Ap art history non-western art t. Fleming



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AP ART HISTORY NON-WESTERN ART T. FLEMING

Art “beyond European Artistic Traditions” comprises roughly 20% of your exam and includes:

  • Africa

  • The Americas

  • Ancient Near East

  • China

  • Egypt

  • India

  • Islamic art

  • Japan

  • The Pacific


Hints:

  • Expect to see the ANE, Egypt, and Islamic art in the short essay questions as well as a few multiple choice questions

  • You must use an example from art beyond the European tradition in one of the 30-minute essays; read the questions carefully!

  • Remember the proper cultural/religious context.

This packet will cover Africa, the Americas, China, India, Japan, and the Pacific; the ANE, Egypt, and Islamic art are not included as we have covered them already in class.


INDIA

Key points

  • Major religions: Buddhism, Islam, and Hinduism

  • Manuscript painting

Major Works:

  • Buddhism

    • Great Stupa (15-3)

    • Seated Buddha preaching first sermon (15-5)

  • Islam

    • Taj Mahal (15-13)

  • Hinduism


CHINA

Key points:

  • Daoism and Confucianism

  • Calligraphy most respected art form

  • Architecture reflects family/social position

  • Themes: Man contemplating nature and monumentality

  • Monumental

Major Works:

  • Travelers among Mountains and Streams (16-8)

  • Dwelling in the Qinghian Mountains (16-15)

  • Army of the First Emperor of Qin (16-2)

  • Vairocana Buddha (16-5)

  • Foguang Si Pagoda (16-9)


JAPAN

Key points:

  • Zen Buddhism and Shintoism

  • Tea ceremony

  • Materials and structure in harmony with nature

  • Ukiyo-e prints and influence upon modern art in Europe

Major Works:

  • Hokusai, The Great Wave off Kanagawa (17-14)

  • Harunobu, Evening Bell at the Clock (17-13)

  • Phoenix Hall (17-5)

  • Golden Hall (17-2)



THE AMERICAS

Key points:

  • Materials: wood, adobe, stone

Major Works:

Culture Work Key Idea


  • Olmec Colossal Head (18-1) gigantism
  • Maya Teotihuacan (18-2) pyramid form and grid plan


  • Maya Bonampak ruler (18-5) narrative in art

  • Toltec Colossal (18-8) totems/atlantids

  • Inca Macchu Picchu (18-15) city planning


THE PACIFIC

Key Points:

  • Woodcarvings (with the exception of stone figures at Easter Island)

  • Tattooing

  • Intricate linear design


AFRICA

Key points:

  • spirit world, ancestors; masks created for ceremonies (portable and geometric)

  • materials: wood, ivory, and metals

  • Mud-brick better suited to climate; stone architecture is rare

Major Works:

  • Nok head statuary (19-1)

  • Benin ivory belt mask of Queen Mother

  • Dogon Couple (19-7)—attention to gender roles and conventional figures

  • Baule figures (19-8)—attention to the “idealized naturalism”




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