Announced the reasons for the colonists’ separation from England
Bill of Rights
Provided specific guarantees of individual rights
Governments long established should not be changed for light and transient causes…. But when a long train of abuses and usurpations, pursuing invariably the same Object evinces a design to reduce them under absolute Despotism, it is their right, it is their duty, to throw off such Government, and to provide new Guards for their future security.
—The Declaration of Independence, July 4, 1776
The right identified in this excerpt was later used by—
Southern states to justify their secession in 1860
slaves threatening to rebel in the South before the Civil War
the Populist Party in favor of adopting a silver-backed money
the Mormons to explain their move to the Utah Territory
5 [9A] Which amendment is correctly paired with its impact on civil rights?
Guaranteed the right to vote regardless of race or former enslavement
“… nor shall private property be taken for public use, without just compensation.”
What was the purpose of this clause?
To enable local governments to obtain land at low prices
To prevent the federal government from taking private land
To enable the federal government to sell its public lands
To protect landowners from losing their land without payment
What then is the American, this new man? … I could point out to you a family whose grandfather was an Englishman, whose wife was Dutch, whose son married a French woman, and whose present four sons have now four wives of different nations. He is an American, who leaving behind him all his ancient prejudices and manners, receives new ones from the new mode of life he has embraced, the new government he obeys, and the new rank he holds.
The author of this excerpt would most likely agree that Americans—
have a better system of education than most European nations
come from numerous places but share common beliefs that unite them
are more competitive than Europeans because of their lack of natural resources
need to strengthen the central government in order to control the state governments
8 [22A] In the 1830s, Alexis de Tocqueville identified five values crucial to America’s success as a constitutional republic. Which value is correctly matched with its definition?
American citizens consider themselves as equals before the law.
Americans are free to worship as they please and to speak their opinions openly.
Americans focus on pursuing their private interests but society as a whole often benefits as a result.
Americans are able to pursue their own economic interests with little government interference.
9 [3B] What was the significance of the Interstate Commerce Act (1887) and the Sherman Antitrust Act (1890)?
They prevented shoddy goods from being sold across state lines.
They raised tariffs to encourage the further growth of big business.
They were used to break up labor unions for interfering with free enterprise.
They established the principle that Congress could regulate some business practices.
This certificate was issued in 1919. What was the main goal of the organization that issued this certificate?
To obtain better pay and conditions for skilled workers
To assist in the transition from a capitalist to a socialist society
To help cigar makers obtain better housing and U.S. citizenship
To replace individual unions with a single national union for all workers
The drawing shows protesting workers at Haymarket Square, Chicago, where violence occurred in May 1886. Based on the drawing, what is the viewpoint of the artist?
The police were largely responsible for the violence.
The lives of women and children were endangered.
The protestors’ demands were largely justified.
The protestors were prepared to use violence.
12 [3B] How were Americans most influenced by the growth of railroads after the Civil War?
Railroads led to shortages of raw materials for factories and the migration of workers to farms.
Railroads stimulated the construction of steamships to trade up and down America’s inland rivers.
Railroads encouraged the growth of cities, settlement of the West, and creation of a national market.
Railroads caused cotton, rice, and wheat production to move from the Southeast to the West Coast.