Broadcasts of Australian radio facsimile services were transferred to the care of TVNZ Australia on 1 July 2002, following the decision of the Royal Australian Navy to cease transmissions on that date. The contract with TVNZ for these services is part of the agreement to provide HF transmissions for the Bureau over the next 5 years, with options to further extend. Essentially the new services, with their new call signs VMC and VMW, continue the previous services using the identical set of frequencies and the same broadcast program. The times for switching frequencies between day and night conditions have been slightly changed. Full details can be obtained from the marine page www.bom.gov.au/marine.
Following the change to the new arrangements a review of the overall program, and the focus for the services, will take place over the next few months. It is intended that a greater variety of marine/ocean charts will be introduced. It is likely that a number of upper air meteorological charts will be deleted.
As part of the rearrangement of MSI broadcasting responsibilities at the national level, the Australian Maritime Safety Authority ceased broadcasts of navigation warnings in voice on 1 July 2002. The governments of the Australian states are now providing limited broadcasts of these warnings, currently using one of the Bureau’s HF voice frequencies during the “special announcements” segment of the Bureau’s voice schedule. It is hoped that eventually the navigation warnings can be incorporated into the Bureau’s automatically generated system using the full suite of frequencies available to the Bureau.
BRAZILIAN NAVY NAVY HYDROGRAPHIC CENTRE
REPORT OF THE BRAZILIAN MARINE METEOROLOGICAL SERVICE
1 - INTRODUCTION The Brazilian Marine Meteorological Service is operated by the Navy Hydrographic Centre (NHC) and is located in the city of Niterói, Rio de Janeiro State. It is the national organisation responsible for the production and publishing of meteorological analyses and forecasts for the maritime area which Brazil is responsible for (METAREA V), in order to attend to international commitment accepted by our country before the maritime community, as a member of the Safeguard of Life at Sea International Convention (SOLAS).
For simplification and clarity sake, METAREA V is divided into eight coastal areas (A through H) and two oceanic areas (South and North).
The Service itself is co-ordinated by the Environmental Prediction Superintendent and is run by four Divisions - Environmental Information, Environmental Predictions, Numerical Prediction and Environmental Data. The Environmental Predictions Division is responsible for the generation and transmission of most products (manned 24X7) and is supported by the Numerical Prediction Division, which is responsible for all atmospheric and oceanographic mesoscale models run by the Centre.
2 - OFFERED PRODUCTS
Meteorological Bulletins (METEOROMARINHA) - twice a day and divided into five parts - Severe Weather Warnings, Synoptic Situation, Areas Forecasts (Weather, Wind, Waves and Visibility), IAC – FLEET Code and SHIPS
Severe Weather Warnings - Wind Force 7, Waves 3 metres, Wave Surge 2.5 metres and Visibility < 1 km
Special Forecasts - SAR
Meteorological Charts - twice a day - Surface Pressure and SST Charts
China Meteorological Administration (CMA) is responsible for preparing and providing meteorological message services for NAVAREA XI(IOR) under GMDSS. The services are including the Inmarsat SafetyNET service and NAVTEX Service. National Meteorological Center, CMA provides the Inmarsat SafetyNET service. Dalian, Shanghai, Fuzhou, Guangzhou, and Sanya meteorological observatories issue meteorological messages to NAVTEX.
2. INMARSAT SAFETYNET SERVICE
2.1 National Meteorological Center (NMC), CMA provides operational services including monitoring weather condition, analyzing weather situation, predicting the future weather, and preparing meteorological messages. The meteorological messages, which including the meteorological information for area 100-125E, 0-30N coming from Hong Kong through GTS, are issued four times a day at 03:30, 10:15, 15:30 and 21:15 UTC.
2.2 CONTENTS OF BULLETINS
2.2.1 Warning: Including gale, dense fog, the position of low and (or) tropical storm, and their (its) wind radius of Beaufort force 8 and 10, Minimum pressure, speed and direction of movement, and forecasting for the future 24, 48 hours.
2.2.2 Summary and forecasting of synoptic systems: Including position of high, low, tropical cyclone, cold front, warm front, and stationary front.
2.2.3 Distribution and forecasting of weather elements: Including wind, fog, poor visibility, and severe swell.
3.1 Dalian, Shanghai, Fuzhou, Guangzhou, and Sanya Costal Radio Stations had been established in China. Dalian, Shanghai, Fuzhou, Guangzhou, and Sanya meteorological observatories are responsible for providing meteorological messages to them several times a day.
3.2 The contents of bulletins are including warning, general synopsis, and forecasts. The contents of warning include gale, dense fog, the low and (or) tropical storm, heavy rain, and so on. The general synopsis is including position of high, low, tropical cyclone, cold front, warm front, stationary front and its movement. The forecasts are sky condition, wind speed and direction, sea wave and so on in the future 24 hours.
3.3 Bulletin examples
Example (1): ZCZC
FXCI69 BCGZ 232100
232100UTC JAN 2002
GUANGZHOU OBSY WEATHER REPORT =
NO WARNING IN RESPONSIBLE AREA =
MARINE WEATHER FORECAST FOR 24 HOURS FROM 240100Z =
TAIWAN STRAITS = CLOUDY TO OVERCAST WITH SCATTER LIGHT RAIN WIND
NE 22 TO 33 KTS GUSTS 34 TO 40 KTS SEAS ROUGH TO VERY ROUGH VIS 8
TO 16 KMS =
EAST GUANGDONG = FINE TO CLOUDY WINDS NE TO E 22 TO 27 KTS GUSTS
28 TO 33 KTS SEA ROUGH VIS 8 TO 16 KMS =
WEST GUANGDONG QIONGZHOU STRAITS = OVERCAST WITH LOCAL SHOWERS
WINDS ELY 17 TO 21 KTS GUSTS 22 TO 27 KTS SEA MODERATE VIS 5 TO 15
BEIBU WAN GULF = OVERCAST WITH LOCAL SHOWERS WIND NE 17 TO 21 KTS
GUSTS 22 TO 27 KTS SEA MODERATE VIS 8 TO 16 KMS =
SOUTHWEST HAINAN ISLAND = CLOUDY TO OVERCAST WINDS NE TO E 17 TO
21 KTS GUSTS 22 TO 27 KTS SEA MODERATE VIS 10 TO 20 KMS =
XISHA = CLOUDY WINDS NE TO E 17 TO 27 KTS GUSTS 28 TO 33 KTS
SEAS MODERATE TO ROUGH VIS 15 TO 25 KMS =
DONGSHA ZHONGSHA NANSHA = CLOUDY WIND NE 22 TO 33 KTS GUSTS 34
TO 40 KTS SEAS ROUGH TO VERY ROUGH VIS 10 TO 20 KMS =
BASHI = CLOUDY TO OVERCAST WITH LOCAL SHOWERS WIND NE 22 TO 33
KTS GUSTS 34 TO 40 KTS SEAS ROUGH TO VERY ROUGH VIS 8 TO 16 KMS =
VABELLA = CLOUDY TO OVERCAST WIND NE 22 TO 33 KTS GUSTS 34 TO 40
KTS SEAS ROUGH TO VERY ROUGH VIS 10 TO 20 KMS =
ST.JACQUES = CLOUDY TO OVERCAST WITH LOCAL SHOWERS WIND NE 22 TO
27 KTS GUSTS 28 TO 33 KTS SEA ROUGH VIS 8 TO 16 KMS =
ZENGMU ANSHA REEF = CLOUDY TO OVERCAST WITH SHOWERS WIND NE 22 TO
27 KTS GUSTS 28 TO 33 KTS SEA ROUGH VIS 5 TO 15 KMS =
WLY WINDS FORCE 5 TO 6 BECOMING N WINDS FORCE 6 NOON X
SEA MODERATE BECOMING ROUGH STOP
National meteorological Center, CMA has also established operational system to provide navigation services. The services are including to provide meteorological messages and navigation to oceangoing voyage, and to make a best choice of shipping line.
National Technical Report on GMDSS for France
1999 - 2002
France has responsibility for issuing :
scheduled bulletins and warnings for METAREA II
tropical cyclone warnings for METAREA VIII (S)
France also prepares :
scheduled bulletins and warnings for the western part of METAREA III (for Greece)
forecasts for area 30°S/50°S, 50°E/80°E, part of METAREA VII (La Réunion for South Africa)
tropical cyclone warnings for METAREA VII (La Réunion for South Africa)
Scheduled bulletins prepared by Mauritius for METAREA VIII (S) are broadcast by France.