Forum of: Environment Commission 1 question of

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FORUM OF: Environment Commission 1
QUESTION OF: Preserving the biodiversity and preventing further destruction of the Amazon Rainforest
MAIN SUBMITTED BY: Federation of Malaysia
CO-SUBMITTED BY: Lao People’s Democratic Republic
Applauding the UN Environment Programme’s Agenda 21 focused on combatting deforestation and the actions derived from this document,
Recognizing that approximately 20% of the Amazon rainforest has been cut down in the past 40 years and the negative effects this destruction will have on soil quality, ecosystem health, climate, and local animal species and people,
Recalling Former UN Secretary General Kofi Annan on the topic at hand: “all our efforts to defeat poverty and pursue sustainable development will be in vain if environmental degradation and further natural resource depletion continue unabated”,
Reminding that the Amazon rainforest has some of the richest biodiversity of any place on the Earth,
Noting with satisfaction the previous efforts of relevant non governmental organizations like Brazilian Institute of Environment and Renewable Natural Resources, Greenpeace International and The World Wildlife Fund,
Reaffirming the need for integrated collaboration between many nations in order to receive the most effective outcome in protecting all organisms of the Amazon Rainforest,
Bearing in mind that major causes of destruction to the Amazon include plantation farming, logging, cattle ranching, increase of infrastructure and climate change,
Further recognizing that major multinational companies play a major role in the destruction of the Amazon rainforest, regarding their usage of unsustainable materials,
Deeply concerned in the fact that so much logging, farming and ranching industries are cutting down the forest, which is accelerating the rate of the deforestation in the Amazon rainforest,
Fully aware of the duty of United Nations Environment Programme in preventing any further destruction of the Amazon Rainforest,
Deeply concerned by the current deforestation level of Amazon Rainforest and how it is severely affecting other factors such as global warming and biomass,
1. Urges all nations and their civilians to be fully aware of the topic regarding the seriousness of ecosystem destruction that is currently happening in Amazon Rainforest through methods such as using the internet, television, and other media sources to educate people about possible ways to mitigate the issue and how they can be involved;
2. Promotes enforcement of Amazon rainforest monitoring by governments of countries bordering the rainforest to to protect its endangered plants and animal species and the natural environment from illegal activities through ways such as not limited to:

  1. Gathering, analysing, using large amounts of data for the purpose of tracking species effectively

  2. Uploading collected data on a global and/or regional database to encourage international collaboration and research

  3. Implementing security checks on imports and exports to decrease the threat of invasive species and environmentally harmful substances on the Amazon rainforest

  4. Developing standardised and efficient tools to collect data

  5. Urging bordering nations to submit absolutely original data, as inaccurate data will not be advantageous;

3. Encourages relevant NGOs such as World Wildlife Fund (WWF) and United Nations Environmental Programme to come together to support nations regarding imprisonment of poachers, by methods such as but not limited to:

  1. Increasing awareness through social media, campaigns, etc. of poaching in the Amazon, and the negative effects it has on the ecosystem, which will:

      1. Encourage civilians to forewarn the police of any suspicious behavior pertaining to evidence of unfamiliar or leery animals in the vicinity

      2. Raise funds for respective organizations, allowing them to invest in new technology helpful to catching animal poachers;

b) Implementing systems used to educate indigenous people of the rainforest of the value of local Amazonian flora and fauna, and the threats they pose by killing them

c) Holding seminars to teach indigenous people of the rainforest how to keep animals out of their croplands which is a main reason why animals are killed;

4. Strongly urges nations bordering the Amazon to protect endangered plant and animal species in ways such as, but not limited to:

  1. Establishing protected areas or parks in each country to ensure the safety of the endangered animal and plants species with the full support of organisation such as World Wildlife Foundation (WFF),

  2. Enhancing the prevention of deforestation, poaching and ranching of the impacted and affected areas or regions by allocating volunteer rangers to scout the protected areas with incentives such as but not limited to:

    1. lifetime insurance programs

    2. adequate trainings

    3. proper protection equipment;

c) Collaborating with enforcement organisations, NGOs, and agencies such as the United Nations Environment Organisation, Greenpeace International, and the United Nations Environment Program (UNEP) to ensure proper protection of biodiversity in the Amazon through ways such as creating large scale parks;
5. Further encourages the UN Environment Programme and its partners to stay informed about the status of the Amazon Rainforest through methods such as but not limited to:

  1. Yearly collection of data about aspects of Amazon rainforest health through methods such as:

i. Calculation of Simpson’s biodiversity index

ii. Estimation of the number of trees per square meter (or other unit of area);

  1. Communication with local organizations, governments, and communities in regards to

i. Any additional data related to the Amazon rainforest they may have access to

ii. Arising local/regional concerns and needs relating to the Amazon rainforest;

6. Strongly suggests governments of countries bordering the Amazon to find effective and suitable ways of striking Public-Private Partnerships (PPP) with local farmers and the government to ensure that the development in the Amazon is eco-friendly and sustainable through ways such as but not limited to:

  1. Providing farmers with incentive programs, in which farmers are subsidised for effectively using less land to grow crops

  2. Buying back the unused lands and transmute them into parks or forest reserves to protect the endangered plants and animal species

  3. Educate farmers on specific and straightaway farming techniques so that they can efficiently utilize the given land

  4. Setting strict regulations on the amount of land which could be owned by a specific individual or company

  5. Collaborate with relevant NGOs and Intergovernmental Organizations in order to:

i) Financially support farmers if they decide to reduce the amount of land which

they use

ii) Increasing the cost of land in the Amazon rainforest, thus reducing the amount of land totally bought and used;

7. Further invites nations to encourage all companies to begin using environmentally sustainable materials, by methods such as but not limited to:

  1. Implementing annual assessments of major multinational companies in order to ensure that their materials are eco-friendly sourced

  2. Certifying products as environmentally friendly in cooperation with organizations such as:

      1. The Rainforest Alliance

      2. The Forest Stewardship Council;

9. Suggests the promotion of ecotourism in the Amazon rainforest to promote the biodiversity of the forest through ways such as but not limited to:

  1. Educating tourists on the ecosystem of the Amazon along with the importance of biodiversity in the Amazon

  2. Providing useful and engaging activities and attractions which will benefit the environment such as planting and protecting plants that have a rapidly decreasing population

  3. Distributing information on the harmful impacts and consequences of poaching deforestation, and ranching along with other means of illegal activity in respect to the Amazon forest,

  4. Limiting the number of permits granted to eco-tourism companies so as to control the number of visitors in the area;

10. Recommends the strengthening of regional and international cooperation on previous efforts made to save the biodiversity of the Amazon as well as discussions on new programs or plans to be implemented, especially with key regional organisations that involve governmental cooperation, such as the Amazon Cooperation Treaty Organisation (ACTO), for purposes such as but not limited to:

a) Using diverse communication media

b) Producing videos on explanations with global warming and deforestation on websites

c) Holding semi-annual meetings to collaborate with each other in order to further protect the Amazon;
11. Further invites Non-Governmental Organizations (NGOs) and non-profit organisations such as the Amazon Conservation Association (ACA) to send ambassadors to countries surrounding and bordering the Amazon Rainforest in order to:

  1. Effectively educate companies about environmentally harmful practices

  2. Allow the general society to realise the importance of the Amazon Rainforest through ways such as requesting educators at schools to implement curriculum that mainly focuses on teaching the children the significance of biodiversity in the Amazon through means such as annual tree planting activities,

  3. Calls upon all the NGO’s focused on environmental protection, to attend to a symposium organized by the UN Environmental Assessment Committee in order to join efforts to deal with the delicate situation, exchanging ideas and proposals to debate its future implementation by the UN;

12. Implement the monitoring of data collection of elements of the Amazon, including asking the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES) to increase the amount of agents supervising areas where endangered species habitat and collect data monthly;

13. Further recommends nations to assist in decreasing the amount of fish caught in the Amazon, given overfishing, by setting regulations on, but not limited to:

a) Amount of fish caught by fisheries

b) Certain seasons in which fish can be caught in specific areas, as this allows fish to reproduce and increase in number during the off-seasons;
14. Advocates for all local government officials to not cause corruption such as bribery with the mining and logging industries in order to reduce the rate of corruption and cause less damage to the environment and the indigenous people in ways such as but not limited to:

  1. Inspecting police records on suspicious cases that seem as if indigenous people were forcefully pushed away from their land

  2. Asking the indigenous people to alert any suspicious actions that was made by any law enforcement member as soon as possible.

15. Urges the decrease of deforestation that is most prevalent in the Amazon to prevent further carbon emission and fragmentation through means such as but not limited to:

    1. preventing increased logging by implementing strongly, the idea of Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation (REDD+) issued from the UN-REDD to each country surrounding the Amazon forest,

    2. recommending the use of sustainable methods such as but not limited to:

      1. establishing plantations of trees on degraded lands in the Amazon,

      2. ending subsidies granted to large landowners in the Amazon or for saw mills and road construction in the Amazon;

16. Encourages ground supervision and satellite monitoring of the flora and the fauna in order to prevent more species from being endangered or extinct in ways such as but not limited to:

  1. Ask the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES) to increase the amount of agents supervising areas where endangered species habitat and collect data monthly,

  1. Alert indigenous people and large landowners that there are illegal industries that start small projects near protected area even though they are not allowed,

  2. During security checks for exports, the Brazilian Institute of Environment and Renewable Natural Resources (IBAMA)'s and other similar national organizations to implement stronger inspection practices to protect species of trees that are protected by law are not being exported;

  1. Encourages the facilitation of financial support to nations in both private and public sectors regarding the policy and technological development for the preservation, protection and conservation of biological diversity agendas with the assistance of relevant agencies and organizations in the respective sectors of financial support such as, but not limited to:

    1. World Wide Fund for Nature (WWF) for funding conservation and environmental projects,

    2. World Bank (WB) to fund developing countries for policy development regarding biological diversity preservation in order to implement such projects in the future,

    3. Rainforest Alliance to urge corporations to purchase goods and services with the organization’s seal of approval, in order to create income through sustainable resources

    4. provide funds to rainforest communities and indigenous peoples with sound management including, but not limited to:

      1. seed tree systems that leaves standing certain mature trees, instead of clearcutting,

      2. sustainable logging that gives trees and timber recovery time;

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