policy/racial_dynamics/Chapter5.pdf

Miles, M. B., & Huberman, M. A. (1994). Qualitative data analysis. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.

Mixon, L. (2008a). Exemplary practices in accessibility for Aboriginal learners. . Retrieved December 26, 2010, from www.coastalcorridorconsortium.ca

Mixon, L. (2008b). Intellectual property protocol agreement. Retrieved December 26, 2009, from http://www.coastalcorridorconsortium.ca/files/CurriculumIPProtocolAgreement.pdf

Mixon, L. (2008c). Teaching Aboriginal higher learners workbook. Retrieved December 26, 2009, from www.coastalcorridorconsortium.ca

Mixon, L. (2009). Aboriginal community post-secondary education needs framework. Retrieved December 26, 2009, from www.coastalcorridorconsortium.ca

Mixon, L. (2010). VCC Aboriginal education strategy 2010–2013. Vancouver, BC: Vancouver Community College.

Palys, T., & Atchison, C. (2008). Research decisions: Quantitative and qualitative perspectives (4th ed.). Scarborough, ON, Canada: Nelson.

Pewewardy, C. (2002). Learning styles of American Indian/Alaska native students: A review of the literature and implications for practice. Journal of American Indian Education, 41(3), 2255.

Robinson, W. (2003). Men of Medeek and the wars of Medeek. Kitselas First Nation community publication.

Royal Commission on Aboriginal People. (1996). Report of the Royal Commission on Aboriginal Peoples: Volume 3. Ottawa, ON, Canada: Minister of Supply and Services Canada.

Royal Roads University. (2007). Research ethics policy. Retrieved December 4, 2009, from Research at RRU Web site: http://www.royalroads.ca/research/ethical-reviews/ethics-policy.htm

Ryan, G. W., & Bernard, H. R. (2003). Techniques to identify themes in qualitative data. Retrieved March 1, 2010, from http://fmx.sagepub.com/cgi/content/abstract/15/1/85

Saunders, S., Redwing, S., & Hill, S. (2007). Native education and in-classroom coalition building: Factors and models in delivering an equitous authentic education. Canadian Journal of Education, 30(4), 10151045.

Senge P. M. (2006). The fifth discipline: The art & practice of the learning organization. New York: Doubleday/Currency.

Smith, G. (2003). Kaupapa Maori theory: Theorizing indigenous transformation of education & schooling. Retrieved July 14, 2008, from http://www.aare.edu.au/03pap/pih03342.pdf

St. Denis, V., & Hampton, E. (2002). Literature review on racism and the effects on Aboriginal education. Prepared for Minister’s National Working Group on Education Indian and Northern Affairs Canada. Ottawa, Ontario, Canada: Indian and Northern Affairs Canada.

Steinbach, J. (2005). Definitions of appreciative inquiry. Retrieved February 21, 2009, from http://appreciativeinquiry.case.edu/intro/definition.cfm

Stonechild, B. (2006). The new buffalo: The struggle for aboriginal post-secondary education in Canada. Winnipeg, MB: University of Manitoba Press.

Storytellers’ Foundation & Gitxsan Wet’suwet’en Education Society. (2005). Funding and best practices research BC First Nations post-secondary institutes Indian studies support program research project. Retrieved February 15, 2010, from http://www.fnesc.ca/iahla/Attachments/Research_%20Papers_Reports/FN%20PSE%20Institutes%20-%20Funding%20and%20Best%20Practices%20-%20FINAL%20Apr-06.pdf

Stringer, E. T. (2007). Action research (3rd ed.). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.

Tindall Consulting & Juniper Consulting. (2010). Indigenous Adult and Higher Learning Association data collection project 2010/11: Final report. Retrieved August 15, 2010, from http://www.fnesc.ca/iahla/Attachments/Data_Collection_Final_Report_2009-10.pdf

Toulouse, R. (2010). Walk in our moccasins: A comprehensive study of Aboriginal education councillors in Ontario 2010. Retrieved October 25, 2010, from http://www.oneca.com/resources/Walk%20In%20Our%20Moccasins%20Report%20by%20P.Toulouse.pdf

University of Victoria. (2010). Indigenous programs and courses. Retrieved Oct 20, 2010, from http://www.educ.uvic.ca/indigenous/courses.php

Vancouver Community College. (1994, January 27). VCC First Nations education policy and procedures. (Available from Vancouver Community College, 2234-1155 East Broadway, Vancouver, BC V5T 4V5)

Vancouver Community College (2006). VCC strategic plan update 200508. Retrieved January 4, 2010, from http://vcc.bc.ca/deptUploads/governance/VCCStrategic-ePlan2006.pdf

Vancouver Community College. (2007). Coastal Corridor Consortium Aboriginal service plan. Retrieved January 4, 2010, from http://www.vcc.ca/deptUploads/governance/CCC-ASP.pdf

Vancouver Community College (2008). Aboriginal Education Enrolment Policy. Retrieved November 1, 2010, from http://www.vcc.ca/deptUploads/policies/D_03_10.pdf

Vancouver Community College. (2009). 2009/10–2011/12 Institutional accountability plan and report. Retrieved November 10, 2009, from http://www.aved.gov.bc.ca/instit_accountability_plans/docs/vcc_pr0910.pdf

Whitbeck, L., Hoyt, D., Stubben, J., & LaFramboise, T. (2001). Traditional culture and academic success among American Indian children in the upper Midwest. Journal of American Indian Education, 40(2), 4860.

Wilcox, K. (2008). Culture trumps strategy (Video lecture). Retrieved August 5, 2010, from http://academicearth.org/lectures/culture-trumps-strategy

Williams, C. (2008). Aboriginal post-secondary education in BC: A place for Aboriginal institutes. Retrieved August 1, 2010, from http://www.fnesc.ca/publications/pdf/Policy_Bkgrd_Paper_May08.pdf

Williams, D., Berger, J. B., & McClendon, S. A. (2005). Toward a model of inclusive excellence and change in post-secondary institutions. Retrieved September 26, 2010, from http://citeseerx.ist.psu.edu/viewdoc/download?doi=

Williams, L., & Tanaka, M. (2007). Schalay’nung Sxwey’ga: Emerging cross-cultural pedagogy in the academy. Educational Insights, 11(3), 119.

Wilson, S. (2008). Research is ceremony. Black Point, NS: Fernwood.

York University. (2001). Affirmative action plan. Retrieved September 16, 2010, from http://www.yufa.org/docs/aa_ssb01.doc

Download 321.85 Kb.

Share with your friends:
1   ...   15   16   17   18   19   20   21   22   23

The database is protected by copyright ©ininet.org 2024
send message

    Main page