Describing a process using the passive voice



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Describing a process using the passive voice

When describing processes or procedures, you should write in a formal tone. To do this, use the grammatical construction called the passive voice. Not only does this make your work have an impersonal tone, but it also highlights each step or stage of the process you're describing. When describing a process



  1. Use the passive

  2. Use time connectors

In the passive voice, the subject is the recipient of the action and it essentially centres on the events that happen to the subject.

Example - Chocolate Production

  • You should spend about 20 minutes on this task.

  • The illustrations show how chocolate is produced.

  • Summarize the information by selecting and reporting the main features and make comparisons where relevant.

  • Write at least 150 words.


http://www.ieltsbuddy.com/images/605xnxielts-process-chocolate.jpg.pagespeed.ic.u4no7w21d2.jpg

 


Chocolate Production Model Answer


The diagram explains the process for the making of chocolate. There are a total of ten stages in the process, beginning with the growing of the pods on the cacao trees and culminating in the production of the chocolate.

To begin, the cocoa comes from the cacao tree, which is grown in the South American and African continents and the country of Indonesia.  Once the pods are ripe and red, they are harvested and the white cocoa beans are removed. Following a period of fermentation, they are then laid out on a large tray so they can dry under the sun. Next, they are placed into large sacks and delivered to the factory. They are then roasted at a temperature of 350 degrees, after which the beans are crushed and separated from their outer shell. In the final stage, this inner part that is left is pressed and the chocolate is produced.

(152 Words)



Exercise 1 - The Brick Manufacturing Process

  • You should spend about 20 minutes on this task.

  • The diagram illustrates the process that is used to manufacture bricks for the building industry.

  • Summarize the information by selecting and reporting the main features and make comparisons where relevant.
  • Write at least 150 words.


 

http://www.ieltsbuddy.com/images/567xnxielts-process-bricks.jpg.pagespeed.ic.cl981r3i9a.jpg

The Brick Manufacturing Process Model Answer


The diagram explains the way in which bricks are made for the building industry. Overall, there are seven stages in the process, beginning with the digging up of clay and culminating in delivery.

To begin, the clay used to make the bricks is dug up from the ground by a large digger. This clay is then placed onto a metal grid, which is used to break up the clay into smaller pieces. A roller assists in this process.

Following this, sand and water are added to the clay, and this mixture is turned into bricks by either placing it into a mould or using a wire cutter. Next, these bricks are placed in an oven to dry for 24 – 48 hours.

In the subsequent stage, the bricks go through a heating and cooling process. They are heated in a kiln at a moderate and then a high temperature (ranging from 200c to 1300c), followed by a cooling process in a chamber for 2 – 3 days. Finally, the bricks are packed and delivered to their destinations.



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