Joshua Lamoreaux also listed as Josue Lamoureux and Josué Lamoureux

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Date Place Event & Source

1731 Sep 12 New Rochelle, NY Jacques (James), 5th child, of Daniel Lamoreaux & Jeanne Masse'

is christened by Mon. Setoup (Pierre Stouppe) "de La nouvelle Rochelle

Angliquane" . Witnesses; Jean Bonnet & Jeanne Quantanin.

Daniel's hand made account book.

French Church of New Rochelle , Film # 017795

1732 Nov 15 New Rochelle, NY Isaac, 6th child, born to Daniel Lamoureux & Jeanne Masse'

[Isaac Md. Hannah Conklin.] [There are Conklins in Philipstown.]

Daniel's hand made account book. I have a copy, akrc.

"New Windsor, Orange Co, New York Presbyterian Church Records 1774-1796" lists Isaac and Hannah Pringle or Prindle Lamoureux's marriage.”

Isabelle Cluff PAF Notes

1732 Dec 31 New Rochelle, NY Isaac, 6th child, of Daniel_Lamoreaux__Jeanne_Masse'>Daniel Lamoreaux & Jeanne Masse' is baptized

by Mon. Setopu (Pierre Stouppe) "de La nouvelle Rochelle Aangliquane" .

Daniel's hand made account book. See 1732 Nov 15

1732-3 "Daniel Lamoureux was the son of Andre' Lamoureux, a native of Meschers in

Saintonge. His mother was Suzanne La Tour. Daniel was born in 1695 in Bristol, England,

but the family was in New York City in 1700. Daniel married Jeanne Masse daughter of Pierre and Elizabeth (Mersereau) Masse and moved to New Rochelle by 1726, which he left after1732 for northern Westchester County and finally the present Putnam County.

Ship Passenger Lists, New York and New Jersey (1600-1825), Carl Boyer

[David K Martin, in 1973, wrote the following statement. Later he found other proof.

My theory at the moment is that David never went to what is now Putnam Co., but stayed all his life in Westchester Co. I have looked over the early Dutchess Co tax lists and find no mention of the name from 1717 onward until later generations got there. Dutchess then included Putnam. The marriage of Daniel Lamoreaux to his second wife: Aaltie (Storm) Bunker took place on 9 June 1744 (Sleepy Hollow Church Records) which is in Westchester Co., and she was widow of Frederick Banker of Philipsburg. THE TOWN BOOK OF THE MANNOR OF PHILLIPSBURGH (p16) lists. The ear mark of Daniel Lamppewa (sic) registered 2 Dec 1742, whom I believe is our ancestor. I feel Daniel probably died there between 1751 and 1754 (when the handwriting in the old family record changes.)… (I) wonder if the son who stayed in Westchester Co. …might not have had the family farm and if it’s location might not have a family graveyard.”

Notes of David Kendall Martin in a letter to Isabelle Cluff, 1973

You might also be interested to note that in checking on our Tory ancestor’s land in New York, Robert finally ran down the listing about 14 miles from West Point and the adjoining land owner was Benedict Arnold in 1775 or 1776. This was Daniels son Josue 1/9/1939 to about 1830. After selling or leaving the piece of land he moved to Canada toa 90 acre parcel which is just north of downtown Toronto. His grandfather, Andre, at one point also owned a piece of land on 42nd Street in New York. It appears to be very close to if not the land on which the U.N. is now standing. Oh, if our relatives only held on to their land another 250 years.”

Duane Lamoreaux “letter written for unmoin(?) in 1978”

Sent to April in 1991 with his “300 years…”

[Robert is his brother who did much of their research.]

1730 [after] “W.J. Blake in his History of Putnam County says of the settlement of Phillipstown that

the first settler in the region of ‘The Old Highland Church’ on the road from Clod Springs to Fishkill, was David Heustis in 1730. The Andersons, the Haights, the Bloomers, the Wilsons, and the Lamoureux followed soon after. The family homestead was at of near a place known locally as Davenport’s Corners.”

Smith, Carl W, “A Line Of Descent, French Huguenot Émigré, Andre’ Lamoreaux, 1660-1706,”

Philipstown… formed March 17, 1788. A part of Fishkill…most westerly part of the county… Its surface is broken by numerous steep and rocky mountain ridges separated by deep and narrow valleys. These mountains constitute the most elevated portion of The Highlands. …The greater part of the surface is unfit for agricultural purposes. …Coldspring… Breakneck, …Griffin Corners… Davenport Corners Continental Village… Garrisons, on the Hudson, …first settlement was made about 1715, by Thos. Davenport. …principally settled under Col. Beverly Robinson, who acquired title by marriage with Susannah, daughter of Frederick Philipse.”

French, J.H., Gazetteer State of New York, p ?? Putnam Co.

Daniel Lamoreaux's record says they stayed in the New Rochelle Church till after Isaac was baptized 31 Dec 1732. After that they probably moved to Bedford, a section cut into the south part of Cortlandt Manor.

Looking at places listed in Daniel's hand made account book.

1733 Philipstown, NY Lamoreaux settled in Philipstown, after 1730, Duchess Co, NY (later Putnam Co)

"Removed before the War." [?This would be Elisha and / or ?]

History of Putnam Co W J Blake

"I feel this is an error. I have read the tax lists in the Duchess Co Supervisor's Books from 1730 until they cease in 1779; there is no appearance of the name [Lamoureux] until June 1758 (the first entry after Feb 1758) when Daniel's son John, appears in the Southern Precinct."

"I believe John is the Lamoureux Referred to by Blake;" 1758

"Current View of Daniel Lamoreaux"

David Kendall Martin, 2/1974, New York

Andrew Jackson Lamoureux wrote in 1919 that ‘Daniel’s final location was in Philipses Precinct, Dutchess Co, on lands belonging to the Philipse Manor,” evidently basing his opinion on WJ Blake’s “History of Putnam Co, which states that “a man of the name of Lamoreaux settled thereabouts the same time” – that is after David Heusistis in 1730. In 1939, when H D L’Amoureux republished A J Lamoureux’s work, he saw no reason to change this statement, but I feel this is an error. I have read the tax lists in the Duchess Co Supervisor's Books from 1730 until they cease in 1779; there is no appearance of the name until June 1758 (the first entry after Feb 1758) when Daniel's son John, appears in the Southern Precinct which later became Putnam Co .I believe John is the Lamoureux referred to by Blake: although Blake may have had in mind Daniel’s son Isaac, the longest resident of Dutchess (ie Putnam) Co. of the family. Isaac arrived in 1761."

"Current View of Daniel Lamoreaux"

David Kendall Martin, 2/1974, New York

1736 Bedford, NY Daniel Lamoureux family were living near Philipsburg

"The Life History of David B Lamoreaux, Edith I. Lamoreaux

Daniel Lamoureux family in Bedford, NY.

[Bedford is a section cut into the south part of the Cortland Manor. See Maps.]

"A L'Amoureux Family History as we Approach

300 Years In America," Duane L'Amoureux in a letter to akrc, 1991

It is possible that the family moved again between Dec 1732 and Jan 1737 for the next child listed in the family record was baptized by the minister of the Bedford, Westchester Co., Presbyterian Church; although it is possible that they did not move but simply used the minister of a different church. By 1742 it is possible that Daniel had moved to the Manor of Philipsburgh in what is now Yonkers; “The Town Book of the Manor of Philipsburgh (p 16) shows an earmark of Daniel Lamppewa, who just might be Daniel Lamoureux in one of the exotic spellings of the name at the hand of a non-French-speaking clerks, registered on Dec 2nd 1742. By June of 1744 he had moved to the North part of Westchester Co. on the Manor of Cortlandt, as shown by his second marriage recorded above, where I feel he lived in what is now the Town of Yorktown.”

"Current View of Daniel Lamoreaux"

David Kendall Martin, 2/1974, New York

1736 Dec 26 Bedford, NY Susanne, 7th child, born to Daniel Lamoureux & "Jeanne Massee"

[Susanne Md. ???]

Susanne Lamoureux filles de Daniel Lamoureux et de Janne Massee est ne le 26 Jour de Decembre 1736 et presante au Bapteme par Daniel Lamoureux et de Janne Massee la famme les parain et maraine et Baptize le 5 jour de mar 1736-7 par monsieur Soungind (faded) minestre de Bedford Presipiteirian”

Daniel's hand made account book. I have a copy, akrc.

1737 A colonial census is taken

History of Westchester Co, NY, From Early Settlement...,

Shonnard & Spooner

New York Population of New York City and County was 10,664, the bulk o f the

population still lived below Wall Street.

The Iconography of Manhattan Island 1498 * 1909, Stokes

1737 Jan 5 Bedford, NY Susanne, 7th child, of Daniel Lamoreaux & Jeanne Masse' is baptized

By Robert Sturgeon "minestre de Bedfort Presipiteirian" . "Daniel Lamoreaux

& Janne Lamoreaux la famme, les parain et maraine ..."

[Witnesses] Isaac Quantanin & Susane Quantanin.

Daniel's hand made account book. See 1736 Dec 26

"..baptized by Rev. Sturgin, Episcopalian minister of Cortlandt Manor"

Isabelle L Cluff

"Bedford, ... the only one of the first settlements having an inland location, and the only... with no associations or relations binding it to other Westchester settlements of early origin... it was regarded as a purely New England village accidentally absorbed by New York."

"The house-lots adjoined one another on the village street, it being deemed advisable for the settlers to live close together as a precaution in case of Indian attack." p 220-1

History of Westchester Co, NY, From Early Settlement to the Year 1900, Shonnard, Frederic, & Spooner, W W, 1900.

[Contains good descriptions of each area in Co.]

"Once English became the vehicular language of the Huguenots, they changed their church affiliation from their French speaking churches to American congregations. Most of them identified themselves with the Establishment Church in the Colonies, the Episcopal Church; a minority became members of the Presbyterian Church which is, like the Huguenots themselves, based on Calvinist Reformation."

A Brief History of the Huguenots, Rev Herbert L Stein-Schneideer,

1737 Dec 16 South Precinct, In an Act passed by the Colonial Assembly, Putnam Co. "was styled South Precinct." New York (Putnam Co was formed in 1812)

Early Settlers of Putnam Co

FC Haacker, 1946. Film #529,189

1738 about Duchess Co, NY Elizabeth Ogden is born, Duchess Co, NY

Archive Rec [See also 1743.]

1738 New York Doctors visit ships in the Harbor to prevent epidemics of small-pox, etc.

The Iconography of Manhattan Island 1498 * 1909, Stokes

1739 Jan 9 prob. Bedford?, Josue' Lamoureux is Born to Daniel Lamoreaux & Jeanne

or Philipstown? "Jausue Lamoureux, "fils de Daniel Lamoureux et de Jeanne

New York Massee est ... Presente au Baptisme par Francois Lent et Parain et

maraine. [God parents/ witnesses] [This record seems to be incomplete,

not torn. no place of baptism is given as for the other children.]

[This Josue' Md Elizabeth Ogden.]

Daniel's hand made account book.

[This record seems to be incomplete, not torn. no place of baptism is given as for the other children. Who were the witnesses?] [Archive Rec says, Joshue was born in Philipstown, NY]

[Isabelle says we know where Francios Lent was. Philipstown comes from 1919 Record? Ask her where.]

Grenville C Mackenzie (of Westport, Conn) in his manuscript, ‘Families of Old Phillipsburgh’ (pages unnumbered, copy in Westchester Co Historical Society Library) states; ‘Joshua'>Joshua_Lamoureux'>Joshua Lamoureux, son of Daniel and grandson of Andre, was born at Yorktown on Jan 9, 1739, enlisted in Capt Haight’s Co of militia out of Capt Rogers’ company 1760. He married Elizabeth Ogden, resided in Yorktown until 1783 when he went with his family to New Brunswick, Canada, and later lived in York Co near Scarborough.’ I have never paid too much attention to Mr Mackenzie’s statement That Joshua was born in Yorktown since I am quite sure that Joshua was not residing in Yorktown, Westchester Co in 1783 when he left for New Brunswick. … I am caused to reconsider…”

If Joshua was born in Westchester Co, which is certainly a possibility, my next question is; When did he remove to Dutchess Co? The answer to this question might shed a new hope on finding the marriage date and place of Joshua to ‘Elizabeth Ogden.”

Letter to David Kendall Martin from Isabelle Cluff, 1974

[Josue didn’t have a mom to teach him how to read and write.]From a letter of minister of La Rochelle’ There was no school in the place, and the parents supplied the deficiency by instructing their children.”

Fosdick, L. J., The French Blood in America, p 240

[Daniel and Jeanne Lamoreaux's children were baptized at the French Church of NY, the New Rochelle Angelican Church and the Bedford Presbyterian Church. HINT; look for Josue's children in one of these churches in his areas. But his mother died early. He didn't have her influence. Where would Elizabeth have her children christened? Where were the other Lamoreauxs? Look in Sleepy Hollow and Kingston Records. Many from the New York Dutch Reform church went to Sleepy Hollow Church.]
1735-45 Great Awakenings - Itinerant preachers - religious reforms

1739-44 Westchester Co, Jeanne Lamoureax died between 1739 & 1744, age about 43- 48 buried in Westchester

New York. Co Aaltie Storm's husband died in 1739

[Isabelle says in Phillipsburgh]

[This left Daniel, 43, with children ages 19?, 17, 15, 12, 10?, 8, 6, 2?, and a newborn if all were still alive.

Daniel stays single till 1744. Daniel's Andrew married in 1743. Joshua was very close to Andrew's sons.]

Jeanne had grand daughters named for her born in 1745 & 1749.

[Note: God parents may have had some care of the children.]
1739 Philipstown, NY Daniel Lamoureux family in Philipstown, Duchess Co, NY.

(later Putnam Co) Duane LaMoreaux Letter 1991 [?This may be confused]

The old (Lamoreaux) homestead was near the Old Highland Church, where the

family lived from 1740 to the beginning of the Revolution."

Andrew Jackson L'Amoureux [from Isabelle]

NOTE: [There is a Philipsburgh & a Philipstown. Cortlandt Manor is between them. Philipsburgh is south; Philipstown is north. This may be Philipsburgh instead?]
The Philipse Patent and Cortlandt Manor

Philipse, pronounced PHILLIPS, from Dutch Flypse: Philip's son, anglicized to Philipse. p 158

"Frederick Philipse,... a series of land buying transactions..., made him owner of the country from Spuyten Duyvil to the Croton River and from the Hudson to the Bronx... additional lands ... the territory around Tarrytown... Irvington; Dobbs Ferry;... north Yonkers to between Sawmill and Bronx Rivers..." p 156

"Frederick Philipse delt in ... slave trade & illegal trade..” [Much smuggling was carried on to offset the extremely strict British maritime trade laws... it was expected.] p 159

"Although the lands of Philipse reached as far north as Croton Bay, their limits in the interior were considerably farther south, not being above the headwaters of the Bronx River.. the northern boundary of ... the Manor of Philipseburgh. [1693 was made a manor & authorized a bridge & fares at Spuyten Duyvil Creek at Papirinemen] At it's northwest corner it touched ...Cortlandt Manor" p157

[Son in law, Van Cortlandt, bought part in Lower Yonkers/Bronx.]

"... Stephannus Van Cortlandt became the proprietor of nearly the whole of Westchester Co. along the Hudson from Croton Bay to the Highlands." p 166

The Manor of Cortlandt was established in 1697.”... The first settlements were in the neighborhood of Croton & Peekskill. The Indians continued numerous, though for the most part peaceable, until an advanced period in the eighteenth century." p 168

History of Westchester Co, NY, From Early Settlement to the Year 1900, Shonnard & Spooner

Frederick Philipse is anglicized from the Dutch, “pronounced Phillips”1672 “…sole owner of the country from Spuyten Duyvil to the Croton River and from the Hudson to the Bronx.” Bought more later- Tarrytown, 1681; Irvington, 1682; Dobbs Ferry, 1682;”Yonkers to the northern limits of the manor, between the Sawmill and Bronx Rivers:” 1684; upper Yonkers, 1685; Sing Sing {Sint-Sinck], 1686; “Tappan Meadows,” 1687; Lower Yonkers, 1693. “…vested in him as a whole by Governor Fletcher on the 12th of June 1693.” “…erects the estate into a manor called Philipsburgh or Philipseborough…” p 157-8

Philipse…”At it’s northwest corner it touched the estate of Stephanus Van Cortlandt, the brother of his [Frederick] second wife – an estate which also (1697) became one of the great manors, called Cortlandt Manor, running east from Croton Bay to the Connecticut line, including, besides almost the whole of the northern part of Westchester County, a tract on the west bank of the Hudson.” Also land grants on Manhattan Island. P 157

“…Cortlandt became the proprietor of nearly the whole of Westchester County along the Hudson from Croton Bay to the Highlands.” Peekskill Bay was not part of the manor. “…the ferry across the Croton River mouth, which was the only means of reaching the country above without making a wide detour…” p 166

The great distance of Cortlandt Manor from New York City… as well as its difficulty of access from the country immediately below on account of the obstruction of its lands…” p 168

"The portions of the county styled Yonkers and Philipseburgh at that period [1712?] were, respectively, the lower and upper division of Philipseburgh Manor," p 221?

Westchester… appealing for special privileges, in view of the exceptional functions that had been conferred upon the adjacent manorial lands of Morrisania, Fordham, Philipseburgh, and Pelhem.” P 221?

Sons and grand sons divided it up then it came together again under grandson and “…the [Cortlandt] manor continued to exist in it’s integrity until the Revolution, when, in consequence of his being a Torry partisan, and his removing himself to the British lines, the whole property was confiscated, …” divided between his three children. “…the largest of the six Westchester County manors, considerably exceeding in this respect the Manor of Philipseburgh, which in its turn was several times larger than the four other manors (Pelham, Scarsdale, Fordham, and Morrisania) combined.” p 170

“…Van Cortlandt, …also owned a large estate in the Town of Bedford…”

History of Westchester Co, NY, From Its Earliest Settlement to the Year 1900,

Shonnard, Frederic, & Spooner, W W, 1900.

[Contains good descriptions of each area in Co.]

"Frederick Philipse of the Hudson Valley governed his tenants' lives but cared for their welfare as well." "Tenant labor was not serfdom." "...landlordism and tenantry rather than freehold farms." "19 of every 20 whites dwelt in the countryside, not the towns."

The American Revolution, Edward Countryman, p 14

Philipsburgh: "'after Lord Fredrick Philipse had bought and come into possession of his land tract (i.e. the manor of Philipsburgh) he contracted with a number of people to come and live upon it without charge, that the land might be quickly put to use and settled.'... This was about 1680... the second wife of Lord Fredrick Philipse was Catherine Van Cortlandt, widow of Jan der Val. Catherine & Fredrick married in 1692. Lady Catherine who had been enrolled in the Dutch Church of NYC, was instrumental in gathering the church at Sleepy Hollow, her name heading the list of members... naturally transferring their association thereto from the more distant congregation in NY. " [When?]

The Matthysen-Bankers of Sleepy Hollow in NY G&B Record vol XL, 1909

as quoted by Isabelle... see FG for Daniel

Philipstown is in the Philipse or Upper Patent given to Adolph Philipse in 1697. Left to his nephew Fredrick [third lord] in 1749. Divided when he died between his three children Philip, Susanna & Mary.

Early Settlers of Putnam Co NY F. C. Haacker, 1946

“In 1697, Adolphus Philipse, second son of the first Lord of the Manor of Philipsborough, purchased from Lambert Dortlandt and Jan Sybrandt, who had bought it a few years before from the Wiccopee chiefs, a tract of land which became known as the Highland Patent. This tract extended approximately 20 miles along the east shore of the Hudson, from Annsville Creek to the Fish Kill, and eastward some 20 odd miles to the border of the Connecticut Province. The Patent included Polopel Island In the Hudson River.

Shortly after his purchase, Adoiphus Philipse, who made his residence at the Castle near Tarrytown and maintained only a bachelor shooting lodge on Lake Mahopac in the Highland Patent, opened the tract to tenant settlers. It was his continued policy through 50 years, and the policy of his heirs, to rent, not to sell, land. The family was particularly jealous of the property on the river front.

The Highland Patent was incorporated in the County of Dutchess and was known as the “South Precinct”. In 1812 all but a very small portion of this south Precinct was cut off from Dutchess County and became Putnam County.

In 1704, Lord Cornbury, Governor of the Province of New York and a cousin of Queen Anne, ordered the development of a road on the Hudson’s east shore connecting New York with Albany. This Queen’s Highway, later the King’s Highway, be-came the Albany Post Road and in recent years a large portion of U. S. Route 9.

Previous to Lord Cornbury’s road building, there had existed roads from New York to the villages in Westchester County as far north as Yorktown and from Fish Kill Village and the settlements in northern Dutchess County to Albany, but the 20 odd miles through the Highlands between Annsville Creek and the Fish Kill remained wilderness, broken only by Indian trails, The road which was put through this part of Adolphus Philipse's Highland Patent in the first decade of the Eighteenth Century was little better than a trail, being unfit for wheeled traffic for many years. This section of the King' Highway, later the Post Road, was spoken of as "The Path". Soon after the opening of "The Path", hardy pioneers began to move northward from Westchester County into the Highland Patent. Among these early settlers were John Rogers, who built on "The Path" on the bill between Philipse and Indian Brooks; David Hustace (Hustis) who settled on "The Path" in the North Highlands on the brook running into the Fish Kill; Jacob Mandeville, near Four Corners, Garrison; and Thomas DAVENPORT, who rented land, built his log house, and raised his large family on land at the base of Bull Hill ex-tending from "The Path" to the Hudson, He was the first settler on the river in the Philipse Upper Patent.

“The first mill available to these pioneers was that built by Roger and Cathryna Brett on the north bank of the Fish Kill. Settlers on the Highland Patent north of Philipse Brook rode their sacks of grain to Madam Brett's mill to be ground. Settlers along 'The Path" in the mountains south of Philipse Brook found it easier to have their grain ground and do their trading at Yorktown, or, later at Beverly Robinson's Red Mill at Mahopac Falls. Thus came about the geographical division of the North and the South Highlands. Only after the Revolution was a mill built on Indian Brook at the crossing of the Post Road, available to farmers in both directions.

This mill, operated first by a Warren, later by Nelsons, descendants of the Warrens, became the center of communal life in that part of the township.The house by the mill, built during or immediately after the Revolution by Captain John Warren of the Dutchess County Militia, was a tavern on the stage coach route along the Post Road, which passed close by it. Mail was dropped there to be picked up by residents in the neighborhood. Court was held in the big room of the tavern. Religious services were held there by itinerant ministers, including the Rev. Silas Constant of the church at Yorktown, A school was built near the mill. The later yellow brick schoolhouse on this site served the district until 1931 and still stands.

The manuscript "REKORD" kept by successive clerks of the School Trustees from 1844 to 1931, is among the rare books of the Butterfield Memorial Library in Cold Spring, New York, Later, the Highland Turnpike was cut from Warren's Mill south to a new crossing of Annsville Creek, skirting the mountain ridge and thus avoiding the steep grades which were dangerous in all weathers for stage coaches. From the opening of the Pike, travel along the Post Road (once "The Path") between Warren's and Continental Village was limited to local farmers. The old road with its milestones, continued as it had been since the days of the Revolution. People living along the Post Road, to reach the new Pike, had to drive to Warren's Milllater Nelson's where the mail coaches made regular stops. A road following Indian Brook running from the Sunk Mines down to the Hudson at Nelson's Landing passed in front of the mill and the miller's house.

Here, in the old roomy house built by Captain John Warren, was born in 1840, a descendant of the house's first owner, James Nelson. In his veins ran the blood of Warrens, Nelsons, Rogerses, Haights and Davenports all pioneer settlers of the Highland Patent. His entire life was lived there. He was a miller, farmer, school trustee, Justice of the Peace. He married Mary Forman, a granddaughter of Gilbert Forman, formerly of Yorktown, who had moved up "The Path" shortly after the Revolution to settle on a large farm east of the Post Road and north of Indian Brook.”

Thomas Davenport & His Descendants , by James Nelson, p 1&2

From: Charlie Griffith Aug 2000
[We have a map, obtained by Isabelle Cluff, of a “Copy of Lambert’s map of Water Lot #2, Philipse’s Upper Patent, made in 1768, after the partition of the Patent among the heira of Adolph Philipse and showing the location of the 8 tenants of that date.” “This map was from the Putnam County Historical Society, 63 Chestnut St., Cold Spring, N. Y. 10516. The letter (dated Seept 1, 1976) from them states: ‘You are quite right in locating the Lamoreaux leasehold in Lot #2 in Philipstown. The properties you mention are on the Lambert map. The original of this map is with the Philipse papers in the library of Columbia University, New York City. We have this pen and ink sketch of the section along the old Albany Post Road. All of these properties were leased, not owned, as our entire county was the Philipse or Hiighland Patent, owned by members of the Philipse family.’”]
The Philipses Patent… divided among the remaining three [children] Philip… Susannah married to Beverly Robinson, and Mary married to Col. Roger Morris. On the 7th of Feb 1754, the patent was divided into 9 lots: 3, each 4 mi. square, bordering upon the Hudson and denominated ‘water lots;’ 3, each 4 mi. wide by 12 long, extending N. and S. across the patent, and denominated ‘long lots;’ 3, each 4 mi. square, upon the E. border denominated ‘back lots.’ Philip, Susannah and Mary Philipse each owned one of each kind of lots. …When Robison and Morris and their wives were attained, their property was sold, chiefly to the former tenants…” p 541

West Point “…in 1778 a heavy chain was stretched across the Hudson from [the fort on Martlaers Island] to West Point. …the links weighed from 100 to 150 pounds each… In winter it was drawn on shore by a windlass…”

French, J.H., Gazetteer State of New York, p ? Putnam Co footnote.
Putnam County

This County was formed from Dutchess, June 12, 1812. It was upon the Hudson, between Dutchess and Westchester cos., and extends e. to the Conn line. …It embraces nearly all of The Highlands E of the Hudson. The mountains consist of several steep, rocky ranges, extending in a N.E. and S.W. direction and separated by deep, narrow valleys, the principal of which are Peeks Hollow, and Canopus and Pleasant Valleys. The co. is watered by the upper branches of the Croton River and several smaller streams. Among the mountain valleys are numerous picturesque lakes, the largest of which are lakes Mahopac, Canopus, and Gleneida. In the valleys the soil is a productive, sandy loam, but the mountains are bare and rocky, and only valuable for their mines and quarries. (“Magnetic oxyd of iron”) …In the farming districts the people are principally engaged in dairying and furnishing milk for the New York market. [What year??] A strip …along the border of the co. …the ‘Oblong’ Tract, and a small part of Dutchess, are included in the great Highland Patent of Adolph Philipse. At the timeof the Revolution this patent was owned by Philip Philipse, and Mary and Susannah, wives of Col. Roger Morris and Beverly Robinson, or the British army. Morris and Robinson together with their wives, were attained, and their property was confiscated and sold by the Commissioners of Forfeiture. It was subsequently shown in court that one-third of the patent was vested in the children of Col Morris and his wife, and was not reached by the bill of attainder. …During the Revolution the passes through the mountains in this co. were carefully guarded, and at different times large bodies of troops were stationed there. It was the principal scene of Arnold’s treason, …no battle took place within its limits…” p 540

Note 1“…In the act of Dec 16, 1737, the co. was styled ‘South Precinct;’ March 23, 1772, it was subdivided into ‘Southeast,’ ‘Fredericksburg,’ and ‘Philips’ Precincts. The first of these precincts included the present towns of Southeast Carmel and Kent, and the third Putnam Valley and Philipsburgh.” p 540

French, J.H., Gazetteer State of New York,
The Philipse Patent and Cortlandt Manor are on the Hudson River. While this was a very beautiful land, it was very dangerous during the American Revolutionary War, especially for a Loyalist family.

Carl Crammer, in his book The Hudson, 1939, part of the “Rivers of America Series” states, Frederick Philipse ...owned ... tens of thousands (of acres) in Westchester County," he talks of "perpetual Lease" that was passed down from father to son, tenant farmers "In Westchester Co. by mid-century nearly 5/6th of the inhabitants were manor tenants,” “…lands being confiscated "…the DeLancey group had been driven from the country by the Continental patriots in the War of the Revolution"

Cramer mentions Washington Irving and his "…immensely popular caricature" of the Dutch people and legends, and Captain Kidd.”

"But by the late 1760's manor lords, tenants, and free holders alike were beginning to feel the strained relationship between Hudson River people and British rulers." He mentions in 1765 "the Stamp Act Riots" on the Hudson River. "... more than a year before the Philadelphia Declaration of Independence, 225 Hudson River men signed their names to a sheepskin parchment on which it had been written that they were resolved 'never to become slaves.'"

"... in 1776, many of the conservative, prosperous farmers of the valley looked forward to the comforting sight of redcoats on the march to restore law and order." "July 11 the British had come to the mouth of the river and the next day had landed troops,"

"... wives ... drove the horses to the house doors, loaded the wagons with their most precious belongings, and rolled away to visit relatives and friends not so close to danger. The back-river roads were full of creaking wheels and straining horses." p 107

"... warships had been moored above the Tappen Zee more than two weeks ... the first and last naval battle on the Hudson continued." p 109

"... the arrival of British reinforcements at New York ... 2000 red coats had landed near Stoney Point ... Brown Springster, Tory neighbor of the Orange Co. Militia had guided them through the fog over the high pass ..." p 121

"The year 1779 came and in the summer and autumn the Continental Army was back on the Hudson keeping watch over the British in New York. The Americans wintered in Morristown, New Jersey. Then in the spring the enemy began to creep up the valley once more." p 126

"The feeling between noncombatants in the valley grew bitterer than it had ever been. Mounted bands of lawless men infested the neutral ground that extended for nearly a score of miles between the upriver Continentals and the downriver British. There were tales of torture of old men and women in the effort to make them give up their savings, of sudden descents on little outlying communities and the murder of helpless inhabitants." p 127

"... in a letter published in the New York "Morning Post" on Nov 7, 1783: 'the voice of the inhabitants is so universally against them that they cannot hope for a peaceful residence among us’. p 136

Cramer also mentions events that seem to be peculiar to the lower Hudson vicinity. "With the coming of every spring there was the awesome spectacle of the ice breaking up on the river, 'Conceive a solid mass, from 6 to 8 feet thick, bursting for many miles in one continued rupture... Thunder is no adequate image of this awful explosion.' [The British had to wait for the ice to break-up before they could try to attack George Washington at West Point.]

"There were spring days, too, when the sky was black with the drumming of millions of pigeons, .... There were others when the sturgeon began to run upriver and everybody was hard at work spearing the great bodies of fish all day, and at night by the flares of torches." p 101

Carl Crammer, The Hudson

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