Tonight I want to speak to you at this Cub Scouts Chapel Service about how that the world and universe around us show evidence of Intelligent Design, evidence that there had to be a mastermind of intelligence that created everything from nothing. Being a ‘born-again’ Christian myself, I want to tell you that I believe that the Bible is the word of God. The Bible tells us the story of how God created the world from nothing, for it says in the very first verse of the Bible, Genesis 1:1, “1 In the beginning God created the heavens and the earth.” In that same first chapter of Genesis, we see the creator speaking each element of creation into existence from nothing saying things like, ““Let there be light”; and there was light,” Gen. 1:3, or “…“Let there be an expanse in the midst of the waters, and let it separate the waters from the waters.” 7 And God made the expanse, and separated the waters which were below the expanse from the waters which were above the expanse; and it was so. 8 And God called the expanse heaven…, ” when God created what the Bible refers to as the ‘firmament’ and we recognize as our atmosphere and the sky above our heads. Then, there are numerous places in the Bible which tells us that God has so designed the things that He has created so that they might be His handiwork and mouthpiece to us to declare and demonstrate that He is God. We see this in verses such as Psalm 19:1-6, “1 The heavens are telling of the glory of God; And their expanse is declaring the work of His hands. 2 Day to day pours forth speech, And night to night reveals knowledge. 3 There is no speech, nor are there words; Their voice is not heard. 4 Their line has gone out through all the earth, And their utterances to the end of the world. In them He has placed a tent for the sun, 5 Which is as a bridegroom coming out of his chamber; It rejoices as a strong man to run his course. 6 Its rising is from one end of the heavens, And its circuit to the other end of them; And there is nothing hidden from its heat.” Well, tonight I want to talk with you about some of the ways that God’s creation reveals that there had to be a creator. I want to talk to you about how the things that we see in this world reveal to us, “Intelligent Design.”
Man’s Fastest And Most Powerful Computers:
The Cray Corporation began the supercomputer industry in 1976 with it’s first supercomputer which was designed to be used to compute the world’s most difficult and computation intensive scientific equations. Since that time, the computer has remained the leader in technology and product development for the world’s supercomputers. The following is a listing of their product offerings in the supercomputing field in the last 30 years:
Cray-1: Cray's first supercomputer. Introduced in 1976, this system had a peak performance of 133 megaflops. The first system was installed at Los Alamos National Laboratory at a cost of $8.8 million dollars. In order to increase the speed of this system, the Cray-1 had a unique "C" shape which enabled integrated circuits to be closer together. No wire in the system was more than four feet long. To handle the intense heat generated by the computer, Cray developed an innovative refrigeration system using Freon.
Cray-2: First introduced in 1985, this system had a peak performance of 1.9 gigaflops. At the time, the CRAY-2 system had the world's largest central memory with the possibility of 2048 megabytes. The Cray-2™ system providing a tenfold increase in performance over the Cray-1.
Cray X-MP: First launched in 1982, this system was capable of 500 megaflops and was the first multi-processing supercomputer from Cray. It was the world's first supercomputer to sustain over 1 gigaflop on many applications. Multiple 333 MFLOPS processors powered the system to a record sustained speed of 2.3 gigaflops. It ran the company's first operating system based on UNIX, UNICOS.
Cray Y-MP8D: Introduced in 1988, this system was key to breaking the one gigaflop performance barrier. It has traditionally been the standard by which other supercomputers are compared.
Cray Y-MP2E:Cray's first air-cooled supercomputer.
Cray Y-MP8E: Like the Cray Y-MP8D, this system held a maximum of 8 vector processors but included a faster, improved I/O (input/output) system called the Model E I/O.
Cray C90: Launched in 1991, this was Cray's high-end supercomputer of the early '90s (thus its name, "Cray for the '90s" or C90). The Cray C90™ featured a new central processor with industry-leading sustained performance of 1 gigaflop. Using 16 of these powerful processors and 256 million words of central memory, the system boasted unrivaled total performance. Peak performance equaled 16 gigaflops.
Cray EL:Cray's first low-cost supercomputer and predecessor to the Cray J90 Series.
Cray T3D: Cray's first line of scalable parallel supercomputers (introduced in 1993).
Cray J90: Air-cooled, low-cost vector supercomputers introduced by Cray in the mid-'90s.
Cray T90: The Cray T90 line of powerful, general purpose, vector-based supercomputing systems employs an array of innovative technologies, including pioneering connectors that eliminate internal wiring. Though no longer in active production, the T90 is still widely used to solve some of supercomputing's most difficult problems.
Cray T3E:Since its debut in 1995, the successor Cray T3E™ supercomputer has been the world's best selling MPP system.
Cray 1200: The Cray T3E-1200E system was the first supercomputer to sustain one teraflop (1 trillion calculations per second) on a real-world application.
IBM’s ASCI White:
This newspaper article published nation-wide last year detailed the latest and greatest supercomputer to yet be created: “WASHINGTON-IBM announced Wednesday it has built the most powerful supercomputer in the world, able to perform 12.3 trillion operations per second, three times faster than the next fastest computer. The machine is intended to continue the advance toward matching and eventually surpassing the computing capacity of the human brain. The computer, called Advanced Strategic Computing Initiative White, or ASCI White, covers 9,920 square feet of floor space , equal to two NBA basketball courts, and weighs 106 tons. IBM will deliver ASCI White to the Energy Department's Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory this summer to simulate the testing of nuclear weapons. In time, said IBM and Livermore officials, this computer could lead to the end of nuclear testing. IBM officials said the existing 18-hour computing cycles needed to create a global weather model could be reduced to seconds with the new computer. ASCI White has 8,192 microprocessor and is 1,000 times more powerful than "Deep Blue", which defeated Garry Kasparov in 1997. The human brain, it is estimated, computes about 1,000 times faster than ASCI White, which requires 1.2 megawatts of power, enough electricity to power 1,000 homes. At IBM's current rate, a supercomputer could exceed the brain's capacity in 10 years. Even now, it would take one person with a calculator 10 million years to do the same number of calculations ASCI White can do in one second.”
At a Lawrence Livermore Laboratory website, they add some additional details concerning the technology involved in this supercomputer, “The peak performance of the computer is 12.3 teraflops. This means it is capable of computing 12.3 trillion operations per second. This extremely high performance is achieved through its massively parallel design. The processors used are IBM RS6000 SP Power3's which run at 375 MHz. There are 8,192 of these processors in the core compute system. The total amount of RAM is 6Tb. The system is housed in over two hundred cabinets and fills a large room with an area the size of two basket ball courts.”
This same Lawrence Livermore Laboratory web page inserts the following comparison of the “ASCI White” with the human brain, “It is possible to make a very rough estimate of the computing power of the human brain. The human brain contains about 100 billion neurons, each of which is connected to about 1000 of its neighbours through synapses. This equals a total of 100 trillion connections, all of which operate in parallel. If we estimate each connection to be capable of 100 operations per second then this gives a total of 10,000 teraflops for the whole brain. Note that this really is a rough estimate. Others rate the brain at between 100 and 100,000 teraflops. But one way or another the computing power of the human brain is of the order of hundreds of times greater than ASCI White. Although the human brain is much more powerful, it is not unimaginably more so. It is believed that supercomputers will increase in power by a hundred fold within the next decade. This would mean that supercomputers would be on a par with the human brain by the year 2010.”
The world’s fastest and most powerful supercomputer is still the human brain:
As these articles about the IBM “ASCI White” supercomputer give proper credit, the human brain remains by far the fastest and most power supercomputer in the world today. In fact, according to this article it will take another 10 years of research to be able to come up with the technology to create a supercomputer that will be equal in speed and computational power as the human brain. While the “ASCI White” requires 1.2 megawatts of power to run, the human brain is powered by organic matter that God has created and we eat as tasty food items. Two or three meals a day which comprise a couple thousand calories a day is plenty to sustain an adult male during normal activity. While the “ASCI White” computer takes up the size of two basketball courts, the human brain or a normal adult male weights between 1-1.5 kilograms.
Evidence of creation from the existence and nature of DNA in every species of plant or animal:
The complex nature of DNA that is found in every living cell shows the work of a creator and intelligent design. Every creature on the face of the earth has a DNA structure that is unique to that creature.
The Encarta Dictionary has the following entry defining what DNA consists of, “Deoxyribonucleic Acid (DNA), genetic material of all cellular organisms and most viruses. DNA carries the information needed to direct protein synthesis and replication. Protein synthesis is the production of the proteins needed by the cell or virus for its activities and development. Replication is the process by which DNA copies itself for each descendant cell or virus, passing on the information needed for protein synthesis. In most cellular organisms, DNA is organized on chromosomes located in the nucleus of the cell. A molecule of DNA consists of two chains, strands composed of a large number of chemical compounds, called nucleotides, linked together to form a chain. These chains are arranged like a ladder that has been twisted into the shape of a These chains are arranged like a ladder that has been twisted into the shape of winding staircase, called a double helix. Each nucleotide consists of three units: a sugar a molecule called deoxyribose, a phosphate group, and one of four different nitrogen- containing compounds called bases. The four bases are adenine (A), guanine (G), thymine (T), and cytosine (C). The deoxyribose molecule occupies the center position in the nucleotide, flanked by a phosphate group on one side and a base on the other. The phosphate group of each nucleotide is also linked to the deoxyribose of the adjacent nucleotide in the chain. These linked deoxyribose-phosphate subunits form the parallel side rails of the ladder. The bases face inward toward each other, forming the rungs of the ladder. The nucleotides in one DNA strand have a specific association with the corresponding nucleotides in the other DNA strand. Because of the chemical affinity of the bases, nucleotides containing adenine are always paired with nucleotides containing thymine, and nucleotides containing cytosine are always paired with nucleotides containing guanine. The complementary bases are joined to each other by weak chemical bonds called hydrogen bonds.”
This quote on the Evidence For Creation Web Page was taken from Chuck Colson’s book, “How Now Shall We Live”, “One of the most compelling arguments in favor of Creation is the presence of immence amounts of information carried within cells in the form of DNA. Random events cannot account for systems of storing and retrieving useful information such as the complex system found in the living cell. There is the equivalent of the information found in 30 volumes of the Encyclopedia Britannica in just one cell's DNA. This information is used to produce the complicated proteins necessary for its survival. Believing that this occurred by chance is beyond foolish. There is no analogy good enough to compare the imposible odds of this happening to human experience. Nature can only produce low information things such as waves and crystals. Some may look at crystals having high information content because of their highly ordered structure, but it all comes from a simple repeating pattern that requires very few instructions. In order to produce a functioning strand of DNA, every single pair of amino acids would have to be carefully copied in the correct order, and there are millions of pairs in a single strand.”
The genes in a species DNA determine which configurable traits that the species will have. For instance, people can be born with brown, black, blonde, and red hair. There is a gene in the human DNA that determines that trait. Likewise, how tall a person will grow up to be is determined in a gene in the human DNA. However, each and every configurable trait that a person may have within the DNA will result in a fully human person being born.
The public schools in our country teach that every specials of plant and animal evolved from a lower form of creature. They teach that this had to occur as a result of a mutation in a cell’s DNA during reproduction. During this phase the DNA was not proper replicated. This would make us think that mutation of DNA is a good thing, but it is not for we all hear of genetic defects and diseases which occur as a result of a mutation of DNA. This is because every mutation of a creature’s DNA is a degeneration of the original DNA and produces undesirable results. Every mutation of DNA in a creature results in a creature which though different will either not survive, not be able to produce offspring with this same mutation, or not be able to produce offspring at all. Therefore, no creature could be created by a mutation of DNA.