Cape Lookout National Seashore Historic Resource Study By


Repositories and Collections Consulted



Download 1.58 Mb.
Page24/32
Date18.10.2016
Size1.58 Mb.
1   ...   20   21   22   23   24   25   26   27   ...   32

Repositories and Collections Consulted

Archival and print research methodology has changed greatly, and for the better, in recent years as the result of the digitization of vast troves of historical records: primary documents, photographs and maps, serials, newspapers, and published books. We have made extensive use of those resources, as well as of non-digitized materials. Repositories and databases consulted for this study have included:


African-American Newspapers: The Nineteenth Century [online digital resource]: Cultural life and history during the 1800s. First-hand reports of major events and issues.
America’s Historical Newspapers [online digital resource]: Early American Newspaper Series, 1690-1900
America History and Life: Digitized index for North American history consisting of journal articles, books, book chapters, dissertations and book reviews. Full-text searchable.
Cape Lookout National Seashore archives: Print and computerized records
H-Atlantic: International online discussion list for scholars who study British North America and the United States, Europe, West Africa, the Caribbean, and South America in a transatlantic context. Component unit of Humanities and Social Sciences Online (H-Net), housed at the Center for Humane Arts, Letters, and Social Sciences Online, Michigan State University.
JSTOR: Online digital full-text scholarly journals in a variety of fields
LexisNexis Congressional: [online digital resource] Index and abstracts for congressional committee documents, prints, reports and published hearings, legislative histories, bill texts
Library of the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill:

Davis Library: Print, archival and microform resources

North Carolina Collection: Published, microform, and photographic materials on all aspects of North Carolina history

Documenting the American South (http://docsouth.unc.edu/): Online digital resource including print, maps, images, and photographic materials. Also includes the digitized version of the Colonial and State Records of North Carolina, a vast compendium of primary documents.


Making of America (Cornell University Library)

Digital library of primary sources in American social history from the antebellum period through reconstruction. Especially rich in nineteenth century periodicals.


National Park Service Denver Service Center (ETIC)

Extensive digital collection of CALO maps, reports, planning documents, and drawings.


National Park Service Southeast Regional Office

Digitized photographic materials supplied by Tommy Jones


New York Times Historical Newspaper

Full-text and full-image newspaper articles covering the entire publishing history of the newspaper, from 1851 to 2001


North Carolina State Historic Preservation Office

Extensive holdings on all aspects of historic preservation, including National Register nominations


Outer Banks History Center, Manteo NC: regional archives and research library administered by the North Carolina State Archives.
ProQuest: Full text online database of Ph.D. dissertations

Appendices

Appendix A: Historic Base Maps


Cape Lookout National Seashore


Cape Lookout Bight




Appendix B
Coastal County and State Election Results
Elections of 1896-1908




Appendix C: Calendar of Hurricanes




Date (year, month,day [if known])

Name

CAT

Max. Wind

Main impact points on Outer Banks and coastal areas

Property damage (N. C.)

N.C. Deaths

1750 08

"Great Storm"







Cut several new inlets







1761










New inlet near Bald Head Island







1769










devastated New Bern







1803










New Bern area







1804 09 07-08










NE course from GA to MD; unknown NC impact







1806 0906










Wrecked large number of ships at Okracoke Inlet







1813 08 27-28










Hit Charleston; robably passed over inland NC







1815 09 03-04










New Bern and Elizabeth City







1820 09 10-11










Turned to sea near Cape Hatteras; gales, heavy rains







1821 09 02-03










New Bern, Morehead City







1825 06 03-04










New Bern, Okracoke

20 vessels ashore at Okracoke, coastal plantations inundaded, crops and livestock




1827 08 24-25













broke Diamond Shoals lightship from anchors at Hatteras, driven aground at Portsmouth; widespread damage




1830 08 15-17










Wilmington, New Bern

All vessels blown from moorings in New Bern; many damaged at Wilmington




1837 08 18-20










Wilmington

bridges washed out; high tides




1837 10 09

"Racer's Storm"







Ocracoke, Core Banks, Bodie Island

Steamer Home (90 deaths), Cumberland, Enterprise




1839

gale







Washed away sheep and cattle, some houses, at Portsmouth (Olson 1982, 63)







1839 08 28-30










Cape Hatteras, Elizabeth City, Washington

bridges




1842 07 12-15










severe damage from Portsmouth northward

Perhaps one of the most destructive ever; many ships believed lost; many drownings; houses wrecked/washed away; livestock




1842 08 24










Okracoke, Hatteras

three ships (Kilgore, Pioneer, Congres) lost; eight drowned




1846 09 07-08










opened Hatteras (7th) and Oregon (8th) inlets

Mary Anna lost off Hatteras




1853 09 07










passed off Cape Hatteras

unnamed brig lost on 7th




1856 09 4-5










Wilmington, Wrightsville Beach, Wrightsville

severely reduced width of Wrightsville Beach and swept off all oaks




1857 09 9-12










Cape Hatteras, Wilmington, coast generally

several ships; high tides at New Bern




1861 11 01-?










Cape Hatteras

75-vessel Union fleet scattered, two ships lost, 7 drowned




1874 09 28







75

Wilmington, Cape Hatteras

houses, buildings in Wilmington; high water; Spanish ship Arrina




1876 09 17







73

Wilmington, Cape Hatteras, Wrightsville

British ship Excelsior; New River miliatry camp; unprecedented high water




1877 10 3-4










Albemarle Sound

swept away all bridges, wharves




1878 09 12







75

Cape Lookout







1878 10 23










Wilmington, Morehead City, Cape Lookout

steamer City of Houston lost off Frying Pan Shoals; many others lost/damages




1879 08 18




4

168

Morehead City, Beaufort, Diamond City

Atlantic and Ocean View hotels destroyed; all wharves washed away; heavy destruction at Diamond City

40+

1881 09 09







90+

Wrightsville, Wilmington

buildings, trees; vessels driven ashore; most severed since 1822, 1838




1882 09 21-23










Cape Lookout, Wilmington

Wilmington and Weldon Railroad damage




1883 09 11




3

100+

Wilmington, Hatteras

vessels wrecked, driven ashoe

53

1885 08 25







ca. 125

Wilmington, Morehead City, Hatteras







1887 08 20







82

Hatteras, Pamlico Sound, Kitty Hawk

vessels lost




1887 10 31







70

Kitty Hawk

telegraph poles down




1899 08 16

"San Ciriaco"

4

140

Diamond City

wiped out Diamond City; Shackleford Banks residents left

20-25

1889 09 9-12










Nags Head







1899 10 30-31







72

Wriightsville Beach, Wilmington, Kitty Hawk




1

1893 08 27-29

"Great"




72

Wilmington, Kitty Hawk

several vessels lost at sea, washed on shore at Wilmington




1904 11 13




3

68

Hatteras

destroyed LS station at New Inlet, drowning four men; several schooners wrecked




1908 07 30




1

58

Beaufort, Morehead City, New Bern

heavy flooding




1913 09 02-03




1

74

Core Banks, Pamlico Sound, Portsmouth, Washington, New Bern

railroad bridges at Washington, New Bern, Methodist and Primitive Baptist churches at Portsmouth; $3 million

5;

1933 09 15-16




3

125

Beaufort, Pamlico Sound, Core Banks, New Bern, Portsmouth

$3 million; washed over Core Banks; opened Drum Inlet; almost all Cedar Island homes destroyed; flooded Portsmouth, destroyed houses

21

1936 09 18




2

80

Hatteras







1944 08 01




1

80

Oak Island, Wilmington, Carolina Beach, Wrightsville Beach; Brunswick, New Hanover, Pender, Onslow counties

major crop damage; $2 milliion




1944 09 14

"Great Atlantic"

3

110

Portsmouth, Avon, Nags Head, Elizabeth City

Portsmouth devastated; most residents left; catastrophic flooding at Avon; two Coast Guard cutters capsized; $1.5 million

1

1953 08 13

Barbara

1

90

Morehead City, Okracoke, Nags Head

$1 million crop damage

1

1954 08 30

Carol

2

90+

Cape Hatteras

crops; $250,000




1954 10 15

Hazel

4

150

SC line to Cape Fear, Cape Lookout

dunes, practically all buildings, trees; record rainfall; $100 million

19

1955 08 12

Connie

3

<80

Southport to Nags Head

flooding




1955 08 17

Diane

2

74

Wilmington

beach erosion, flooding; farmlands




1955 09 19

Ione

3

107

Salter Path

unprecedented rain; major damage to dunes, Cape Lookout to Drum Inlet; Drum Inlet choked by sand; $88 million

7

1958 09 27

Helene

3

85

Wilmington to Hatteras; Pamlico Sound

beach erosion; crops; $11 million




1960 09 11

Donna

3

100+

Wilmington to Nags Head

$25 million

8

1968 10 19-20

Gladys

1

90

Wilmington, Cape Lookout







1971 09 30 to 10 01

Ginger

1

92

Pamlico Sound; Cape Hatteras

high water levels, rainfall; crops; $10 million




1984

Diana

3

115

counties south of Carteret

$85 million

3

1985 09 26-27

Gloria

3

100+

Wilmington, New Bern

$8 million

1

1989 09 21-22

Hugo

3

100

Brunswick County

beach houses; beach erosion; dunes; costliest ever to hit U.S. mainland; $1 billion ($70 million in N.C.

1

1991 08 18-19

Bob

3

98

Cape Hatteras

$4 million

1

1993 08 30-31

Emily

3

111

Pamlico Sound, Hatteras Island

homes; $35 million

0

1996 07 12

Bertha

2

115

Wrightsville Beach, Topsail Island, Belhaven, Washington, New Bern

storm surge; 5,000 homes damaged; $270 million

2

1996 09 05

Fran

3

120

Brunswick to Carteret counties; Wrightsville Beach, Emerald Isle, Topsail Beach

storm surge; beach erosion; river flooding; $2 billion

21

1999 08

Dennis

trop. Strom

110




$100 million

0

1999 09

Floyd

2

110




$6 billion

52





















































































Barnes, North Carolina's Hurricane History, Hudgins, Tropical Cyclones Affecting North Carolina Since1586, 8-59


Download 1.58 Mb.

Share with your friends:
1   ...   20   21   22   23   24   25   26   27   ...   32




The database is protected by copyright ©ininet.org 2020
send message

    Main page