Affirming Identity, Language, and Culture Chp 4
Chapter Issue: To what extent can people respond to globalizing forces that affect identity? How do People Affirm and Promote their Language in a Globalizing World?
Language is vital in regard to cultural identity- people have always expressed traditions, values, world views, and culture through language
“Even when they are unwritten, languages are the most powerful tools we have to conserve our past knowledge, transmitting it, ever and anon, to the next generation. Any human language binds together a human community, by giving it a network of communication; but also dramatizes (the community), providing the means to tell, and to remember, its stories.” – Nicholas Ostler (language expert)
Advocates of globalization believe increased communication and interdependence will bring greater understanding among the peoples of the world
Others believe that though globalization provides opportunities, it threatens cultural diversity- proof= growing number of endangered languages
Number of languages spoken in the world declines every year
In Canada- Cultural content laws to protect artists, performers, songs, movies, and literature
Since 1968, the Canadian Radio-television and Telecommunications Commission (CRTC) has enforced quotas for Canadian content on radio and TV- goal is to protect and preserve Canada’s cultural identity by ensuring that Canadians see and hear Canadian voices
30% of music on radio and 60% of TV programming must be Canadian
80% of what Canadian watch on TV, outside of the news, comes from the U.S.
In Québec, Québec cinema act of 1988 requires filmmakers to create and produce their films in Québec
Many other countries have also passed laws and regulations about media content to help protect their cultural identities
How do International Organizations Affirm and Promote Languages and Cultures in a Globalizing World?
Various international organizations try to affirm, protect, and promote cultures, identities, and languages, in response to the effects of globalization
UNESCO, which includes 191 member states, is one of the largest international org. promoting cultural diversity
In 2001, UNESCO adopted the Universal Declaration on Cultural Diversity
The International Network for Cultural Diversity
How do you promote and protect masterpieces of intangible heritage: the carnivals, songs, stories, theatre pieces, teachings, and celebrations
By 2006, more than 50 countries have agreed to protect intangible treasures through a UNESCO program called Masterpieces of the Oral and Intangible Heritage of Humanity
8th Francophone Summit, Moncton, N.B.-Sept. 1999- major goal was to respond to the needs of Francophone young people