Chief Patron Shri Avinash Dikshit Commissioner Patron



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Example 2
Shantinekatan Vidyalaya
Shivaji Nagar
Pune.
3rd june. 2014

The Sales manager

RD & Sons

Natun Bazar

Pune.

Subject: Asking for the rates of uniform.



Sir/Madam,
I am writing to ask for some information about the rates of uniform. Our Vidyalaya is interested in cotton pattern and the colours as advertised in your brochure and I would appreciate it if you could send us further information about prices and shades of colours.

Could you tell us how many patterns are available and how much does it cost per pair? I would also like to know whether the mode of transaction is realised at the earliest, as the session has already started.


We are looking forward to your early reply.
Thank you
Yours faithfully,
Hari Dutt
(Principal)
Official Letter of Complaint

Example-1
Last week a fifty year old man died of cardiac arrest while taking a ride on a Swing in an amusement park. Write a letter to the Mayor in connection with this, putting forward suggestions of some safety measures which must be observed before issuing tickets.

Hanuman Nagar

Kankarbag

Patna -16

17 August, 2014

The mayor

Municipal Corporation
Patna-1
Sir
Subject- safety measures in amusement parks
Through this letter I want to bring to your kind notice that amusement parks are mushrooming in different corners of the city. They are drawing big crowds. Children have special fascination for them. Unfortunately, no adequate safety measures are undertaken by the owners before issuing tickets. This is resulting in frequent accidents.
Last week, a fifty year old man died of cardiac arrest while taking a ride in one swing in an amusement park in Lohianagar. Similarly a ten year old child was seriously injured when he fell down during a swing-ride. These mishaps speak of negligence and indifferent attitude of the owners of these parks towards precautionary and safety measures. I suggest some measures which can definitely help in preventing such avoidable mishaps, such park should not allow children below 10 years and old people to ride such swings which increase stress level and abnormal heart beat. Those who do not know how to swing should not be allowed to go near pools. Let amusement parks entertain people and not put their lives at stake.
Yours faithfully
D. Silva

Letter to the Editor
- Purpose
- To express and share one’s observation and views in a public forum, namely, magazine or newspaper

-

To share such information on a wide range of social issues.


- that should still be a formal letter, but because it is for the public, it should show your opinion clearly or tell people something interesting or new. It can be direct and feel quite personal – you can use I, we and you.
- it consists of four paragraphs.
Clear introduction of the topic and the writer’s opinion.
Main point with reasons.
Further point to support main one, with reasons and / or examples.
Repeats the writer’s opinion and offers a challenge.

Format: A LETTER TO THE EDITOR

Sender’s_______22, Rock Garden


Chandigarh
Date ________31/08/2014
(Receiver’s) The Editor
The Times of India

Chandigarh


Subject-----------------
Dear Sir/Madam,
Through the esteemed columns of your daily, I would like to draw your kind attention to the unfortunate fact that …………………………………………… ……… ………… …………… ……………--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Body of the letter
Explain the issue (5 to 6 lines)

ii) Suggestions to overcome the issue

(4 to 5 points)
We hope the responsible citizen of this nation come forward to take the initiatives and the concerned authorities will rise from their stereo type and take immediate remedial measures to deal with the situation.
Yours Faithfully
XYZ

Solved Examples:


Example 1:

You have noticed many stray animals on the road during the busy hours of the day. These animals cause traffic jams as well as accidents. You have already written to the concerned authorities but no action has been taken so far. Write a letter to the editor of a leading newspaper telling him about the nuisance created by the stray animals.


129/B hakim
Siliguri
West Bengal

21 August 2014


The Editor
The Times of India
Kolkata
Sir
Subject- nuisance caused by stray animals
Through the columns of your esteemed newspaper, I want to draw the attention of the general public and the higher authorities towards the suffering of the residents and pedestrians of hill cart road, siliguri. Due to the nuisance caused by the stray animals, one can easily become a prey for accidents. One can notice stray animals on the road even during the peak hours of the day. The stray animals have become a great problem for the drivers as well as for the young children. They cause frequent traffic jams and accidents. Sometimes rows of stray cows block the road causing great miseries.
We have already written to the concerned authorities but of no avail. Even a delegation of residents met the deputy commissioner on last Sunday but the outcome was not fruitful. We hope the concerned authorities will take immediate remedial measures to deal with this nuisance.

Yours faithfully


Alokpriyadarshi

Questions for Practice


1.There is no bus – stop within the radius of 2km. From your locality, causing a lot of inconvenience to the residents. Write a letter to the editor of The Telegraph drawing attention of government to this problem of the residents.
2. You are Jolly of Class XII . You are interested in pursuing a course in visual communication. You have

seen an advertisement issued by National Institute of Communication, Mumbai, offering courses in Media

and Communication .Write a letter to the Director seeking information about their courses, free

structure, placement opportunities etc.

3..Write a letter to the director asking for detailed information on the course, duration, fees, assignments, local contacts programmes. Request for a prospectus and enclose a self –addressed envelope.

4. John has employed the services of Decent Packers, 1424, Ramanujam Street Chennai to pack and transport your household goods and car to Borivali, Mumbai. Lodge a complaint with the manager of the company.


Hints:-the goods did not reach in time –the car reached with rear door damage-the electronics equipment’s too damage-claim compensation for the damage.

5.You had borrowed some books from your school library. Unfortunately you had to go away to visit a sick relative and could not return the book in time. And now you find that you cannot even locate them. Write a letter to the library in charge. Explain what has happened and propose what you can do in this regard.


.

5. You are the Manager of Fitness Club of Gandhi Road, Ernakulam. Write a letter to Messrs. Pioneer

Sports Co, Kochi, placing an order for a minimum of 4 fitness equipments with details.
6. You are Rama/Raman, a member of Parent-Teacher Association of Little Valley Senior Secondary

School, Shillong. Write a letter to the Principal of the school asking him to introduce vocational stream in

the school providing facility of teaching such subjects as computers, insurance etc. so that the students

may not needlessly continue academic studies.


7. Write a letter to the Corporation authorities of South Chennai to complain about the general

unsustainable growth of building activities in Ranchii with poor parking and other civic amenities

to support it. Urge them to plan with a long-term view.
8. The photocopier of your office which was purchased recently has a problem with the toner settings. It

is still in the guarantee period. As Purchase Manager of Talent Search, 15th Cross, J.P. Nagar, Ambala

write to the manufacturer seeking replacement of the defective part.
9. Write a letter to the librarian of the District Library in your town asking for details regarding

membership. Also ask about the timings and rules and regulations of the library.


10. You are Apoorva/Asha, Industrial colony, Ambattur, Chennai. You came across an advertisement for

the post of Senior Executive, Accounts in Solace Medical Equipments, Chennai unit. Write a letter to the

advertiser applying for the job. Also give your detailed resume.

Job Applications
FORMAT : JOB APPLICATION

Enclosure: 1. Resume

Photo copies of relevant documents

Format for writing Bio-Data/Curriculum Vitae/Resume:





PERSONAL RESUME


Name :
Address :
Contact Number :
E-mail ID :
Date of Birth :
Academic Qualification :
Experience :
Hobbies and Interests :
Special Achievements :
References :

Solved Examples


Example 1:



22 M G Road

Natun Bazar

Nagaon
20th April 2014

The CEC
Human Resource Deptt.

Guwahati


Subject : Applying for the post of Production Manager.
Dear Sir,

I am writing to apply for the post of production manager advertised in the Assam Tribune of 18th April please find enclosed a copy of my CV.

I have been working on the documentary production Deptt. of Assam Govt. since my graduation from National School of Drama, Delhi. I have become particularly interested in creative / innovative Documentary on burning issues and now wish to nurture my worldview with Non-Govt organization.

I would welcome the chance to work as part of a socially aware dynamic group where I could make a noteworthy contribution while nourishing my creativity yet further. I would be happy to show you a portfolio of my work.

I am available for interview next week and look forward to hearing from you.

Yours faithfully

Sameer Bora

SAMEER BORA

Enc. CV

CV (CURRICULUM VITAE)


NAME SAMEER BORA
ADDRESS 22 MG ROAD, NATUN BAZAR NAGAON

TELEPHONE 03276187910


EMAIL Sameer@gmail.com
Nationality INDIAN
DATE OF BIRTH 10 JAN 1985

Profile A highly motivated, well-travelled and creative graduate with practical production experience in a govt. Deptt.


EDUCATION

2008-2011 NATIONAL SCHOOL OF DRAMA DELHI

BA in Creative Production

2006-2008 Kendriya Vidyalaya, Nagaon


Employment 2011 Present Docu. Production Deptt. Assam Govt.

Skills Computer literate; except in animation; good at creative writing clean driving License.

Interests Tennis, Photography & Travel

Reference available on request.






Job Applcation

Solved example

You are Apporva/Ashima, A-22, Industrial Colony, Delhi. Read the advertisement given below and write a letter to the advertiser, applying for the job. Also give your detailed resume, which you send along with your letter of application for the job.

Solace Medical Equipments requires for its Chennai unit

Senior Executive Accounts

Qualification-M.com

Experience-minimum 5 years

Competency- Knowledge in accounting function and related commercial activities

salary commensurate with qualification and experience.

Apply to- solace Equipments, 10, Sector-4,Gurgaon – 15.


A-22 Industrial Colony

Delhi

20 March 3014



The General Manager

Solace Medical Equipments

10,sector-4

Gurgaon -15

Sub- Application for Sr.Executive Accounts.

Sir,


This is in a response to your advertisement in The Times of India, dated 15.03.2014. I am an applicant for the job of Sr.Executive Accounts in your prestigious company . I am a dynamic young man of 26 with a pleasing personality. I have requisite qualifications and experience with specialization in accounting function and related commercial activities. If given a chance, I shall prove an asset to your great organisation.

My Bio-data is enclosed herewith for perusal and favourable consideration.

Yours faithfully

Apporva Sharma

Bio-data

Name ; Apporva Sharma


Fathers Name ; Sh.Raj Sharma
Date of birth ;10 September, 1980
Sex ; Male
Marital status ;Unmarried
Permanent address ;A-22,Industrial Colony, Delhi
Correspondence address ;Do
Educational qualification ;XII from CBSE in 1997 with 93%marks

B.com from SRCC in 2000 Delhi with 85% marks

M.com from SRCC in 2002 from Delhi with

80% marks

Competency ;(i) Knowledge in Accounting function and Related

Commercial Activities

(ii) Basic Computers Literacy
Experience ;5 years as Executive Accountant in Osram

Industries, Okhala, New Delhi


Salary expected ; Negotiable
Presently working ;As Executive Accountant in Osram

Industries, Okhala, New Delhi


Languages known ;English and Hindi
Reference ;1.Sh.M.L. Jain

Vice President, Osram

Industries, Okhala, New Delhi

2.Dr.P.L. Sharma

M.D., Rainbow Industries,

Okhala, New Delhi




.
Para -1 explain which job you are applying for and how/where you heard about it


Para -2 briefly describe your most relevant qualification and / experience
Para -3 explain why you want the job and why you think you would be good at it
Para -4 say how you can be contacted and/ when you are available for interview.

Letter to the school or college authorities

For making enquiry
Solved Examples:

Example 1

You have passed the AISSCE-2012 of CBSE. You desire to pursue your graduation in “creative writing”, write a letter seeking details about admission criteria to central Institute of Foreign and English language Hyderabad. You are Aman/ Anita of Chandigarh.
28/B Block
Rock Garden Street
Chandigarh
20th August 2014
The Principal

Central Institute of Foreign & Eng. Language

Hyderabad
Subject: Seeking information about the course.

Sir/Madam,


This is in response to your advertisement in the Hindu dated 10th August 2014, I would like to seek the information regarding course ‘creative writing’ and its admission criteria offered by your institute.
I have passed the AISSCE-2014 with Grade ‘A’ and I am interested to pursue any graduation in ‘Creative writing’ from your knowledge hub. I would appreciate it if you could send me a brochure and details of admission criteria.
I would be grateful if you could let me love the following details:
Date of its commencement
Duration and timings

Board facilities


Cost of course and hostel accommodation.
Could you tell me what would be opportunities offered after the completion of course?
I shall be grateful if you could respond at the earliest.
Yours truly

Aman/ Anita Singh




GRAMMAR SECTION

Type - 1


EDITING SOLVED EXERCISE

Q The following passage has not been edited. There is one error in each line. Write the incorrect word and the correction in your answer sheet as given below against the correct blank number. Remember to underline the word that you have supplied.

Incorrect Correction


  1. Coral reefs is one of the most sensitive ecosystems of all. (a) is are

A large number of reef all over the world are on the brink of (b) reef reefs

Extinction. The major factors for the destruction of coral reefs (c) factors factor

Is global warming due to increased carbon dioxide on the (d) on in

atmosphere. Studies has shown that even one degree C rise above (e) has have

normal temperature can result from large-scale destruction. (f) from a

Beside this, water pollution, destructive fishing practices, tourism activities (g) beside besides

and collection of rare species also play a important part in destroying corals. (h) a an




  1. At eleven O’clock a family went to bed, and by half-past (a) a the

all the lights are out. Some times after, Mr. Otis was awakened (b) are were

by a curious noise in the corridor, outside her room. It sounded (c) a the

like the clank of metal , and seem to be coming nearer every (d) seem seemed

moment . He get up at once , struck a match, and looked at the time. (e) get got

It was exactly one O’ clock.The strange noise still continue, and with it (f) continue continued

he heard distinctly an sound of footsteps. He put on his slippers, took a (g) an the

small oblong bottles out of his dressing- case ,and opened the door. (h) bottles bottle
UNSOLVED EXERCISE



  1. Mark Twain is also very famous in his day as a (a)………..

Lecturer and the teller of funny stories. He often (b)…………

went to town to give lectures and telling funny stories. (c)………….

One day he were walking down the street of a small (d)………….

Town who he was going to deliver the lecture that (e)…………….

Evening. He met a young man whom told him that he had (f)…………..

An old uncle which never laughed and never smiled. (g)…………..





  1. Character will produce happiness in the people of the country. (a)………….

Growing number of girl in educational institutions would mean (b)…………

educated children and good upbringing. We are at most testing (c)…………

times as building the future is in our shoulders. For this, we have (d)…………

to work very hard and honestly else a country will crumble (e)………….

like a house made for faulty bricks. We are a big country with (f)…………..

varied culture and tradition but we have to live up to it. We have to (g)…………..

work ceaselessly and with determination. Students are a leaders of (h)…………..

tomorrow.



  1. A mother took her child to an hermit. (a)……..

In folded hands she said to the (b)………

hermit, “Swamiji, kind do something (c)……….

about my child. He ate a lot of jaggery”. (d)……….

A hermit spoke to the child, “Dear one, (e)………..

come backwards to me next Monday”. (f)………..

Next Monday where the mother brought (g)…………

back the child, the hermit once again

asked us to come again. (h)………….





  1. A gym was hosting a competition for (a)……….

see what swimmer could hold his (b)………….

breath longer underwater. One after (c)………..

other, the swimmers jumped into the (d)………..

pool. When they can’t resurface, a (e)…………

child watched from a sideline made (f)………….

the note in his science journal, (g)………..

“Human beings are soluble into water.” (h)…………


  1. The main argument of change is (a)………….

that everyone around you accept you (b)…………

as you are – good and bad. It’s a (c)….………..

part of yours personality. It’ll be an (d)…………..

uphill task to rectify faults. The

argument for change is also strongest. (e)…………

Change is radical and none always (f)………..

easy to achieve. Either can it be made (g)…………

without some sort of inconvenient. (h)…………


Type - 2

OMISSION SOLVED EXERCISE

In the passage given below, one word has been omitted in each line. Write the missing word along with the word

that comes before and the word that comes after it. Ensure that the word that forms your answer is underlined.


MISSING WORD


  1. The average life style is undergoing/ rapid change (a) a

and ill-health and mental stress /the results.When (b) are

deaths/ infectious diseases decreased, deaths from (c) from

lifestyle diseases became /killers. When body is (d) the

Subjected to the unnatural invasion /various irritants (e) of

and mind is upset, confused, overtaxed / irritated, (f) and

the body is bound /be in stress. This, in turn is the chief (g) to

cause of most /the health ailments today. (h) of



  1. Behaviorists feel /although one’s style of walking is not (a) that

inherited, one unconsciously emulates /mannerisms of (b) the

one’s parents or/ chosen role model. According to experts, (c) the

It is advisable to hold /upper part of the body erect. (d) the

Balance the body alternately /each hip without undue (e) on

swaying. Keep /head up, shoulders back, chest out and (f) your

stomach /. Walk erect and easily. When you stand, keep (g) in

your feet comfortably together /not far apart. (h) and
UNSOLVED EXERCISE


  1. The initial step in making popcorn balls is popping the popcorn. (a)…………

Cover the bottom of pan with cooking oil. Put the burner on high. (b)………..

Let oil heat up for about two minutes. Then, carefully pour the (c)…………

popcorn onto oil. Cover the pan and let it sit until hear the first kernel (d)…………

pop. Then, with mitts on your hands, shake pan back and forth over heat, (e)…………

making sure of also holding the lid securely or the kernels will fly out. (f)…………

While shaking the pan, move with smooth, short strokes (g)………..




  1. The Shahnai takes name from its creator “Shah”, the “nai” (barber), (a)……….

who improved on instrument after the Emperor Aurangzeb (b)………..

had banned it for unpleasant sound. The other story about (c)…………

its origin was that it was designed by doctor in Iran called (d)………… Haquim Bin Ali Saina, named it after him. Originally, it (e)………..

was played in temples auspicious domestic occasions. (f)………..

It is made of Burma with teak and a brass nozzle fitted at the top. (g)……….

A shahnai player accompanied by two more people- his joridars. (h)……….




  1. T.V. is certainly of the most (a)………..

Influences forces the modern time. (b)………..

Have you ever wondered the (c)…………

technology makes television possible. (d)………..

how your T.V. decode the signal (e)…………

to produce a picture; it something (f)………….

very interesting and you need know (g)…………

It. Shall I tell you about working? (h)…………


  1. Movies a different impact on people (a)………….

Viewers spend three hours the (b)………….

cinema hall and they come out, (c)…………..

their minds often blank. They (d)…………….

don’t even remember they saw, (e)…………….

but movies like `Ladder` a lasting (f)……….....

impact People’s mind. It (g)…………..

forces them think twice. (h)……………


  1. There was a time school was (a)………….

a nightmare me. At that (b)…………

time I wept and clung my (c)………….

mom not willing to to school. (d)…………….

Gradually interest and liking school (e)………………

grew. After I reached age (f)…………….

of twelve so, I felt that (g)…………..

there shouldn’t any holdings. (h)……………
Type - 3

GAP FILLING

SOLVED EXERCISE

The following passage is an extract from an article but some of the words have to be filled in the blanks. Complete the paragraph by writing one suitable word in each blank.


SOLVED EXERCISE

  1. Our tongue (a) is doing a lot of things. The little bumps on it called taste buds can differentiate (b) between salty food like potato chips and sweet food like chocolate or ice cream. The tongue is c) helpful in chewing the food by moving to where our teeth can bite it. (d) If our food is all chewed up, our tongue helps us in pushing it down through the throat to (e) our stomach. And the (f) most interesting thing about this organ of taste, is that it helps in talking.




  1. Originally (a) across the island of Sumatra in South China Sea, Titan Arum (Amophophallus titanium) was discovered in 1878 and (b) their cuttings were shipped to the Kew Gardens in London. The Titan Arum plant (c) grows at the rate of 10 cm a day to a height of about two meters. (d)When in full bloom the flower’s diameter is about 1.1 meter. It flowers very rarely and it first (e) did so in 1889. The giant plant emits a sickening smell and (f) this attracts insects to pollinate it.

UNSOLVED EXERCISE

  1. A man in an upstairs apartment worked in the night shift and continually woke (a)………………… the

occupant in the apartment below by taking (b)………………… his boots and tossing them across the room.

After complaints, he agreed to change his ways. (c)………………… on returning home early morning, he

threw one boot (d)…………… remembering his promise. He gently placed the second shoe

(e)……………………. his bed. Twenty minutes later, his neighbor pounded on the door. “For

God’s sake, “he screamed, (f)…… the door opened, “Throw the other boot so that I can get back to sleep.”


  1. Good manners are (a)……………………. inherited, nor do they come naturally. They (b)…………………………… be learnt and practiced. They are based (c)……………………………………. The concept of consideration for others. They are easy to acquire and there is nothing more profitable. Good manners are necessary complement in (d)…………………………………….. walk of life. Organizations (e)……………………………. employees are very well- mannered enjoy a (f)…………………………………. reputation. It’s no wonder then that most of the multinational companies (g)………………………………. the services of outside agencies to (h)……………………….. their employees in good manners. The morale, productivity, and profits of such a (i)………………………… will be high. And this in turn will attract (j)…………………………………….business.




  1. It is frightening to get stuck in (a)……………………………… storm. A dust storm (b)……………………………………… prove to be quite blinding (c)………………………………….. dangerous. People (d)……………………………. take shelter (e)…………………………….. a safe place. Children (f)………………………………… be told by (g)……………………………………….. parents what they should (h)……………………………………. in such situation.



  1. Expert and social workers opine (a)………………………… landslides are a man-made disaster. Mr. Hanumant Rawat, a social worker at Ukhimath, who experienced for the recurrent landslide recently, (b)……………………… the large-scale felling of trees responsible for the recurrent landslides in the region. “Tree help to retain the (c)………………………….. and therefore prevent the sudden rush of water and soil, as has happened on this occasion. But both the villagers (d)………………………………… the government have consistently encouraged felling of (e)…………………….. which has resulted in total erosion of the top[soil,” he added. (f)……………………….. reason for the increase in landslides was terrace farming. “Villagers, out of greed, (g)……………….. unscientifically changing the pattern of cultivation and (h)…………………………………… tree for terrace farming. This is the reason why landslides often occur in area which has large terrace farms,” said Mr. Dharmesh Kumar, another social worker in the area.

  2. It is fun living near the seaside. One can go to (a)………………………….. beach (b)……………………………… a picnic. Sailing in boats and water surfing (c)……………………. two activities (d) …………………… young people really enjoy. The sunrise (e)…………………… the sunsets make beautiful sights. Those (f) ……………………………… have seen the sunrise say that (g)…………………………. is a heavenly sight and a marvelous experience. Even the sunset (h)………………………… worth watching.

Type – 4

REARRANGING SENTENCES

SOLVED EXERCISE





  1. every student/wants to be/and works hard/successful/to achieve it/in the examination

Every student wants to be successful and work hard to achieve it in the examination.


  1. does not/extremely hard/some work/on them/but lady luck/smile

Some work extremely hard but lady luck does not smile on them.


  1. sometimes/for success/gets an opportunity/and he avails/without delay/a person/of it

Sometimes a person gets an opportunity for success without delay and he avails of it.


  1. and thoughtful arrangement/in any venture/of material/proper planning/are essential ingredients/successful/to be

Proper planning and thoughtful arrangement of material are essential ingredients to

be successful in any venture.






  1. parents/are those/blessed/caring/and/who have/loving

Blessed are those who have loving and caring parents.


  1. flowers/parents/of his/a child’s life/the support/if he has

A child’s life flowers if he has the support of his parents.


  1. to us/provide /are /that/the pillars/strength/parents

Parents are the pillars that provide strength to us.


  1. in life/helps us/overcome/obstacles/their advice/our failures/not only/but also helps/remove

Their advice not only helps us overcome our failures but also helps remove obstacles in life.

UNSOLVED EXERCISE



  1. Rearrange the following to form meaningful sentences.




  1. feared by/ snakes are/in our/worshipped and /many country

  2. of the/are venomous/only/300 out/species/2700 known

  3. which is/yellow liquid/water/snake venom/90% of / is a

  4. expelled/poison gland/that is /it is/from the/substance/the

  5. of think/are/connective/these glands/made/tissues

  6. used/ it/in the/to treat/doctors/12th century/leprosy






  1. the/is/world/wrestling/oldest sports/in /the/one of

  2. of/Europe/ancient/people/cave/wrestling/have been/drawings/in/found

  3. television/amateur wrestling/very different/the/form/is/professional wrestling/on seen/the

  4. sport/not/money/amateur wrestlers/do/wrestle/love/for/they/wrestle/for the/of the

  5. the/Olympics/the top goal/nearly/at/every/of/ is /to compete/amateur wrestler






  1. communications/not matter/were slow/it did/between different/when the/parts of the world

  2. for a/ people feel/our times/the need/but in/common language

  3. to the/put forward/solutions/problem/have been/various

  4. unconnected with/creation of/the first/an artificial language/was the/any existing language

  5. invention of a/natural/based on/the second solution/synthetic language/was the

  6. governments of the/international language/almost unlikely/to an /world will agree that the/it is





  1. synthetic,/world’s scientists/the need/during/severe shortages/or /World War I,/alerted/a number of /the/to/man-made materials/for

  2. headed by/ called nylon/thus/first/by 1934,/synthetic fiber,/a/Wallace H. Carothers/research team/the/ had developed

  3. surprisingly/turned out,/the development/a/profound effect/had/as it/of nylon/on world affairs

  4. fashion/true,/first/use/its/was/in

  5. shree nylon hose/in 1939,/women/the Dupont company/marketing/for/began

  6. hit/nylons/sold off/were/a spectacular/immediately/and/the shelves/almost






  1. of its residents/becomes a /it reflects/a house/the personality/home when

  2. has to look/no rules/how our/there are/as to/ home

  3. thing is/inhabiting them/should enjoy/the important/that we

  4. about/houses are/our lives/personal statements

  5. the confidence/in ourselves/they reflect/we have

  6. we have/will be/the more/individualistic/confidence/the more/our home

Type – 5

SENTENCE TRANFORMATION – I

SOLVED EXERCISE

Complete the dialogues given below


  1. INTERVIEWER: When did you do your graduation and with what subjects?

SURESH : (a) I graduated in 1994, sir, my subjects were economics, accountancy, mathematics

and personal management.

INTERVIEWER: So, (b) have you been working since then?

SURESH : No sir, i started working in 1997, after I’d finished my MBA.

INTERVIEWER: Why do you wish to leave your present job?

SURESH : (c) I am quitting it as I wish to improve my prospects and your company has a reputation

of being very progressive.

INTERVIEWER: (d) Are you aware that you will be transferred periodically?

SURESH : Yes, I know it. Since yours is a multi-national company, it comes as no surprise that the job will

be transferable.

INTERVIEWER: Thank you. That’s all for now.





  1. Man: Don’t hand me over to the police. Was not born a thief but circumstance forced me to become one. I was left an orphan when I was only four years old.

Priest: Will you promise not to steal again?
The man requested the priest (a) not to hand him over to the police. He added that he was not born a thief but circumstances (b) had forced him to become one. He further said that (c) he was left an orphan when he was only four years old. The priest asked him if (d) he would promise not to steal again.
UNSOLVED EXERCISE

Complete the dialogues given below



  1. RK: Congratulation Sk. You have done wonders in the examination.

SK: Thank you.

RK: Tell me (a)………………………………………………………………………………………….. to get 95% marks.

SK: I studied for about 5 hours daily. This is regular work (b)……………………………………………………………………………………. to get a good score.

RK: I would like to know c)……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… .

SK: I am preparing for Medical Entrance Test.

RK: (d)…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. ?

SK: You can have all books. I do not need them.


  1. Mother: Who do you think will win the match?

Daughter: Who is wearing blue?

Mother: India

Daughter: Who are the men in yellow?

Mother: They are the Australians.

Daughter: They will surely win the match.

Mother: Oh! Why do you feel so?

Daughter: There are 11 of them against just two Indians.
The mother asked her daughter who (a)…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… The daughter enquired who the ones in blue were. The mother replied that they were Indians. The girl then wanted (b)……………………………………………………………………………. . When the mother said that they were Australians, the daughter emphatically (c)…………………………………………………………….. . The mother (d) ……………………………………………… the daughter replied that there were eleven of them against just two Indians.


  1. First traveller: Could I look at your paper for a moment? I just want to read the headlines.

Second traveller: I haven’t quite finished with it. Could you wait a moment?

First traveller: I can’t wait long. I am getting down at the next stop.


Two men were travelling on the Metro. The first traveller asked his companion

(a)……………………………………………………………………………….. adding that (b)……………………………………………………………………. . His companion informed him (c) ………………………………………………………………………………………. and requested him (d) ……………………………………………………………………….. . The first traveller informed the second traveller that (e)………………………………………………………………………………….. as (f) ……………………………………………………………………………….




  1. Jain: When is the fancy dress competition in your school?

Manna: It is after two weeks.

Jain: Are you taking part in it?

Manna: Yes, I am taking part as an engine driver.

Jain: Why have you chosen that?

Manna: So that I can reach late.
Jain asked Manna (a)…………………………………………………………………………… Manna replied that (b)………………………………………… . Jain enquired whether (c)………………………………………………………………. . Manna said that (d)………………………………………………………………….. . Jain asked why (e) ……………………………………………………. . She answered that then (f)……………………………………………………………….. .


  1. Tina: Did you visit the book fair on Carmel street ?

Rose: No. Did you?

Tina: Yes (a)………………………………………………………………

Rose: are there (b)……………………………………………………..

Tina: There are books for all age groups.

Rose: Any idea (c)……………………………………………………………

Tina: I’m not sure. But I guess it will go on for a month.

Rose: Then I must (d)………………………………………………………………..
SENTENCE TRANFORMATION – II

SOLVED EXERCISE



  1. Given below are some instructions. Use them to complete the paragraph that describes the process of making a bag. Write the correct answers against the correct blank number.

MAKING A BAG



  1. Take cloth of required size. c) Stitch sides neatly together

  2. Cut the cloth according to desired shape. d) Attach a wide strap on the top.

First of all (a) a cloth of required size is taken. Then it is (b) cut according to desired shape.

After the (c) sides are stitched neatly together,a wide strap (d) is attached on the top.




  1. Read these instructions from a computer operating manual.

How to start

  1. Link up the monitor, Keyboard and printer.

  2. Plug in the main cable.

  3. Switch on the monitor at the back.

  4. When the light appears on the screen, place the Day Disk in Drive A.

  5. Push in the disk until the button click out.

(It takes about 30 seconds for the computer to load the programme.)

  1. Press the Drive button and the disk shoots out.

  2. Replace the Day Disk with the document Disk.

  3. Press function key 7

  4. Start work!

Convert these instructions into the past passive by filling in the blanks.




First, the monitor keyboard and printer were linked up. Then the (a) main cable was plugged in. The monitor at the back was (b) switched on. When the light appeared on the screen, the (c) Day Disk was placed in Drive A. The disk (d) was pushed until the button (e) clicked out. It took computer 30 seconds to load the program me. The Drive button (f) was pressed and the disk shot out. The (g) day Disk was replaced with the Document Disk. Finally, function key 7(h) was pressed.

The word processor was then ready to use.


UNSOLVED EXERCISE



  1. Given below is a set of instructions to be followed by a person suffering from influenza. Use these to complete the paragraph that follows. Write the correct answer against the correct blank number. The first blank is filled for you.

  • Avoid milk and milk products.

  • Make a decoction of about ten mint leaves in a cup of water.

  • Add a teaspoon of honey before drinking it at bed-time.

  • Keep a cut onion by the side of the bed to inhale.

  • Eat salad prepared from radish twice a day.

Milk and milk products are to be avoided. A decoction of about (a)……………………………………………………….in a cup of water. A teaspoon of (b)…………………………………………………………………………….at bedtime. A cut onion (c)…………………………………………………………………………..so that it can be inhaled. A salad prepared (d)………………………………………………………..a day.


  1. Raghu is a reporter with The Herald. He was sent to report a bomb-blast in a shopping complex. Using the information from his notepad, complete the repot. Do not add any new information.


Shopping complex………………..destroyed……………………..bomb…………………………………….7o’clock………………… 80 people burnt alive…………………………two young men……………………..seen speeding off…………………police assured Immediate arrest of culprits.

The citizens of Kantipur were shocked when one of its (a)………………………………………………….. by a (b)…………………………… The place was crowded and about (c)………………………………………………………….. Witnesses say that (d)…………………………………………………………………..on a two wheeler soon after the blast. The police commissioner assured the people that (e)………………………..




  1. Given below is a set of instructions for making custard. Use these to complete the paragraph that follows. Write the correct answer in your answer sheet against the correct blank number. The first blank is filled for you.

  • Pour a liter of milk in a pan and allow to boil.

  • Stir the milk frequently.

  • When milk begins to thicken add 50 grams of sugar.

  • Dissolve a tablespoon of custard powder in half a cup of water and add to the milk, stirring constantly.

  • Allow to simmer for % minutes.

  • Cool the preparation before serving in bowls.

A liter of milk is poured in a pan and (a)………………………………………………………… While it is boiling, the milk

should be stirred frequently. When the milk begins to thicken (b)……………………………………………………………………

to it. A tablespoon of custard powder (c)…………………………………………… the milk,………………………………….to it.

A tablespoon of custard powder(c)……………………………… the milk, stirring constantly.

The custard (d)……………………………… Then it is removed from the fire and allowed to cool before

it (e)………………………………………… in bowls.


  1. Mr. john saw an advertisement for a new course in The Reporter. He notes down the details and later writes a letter to his nephew. Make use of the notes to complete the letter below:


Comprehensive program me—in biotechnology---one year class contact program me—tests and discussions—eligibility—10+2 with science—hostel facility—fore boys and girls—admissions open till 20 July.

Ravipur,


June 15 2009
Dear Sarath,
I saw an advertisement in “the Report” about a new course. I feel it is a good course and would prove beneficial to you. It is a (a)………………………………….. . It provides (b)…………………………… with occasional tests and discussions. The applicants are (e)………………………………….. Hope you will apply immediately.
Yours lovingly,

John



  1. Given below is a set of rules from the school Rule Book. Purnima Seshadri, head girl of Vidya Bhawan , jodhpur , writes a set of instructions for the school noticeboard using these .Write the instructions for Purnima in the passive voice in your answer sheet against the correct blank numbers.

  • Do not bring motorized vehicles to school.

  • Do not park your cycles at the entrance.

  • Return the library books within a week.

  • Do not walk in the front lawns.

  • Senior students should not go to the Primary Wing without permission.

Students are hereby informed that they (a)……………………………………………….. as they do not have valid license

for driving as yet. They are also (b) …………………………………………………. At the front entrance but must go to

the cycle stand. The library books (c)………………………………………………………. Within a week of issue as

other students may also require them. No student (d)……………………………………………………………………………………

to walk about or run in the front lawns. Senior students(e)………………………………………………………. To go to

the Primary Wing without permission.


SENTENCE TRANFORMATION – III
HEADLINE EXPANSION

SOLVED EXERCISE

Use the information in the headlines to complete the news items below. Do not add any information:


  1. SIX PILGRIMS KILLED

Six pilgrims were killed on Delhi – Jaipur highway when a van collided with a truck yesterday.


  1. DEMONSTRATORS CANED

Unruly demonstrators were caned when they set two vehicles ablaze.


  1. STUDENT DEVELOPS AIRPURIFIER

A new air purifier has been developed by a student at IIT Bengaluru.

UNSOLVED EXERCISE



  1. CAR BOMB EXPLODES IN BAGHDAD

A car bomb………………………………… killed two and injured many.

  1. US, POLISH TROOPS DAMAGE BABYLON

The British Museum says……………………………………………………………………………a part of the ancient Iraqi city’s 2’600 year-old brick paved streets with their tanks.

  1. HEAVY RAINS LASH CHENNAI

The heavy rain which……………………………………., threw normal life out of gear.

  1. POWER CRISIS HITS DELHI

Large parts of Central, East, and South Delhi………………………………………………………………………….. for several hours on Tuesday due to low frequency in the northern grid.

  1. THEATRE ACTIVIST BAGS TITLE

The ‘Kalabhushan’ title………………………………………………………………….and scholar Utpal Singh.

  1. Five members of UP gang arrested

…………………………………………………………………………of a gang of criminals from Uttar Pradesh.

  1. WAGE REVISION DEMANDED

An NGO urged the government to take measures to ……………………………………………….of government employees.

  1. Mittal Steel acquires 37% stake in Chinese steel makes

Mittal Steel, the world’s largest steel maker,…………………………………………………………………………………………….in one of China’s largest steel companies.

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