Haripur is a district of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa. The area including Taxila was known Eastern Gandahara in Alexander times. The district comprises a part of the princely state of Amb in the north, and areas of lower Hazara ruled in past by different dynasties i.e. Turkish, Durani, Sikh, Ghakar and British till 1947. It remained a Tehsil of district Hazara (1958-1979). As District Abbottabad was established, Haripur remained as its Tehsil till 1992, when Haripur was given the status of District. The district is considered as the gateway of Hazara division. (Sources: Wikipedia & Local Government)
The district is situated about 125 km east from Peshawar. The district lies 33° 44' to 34° 22' Latitudes North and 72° 35' to 73° 15' Longitudes East, about 610 meters above the sea level. The district is bounded by district Abbot Abad in the east, district Mansehra in the east north, district Buner in the west north, district Swabi in the west, district Attock in the west south and districts Rawal Pindi and Islamabad in the east south.
Map Source: Wikipedia It is situated at an important location i.e. joining boundaries with four districts of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa while two districts of Punjab province. The district is adjacent to the capital of the country, Islamabad (39 km) (Sources: Web & LG) Landscape
An overview of central Haripur The district is divided into four geographical regions i.e. Maidan-e- Hazara that consists of plain area of the district surrounded by the mountains of Tanawal in the north, Koh-e-Gandgar in the west and Khanpur in the south. Haripur city and majority of the villages are situated in this region. The second region is that of Tanawal, which is mainly mountainous. It is further divided into upper Tanawal and lower Tanawal which lies in the north of Maidan-e-Hazara. This is a remote area and is accessed via Chapper road or Shahar-e-Tanawal. The third region is Khanpur Punjakahta which is lying in the south eastern corner of the district, with well irrigated plains. The fourth region Chach, also called Maidan-e-Khari, is situated in the west of Haripur city. This whole belt is submerged under the reservoir of the Tarbela dam. Soil of the district is dissected loess plain or dissected piedmont plains with silty loam and silty clay loam respectively. The district exhibits a suit of meta-sedimentary rocks of slates, phyllitic –slate, quartzite and crystalline limestone. Major minerals of the area are sandstone, limestone and dolomite, mostly explored at Ghazi Tehsil.
Siran River Indus, Siran, Daur and Haro are the well known rives of the district. River Indus enters the district at Durband in the north- west, flowing along the western boundary of Haripur, feeds Turbela reservoir, and exits the district at Ghazi. Siran enters Haripur at Bir and falls into Turbela Lake near Bir. The Daur River has less water and comparatively shorter course than Siran. It has its catchment area at Daunga Gali of district Abbottabad in the east and flows through the plains of the district towards west, joining Siran near Gandger range eight km above Turbela. The Haro River with adequate water originates from the southern end of Daunga Gali range where it has two tributaries, the eastern known as Dhund and the western is called Karral Haro. The two streams join at the head of Khanpur tract that ultimately falls into Khanpur dam. (Sources: Census 1998 & Primary data)