Audio compression format Creator



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General Information about Audio Compression Formats - creator/company, license/price etc. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Comparison_of_audio_coding_formats

Audio compression format

Creator

First public release date

Latest stable version

Encoder cost

Player cost

Proprietary implementations (codecs)

Open-source implementations (codecs)

Application (besides consumer audio)

Music reproduction (consumer audio)

Telephony app

Lossless audio compression

Patent

DRM

AAC

ISO/IEC MPEG Audio Committee

1997

ISO/IEC 14496-3

Non-free[1]

Non-free[1]

FAAC (encoding only), Nero Digital Audio, Apple CoreAudio (via QuickTime, iTunes or afconvert[2])

FAAD2 (decoding only), FFmpeg, Audiocogs[3] (decoding only), Fraunhofer FDK AAC

Digital TV service, Internet streaming

Yes

AAC-LD/AAC-ELD

MPEG-4 SLS

Non-free Yes

Non-free FairPlay (.m4p only, discontinued)

AC-3

Dolby Laboratories

1992

ATSC A52:2012

Non-free

Non-free

DVD players, digital television

FFmpeg, liba52 (decoding only), Aften (encoding only), libavc (2.0 channels max)

Theatrical movie presentation, Digital TV service & home-video (personal recorders, DVD, etc.)

No

No

No

Non-free Yes

?

ALAC

Apple Inc.

2004-04-28

QuickTime 7.6

Free

Free

QuickTime, iTunes, RealPlayer

MacOSforge, FFmpeg, Audiocogs[4] (decoding only)

-

Music archival

Yes

Yes

Free

Possible, but never implemented

ALS

ISO/IEC MPEG Audio Committee

2005

ISO/IEC 14496-3

Free

Free

mp4als

FFmpeg (decoding only)

-

-

No

Yes

Non-free Yes

?

AMBE

Digital Voice Systems

 ?

 ?

Non-free

Non-free

 ?

mbelib

Low bandwidth HF/VHF digital radio, VoIP trunking

No

No

No

Non-free Yes

 ?

AMR

3GPP

1999-06-22

ETSI TS 126 071 V9.0.0 (2009)

Non-free[5][6]

Non-free[5][6]

QuickTime, RealPlayer

FFmpeg (decoding only), FFmpeg with OpenCORE libraries,[7] Android[8]

voice recording

No

Yes

No

Non-free Yes

No

AMR-WB
(G.722.2)


3GPP

2001-04-10

ETSI TS 126 190 V8.0.0 (2009-01)

Non-free

Non-free

QuickTime, RealPlayer

FFmpeg (decoding only),[7] FFmpeg with VisualOn libraries, Android (decoding only),[8] opencore-amr for both encoding and decoding

voice recording

No

Yes

No

Non-free Yes

No

AMR-WB+

3GPP

2004-06-14

ETSI TS 126 290 V8.0.0 (2009-01)

Non-free[9][10]

Non-free[9][10]

 ?

 ?

voice recording

Yes

Yes

No

Non-free Yes

No

apt-X

APTX

1989

2007

Non-free

Non-free

Broadcast audio codecs: Systembase, APT, AVT, Harris Corporation, MAYAH, Prodys, Qbit; wireless headphones: iSkin, JayBird Gear, DTS discs for movies

?

Low latency Studio/transmitter link, Bluetooth A2DP stereo, digital wireless microphone

Yes

Yes

No

Non-free Yes

No

ATRAC

Sony Corp.

1991

ATRAC3plus

Non-free

Non-free

MiniDisc, Walkman, VAIO, Clie, PlayStation 3, PlayStation Portable, SDDS, SonicStage, SoundForge, RealPlayer, ConnectPlayer

FFmpeg (decoding only, ATRAC Advanced Lossless are not supported)

voice recording, theatrical movie presentation

-

No

Yes

Non-free Yes

Non-free Yes

BroadVoice (BV16, BV32)

Broadcom

2009-08-19

1.2

Free

Free

 ?

 ?

Speech, VoIP, Low latency, voice recording

No

Yes

No

Free

No

CELT

Xiph.Org Foundation, Jean-Marc Valin

2007-12-08

0.11.1

Free

Free




libcelt, FFmpeg with libcelt library (decoding only)

Speech, VoIP, Low latency, Studio/transmitter link, wireless audio

Yes

Yes

No

No

No

Codec2

David Rowe

2010

Developmental

Free

Free




c2enc, c2dec

Low bandwidth HF/VHF digital radio, VoIP trunking

No

Yes

No

No

No

Enhanced AC-3

Dolby Laboratories

?

ATSC A52:2012

Non-free

Non-free

Digital television

FFmpeg

Theatrical movie presentation, digital TV service & home-video (personal recorders, DVD, etc.)

No

No

No

Non-free Yes

?

FLAC

Xiph.Org Foundation, Josh Coalson

2001-07-20

1.3.1

Free

Free




FLAC,[11] Flake[12] (encoding only), FFmpeg, FLACCL[13] (encoding only), Audiocogs[14] (decoding only)

-

Yes

Yes

Yes

No

No




G.711

ITU-T

1972 (ITU-T standard 1988

G.711 Appendix II (02/00)

Free

Free

Various proprietary VoIP software

FFmpeg, Ekiga, Asterisk (PBX) and almost any VoIP software

voice recording

No

Yes

No

No

No

G.722

ITU-T

1988-11




Free

Free

Various proprietary VoIP software

Asterisk (PBX), QuteCom, FFmpeg

voice recording

No

Yes

No

No

No

G.722.1

ITU-T

1999-09

G.722.1 (05/05)

Free[15][16]

Free[15][16]

Various proprietary VoIP software

FreeSWITCH,[17] PJSIP, etc

voice recording

No

Yes

No

Non-free Yes

No

G.722.2
(AMR-WB)


ITU-T (adopted directly from 3GPP)

2002-01

G.722.2 (07/03)

Non-free

Non-free

QuickTime, RealPlayer

FFmpeg (decoding only),[7] FFmpeg with VisualOn libraries, Android (decoding only)[8]

voice recording, audio

No

No

No

Non-free Yes

No

G.723.1

ITU-T

1996-03

G.723.1 (05/06)

Non-free

Non-free

Various proprietary VoIP software

FFmpeg

voice recording

No

Yes

No

Non-free Yes

No

G.726

ITU-T

1990-12




Free

Free

Various proprietary VoIP software

FFmpeg, Ekiga and other VoIP software

voice recording

No

Yes

No

No

No

G.728

ITU-T

1992-09




Non-free

Non-free

Various proprietary VoIP software




voice recording

No

Yes

No

Non-free Yes

No




G.729

ITU-T

1996-03

G.729 (01/07)

Non-free

Non-free

Various proprietary VoIP software

FFmpeg (decoding only)

voice recording

No

Yes

No

Non-free Yes

No

GSM-FR

ETSI Special Mobile Group

1990-1994 (ETS 300 580-2)

ETSI EN 300 961 V8.1.1 (2000–11)

Free

Free




FFmpeg (decoding only), FFmpeg with external library libgsm, Ekiga and other VoIP software

voice recording

No

Yes

No

 ?

No

iLBC

Global IP Solutions

2002

RFC 3951

Free

Free

Cisco IP Communicator,[18] old versions of Skype[19]

Ekiga, Asterisk (PBX) and other VoIP software, FFmpeg with libilbc library

voice recording

No

Yes

No

Free[20]

No

iSAC

Global IP Solutions

 ?




Free

Free

Yahoo! Messenger

WebRTC

voice recording

No

Yes

No

Non-free Yes[21]

 ?

Monkey's Audio

Matthew T. Ashland

2000

4.12

Free

Free

Monkey's Audio

FFmpeg (decoding only)

-

Music Archival

No

Yes

No

No

MP2 (MPEG-1, 2 Audio Layer II)

ISO/IEC MPEG Audio Committee

1993

ISO/IEC 11172-3, ISO/IEC 13818-3

Free[22]

Free[22]

various DVD software, video software, audio software

TooLAME (encoding only), TwoLAME (encoding only), FFmpeg

DAB, DVB, DVD

Yes

No

No

Free[23]

 ?

MP3

ISO/IEC MPEG Audio Committee

1993

ISO/IEC 11172-3, ISO/IEC 13818-3

Non-free (See notes)

Non-free (See notes)

FhG, l3enc, MP3enc, (old implementations: Xing TOMPG, SCMPX)

LAME (encoding only), FFmpeg (decoding only), libmad (decoding only), Audiocogs[24] (decoding only), (old implementations: BladeEnc)

-

Yes

No

No

Non-free Yes
(but see notes)

Non-free Yes (optional, rarely used)

Musepack

Frank Klemm/MDT

1997

1.30 (2009-04-02)

Free

Free




Musepack,[25] FFmpeg (decoding only)

-

Yes

No

No

No

No

Nellymoser Asao

Nellymoser Inc.

2002

 ?

Non-free

Non-free

Adobe Flash, Flash Player

FFmpeg

voice recording

No

No

No

Non-free Yes

 ?

Opus

IETF

2012-09-11

RFC 6716 (libopus 1.1)

Free

Free




libopus, FFmpeg

Speech, VoIP, Low latency, Studio/transmitter link, wireless audio

Yes

Yes

No

Free[26]

No

SBC

Bluetooth SIG

2003

A2DP 1.3 (2012-07-24)

Free for Bluetooth

Free for Bluetooth

A2DP

BlueZ

Bluetooth audio

Yes

Yes

No

Non-free Yes

No

Shorten

Tony Robinson

1993-03-30

3.6.1

Free

Free

Shorten

FFmpeg (decoding only)

-

-

No

Yes

No (with commercial use restriction) [27][28]

No

SILK

Skype Limited

2009-01-07




Free

Free

Skype

SILK Speech Codec

voice recording

No

No

No

Non-free Yes

?

Siren 7

PictureTel Corp. (now Polycom Inc.)

1999




?[15][16]

?[15][16]

Microsoft Office Communicator

FreeSWITCH (libg722_1,[29] aMSN (libsiren - part of libmsn)[30][31]

voice recording

No

Yes

No

Non-free Yes

?

Speex

Xiph.Org , Jean-Marc Valin

2003-03-24

1.1.12

Free

Free

Adobe Flash Player 10

Speex,[32] FFmpeg with libspeex library

voice recording

No

Yes

No

No

No

SVOPC

Skype Limited

2007




?

?

Skype




voice recording

No

Yes

No

Non-free Yes

?

True Audio (TTA)

TAU Software

1999

2.2

Free

Free




TTA,[33] FFmpeg (decoding only)

-

-

Yes

Yes

No

No




TwinVQ

Nippon Telegraph and Telephone

1996 (?)




Non-free

Non-free

Winamp with VQF plugin, NTT TwinVQ player/encoder, Yamaha SoundVQ player, Nero Media Player

FFmpeg (decoding only)[34]

speech

Yes

No

No

Non-free Yes

?

Vorbis (Ogg)

Xiph.Org Foundation

2000-05-11

1.3.5

Free

Free




libvorbis,[35] aoTuV,[36] FFmpeg

-

Yes

No

No

No

No

WavPack

Conifer Software

1998

4.70.1

Free

Free




WavPack,[37] FFmpeg (decoding only)

-

-

Yes

Yes

No

No

Windows Media Audio

Microsoft

1999

11.0

Free Windows Media Encoder[38]

Free for licensees of the Windows operating system [39]

Windows Media Player, Windows Media Encoder

FFmpeg (decoding only for Pro, Lossless and Voice)

internet streaming

Yes

No

Yes

Non-free Yes

Non-free[40]


Multimedia compression and container formats

Video Compression

ISO/IEC


MJPEG Motion JPEG 2000 MPEG-1 MPEG-2

Part 2 MPEG-4

Part 2/ASP Part 10/AVC MPEG-H

Part 2/HEVC


ITU-T

H.120 H.261 H.262 H.263 H.264 H.265


Others

Apple Video AVS Bink CineForm Cinepak Daala Dirac DV DVI FFV1 Huffyuv Indeo Microsoft Video 1 MSU Lossless Lagarith OMS Video Pixlet ProRes 422 ProRes 4444 QuickTime Animation Graphics RealVideo RTVideo SheerVideo Smacker Sorenson Video, Spark Theora VC-1 VC-2 VC-3 VP3 VP6 VP7 VP8 VP9 WMV XEB YULS


Audio Compression

ISO/IEC


MPEG-1 Layer III (MP3) MPEG-1 Layer II

Multichannel MPEG-1 Layer I AAC

HE-AAC AAC-LD MPEG Surround MPEG-4 ALS MPEG-4 SLS MPEG-4 DST MPEG-4 HVXC MPEG-4 CELP MPEG-D USAC MPEG-H 3D Audio
ITU-T

G.711 G.718 G.719 G.722 G.722.1 G.722.2 G.723 G.723.1 G.726 G.728 G.729 G.729.1


Others

ACELP AC-3 AMR AMR-WB AMR-WB+ ALAC Asao ATRAC CELT Codec2 DRA DTS EVRC EVRC-B FLAC GSM-HR GSM-FR GSM-EFR iLBC iSAC Monkey's Audio TTA

True Audio MT9 A-law µ-law Musepack OptimFROG Opus OSQ QCELP RCELP RealAudio RTAudio SD2 SHN SILK Siren SMV Speex SVOPC TwinVQ VMR-WB Vorbis VSELP WavPack WMA
Image Compression

IEC, ISO, ITU-T

CCITT Group 4 JPEG JPEG 2000 JPEG XR Lossless JPEG JBIG JBIG2 PNG TIFF/EP TIFF/IT HEVC
Others

APNG DjVu EXR GIF ICER MNG PGF QTVR TIFF WBMP WebP


Containers

ISO/IEC


MPEG-PS MPEG-TS ISO base media file format MPEG-4 Part 14 (MP4) Motion JPEG 2000 MPEG-21 Part 9 MPEG media transport
ITU-T

H.222.0 T.802


Others

3GP and 3G2 AMV ASF AIFF AVI AU BPG Bink

Smacker BMP DivX Media Format EVO Flash Video GXF IFF M2TS Matroska

WebM MXF Ogg QuickTime File Format RatDVD RealMedia RIFF



WAV MOD and TOD VOB, IFO and BUP

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