Comparative Politics Central Europe Mgr. Juraj Marušiak, PhD. course coordinator

Download 77.56 Kb.
Size77.56 Kb.

logo_iesir copy

Comparative Politics – Central Europe

Mgr. Juraj Marušiak, PhD. – course coordinator

Institute of European Studies and International Relations

Faculty of Social and Economic Sciences, Comenius University, Bratislava, Slovakia

Spring Semester 2015/2016

The aim of the course is to analyze various political concepts relating to Central Europe and to highlight the specifics of regional development in the past and present.

Central Europe represents one of the most important regions of the enlarged EU. The success of the integration of the V4 states to the EU is subject not only to the relations between the particular state and European institution, but to the relation between all respective states as well. Therefore the aim of the course will be to overcome the one-track national approaches and to develop the comparative and cross-regional approach with the understanding of the position of the all Visegrad countries. The impact will be the increasing of the common Visegrad / Central European identity in the young generation of the future Slovak experts in the field of international relations and European integration.

The lectures and seminars are based on an interdisciplinary approach and focus both on cross-regional and cross-country comparisons.

The aim of the course is increasing of the competences of students in the following fields:

- knowledge about the region of Central Europe

- development of the cross-regional approach

- interdisciplinary and comparative approach.

The students are required to:
- read the literature related to the prescribed literature to the lectures. If the student will not read the required texts, it will be considered as an unexcused absence. If the big part of students will not read the required text, the lesson will be canceled with an unauthorized absence for entire group.

- deliver one individual comment at the classes to the selected text for the lesson and submit it written version (printed version and by e-mail) (1 page) - 30 %

- participate in the discussions, attend of the classes - 10 %

There are allowed only two unauthorized absences during the semester. If a student misses more classes and she / he can present a valid document justifying the absences (illness, death of a family member etc.), she / he must prepare a 2-3-page summary of the topic for the weeks missed. If a student has more than two unauthorized absences, she / he will be not allowed to pass the course.

The students are required to take part in the discussion on the lectures, their individual activity will have an impact on the final grade.
- submit a written summary of the readings OR lessons – 20 % (1 page, twice a semester, deadlines: 31 March 2016 and 30 April 2016)

- prepare a final paper (max. 10 pages) - 40 %

Deadline for the submitting of the final paper and short comment – 30 April 2016

Plan of lectures

22 February 2016

Course opening – brief introduction of the course
29 February 2016

Introduction of the region of Central Europe (geopolitical and cultural explanation)

Lecturer: Juraj Marušiak, PhD.


J. Szűcs, “Three Historical Regions of Europe“, in: J. Keane (ed.) Civil Society and the State. (New York, London: Verso, 1988), pp. 291 – 329.

R. Brenner “Economic Backwardness in Eastern Europe in the Light of Developments in the West”, in: D. Chirot, Daniel (ed.): The Origins of Backwardness in Eastern Europe. Economics and Politics from the Middle Ages Until the Early Twentieth Century. (Berkeley, Los Angeles, Oxford : University of California Press 1991), pp. 15-52.

T. Garton Ash, “Where is Central Europe Now?“, in: T. Garton Ash History of the Present. (Allen Lane, The Penguin Press, 1999), pp. 383 – 397.


Tomasz Zarycki: Ideologies of Eastness in Central and Eastern Europe. New York : Routledge 2014, pp. 1-30

7 March 2016

Germany and Central Europe

Lecturer: Juraj Marušiak, PhD.


P. Stirk, “The Idea of Mitteleuropa“, in: P. Stirk Mitteleuropa. History and Prospects. (Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press, 1994), pp. 1-35.

P. Bugge, “The Use of the Middle: Mitteleuropa vs. Střední Evropa“, European Review of History – Revue européenne d´Histoire, Vol. 6, No. 1 (1999), pp. 15 – 35.
V. Handl, “Germany and Central Europe 2011: A Differentiated Dynamic Instead of Mitteleuropa”, in Z. Šabič – P. Drulák Regional and International Relations of Central Europe (New York: Palgrave Macmillan2012), pp.104-124.


W. R. Weitzmann, “Constantin Frantz, Germany and Central Europe“, in P. Stirk (ed.) Mitteleuropa. History and Prospects. (Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press, 1994), pp. 36 - 60.

14 March 2016

Pan-Slavism and its role in the shaping of Central Europe
S. Kostya, “Pan-Slavism”. Danubian Press 1981, p. 14-28.

H. Kohn, “Pan-Slavism. Its History and Ideology”, New Yok : Vintage Books 1960, pp. 102-122, 125-181,

21 March 2016

Opposition to Communism – focus on Poland and Czechoslovakia

T. Garton Ash, “Reform or Revolution“, in: T. Garton Ash The Uses of Adversity. (Cambridge: Granta Books, 1989), pp. 218 – 273.

J. Kubik, The Power of Symbols against the Symbols of Power. (The Pennsylvania State University Press, 1994), pp. 239 – 269.
Joppke, Christian: Revisionism, Dissidence, Nationalism: Opposition in Leninist Regimes. The British Journal of Sociology, Vol. 45, No. 4 (Dec., 1994), pp. 543-561


A. Tucker, “From Republican Virtue to Technology of Political Power: Three Episodes of Czech Nonpolitical Politics“, Political Science Quarterly, Vol. 115, No. 3 (Autumn, 2000), pp. 421-445.

4 April 2016

Transition to Democracy and problems with Democratic Consolidation

Lecturer: Juraj Marušiak, PhD.


W. Merkel, “Embedded and Defective Democracies“, in: Democratization, Vol.11, No.5, December 2004, pp.33–58.

V. Tismaneanu, “Civil Society, Pluralism and the Future of East and Central Europe“, in: Social Research (Winter 2001).
S. Szomolányi, “Slovakia between Eastern and Central European Ways of Transition“, in: V. Dvořáková (ed.) Success or Failure? Ten Years After. (Praha: Česká společnost pro politické vědy, Slovenské združenie pre politické vedy, 1999), pp. 24 – 38.

D. Stark, L. Bruszt, “Remaking the Political Field: Strategic Interactions and Contingent Choices“, in: D. Stark, L. Bruszt Postsocialist Pathways. (Cambridge University Press, 1998), pp. 15 – 48.

J. Linz, A. Stepan, “Problems of Democratic Transition and Consolidation, Southern Europe, South America, and Post-Communists Europe” (Baltimore, London : The John Hopkins University Press 1996), pp. 235-343.
11 April, 2016

Central Europe – political party systems. One populism or the competition of populisms?
E. Bakke, “Central and East European party systems since 1989”, in: S. Ramet (ed.) Central and Southeast European Politics since 1989 (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press 2010), pp. 64-90.
M. Marczewska-Rytko, “Populism in Central Europe. Theoretical Problems“, in: V. Nekvapil, M. Staszkiewicz (eds.) Populism in Central Europe, (Praha, AMO 2007), pp. 43-58.

Available online:

Tomáš Strážay, “Nationalist Populism and Foreign Policy: Focus on Slovak-Hungarian Relations“, Slovak Foreign Policy Affairs (I/2005), pp. 47 – 60.
Tim Haughton - Kevin Deegan-Krause „Hurricane Season: Systems of Instability in Central and East European Party Politics“ East European Politics and Societies and Cultures, Volume 29 Number 1, February 2015, pp. 61–80

K. Weyland, “Neoliberal Populism in Latin America and Eastern Europe“, Comparative Politics, Vol. 31, No. 4 (Jul., 1999), pp. 379-401.

18 April 2016

Central Europe and Russia – different perceptions
O. Halecki, “Imperialism in Slavic and East European History“, American Slavic and East European Review, Vol. 11, No. 1 (Feb., 1952), pp. 1-26.
T. Snyder, “Federalism and Nationalism in Polish Eastern Policy“, Georgetown Journal of International Affairs, Winter/Spring 2003, p. 111-118.
M. Kundera, “The Tragedy of Central Europe“, New York Review of Books, Volume 31, Number 7 · April 26, 1984
Marušiak, J., “Russia and the Visegrad Group – more than a foreign policy issue,” International Issues & Slovak Foreign Policy Affairs Vol. XXIV, No. 1–2, 2015, pp. 28–46.

A. Deák, “EU-Russia Policies and the Visegrád Group“, Foreign Policy Review, 2005/1-2. pp. 142-68.

25 April 2016

Ethnic Minorities in Central Europe
P. Vermeersch, “Minority Policy in Central Europe: Exploring the Impact of the EU’s Enlargement Strategy“, in: The Global Review of Ethnopolitics. Vol. 3, no. 2, January 2004, pp. 3-19.
D. Malová, A. Világi, “European integration and ethnic minorities: a case study of Hungarians in Slovakia”, in: Sociológia, 2006, vol. 38 (no. 6, pp. 507-532).
I.Halász, “Models of Kin Minority Protection in Central and Eastern Europe“, in: Ieda, Osamu (ed.) Beyond Sovereignty: From Status Law to Transnational Citizenship? : Sapporo 2006 (Slavic Eurasian Studies; 9), 255-279.


N. Lugosi, “The Hungarian minority question in Slovakia and Romania”, in: Review of Applied Socio- Economic Research, (Issue 2/ 2011), Page | 111

N. Bárdi, “The Policy of Budapest Governments towards Hungarian Communities Abroad”, in: N. Bárdi, Cs. Fedinec, L. Szarka (eds.) Minority Hungarian Communities in the Twentieth Century (Budapest : Institute for Ethnic and National Minority Studies of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences; Highland Lakes – New Jersey : Atlantic Research and Publications 2011), pp. 456-467.

2 May 2016

How to deal with the Communist past

Lecturer: Juraj Marušiak,


É. Kovács, “The Cynical and the Ironical – Remembering Communism in Hungary“, Regio - Minorities, Politics, Society - English Edition (1/2003), p. 155-169.

Natalia Letki, “Lustration and Democratisation in East-Central Europe“, Europe-Asia Studies, Vol. 54, No. 4 (Jun., 2002), pp. 529-552.
Michèle Harrison, “Choosing a Past: Choosing a Future. Lustration and Transition in the Czech Republic“, Slovak Foreign Policy Affairs, nr. 3, Fall 2003, pp. 54-64
Facultative reading
Maria Łoś, “Lustration and Truth Claims: Unfinished Revolutions in Central Europe“, Law & Social Inquiry, Vol. 20, No. 1 (Winter, 1995), pp. 117-161.

9 May 2016

Central Europe – seeking for reconciliation

Lecturer: Juraj Marušiak, PhD.


L. Gardner Feldman, “The principle and practice of ‚reconciliation’ in German foreign policy: relations with France, Israel, Poland and the Czech Republic“, International Affairs, Vol. 75, No. 2, (Apr., 1999), pp. 333-356.

M. Zaborowski, “Europeanisation as a consensus building process: the case of Polish-German Relations, “ Thesis for discussion at a workshop on´Europeanisation and Foreign Policy, London School of Economics on 5th June 2002.
R. Chmel, “Syndrome of Trianon in Hungarian Foreign Policy and Act on Hungarians Living in Neighboring Countries“, Slovak Foreign Policy Affairs, Vol 3, No. 1 (2002), pp. 93 – 106.
N. Davies, “Polish National Mythologies“, in: G. Hosking, G. Schöpflin(eds.) Myths and Nationhood. (London: Hurst and School of Slavonic and East European Studies, 1997), pp. 141 – 157.
16 May 2016
Regional Cooperation in the Central European Area - Visegrad Group (genesis, development of its “institutional” structure, Visegrad group in the politics of particular countries) and other regional integration structures

Šabič, Z. – Drulák, P. (2012): Regional and International Relations of Central Europe: New York: Palgrave

Tabery, Erik: West vs. East All Over Again. First Hungary, now Poland is lurching toward illiberalism. The Czechs must decide what to do about it.

J. Vykoukal et. al., eds, Visegrad: možnosti a meze středoevropské spolupráce, Prague: Dokořán, S. 210-236.

Anton Shekhovtsov: Is Transition Reversible? The Case of Central Europe. Legatum Institute, 19. 1. 2016,

Kořan, Michal (2011a) ‘Visegrad Group’s goals and challenges in recent Europe: Czech reflections’, International Issues and Slovak Foreign Policy Affairs 4: 66–84 KANTOROVÁ

Lukášek, Ivo (2010) Visegradská skupina a její vývoj v letech 1991–2004, Prague: Carolinum.

Lukáč, Pavol (2004) Vyšehradská štvorka, Banská Bystrica: Metodicko-pedagogické centrum

Other topics (available in the reader)

The Notion of Central Europe after 1989 and its role in EU after the Enlargement

P. Lukáč, “Visegrad Co-operation – Ideas, Developments and Prospects“, in: Slovak Foreign Policy Affairs, Vol. 2, No. 1 (2001), pp. 6 – 23.

A. Ágh, “The EU 25 Fighting with Common Problems“, „Will Europe Run the 21st Century“, in: A. Ágh Eastern Enlargement and the Future of the EU 27: EU Foreign Policy in a Global World. (Budapest: „Together for Europe“ Research Centre of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences, 2006), pp. 60 – 75, 75 - 93.

Central Europe and Russia – different perceptions
O. Halecki, “Imperialism in Slavic and East European History“, American Slavic and East European Review, Vol. 11, No. 1 (Feb., 1952), pp. 1-26.
A. Deák, “EU-Russia Policies and the Visegrád Group“, Foreign Policy Review, 2005/1-2. pp. 142-68.
T. Snyder, “Federalism and Nationalism in Polish Eastern Policy“, Georgetown Journal of International Affairs, Winter/Spring 2003, p. 111-118.
Domestic issues in Foreign Policy
B. Kiss, Cs. Zahorán, “ Hungarian Domestic Policy in Foreign Policy”, International Issues & Slovak Foreign Policy Affairs Vol. XVI, No. 2/2007, pp. 46 – 64.
R. Bobrowski, “Poland’s Wrong Choice: The Polish Political Scene and its Influence on the Creation of the Country’s Foreign and Security Policy”, International Issues & Slovak Foreign Policy Affairs Vol. XVI, No. 2/2007, pp. 65 – 74.
Security Challenges in Central Europe after 1989
M. Zaborowski, K. Longhurst, “America's protégé in the East? The Emergence of Poland as a Regional Leader”, International Affairs, Vol. 79, No. 5 (Oct., 2003), pp. 1009-1028.
A. J. Riekhoff, “The Transformation of East-Central European Security- Domestic politics, international constraints, and opportunities for policy-makers”, Perspectives, 21, 2004, pp. 55-70.
R. Fawn, “Regional Security and regional relations”, in: S. Ramet (ed.), “Central and Southeast European Politics since 1989,” (Cambridge, Cambridge University Press 2010, pp. 495 – 518). (available in the faculty library)

Comment – requirements

The comments should be focused on selected article from the reader to the lesson.

How to prepare your comment?

  1. Choose one narrow and clear moment (one issue, one statement etc.) - definition of the problem

  2. Explanation, why do you consider chosen problem as the crucial

  3. Discuss the problem – set the questions, arguments etc.

  4. Stick to the topic

  5. Think about your reader of the comment – be brief, clear, consistent and concise (your space in ONLY 1 page for the text)

  6. Bring your conclusions to the end – the summary of your analyze

  7. Set some questions to be discussed for your colleagues

  8. Bring references (if they are – you could put it on the next page)

Summary of reading

You can choose one of title or more texts to make a summary (1 page) from the lesson or from the selected text (texts) from the reading. You are required to submit the summary by e-mail and bring its hardcopy to the lesson.

You have to submit a summary twice a semester.

Final paper – requirements

  • max. 10 pages

  • Citations should be clearly gathered as footnotes following the format of the journals International Issues & Slovak Foreign Policy Affairs or Politologický časopis (see on or Studia Politica Slovaca (see on

  • Final papers should have references (the list of literature) as well.

  • Final paper should be submitted both in print and electronic version.

How to prepare a final paper

  1. Selection of the topic of the paper – criteria: importance, accessibility of the sources, language skills. The title (as short as possible) should describe the topic of your work.

  2. Search for the literature and other sources (internet, official documents, press) related to the topic.

  3. Preparing the logic and contentual structure of your paper - list of selected problems, related to the topic and their hierarchy.

  4. Logical sequence of the writing: Selection and identification of the problems → setting of the targets of the paper → identification of the sources → verification of the sources → presentation of the most important facts in their social, cultural, historical, regional, global etc. context (including tables, figures, graphs, another graphic materials etc.) → formulation of the hypothesis → verification of the hypothesis (analysis, comparison, observations, synchronic and / or diachronic approach etc.) → formulation of the conclusions and predictions → writing of the abstract.

Required structure of the final paper

  1. Title, author’s name, name of the department, name of the university (title page)

  2. Abstract (brief summary of the paper, 100 – 150 words; introduction of the topic, the most important facts and ideas of the paper). Abstract should contain:

  • the problem studied

  • the methods used

  • the main results

  • the main conclusions.

  1. Introduction – presentation of the topic, identification of the main problems and targets, presentation of the structure of the paper.

  2. The text should be divided into sections with separate titles. The text should contain information (facts and / or views), acquired during the study of the literature and other sources and your own work (identification of the new problems, hypothesis, analysis, comparison, observations, conclusions, predictions etc.). Your own work is the “added value” of your paper and it should be clearly visible.

  3. You are required to use various sources (books, journals, documents, newspaper, internet, interviews etc.). The used sources should be mentioned in the citations as well as in the list of references. The copying of the texts written by other authors will be punished by the non-acceptance of the course (the instruction for the citations see journals International Issues (published by SFPA) or Politologický časopis (published by Masaryk University, Brno).

  4. The separate section should be “Conclusions”, which should contain the most important results of your own work.

  5. The references (list of the literature and other sources) should be placed on the end of the text in the alphabetical order.

  6. Explanatory note: 1 page = 1800 characters with spaces

  7. Please be careful with Wikipedia: Wikipedia is not a reliable source, you may use only basic statistical data from that site with the reference to the original source. If you will use Wikipedia as one of the primary source, your grade could be downgraded. Statistical data (like for example population of Albania) you can find in other more reliable and authorized sources as well (like CIA World Factbook -

Proposed titles and topics of the final papers

  1. Future of the Visegrad Group

  2. Visegrad Group – success or failure?

  3. Analyze of the selected concept of the regional cooperation in Central Europe

  4. Visegrad Group and Balkans

  5. Visegrad Group and its relations with the former USSR states

  6. Ethnic minorities in the V4 countries

  7. Comparison of the selected particular policy in the V4 countries (economic, agricultural, de-communization etc.)

  8. Bilateral relations between selected Central European countries

  9. Do we need the enlargement of V4 group?

  10. Opposition against Communism in V4 countries

  11. Integration of the V4 countries in the EU / NATO

  12. Foreign policy priorities in the particular V4 country

  13. Political system in the particular V4 country

  14. Future of the regional cooperation in Europe

  15. Comparison of V4 with other regional cooperation structures

  16. Projects of the federalization of Central Europe

  17. External relations of V4

  18. The foreign policy of particular V4 country

You can choose the topic of your final paper on your own. Single condition is, that the topic should be approved by the teacher.

Highlighted” literature:
Gizicki, Wojciech (ed.): Political Systems of Visegrad Group Countries. - Trnava - Lublin : University of St. Cyril and Methodius in Trnava - The John Paul II. Catholic University of Lublin, 2012
Krejčí, Oskar: Geopolitics of the Central European Region. The view from Prague and Bratislava. Bratislava: VEDA 2005 (available in Czech as well).
S. Ramet (ed.): Central and Southeast European Politics since 1989. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press 2010.
Z. Šabič – P. Drulák: Regional and International Relations of Central Europe. New York: Palgrave Macmillan 2012
Vykoukal, Jiří a kol.: Visegrád: možnosti a meze středoevropské spolupráce. Praha: Dokořán 2003.

Recommended literature:

  1. Bartlová Alena – Thurzo, Ivan: Slovenský Perikles: náčrt životnej cesty Milana Hodžu, prvého slovenského predsedu vlády CSR. Bratislava : Vydavateľstvo Spolku slovenských spisovateľov, 2008.

  2. Bibó, István: Bieda východoeurópskych malých štátov. Bratislava, Kalligram 1997.

  3. Bútora Martin - Gyárfášová Olga - Mesežnikov Grigorij a kolektív (eds.): Democracy and Populism in Central Europe: The Visegrad Elections and Their Aftermath. Bratislava, IVO 2007.

  4. Bútora Martin et al.: Nurturing Atlanticists in Central Europe: Case of Slovakia and Poland. Bratislava, IVO 2008.

  5. Duleba, Alexander –Hayashi, Tadayuki (eds.): Regional Integration in the East and West: Challenges and Responses. Bratislava, Sapporo: RC SFPA & Slavic Research Center, Hokkaido University, 2005, 252 pp

  6. Gyárfášová, Oľga – Valášek, Tomáš (eds.): "Easternization" of Europes Security Policy. Bratislava, IVO 2004.

  7. Hnízdo, Bořek: Mezinárodní perspektivy politických regionů. Praha, Institut pro středoevropskou kulturu a politiku 1995.

  8. Hodža, Milan: Federácia v strednej Európe. Bratislava, Kalligram 1997.

  9. Chmel, Rudolf: Romantizmus v globalizme. Malé národy - veľké mýty. Bratislava, Kalligram 2009.

  10. Konrád, György: Masky sa vracajú. Bratislava, Kalligram 1995.

  11. Link, Peter – Samson, Ivo (eds).: Geopolitické postavenie strednej Európy: tendencie vývoja v 21. storočí. RC SFPA, Stredisko strategických štúdií Ministerstva obrany SR, Friedrich Ebert Stiftung, Bratislava 1998 (available in English as well). Download:

  12. Lukáč, Pavol: Dejiny a zahraničná politika v strednej Európe. Bratislava, Kalligram 2004.

  13. Lukáč, Pavol: Milan Hodža v zápase o budúcnosť strednej Európy v rokoch 1939 – 1944. Bratislava, VEDA 2005.

  14. Lukáč, Pavol: Súčasná podoba slovensko-nemeckých bilaterálnych vzťahov. Bratislava, SFPA 1996.

  15. Marušiak, Juraj; Sládek, Kamil; Zelenák, Peter (eds.): Integračné a dezintegračné procesy v strednej Európe v 20. storočí. Bratislava, VEDA 2008.

  16. Marušiak, Juraj et al. Internal Cohesion of the Visegrad Group. Bratislava: Institute of Political Science, Slovak Academy of Sciences – VEDA, Publishing House of the Slovak Academy of Sciences 2013.

  17. Juraj Marušiak et al.: Is Visegrad Still a Central European “Trade Mark”? Bratislava, Institute of Political Science, Slovak Academy of Sciences – VEDA, Publishing House of the Slovak Academy of Sciences 2013.

  18. Menasse, Robert: To bolo Rakúsko. Zobrané eseje o krajine bez vlastností. Bratislava, Kalligram 2009.

  19. Michnik, Adam: Sokratov tieň. Bratislava, Kalligram 1997.

  20. Michnik, Adam: Zlosť a hanba, smútok a hrdosť. Bratislava, Kalligram 2006.

  21. Nekvapil, Václav – Staszkiewicz, Maria (eds.): Populism in Central Europe. Prague, Association for International Affairs 2008.

  22. Pekník, Miroslav (ed.): Milan Hodža a integrácia strednej Európy. Bratislava, VEDA 2006.

  23. Pekník, Miroslav: Milan Hodža - statesman and politician. Bratislava, VEDA 2009.

  24. Poláčková, Zuzana (ed.): Slovensko-české vzťahy v kontexte strednej Európy. Bratislava, VEDA 2005.

  25. Poláčková, Zuzana – Marušiak, Juraj (eds.): Európske výzvy pre Slovensko. Transformácia zahraničnopolitických priorít Slovenskej republiky v postintegračnom období. Bratislava, VEDA 2007.

  26. Romsics, Ignác: Trianonská mierová zmluva. Bratislava, Kalligram 2009 (2. vydanie).

  27. Szűcs, Jenő: Tri historické regióny Európy. Bratislava, Kalligram 2001.

  28. Šťastný, Marek (ed.): Visegrad Countries in an Enlarged Trans-Atlantic Community. Bratislava, IVO 2002.

  29. Wandycz, Střední Evropa v dějinách. Cena svobody (komparatívna história). Praha, Academia 2001.

  30. Weiss Peter: Národný záujem a zodpovednosť v slovenskej zahraničnej politike. Bratislava, Kalligram 2009.

  31. Zájedová, Iivi: Pobaltská regionální spolupráce. Praha, Karolinum 2006.

List of book titles focused on the comparative political research on the Central Europe

International Institute of Political Science of Masaryk University, Brno, Czech Republic (languages – Czech / Slovak & English)

List of Journals and websites focused on Central Europe
Central European Political Studies Review – scientific electronic journal (languages – Czech / Slovak & English)

Transitions Online

List of the links to Central European websites:

Central European Review
Central Europe Online

Center for Eastern Studies
Kalligram Publishing House (good books about Central Europe)

Journals OS (published by Kalligram) (Salon of the world essays)

V4 Revue

Visegrad Insight

Download 77.56 Kb.

Share with your friends:

The database is protected by copyright © 2024
send message

    Main page