Cdac : Centre for Development of Advanced Parallel Computing



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We all live in a great world. Many great events happened in the history of world on Earth. If you are the important dates and years of great history calendar then you are aware with your past. If don’t then go through the post, will lead you some of the important historical dates and years. The below table describes the details from the B.C., A.D. to current decade.

B.C




776

First Olympiad in Greece

753

Rome founded

490

Battle of Marathon; the Greeks defeated the Iranians/ Persians.

327-26

Invasion of India by Alexander, Battle of Hydaspes.

221

Chin-Hung Ti ‘Universal Emperor’ in China, Great Wall of China Completed.

55

Invasion of Britain by Julius Caesar, the Great Roman General.

44

Assassination of Julius Caesar by Brutus.

4

Birth of Jesus Christ.







A. D.




29

Crucifixion of Jesus Christ.

43

Roman conquest of Britain.

570

Birth of Prophet Muhammad at Mecca.

622

Migration of Muhammad from Mecca to Medina (Hijira), Beginning of Hijira Era (Mohammedan calendar) on July 15.

800

Charlemagne Crowned Roman Emperor at St. Peter’s

871

Accession of Alfred the Great to the throne of Britain.

901

Death of King Alfred the Great .

1066

Battle of Hastings; Norman invasion of England. William the Conqueror, Duke of Normandy, defeated the England king Harold II at Hastings.

1215

Magna Carta of the Great Charter signed by king john II at Runnymede in England on June 15.

1280

Gunpowder invented by Roger Bacon.

1338

The Hundred Years War broke out; it lasted up to 1453.

1431

Joan of Arc, a brave French peasant girl, Obtained victory over the England at Orleans. She was burnt alive at the stakes.

1443

the Black Death i.e., plague broke out in England.

1453

the Capture of Constantinople (the home of classical learning) by the Ottoman Turks compelled the Greek scholars to flee to Italy and other West European countries, where they spread the knowledge of Greek philosophy and literature. This was the beginning of Renaissance in Europe.

1486

Bartholomew Diaz rounded the Cape of Good Hope.

1492

Columbus Sailed on his first expedition to the West Indies which




Later led to the discovery of America (the New World).

1498

Vasco Da Gama, a Portuguese, discovered the Seat-route to India via the Cape of Good Hope.

1517

Beginning of Reformation.

1529-36

Reformation in England under Henry VIII.

1564

Birth of Shakespeare.

1571

Battle of Lepanto; Turks defeated by the Christian League.

1577

Drake, the famous England admiral , started his voyage round the World for the first time and plundered Spanish ships and ports in South America.

1588

Admiral Drake defeated the Spanish ’Armada’ England became the ‘Mistress of the Seas’

1600

Establishment of the British East India Company in India (31st Dec)

1605

Gunpowder plot in England to Blow up the England Parliament.

1616

Shakespeare passes away.

1649

Trial and execution of Charles I, beginning of Commonwealth.

1649-60

The Commonwealth and the protectorate in England.

1660

Restoration of Monarchy in England.

1665

The Great plague in London.

1679

Habeas Corpus Act.

1688

The Glorious of Bloodless Revolution in England. Despotic rule of the Stuarts ended, and the Parliamentary rule began .Establishment of parliamentary supremacy and abolition of the Divine Rights of Kings.

1704

Battle of Blenheim; Marlborough and Eugene inflicted a crushing defeat on the French army.

1707

Union of England and Scotland.

1763

Treaty of Paris; It ended the Seven Years’ War (1756-63 ); weakened France, made England a great colonial power.

1776

Declaration of American Independence and formation of federal Republic of 13 states called the United States of America (July 4).

1783

Treaty of Versailles; England recognized the the independence of the United States of America.

1789

George Washington elected First President of USA. Beginning of French Revolution: Fall of the Bastille Fort (July 14)

1798

Battle of Trafalgar; death of Nelson.




Battle of Austerliz- Napolean Bonaparte routed a combined army of the Russians and the Austrians.

1815

Battle of Waterloo – Napolean was defeated and exiled to st. Helena.




Congress of Vienna, it aimed at rearranging the map of Europe; The Vienna settlement proved unsatisfactory, because it disregarded national claims.

1821

Death of Napolean at St. Helena (May 5).

1827

Battle of Navatino; the Allied fleets of England, Russia and France destroyed the Turkish fleet; This victory practically secured the independence of Greece.

1832

Reforms Bill padded ; French captured Antwerp.

1833

Emancipation of penny Postage system in England by Sir Rowland




Hill; Aden annexed by England.

1854

The Crimean War began; Russia attacked Turkey; England and France came to the rescue of Turkey.

1861

American Civil War started. Abraham Lincon elected 16 th president of USA.

1863

Slavery abolished in America.

1869

Suez Canal opened for traffic.

1885

General Golden captured and slain at Khartoum.

1899

Beginning of the Boar War.

1904

Outbreak of the Russo-Japanese War.

1905

Battle of the sea of Japan; Japan inflicted a crushing naval defect on Russia; a wave of nationalism spread in Asia.

1911

Chinese Republican Revolution; Amundsen reached south pole (Dec.14).

1914

Outbreak of World War I (Aug.4).

1916

Battle of Jutland (Naval Battle). The British Grand Fleet under Admiral Jellico defeated the German fleet under Admiral Scheer.

1917

March /Feb. Revolution in Russia :the Czar abdicated and later assassinated; reformist Mensheviks came into power (Prince Luou, Kerensky).




Nov./ Oct. Revolution in Russia ; Revolutionary Bolsheviks came into power (Lenin).

1918

End of World War I (Nov.11).

1919

The Paris Conference; the Treaty of Versailles.

1920

Foundation of the League of Nation (Jan. 10).

1921

The Irish Free State established with the status of dominion like Canada (Dec .6).

1923

Turkish Republic proclaimed with kemal Ataturk as its First Presidents.

1924

Lenin died, and power passed into the hands of Stalin in Russia .

1925

Treaty of Locarno (Between Great Britain, France, Germany, Italy and Belgium).

1928

Kellogg Pact (signed in Paris by the principal powers of the world for the prevention of war; it had no effect).

1933

Hitler became the Chancellor of Germany.

1935

War between Italy and Abyssinia (Ethiopia); Italy annexed Abyssinia (Ethiopia); Plebiscite in Saar.

1939

Germany invaded Poland : Outbreak of World War II (sep. 1).

1940

Fall of France after German invasion (June 5); Italy entered World War II (June 11).

1941

Hitler invades Russia (June 22); Framing of the Atlantic Charter (Aug. 14); Japan attacked pearl harbour (Hawaii Island ) (Dec.7);




USA entered World War II (Dec.8); China entered World War II




(Dec.10)Air raids by Japan on Rangoon (Dec.22).

1942

Capture of Singapore by Japanese forces (Feb.15); Battle of Coral Sea Japanese fleet suffered heavy losses at the hands of the American fleet (May 3); Battle of Stalingrad (Sep.19).

1943

Defect of Germany at Stalingrad (Feb .8); Battle if the Bismarck Sea, American defeated Japan in a naval battle (March .4); Invasion Of Italy by the Allies, Armistice between Italy & the Allies (Sep.3).

1944

Allied forces landed in Normandy under the supreme command of General lke (Eisenhower); (D-Day) (June.6); Liberation of Paris (Aug.25).

1945

Execution of Mussolini (Apr.22); Unconditional surrender of Germany to the Allies (May 7); USA dropped atom bomb on Hiroshima & Nagasaki of Japan (Aug,6& Aug.9); Unconditional surrender of Japan (Aug.14); World War II Ended (Aug.14); Foundation of UNO (Oct.24).

Now here in this post will go through the list of important rivers of India. We will get awareness of the details of rivers that what is name of Indian rivers, what is origin from, where it falls into and what is the length of river. Let start:

Name

Origin from

Falls into

Length (km)

Ganges

Combined Sources

Bay of Benal

2525

Satluj

Mansarovar Rakas Lakes

Chenab

1050

Indus

Near Mansarovar lake

Arabian Sea

2880

Ravi

Kullu Hills near Rohtang Pass

Chenab

720

Beas

Near Rohtang Pass

Satluj

470

Jhelum

Verinag in Kashmir

Chenab

725

Yamuna

Yamunotri

Ganga

1375

Chambal

M. P.

Yamuna

1050

Ghagra

Matsatung Glacier

Ganga

1080

Kosi

Near Gosain Dham Peak

Ganga

730

Betwa

Vindhyanchal

Yamuna

480

Son

Amarkantak

Ganga

780

Brahmaputra

Near Mansarovar Lake.

Bay of Bengal

2900

Narmada

Amarkantak

Gulf of Khambat

1057

Tapti

Betul Distt. in M. P.

Gulf of Khambat

724

Mahanadi

Raipur Distt. in Chhatisgarh

Bay of Bengal

858

Luni

Aravallis

Rann of Kuchchh

450

Ghaggar

Himalayas

Near Fatehabad

494

Sabarmati

Aravallis

Gulf of Khambat

416

Krishna

Western Ghats

Bay of Bengal

1327

Godavari

Nasik distt. in Maharashtra

Bay of Bengal

1465

Cauvery

Brahmair Range of Western Ghats

Bay of Bengal

805

Tungabhadra

Western Ghats

Krishna river

640


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