Internet Services (II) Class: _______ Name: _________ (____)
Wiki is a type of web site that allows collaborative creation and edition of interlinked web pages through web browser. Users are allowed to create new pages or edit any existing pages. Therefore, readers can also be author.
The most well-known wiki site is Wikipedia (維基百科).
Try to visit the page about our school at: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/CLSMSS
Why Wikipedia allows everyone to edit the pages?
People from around the world can make contribution, such that the content will become more accurate and complete.
Up-to-date content can be included (e.g. 2012 Lamma Island ferry collision 南丫島撞船事故). It is not possible for traditional encyclopedias (books).
Copyright is a form of intellectual property that gives the author of an original work exclusive right for a certain time periodin relation to that work, including its publication, distribution and adaptation, after which time the work is said to enter the public domain.
End User License Agreement (EULA) is a contract between the “licensor” (software company) and purchaser of the right to use software.
Infringement (i.e. violation) of software copyright is called “software piracy”. Illegal copies of software are called “pirated software”
Types of software license:
Users have to purchase a single-machine license (or site license) to use the software on one computer (or a group of computers in a site).
Usually trial version (time-limited) or demo version (function-limited) of a software program. It lets users “try-before-buy”.
“Free” means free of charge. Users do not need to pay for using the software. Users may send the program to other people (depending on the EULA).
Open Source Software (OSS)
The source code is open to the public to read, modify and redistribute. They are sometimes referred to as “Free Software”, where “free” means freedom.
For example, the GNU General Public License (GPL) grants users: