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Revised draft January 2012



EUROPEAN COMMISSION

DIRECTORATE-GENERAL

ENVIRONMENT

Directorate D - Water, Chemicals & Biotechnology



ENV.D.2 - Marine








WG GES meeting, 7 February 2012, Brussels

GES 8/2012/13b



Agenda Item 5

Marine habitat types and species in the Habitats and Birds Directives that also fall within the scope of the MSFD

Document number:

GES 8/2012/13b

Date:

03 February 2012

Submitted by:

DG Environment of the European Commission

Marine habitat types and species in the Habitats and Birds Directives that also fall within the scope of the MSFD

Annex to the document assessing the links between the Marine Strategy Framework Directive and the Nature Directives. This Annex has no formal legal status.



ANNEX

Marine habitat types and species

in the Habitats and Birds Directives

that also fall within the scope of the MSFD

Introduction

  1. The Habitats Directive aims to protect the biodiversity of the EU by taking measures to maintain or restore a favourable conservation status of a selected number of species and habitats of Community interest. The Birds Directive requires the protection of all naturally occurring wild bird species in the EU. A number of these habitat types and species occur in the marine environment and should therefore also benefit from measures introduced under the Marine Strategy Framework Directive (MSFD), whose coverage extends to all marine biodiversity. This Annex provides a summary of the areas of overlap.




  1. Before looking at the species and habitat types it is worth clarifying the extent to which the geographical scope of the three directives overlap.




  1. The MSFD applies to all 'marine waters' of Member States, as defined in Art.3(1), i.e. including, where claimed, Exclusive Economic Zones (EEZ) and extended Continental Shelf areas. MSFD marine waters include 'coastal waters' as defined under the Water Framework Directive; however 'transitional waters' under the WFD are excluded from the MSFD.




  1. The Habitats and Birds Directives apply in the whole European territory of the Member States. In terms of marine areas, this means they apply to all marine waters where Member States exercise jurisdictional rights and thus cover the same geographical area as the MSFD. However, the Habitats and Birds Directives also apply to 'transitional waters' of the WFD which are not covered under the MSFD.




  1. Species and habitats listed in the Birds and Habitats Directive that depend for all or some of their life cycle on the marine waters under the scope of MSFD have been identified in the following sections. Some of these, however, may primarily depend upon transitional waters, whilst others that are not listed may need further consideration as they may still be shown to depend on marine waters for part of their life cycle.


Figure 1: The marine regions for Article 17 reporting under the Habitats Directive1





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