Afghanistan wave 4



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Michigan 7 week juniors - HKMP

Afghanistan wave 4



Afghanistan wave 4


Afghanistan wave 4 1

***1ac – hegemony advantage rework 4

***1ac – hegemony advantage rework 4

1ac – plan 5

1ac – Hegemony 6

1ac – Hegemony 7

1ac - Hegemony 8

1ac - Hegemony 9

1ac – Hegemony 10

1ac - Hegemony 11

1ac – Hegemony 12

1ac – Hegemony 13

1ac – Hegemony 14

1ac – Hegemony 15

1ac – Hegemony 16

1ac – Hegemony 17

1ac – solvency 18



***COIN fails 18

***COIN fails 18

COIN fails – Northern Afghanistan 19

COIN fails – population protection 20

COIN fails – population protection 21

ANA fails – Taliban infiltration 22

COIN fails – Wikileaks proves 23

COIN fails – Wikileaks proves 24

COIN Fails---Corruption 25

Losing the war 26



***Solvency 26

***Solvency 26

Counterterrorism causes decentralization - solves 27

Counterterrorism causes decentralization – solves 28

Solvency – counterterrorism solves Afghan collapse 29

AT: CT approach causes Taliban takeover 30

AT: Intelligence Turn 31

AT: Domestic terrorism is a greater threat 32

Afghanistan key to US foreign policy credibility 33

Withdrawal causes SCO cooperation 34

Withdrawal causes SCO cooperation 36

Withdrawal causes SCO cooperation 37



***Disad answers 38

***Disad answers 38

AT: Withdraw disad 39

AT: Withdraw disad 40

AT: Withdraw disad 41

Plan popular in Congress 42

NATO withdrawal now 43

Iran prolif advantage / addon 44

US spends 7 billion a month on Afghanistan 45

US-Russian nuclear war outweighs India-Pakistan nuclear war 46

Al Qaeda nuclear terror threat high 47

***Counterplan answers 47

***Counterplan answers 47

AT: Silk Road CP 48

AT: Regional Cooperation Counterplan (this is also neg vs. SCO advantage) 49

AT: Regional Cooperation Counterplan (this is also neg vs. SCO advantage) 50

AT: Regional Cooperation Counterplan (this is also neg vs. SCO advantage) 51

AT: Regional Cooperation Counterplan (this is also neg vs. SCO advantage) 52

AT: Regional Cooperation Counterplan (this is also neg vs. SCO advantage) 53

AT: Taliban Negotiations 54

AT: Bilateral Defense CP---Commitment 55

AT: Condition on the Taliban Not Housing Al Qaeda 56

***Counterplans 56

***Counterplans 56

Bilateral Defense CP---Population Protection Key 57

Bilateral Defense CP---ANA Solves Nationalism 58

AT: Illiteracy 59

CP Solves – Liberia proves 60

Economic development counterplan solvency 61

Withdraw to Northern Afghanistan CP (works with partition CP solvency / plan mechanism) 62

Withdraw to Northern Afghanistan CP (works with partition CP solvency / plan mechanism) 63

Withdraw to Northern Afghanistan CP (works with partition CP solvency / plan mechanism) 64

Aid Pakistan COIN CP 65

Aid Pakistan Counterplan 66

Iran cooperation counterplan 67

Iran cooperation counterplan 68



***AT: Wikileaks reports 68

***AT: Wikileaks reports 68

No Impact to Wikileaks 69

No Impact to Wikileaks 70



***Hegemony advantage answers 71

***Hegemony advantage answers 71

Overstretch answers 72

Overstretch answers 73

Overstretch answers 74

***Terrorism advantage answers 74

***Terrorism advantage answers 74

AT: Terrorism advantage 75

AT: Terrorism advantage 76

XT – Al Qaeda is dead 77

XT – Prefer Sageman evidence 78



***COIN good / Winning now 78

***COIN good / Winning now 78

Winning the war 79

Winning the war 80

2009 COIN Strategy Good 81

COIN Wins Hearts and Minds 82

AT: Nationalism means COIN will fail 83

No Taliban Support 84

Afghanistan is Not Vietnam 85

Iraq Applies to Afghanistan 86



***Counterterrorism fails 86

***Counterterrorism fails 86

Counterterrorism Bad 87

***Iran advantage answers 87

***Iran advantage answers 87

Plan => Iran Emboldenment 88

Plan => Iran Emboldenment 89

Plan => Iran Emboldenment 90

AT: Iran Cooperation / relations 91

AT: Iran Cooperation / relations 92

AT: Iran Cooperation / relations 93

Sanctions alt cause 94

Sanctions alt cause 95

AT: Iran/Middle East Stability 96

AT: Drug Trafficking 97

AT: China Scenario 98

AT: Caspian Oil Interests 99



***SCO advantage answers 99

***SCO advantage answers 99

AT Russia-NATO Conflict 100

AT: Russia-NATO conflict 101

AT: Russia-NATO conflict 102

No Arctic Energy Wars 103

No Arctic Energy Wars 104

SCO Bad 105

SCO Bad 106



***1ac – hegemony advantage rework



1ac – plan

The United States federal government should substantially reduce military presence assigned to the counterinsurgency mission in Afghanistan.




1ac – Hegemony



Advantage I: Hegemony
The war in Afghanistan will collapse American primacy – 2 internal links:
First – credibility. Obama announced a July 2011 withdrawal date, but it is based on the conditional success of the counterinsurgency mission. This deadline is perceived as unconditional withdrawal and has created global confusion

Rogin, 10 - staff writer for Foreign Policy, Prior to that, Josh covered defense and foreign policy for Congressional Quarterly. Josh has also worked at the House International Relations Committee, and the Brookings Institution (Josh, “Petraeus: Withdrawal timeline does not mean "switching off the lights",” The Cable, 6/29, http://thecable.foreignpolicy.com/posts/2010/06/29/petraeus_withdrawal_timeline_does_not_mean_switching_off_the_lights)
When General David Petraeus testifies today on Capitol Hill, his main job will be to carefully define the timeline for the beginning of America's exit from Afghanistan, a timeline that has stakeholders in Washington and throughout the region confused and concerned.

"As the President has stated, July 2011 is the point at which we will begin a transition phase in which the Afghan government will take more and more responsibility for its own security," Petraeus wrote in his advanced questions submitted to the Senate Armed Services Committee and obtained by The Cable. "As the President has also indicated, July 2011 is not a date when we will be rapidly withdrawing our forces and -switching off the lights and closing the door behind us."



His job will also be to defend President Obama's decision to set a public date for the beginning of the withdrawal in the first place, by arguing that having a time line in the public discussion helps pressure the Afghans to move faster toward being able to govern and secure their country on their own.

"I believe there was value in sending a message of urgency -- July 2011... But it is important that July 2011 be seen for what it is:  the date when a process begins, in which the reduction of US forces must be based on the conditions at the time, and not a date when the U.S. heads for the exits," he wrote to the committee. He stressed that multiple times that the pace of the drawdown would be "conditions based."

But even in his own writing to the committee, Petraeus acknowledged that the enemy, the Taliban and other insurgents in Afghanistan, are waiting out the coalition and biding their time until foreign forces decide to leave.

"Insurgent leaders view their tactical and operational losses in 2010 as inevitable and acceptable.  The Taliban believe they can outlast the Coalition's will to fight and believe this strategy will be effective despite short-term losses.  The Taliban also believe they can sustain momentum and maintain operational capacity," he wrote.

One of the main enablers of any U.S. exit is the development of the Afghan National Security Forces, which has not gone at the pace the coalition had hoped. Petraeus wrote that he would review the situation of the ANSF within four months of assuming command, if confirmed.

As of the latest review, only 5 out of 19 Afghan National Army brigades can function without a majority of their functions supported by the U.S., according to Petraeus, and only 2 out of 7 major headquarters can function properly without significant coalition support. As of June 27, there are 7,261 ANA troops in the city of Kandahar and 6,794 Afghan soldiers in Helmand province, Petraeus wrote.

He also said that a comprehensive plan to reintegrate some Taliban fighters is under final review with President Hamid Karzai and "offers the potential to reduce violence and provide realistic avenues to assimilate Pashtun insurgents back into Afghanistan society."

Petraeus promised to take a look at the rules of engagement that U.S. soldiers in Afghanistan feel are tying their hands in the fight, but he didn't say whether he was leaning toward changing them or not.

Meanwhile, confusion over the president's timeline persists both in Washington and abroad as interested parties try to interpret the July 2011 date in a way that serves their own political interests.

 House Speaker Nancy Pelosi, D-CA, said Monday that there would be "a serious drawdown" next summer, seemingly getting ahead of the administration in an effort to appease the liberal wing of her caucus, which is threatening to not support more funding for the war.

Two of the committee members Petraeus will face today, Sens. John McCain, R-AZ, and Lindsey Graham, R-SC, held a press conference Thursday to announce their opposition to setting any public date, no matter what the caveats.

Foreign leaders are especially confused, particularly the Afghan and Pakistani governments, who see a difference between public promises of drawdowns and private assurances from the administration that the July 2011 date would not precipitate large scale troop reductions.

One high level diplomatic source said that Pakistani and Afghan leaders believe that they were told by National Security Advisor Jim Jones that there was not going to be a big withdrawal and the there would be "no reduction in commitment" in July 2011.

But regardless of whether the administration sent mixed messages, the nuance of their time line policy has been misunderstood or ignored in the region, as various actors start to plan strategies with the expectation that U.S. troops are leaving.

"In retrospect, despite all the caveats, it was a mistake to put such a date certain for the beginning of withdrawal," said Shuja Nawaz, director of the South Asia Center at the Atlantic Council. "The word beginning was lost and it strengthens the ability of different interests to hedge, which is exactly what they've been doing."





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