Chapter 5 Language Review in Groups Questions to Discuss



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Chapter 5 Language Review – in Groups – Questions to Discuss

  1. A collection of languages related through a common ancestral language that existed long before recorded history is? Language family

  2. A collection of languages within a branch that share a common origin in the relatively recent past is? Language group

  3. A collection of languages related through a common ancestral language that existed several thousand years ago is? Language branch

  4. There are how many Indo-European Branches? Eight

  5. Name the 8 branches of the Indo-European Language Family: Indo-I, Romance, Germanic, Balto-Slavic, Albanian, Armenian, Greek, Celtic

  6. What are the two language groups under the Germanic Branch? North and West

  7. What are the 2 main languages of Latin America? Spanish and Portuguese

  8. The Kurgans came from what hearth? Russia

  9. Who came up with the Sedentary Farmer Theory – name? Colin Renfrew

  10. What is another name for Anatolia? Turkey

  11. Who came up with the Nomadic Warrior Theory for Indo-European? Marija Gimbutas

  12. Where were the Sedentary Farmers from? Turkey

  13. What was the secret weapon of the Kurgans? horse

  14. Were the Kurgans farmers or warriors? Warriors

  15. What Branch does English come from? Germanic

  16. What Family does English come from? Indo-European

  17. What group does English come from? West Germanic

  18. Language is part of Culture. Which part of culture? Values

  19. A system of written communication is what? Literary tradition

  20. The language used by the government for laws, reports, and public objects, such as road signs, money, and stamps is called what? Official

  21. How is language like luggage? People carry it with them when they move from place to place

  22. What two factors threaten the existence of language? Globalization and domination of English

  23. Two geographical processes result when a language like Spanish is spread by explorers to new lands like Latin American. What 2 processes are they? Isolation and relocation

  24. How do English and American English differ? Pronunciation, spelling, vocabulary

  25. How many countries speak English in 2015? 57

  26. Name 5 countries Great Britain conquered and as a result, they speak English today. Australia, USA, Canada, South Africa, India, New Zealand, Caribbean Islands

  27. The first people that invaded Great Britain (Ireland, Scotland, England) found the ancient Celtic people. What were the names of the FIRST 3 invaders? Angles, Jutes, Saxons

  28. What were the next two peoples that invaded Great Britain? Normans and Vikings

  29. Definition: is well known because it is commonly used by politicians, broadcasters, and actors in England. BRP British Received Pronunciation

  30. In a language with multiple dialects, one dialect is recognized as the __________ language. Fill in the blank. Standard

  31. What is this definition? Is a regional variation of language distinguished by distinctive vocabulary, spelling, and pronunciation. Dialect

  32. Where did the Normans come from (what modern European country)? France

  33. Where did the Vikings come from? (3 countries) Norway, Sweden, Denmark

  34. A word usage boundary is called __________________________. Isogloss

  35. What are the three dialects in the USA’s Eastern area? Northern, Midlands, Southern

  36. What 3 branches of the Indo-European refer to a specific country? Armenian, Albanian, Greek

  37. What is the official language of India? English

  38. Name the 5 groups under North Germanic group (part of Germanic Branch). Danish, Faeroese, Icelandic, Norwegian Swedish

  39. Name the 4 groups under West Germanic. English, Frisian, German, Dutch/Netherlandish

  40. Next to the English language, which language has the most speakers in India? Hindi

  41. In the Western Group of Indo-Iranian language branch, what are 3 languages? Farsi, Pashto, Kurdish

  42. What are the most spoken West Slavic languages? Polish, Czech, and Slovak

  43. What are the 3 major languages of East Slavic group of the Balto-Slavic Language Group? Russian, Ukrainian, Belarusan

  44. The mother language that all Romance Branch languages come from is? Latin

  45. Name the four most widely used contemporary Romance languages in 2015? Spanish, Portuguese, French, and Italian

  46. How was the original Latin language spread by? Roman soldiers

  47. The Latin that people in the provinces learned was not the standard literary form but a spoken form know as ______- Latin – introduced by the soldiers stationed throughout the Empire.

  48. What happened as the result of the Treaty of Tordesillas? Portugal got Eastern Hemisphere and Spain got Western Hemisphere

  49. How did this treaty affect Portugal in regard to South America? Only colonized BRAZIL but huge

  50. How did this treaty affect Spain in regard to South America? Got all the other countries

  51. This is a definition for what? A language that results from the mixing of the colonizer’s language with the indigenous language of the people.

  52. Colin Renfrew argues that Indo-European diffused into Europe and South Asia along with _________ practices rather than by _______ conquest. Farming/agriculture and military

  53. Next to the Indo-European Language Family, what is the second largest Language Family? Sino-Tibetan

  54. Is Japanese a separate language family or is it a part of the Sino-Tibetan Family? Separate language

  55. __________ is by a wide margin the most used language in the world. Mandarin

  56. Chinese languages are based on 420 _______ words. One syllable

  57. The Chinese languages method of writing is using _________, which represent ideas or concepts, not specific pronunciations. ideograms

  58. More than 95% of the people in sub-Saharan Africa speak languages of the NIGER-CONGO family. One of these languages is called _________. Swahili

  59. A language that is unrelated to any other languages and therefore not attached to any language family. What is this a definition of? Isolated language

  60. Give two examples of isolated languages. Basque and Icelandic

  61. Give one example of an extinct language. Cornish or Goth

  62. What are the 2 languages of Belgium? Walloon and Flemish

  63. What are the 4 languages of Switzerland? French, German, Italian, and Romansch

  64. Give an example of a revived language. HEBREW

  65. When cultural traits emerge as two distinct parent traits it is called _______. Syncretism

  66. Is Walloon French or Dutch? FRENCH

  67. Is Flemish French or Dutch? Dutch

  68. Chp. 5 Language – Key Issue #1 READING QUIZ – 10 Points


1) English is the most important language in North America primarily because of

A) the diffusion of English colonies.

B) the Norman conquest.

C) the global dominance of the United States.

D) official government policy.

E) prohibitions against foreign languages.

2) A literary tradition is

A) a form of a language used for official government business.

B) a form of a language spoken in a particular area.

C) a collection of languages related to each other.



D) the written form of a language.

E) the variety of dialects in a language.



3) Germanic invaders of England included which tribe?

A) Angles B) Saxons C) Jutes D) Normans E) A, B, and C



4) Dialects developed within England primarily because

A) different Germanic invaders settled in different regions.

B) the Normans invaded from the south.

C) the Viking invaders did not remain long in England.

D) British Received Pronunciation became the standard dialect.

E) commerce developed more slowly in England than on the European continent.

5) A form of a language spoken in a local area is a

A) dialect. B) language branch. C) language family. D) language group.

E) language root.



6. British and American English differ in all but which of the following?

A) alphabet B) pronunciation C) spelling D) vocabulary

7. Immigrants to which American colonies had the most diverse backgrounds?

A) Middle Atlantic B) New England C) Northern D) Southeastern

8. An isogloss is:

A) a form of a language spoken in a local area. B) a collection of unique words



C) a boundary between language regions D) a blending of two language families

9) The first speakers of the language that evolved into English were tribes that lived in present-day

A) France.



B) Denmark.

C) United States.

D) Italy.

E) Switzerland.



10) The geographic study of the distribution of languages provides a good example of

A) the interplay between globalization and local diversity.

B) the diffusion of folk culture in different areas of the world.

C) the role and spread of religion across much of the world.

D) political conflicts that arise due to ethnic tensions


Chapter 5 Language - Key Issue #4 RQ Name______________________Period__ 14 pts

1) Celtic languages

A) were threatened by extinction in England.

B) are still spoken by people in France.

C) have been revived in some parts of the British Isles.

D) have an extensive body of literature.

E) all of the above

2 The survival of any language relies on

A) rapid migration into other areas.



B) the political and military strength of its speakers.

C) the spread of its speakers' material culture.

D) the homogenization of its dialects.

3) According to Colin Renfrew's Anatolian hearth theory, Indo-European languages diffused across Europe

A) entirely by sea.

B) by way of the Kurgan homeland.

C) by warriors on horseback.



D) with the diffusion of agriculture.

E) following the silk road.



4) English is part of which language group?

A) Germanic

B) North Germanic

C) West Germanic

D) Indo-European

E) Semitic

5) Hebrew is an example of

A) an isolated language.

B) an extinct language.

C) a revived language.

D) a language family.

E) an Altaic language.

6) The Flemings and Walloons live in what country?

A) Belgium

B) France

C) South Africa

D) Switzerland

E) Liechtenstein

7) A pidgin language

A) has no native speakers.

B) is spread by popular culture.

C) stems from folk culture.

D) all of the above

E) none of the above

8) A lingua franca is

A) an English word that has entered the French language.



B) a language that is mutually understood by people who have different native languages.

C) an extinct language that has been revived.

D) an official language in a region of the world different from where the language originated.

E) a language used by French colonial administrations.



9) Which statement best describes the use of English on the Internet?

A) English has become less dominant but is still the leading Internet language.

B) Different Internets exist for most other widely spoken languages, like Chinese, Japanese, and Russian.

C) The number of English-speaking Internet users continues to be above 50%.

D) English has become more dominant as the most common language on the Internet.



10) Australia and New Zealand's language policies differ today in that Australia

A) regards English as a way to promote cultural diversity while New Zealand gives greater support to other languages.

B) was settled by English colonists but the original colonial language of New Zealand was French.

C) recognizes Maori as an official Aboriginal language whereas New Zealand does not.

D) requires immigrants to take a dictation test whereas the New Zealand test is written.



11) Which is not a language under the West Germanic Language Group?

A) Dutch


B) Norwegian

C) English

D) Afrikaans

12) Which is not a Language Family?

A) Niger-Congo

B) Indo-European

C) Korean



D) Indo-Iranian

E) Sino-Tibetan



13) Which Language Family does Mandarin come from?

A) Sino-Tibetan

B) Korean

C) Niger-Congo

D) Japanese



E) Dravidian

14) The 2nd Largest Language Family is? SINO-TIBETAN

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