Chapter 13 Exercises



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Chapter 13
Exercises:

1. English deletion and assimilation. In some registers of English speech, the following pronunciations may be heard. (Assume the transcriptions are correct, whether or not it matches your own speech.)

There are two alternations: a process of consonant deletion and a process of nasal assimilation. Note the cases both where the rules do apply and where they don't.

a. State (in English) the generalization that governs consonant deletion.

b. State (in English) the generalization that governs nasal assimilation.

c. Rewrite rule 13a using SPE formalism.

d. Rewrite 13b using both SPE and autosegmental formalism.

e. Give a derivation for [græmmʌðɚ] (see example (7) in the text)



f. Must your two rules apply in order? Give evidence for your answer by showing correct and/or incorrect derivations (see example (8) in the text).

in pairs

ɪmpeɹz

on Monday

ɔmmʌnde

inbound

ɪmbaʊnd

on time

ɔnthaɪm

in class

ɪŋklæs

sunglasses

sʌŋglæsɨz

come together

khʌmthəgɛðɚ

sing parts

sɪŋphaɹts

walked by

wɔkbaɪ

stopped by

stɑpbaɪ

kept moving

khɛpmuvɪŋ

helped pack

hɛlpphæk

held back

hɛlbæk

hugged me

hʌgmi

best buy

bɛsbaɪ

think postive

θɪŋkphɑzɪtɪv

false pride

fɔlspɹaɪd

clamp down

klæmpdaʊn

held together

hɛldthəgɛðɚ

bold call

boldkhal

risk management

rɪskmænɪdʒmɪnt

best friend

bɛstfrɛnd

grandmother

græmmʌðɚ

stand pat

stæmphæt

send money

sɛmmʌni

can’t be

khæmbe

count money

kaʊmmʌni

went by

wɛmbaɪ

2. Examine the following data from Korean (Gleason, 1955, Workbook in Descriptive Linguistics). The sounds [s], [S], and [z] are in complementary distribution and form one phoneme. Choose one alternant as basic, and write rules to derive each of the other two. Write your rules both in SPE and Autosegmental formalism. Which works better?




satan

division

sæk

color



new

sosʌl

novel

su

number

sul

wine

susul

operation




ʃeke

world

ʃekum

taxes

ʃesuʃil

washroom

ʃihap

game

ʃiktaŋ

dining room

ʃilsu

mistake

ʃinpu

bride




ʧaŋza

business

inza

greetings

inzseʧa

publisher

paŋzʌk

cushion

umzikʧʌm

restaurant

jʌŋzuʧuŋ

receipt

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