The Atlantic Slave Trade Map
Instructions: Use the map below to answer the questions.
1. What was the total number of slaves sent to the New World?
2. What parts of Africa did most slaves come from?
3. Which country imported the most slaves?
4. How many slaves were sent to this country?
5. How many slaves were sent to British North America?
6. How many slaves were sent to the French Caribbean?
7. How many slaves were sent to the British Caribbean?
8. How many slaves were sent to Spanish America?
9. How many slaves were sent to the Dutch Caribbean?
10. Where did most of the slaves sent to the New World come from?
11. What two other parts of Africa did slaves come from?
12. What other part of the world imported slaves?
Read the following information on the Atlantic Slave Trade Map and then answer the following questions.
The Atlantic Slave Trade
The Trans-Atlantic Slave Trade began around the mid-fifteenth century when Portuguese interests in Africa moved away from the fabled deposits of gold to a much more readily available commodity -- slaves. By the seventeenth century the trade was in full swing, reaching a peak towards the end of the eighteenth century. It was a trade which was especially fruitful, since every stage of the journey could be profitable for merchants -- the infamous triangular trade.
Expanding European empires in the New World lacked one major resource -- a work force. In most cases the indigenous peoples had proved unreliable (most of them were dying from diseases brought over from Europe), and Europeans were unsuited to the climate and suffered under tropical diseases. Africans, on the other hand, were excellent workers: they often had experience of agriculture and keeping cattle, they were used to a tropical climate, resistant to tropical diseases, and they could be "worked very hard" on plantations or in mines.
1. When did the Atlantic Slave Trade begin?
2. What European country first engaged in the slave trade?
3. Why was there a demand for slaves in the European colonies in the New
4. Why were Africans the preferred choice for slaves in the New World
What kinds of work were African slaves being brought to the New World to do?