CHILD WELFARE : The child welfare system is a group of public and private services that are focused on ensuring that all children live in safe, permanent and stable environments that support their well-being. Child welfare services may interact with entire families, or they maybe focused on direct intervention with children. CASE WORK : Case work is a process used by welfare agencies to help the individual in coping effectively with their problems in social functioning. Welfare agencies used casework approach when social worker deals with client only not in a group form with alliance to family. The caseworker stay close touch with the family of the client and help the client to slove their problems. CHILD WELFARE SERVICES : Child welfare social workers protect vulnerable youth and help disadvantaged families in meeting
the needs of their children. Some of their core responsibilities include responding to cases of child abuse and neglect removing children from home settings that are dangerous or which do not meet certain standards working with children and their families on a reuniﬁcation plan in collaboration with child dependency courts supporting parents in meeting the needs of their children (through resource connections and navigation services, therapy and advising, and other services and arranging for the short and long-term care of children whose families are unable to take care of them. Child welfare social work is a ﬁeld of social work that involves making sure children’s needs are taken care of. First and foremost, professionals in this ﬁeld keep the best interests of all children in mind. They work hard to protect them from deplorable situations and make sure that their needs are met. As a child welfare social worker, you will be trained to recognize signs of neglect and abuse in children and investigate. Below area few examples of identifying signs of neglect and different types of
abuse. EXAMPLES : A child comes to school on a cold snowy day dressed in shorts, a t-shirt, and without a warm coat for the third time in a week. Upon further investigation, a child welfare social worker notices that the child has not bathed. After interviewing teachers and other school faculty members, the social worker also ﬁnds out that the child rarely has a packed lunch nor does he have money to buy lunch. The child welfare social worker then has reason to believe that the child is being neglected. A child that often comes to school with bruises and cuts misses school because she has a broken wrist. During the interview with a child welfare social worker, the child seems withdrawn and fearful, as if she’s going to get in trouble. Atone point during the interview, she ﬂinches when the social worker tries to put her arm around the child’s shoulder. By observing the physical injuries and actions of the child, the social worker has reasonable suspicion that the child maybe being physically abused.
HOW SOCIAL WORKERS WORK: After determining the possible problems that a child maybe having, a child welfare social worker will then usually assess the child’s home life. This is usually done by interviewing the child, teachers, and family members, and most importantly, by visiting the child’s home. Home visits can also give asocial worker insight on possible causes of problems in the child’s life. A thorough assessment can also give the child welfare social worker an idea of how at risk a child is in his current living conditions.Periodic evaluations are very important in child welfare cases. Once a child maltreatment has been conﬁrmed, child welfare social workers collaborate with Child Protective Services, behavioral therapists, case managers, agency staff, school administrators and teachers, and other relevant members of the community to develop an individualized case plan for the child and his/her parents. The case plan mainly focuses on the changes that parents need to make in order to regain custody of their children, and can have several different elements.
A case plan could include things such as anger management, domestic violence support group and education, counseling, couple’s counseling, family counseling, parenting classes, drug testing, and inpatient or outpatient drug programs Ms. Krause noted, I refer parents to all of these services. I also really try to explain to families what is going on as best as I can since the attorneys don’t really do that. I try to encourage them and draw on their strengths rather than only seeing the problems. I like to seethe big picture and really get to know the family.” Case plans usually have certain deadlines for behavioral changes that parents must meet, and these deadlines can be stringent. Child welfare social workers will frequently meet with children and their families in order to monitor their progress. If few or no positive changes are made, the social worker may then change the original plan and goals. CHILD WELFARE IN PAKISTAN :
In Pakistan, their plight is a palimpsest of misery. Child labour, brick kiln bondage, domestic slavery, corporal punishment, tracking, prostitution, sexual abuse and many other crimes against children are perpetuated everyday due to the negligence of the state as well as poor enforcement of laws. A major constraint is alack of data due to inadequate monitoring and information systems of children in conﬂict with the law and those who are economically and sexually abused. Some years ago, the National Commission on Child Welfare and Development was handed over to the Ministry of Law, Justice & Parliamentary Affairs, in a bid to save it from being rendered defunct by the 18th Amendment. NCCWD is now under the Ministry of Human Rights, but has still not produced a national policy for child welfare and development, or any effective mechanisms for child protection.
There’s no national policy for child welfare and development. Many NGOs in pakistan are working for the betterment of children. Following are some NGOs working in Pakistan VOICE OF CHILDREN CHILDREN FIRST SAVE THE CHILDREN • CHAEF There are no such social caseworker in Pakistan society. Child welfare in group work is practically seen is Pakistan but mostly on private levels. Due to lack of attention of state departments offering child welfare are not active. Many children are treated ill psychologically and physically. Lack of education of parents and guardians is one of the hurdles for welfare agencies. REFERENCES : • https://www.dawn.com/news/1