Customer parking garages built for department stores



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CUSTOMER PARKING GARAGES BUILT FOR DEPARTMENT STORES
1920-1960

Richard Longstreth, compiler


revised 12.1.09

This compendium offers basic data on parking structures commissioned for patron use by the over 180 downtown-based department store companies in 59 cities studied for my book, The American Department Store Transformed, 1920-1960 (Yale University Press, 2010) The list does not include parking lots used for the same purpose, which appear to have been much more numerous. The listings are chronologically arranged by date of opening, beginning with the earliest such facilities I have been able to document.


Many sources were used in compiling this material. Women’s Wear Daily and local newspapers were especially useful. Site visits were made in most cases, in which case I have included notation of whether the building still stands followed by the date of my last visit in parentheses as the last line in an entry.
Additions and corrections are welcome. Contact me at rwl@gwu.edu.

1922
SCRUGGS, VANDERVOORT & BARNEY DRY GOODSCO., St. Charles Street, between Eleventh &

Twelfth streets, St. Louis

announced 1.122, opened 8.14.22

4 stories + roof deck+ basement, 400 cars, $250,000

demolished ca. 1999


FAMOUS-BARR, Seventh, Elm & Walnut streets, St. Louis

announced 2.19.22, opened ca. 8.22

Will Levy, architect

1 story + roof deck, 235 cars, 54,000 square feet

no longer standing (9.00)

1924
EMPORIUM, Mission Street near Fifth Street, San Francisco

announced 6.14.24, project

10 stories, 700-1000 cars


THE HUB, Uhler's Alley, Baltimore

announced 7.2.24, opened ca. 1924

100 cars

no longer standing (9.96)


1925
BON MARCHE, FRASER-PATTERSON, RHODES, AND MACDOUGALL-SOUTHWELL FOUR

STORES GARAGE, First Avenue & Union Street, Seattle

announced 11.11.24, opened 4.5.25

Thomas & Grainger, architects

7 stories, 500 cars, $500,000

extant, altered (4.95)
MAY COMPANY, Lakeside Avenue, west of Ontario Street, Cleveland

announced 2.4.25, opened 6.22.25

Lehman & Schmidt Company, architects

3 stories, 600 cars, 100,000 square feet, $500,000

no longer standing (8.97)
ROSENBAUM CO., Pittsburgh

announced 4.25, conversion of delivery garage


SANGER BROS., Elm & Austin streets, Dallas

announced 4.18.25, opened 10.10.25

5 stories + roof deck, 350 cars

no longer standing (2.97)

1926
JORDAN MARSH CO., SHOPPER’S GARAGE, 14-22 Beach Street Boston

announced 6.14.24, opened 9.15.26

8 stories + roof deck + basement, 500 cars

extant, altered (7.99)

1927
MAY COMPANY, Ninth & Hill streets, Los Angeles

announced 10.11.26, opened 9.6.27

Curlett & Beelman, architects

4 stories + 3 basement levels, 535 cars, $1,850,000

extant (6.07)

1928
M. O'NEILLCO., State & S. Main streets, Akron

announced 12.7.26, opened 3.12.28

Graham, Anderson, Probst & White (Chicago), architects

2 stories, 400 cars, 57,000 square feet

incorporated in store building

section no longer standing (1.98)
M. RICH & CO., Hunter & Forsyth streets, Atlanta

opened ca. 8.15.28

2 stories, 150 cars, 32,000 square feet, $225,000

no longer standing (5.99)


DAYTON CO., 24-38 Eighth Street, Minneapolis

opened 9.1.28

4 stories + basement, 300 cars

remodeled as part of store ca. 1954

1929
THE BROADWAY, S. Olive & Fourth streets, Los Angeles

opened. ca. 11.20.29

7 stories, 600+ cars

purchase of Mutual Garage (built 1923-1924)

demolished late 1980s
J. L. BRANDEIS & SONS, Seventeenth & Dodge streets, Omaha

announced 1.17.29, project

George Prins, architect

1930
DANIELS & FISHER, Sixteenth & Arapahoe streets, Denver

announced 9.18.29, opened 8.25.30

5 stories, 200 cars, $150,000

incorporated in store building

demolished ca. late 1950s


A. POLSKY CO., S. Main, Center, State & High streets, Akron, Ohio

announced 4.9.29, opened 9.14.30

Starrett & Van Vleck (New York), architects

incorporated in store building

converted to storage space 1941

extant (1.98)

1936

KAUFMANN’S, Smithfield & Diamond streets, Pittsburgh

announced 8.5.36, opened ca. 11.36

Metzger-Richardson Company, engineers

2 stories + roof deck, 350-450 cars, $100,000

demolished for new garage ca. 1956

1937
HECHT CO., Seventh & E streets, N.W., Washington, D.C

announced 8.10.37, opened 9.29.37

Abbott, Merkt & Company (New York), architects-engineers

2 stories + roof deck, 275 cars, $100,000

demolished early 1980s


JOHN SHILLITOCO., Sevenh & Elm streets, Cincinnati

announced 3.8.37, opened 10.26.37

Potter, Tyler & Martin, architects

4 story, 300 cars

incorporated in store building addition

extant (4.08)

1939
J. L. HUDSON CO., Grand River Avenue & Broadway, Detroit

opened 1939

275 cars, 22,000 square feet

replaced by new garage ca. 1949


WOODWARD & LOTHROP, Tenth & H streets, N.W., Washington, D.C.

opened ca. 1939

2 stories + roof deck

demolished 1980s

1940
STIX, BAER & FULLER, Seventh Street & Lucas Avenue, St. Louis

announced 12.10.39, opened 8.1.40

Morris F. Marks, designer

2 stories + roof deck+ basement, 275 cars, 75,000 square feet, $250,000

extant (4.96)

1941
GIMBELBROS., THRIFT PARK, Eighth & Chestnut streets, Philadelphia

announced ca. 9.40, opened 1.27.41

Abbott, Merkt & Company(New York), architects-engineers, Silverman & Levy, consulting architects

3 stories + roof deck, 400 cars, $500,000

extant (10.00)


BUFFUM’S AUTOPORT, First Street between Pine & Pacific avenues, Long Beach, California

opened 2.19.41

J. H. Davis, engineer

4 stories + roof deck+ basement

extant (1.08)

1944
MILLER & RHODES, Seventh Street, Richmond, Virginia

opened 1944

5 stories

purchase of Richmond Garage (built 1927-28)

extant (10.00)

1947
JOHN SHILLITO CO., Seventh & Elm streets, Cincinnati

opened 4.47

Potter, Tyler & Martin, architects

3 stories + roof deck, 1000 cars, 248,000 square feet, $884,000

extant (4.0 8)
GIMBEL BROS., N. Plankinton Ave. & W. Michigan Street, Milwaukee

announced 1.14.46, opened 5.19.47

Drolshagen & Boynton, architects

2 stories + roof deck, 450 cars, $750,000

extant (10.99)
M. O'NEILL CO., State & Water streets, Akron

opened 9.2.47

1 story + roof deck, 500 cars

no longer standing (1.98)


FOLEY BROS., Travis Street between Lamar & Dallas, Houston

announced 5.22.45, opened 10.21.47

Kenneth Franzeim, architect

5 stories + roof deck+ basement, @ 600 cars, 191,205 square feet

extant (6.00)
F. & R. LAZARUS CO., W. Town Street & Riverside Drive, Columbus, Ohio

announced by 4.16.47, opened 11.6.47

Potter, Tyler & Martin, architects

3 stories + roof deck, 1000 cars

extant, altered (4.08)

1949
M. RICH & CO., 1 Forsyth Street, S.W., Atlanta

opened 8.12.49

Stevens & Wilkinson, architects, MacDougall-Warren, engineers

4 stories + roof deck, 325 cars, 108,000 square feet, $500,000

no longer standing (5.99)


DAVISON-PAXON, Carnegie Way, Atlanta

announced 6.30.49, opened 11.9.49

R. Kennon Perry, architect

4 stories + roof deck

1950

MILLER & RHODES, THALHEIMER BROS., PARK & SHOP GARAGE, Grace Street between Sixth &

Seventh, Richmond, Virginia

opened 10.1.50

Carneal & Johnson, architects

2 stories+ roof deck+ basement, 475 cars, $1,500,000

extant, later additions (10.00)


J. L. BRANDEIS & SONS, Eighteenth & Dodge streets, Omaha

announced 2.22.50, opened 12.1.50

Noel S. Wallace, architect

4 stories + roof deck + 2 basement levels, 400 cars, $500,000

1951
J. L. HUDSON CO., Broadway, Grand River Avenue, Central & John R streets, Detroit

announced 1949, opened ca. 1.51

Smith, Hinchman & Grylls, architects

4 stories + roof deck, 850 cars, $1,500,000

extant (4.00)
WURZBURG’S, Ottawa Avenue & Lewis Street, Grand Rapids

announced 4.17.50, opened 4.9.51

3 stories + roof deck (?), 320 cars, $250,000

no longer standing (4.00)


HECHT BROS., Baltimore & Pine streets (?), Baltimore

opened by 12.51

Abbott, Merkt & Company (New York), architects-engineers

2 stories + roof deck, 343 cars, 119,200 square feet

no longer standing (9.99)

STIX, BAER & FULLER, Seventh Street & Delmar Boulevard, St. Louis

announced 10.5.50, opened 11.18.51

Russell, Crowell, Mullgardt & Schwartz, architects

4 stories + roof deck+ basement, 400 cars

extant (4.96)

1952
CAIN-SLOAN PARKING CENTER, Church & Fifth avenues, N., Nashville

opened 8.19.52

3 stories, 504 cars, 150,000 square feet, $1,500,000

incorporated into new Cain-Sloan store, 1956-57

demolished 1994

1953
WOODWARD & LOTHROP DOWNTOWN PARKING GARAGE, H & Tenth streets, N.W., Washington,

D.C.


opened 1.4.53

A. R. Claus, architect

5 stories + roof deck, 240 cars, $350,000

demolished 1980s


G. FOX, Morgan & Market streets, Hartford

announced 10.14.52, opened ca. 10.1.53

Abbott, Merkt & Company (New York), architects-engineers

3 stories + roof deck, 500 cars, $1,000,000

no longer standing (5.01)
J. GOLDSMITH & SONS CO., Front, McCall & Hoteel streets, Memphis

announced 1.21.53, opened 10.19.53

E. H. Harrison, architect

4 stories + roof deck, 500-600 cars

no longer standing (3.07)
MAY COMPANY, Wilshire Boulevard, Los Angeles

opened by 10.30.53

A. C. Martin & Associates, architects

2 stories + roof deck, 1189 cars, $1,000,000

extant (3.00)

1954
Z.C.M.I., S. Temple Street, Salt Lake City

opened 11.2.54

4 stories + roof deck, 520 cars, $750,000

demolished 1970s
M. O'NEILLCO., Water, State & Bowery streets, Akron

opened by 11.17.54

1 story + roof deck, 400,000 square feet, 1150 cars, $1,000,000

no longer standing (1.98)

1955

GOLDEN RULE, Eighth & Roberts streets, St. Paul

announced 8.7.55, opened ca. 12.55

3 stories + roof deck, 600 cars, 220,000 square feet, $800,000

no longer standing (9.00)

1956
F. & R. LAZARUS CO., Rich & Front streets, Columbus, Ohio

announced 4.27.53, opened 11.56

Austin Company (Cleveland), architects-engineers

3 stories + roof deck, 500 cars, 140,000 square feet, $500,000

demolished (4.08)
KAUFMANN’S, Smithfield & Diamond streets, Pittsburgh

announced 12.20.55, opened ca. 11.56

Hoffman & Crumpton, architects

6 stories + roof deck, 864 cars

built by Pittsburgh Parking Authority for store

extant (4.07)


KAUFMANN’S, Smithfield Street & Boulevard of the Allies, Pittsburgh

opened ca. 1956

Hoffman & Crumpton, architects

5 stories + roof deck, 528 cars

built by Pittsburgh Parking Authority for store

extant (4.07)


F. & R. LAZARUS CO., Rich & Front streets, Columbus, Ohio

announced 1.1.56, opened 11.11.56

Benham, Richards & Armstrong, architects

3 stories + roof deck, 575 cars

demolished between 1998 and 2008

1957
CAIN-SLOAN CO., Church Street & Fifth Avenue, Nashville

opened ca. 10.25.57

8 stories, 568 cars



JOHN SHILLTIO CO., Seventh, Elm & Race streets, Cincinnati


additions

announced 3.23.56, opened ca. 8.15.57, 10.6.57

4 stories (rooftop addition to existing structure) and 5 stories + roof deck (side addition), 770 cars

included corporate offices of Federated Department Stores

extant (4.08)

1958
KRAUS CO., Iberville, Liberty & Treme streets, New Orleans

announced before 7.2.57, opened 2.15.58

5 stories + roof deck, 350 Cars, $500,000+

extant, vacant (11.06)
L. S. AYRES & CO., Illinois & Maryland streets, Indianapolis

opened ca. 8.17.58

4 stories + roof deck, 545 cars

no longer standing (4.08)


AUERBACH’S's, State Street & Exchange Place, Salt Lake City

announced ca. 1.57, opened 11.28.58

Ashley Carpenter, architect

1500 cars, $1,500,000

1959
JOSPEH HORNE CO., Pittsburgh

announced 8.7.56, opened 7.27.59

680 cars

built by Pittsburgh Parking Authority for store


ABRAHAM & STRAUS, Elm Place, Hoyt & Livingston streets, Brooklyn

announced 5.19.58, opened ca. 8.4.59

4 stories, 600 cars

on former Namm-Loeser store site, purchased 7.57

extant (7.02)
DAYTON’S, Seventh & Eighth streets, Minneapolis

opened 8.31.59

750 cars

replaced earlier garage

extant (9.00)
RIKE-KUMLER CO., Dayton

announced 2.16.59, opened ca. 11.1.59

6 stories, 208,200 square feet, $1,252,000

1960
BON MARCHE, Pine & Stewart streets, Seattle

announced 10.27.58, opened 3.2.60

George A. Applegarth (San Francisco), architect

9 stories, 1300 cars, $3,000,000

extant (6.04)

1961

J. L. BRANDEIS & SONS, Douglas Street, Omaha

announced 3.21.59, opened 5.14.61

8 stories + roof deck + basement, 653 cars, $3,000,000

extant (5.97)


F. & R. LAZARUS CO., Front & Rich streets, Columbus, Ohio

opened 1961

5 stories + roof deck

demolished 2008


1962
FAMOUS-BARR CO., Sixth, Seventh, Olive & Pine streets, St. Louis

announced 10.31.60, opened 10.10.62

Schwarz & Van Hoefen, architects

10 stories + roof deck., 269,000 square feet

extant (9.00)







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