Employment CNA (Center for Naval Analyses) Corporation, 2010-present. China analyst, China Studies Division. Provide analytical research work on a part-time basis on national security issues and China’s foreign relations and their implications for U.S. policy interests. This includes written work as well as planning, executing, and moderating discussion panels and roundtables.
congressional research service, 1984-1985, and 1986-2009, Specialist in Asian Affairs. Provided Members of Congress, Congressional Committees, and Hill staff with written analysis and briefings about political, economic, and military and security developments in China, Hong Kong, and Taiwan. Advised on implications and options for U.S. policy. For three years (1990-1992) was head of the Asian and Latin American Affairs Section of the Foreign Affairs and National Defense Division, managing the research work of nine analysts. Retired from federal service in December 2009.
Center for strategic and international studies, 1985-1986, Executive Assistant to the President, Research Fellow. For the President, coordinated and managed research and funding work flow, including scheduling and running meetings, editing and reviewing research and conferencing proposals, and managing fund-raising proposals and grant requests. As Research Fellow, participated in analytical work on China and East Asia.
Congressman Jack Hightower, 1981-1984, Legislative Director. Directed legislative staff of five; analyzed/drafted legislation in foreign affairs, defense, telecommunications, and energy. Wrote congressman's speeches, congressional testimony, and floor statements in these areas.
Congressman Joseph Fisher, 1978-1980, Legislative Assistant. Followed foreign policy and international trade legislation. Advised on reciprocal trade agreements, multilateral trade negotiations.
Senator H. John Heinz, 1977, Legislative Correspondent. Answered Senate mail and constituent requests on foreign policy issues. Researched legislative issues. Helped initiate computer correspondence system.
Education U.S. National War College, Washington, D.C., 1995. MS, National Security Studies.
University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA, 1977. MA, Chinese Studies and International Relations. Wittenberg University, Springfield, OH, 1974. BA of Arts in East Asian Studies, Music. Eastman School of Music, Rochester, NY, 1970. Piano Performance. Recognition Distinguished Graduate Award, Butler School District, Butler, Pennsylvania, 2006.
Colonial Williamsburg New Members Seminar, devised and moderated two panels on China and U.S.policy for newly elected Members of the 110th Congress, January 2007
Japan Association of International Relations, Tokyo, Japan, presented paper on U.S.-China
relations in the 21st century. October 14, 2006.
Participant in U.S. House of Representatives Democracy Assistance (HDAC) congressional staff mission to Mongolia, April 2006.
Lakeside, Ohio, presented series of lectures on China’s challenges for U.S. interests, July 2006.
Chuo University, Tokyo, Japan. Presented conference paper on China’s Rise in Asia, December 2005.
Lakeside, Ohio, presented series of lectures on China’s Continuing Political Evolution, July 2005.
Participant in ABC Radio National interview (on “Breakfast” program) in Sydney,
Australia. Discussion of current issues in U.S.-China relations, June 3, 2004.
Official guest of PRC National People’s Congress on a trip to interior China, including
Tibet, Lanzhou, and the Ningxia-Hui Autonomous Region, August-September 2002.
Visiting Professor and Lecturer at Chuo University, Tokyo, Japan, on U.S. China policy, May - June, 2002, Summer 2009.
U.S.-China Relations: Where Do We Go From Here? Lecture delivered at the Chautauqua Institution, Chautauqua, New York, July 6, 2001.
Chen Shui-bian After One Year: Revolution or Evolution? An Atlantic Council Asia-Pacific Studies Center conference, June 20, 2001, presented a paper on U.S. policy toward Taiwan.
Trends in U.S.-Taiwan-PRC Relations. The Woodrow Wilson Center, May 17, 2001,
a panel discussant.
Public Policy Institutes — Asian Security Issues, a CRS seminar for congressional staff, February 28, 2001, panelist addressing U.S.-China relations.
Public Policy Institutes — China, a CRS seminar for congressional staff, February 17, 1998;
panelist addressing U.S.-China relations.
Taiwan Politics 1998: What Changes Flow from the DPP November Victory? A Heritage Foundation Asian Studies Center Seminar, February 5, 1998; panelist addressing Congressional views of Taiwan.
U.S.-China Relations in the Future. A Heritage Foundation Asian Studies Seminar, November 19, 1997; panelist addressing U.S. China policy.
Trade Relations and Economic Ties Among Hong Kong, China and the United States: “Hong Kong Week ‘92.” Federation of Overseas Hong Kong Chinese, March 30, 1992; panelist.
Public Policy The China Forum.
TV Program Moderator from 1992 – 2005 for this weekly public policy television series about China airing on Channel 56, Virginia, MHZ Networks. A discussion and interview format, the program captures a mini-historical record from scholars, journalists, and former U.S. Government officials associated with U.S. China policy in some way. Those interviewed have included: U.S. Secretary of Defense Bill Perry; U.S. Ambassadors Jim Lilley, James Sasser, Stapleton Roy, Arthur Hummel, Jeff Bader, and William Gleysteen; Assistant Secretary of Defense for International Security Chas Freeman; Ken Lieberthal; Doak Barnett, Richard Solomon, Michael Oksenberg, and David M. Lampton.
PublicationsNON-CRS publications Distracted Antagonists, Wary Partners: China and India Discuss Their Security Relations, co- author, CNAChina Studies Report D0025816.A1, September 1, 2011.
Exploring the China-Pakistan Relationship: Roundtable Report, CNA China Studies Report D0022883.A1/Final. June 1, 2010.
Taiwan-U.S. Political Relations, in Washington Journal of Modern China, Spring 2007, vol. 8, no. 2 Taiwan and the United States: Back to the future? Paper presented to the Atlantic Council, March 27, 2002.
Making China Policy: Lessons from the Bush and Clinton Administrations, (contributing author), Rowman & Littlefield, February 2002.
“U.S.-China Relations in a Post-9/11 World,” article in Fall-Winter 2001/2002, Washington Journal of Modern China. Vol. 7, No. 2.
“China Forum: Dialogue on U.S.-China Relations,” in Washington Journal of Modern China, Fall 2000.
"U.S.-China Relations Improve, But Concerns Remain," in The Association of Women in International Trade Quarterly Newsletter, Winter 1998, Vol. 3 No. 3, pp. 2 & 6.
"Religious Practices and U.S.-Chinese Relations," in Washington Journal of Modern China,
Fall-Winter 1997/Vol. 4, No. 1, pp. 31-42.
"Congressional Views of Hong Kong in 1998," article for Hong Kong Update, Bulletin, Center for Strategic and International Studies, February 1998.
"The U.S. Role During and After Hong Kong's Transition," in University of Pennsylvania Journal of International Economic Law, Spring, 1997.
"Congress, China, and Taiwan: Recent Developments and Their Implications for U.S. Policy," R.O.C.-U.S.A. Relations, 1979-1989, Institute of American Culture, Academia Sinica,
Taipei, Taiwan, 1991.
"Peking's Foreign Policy After the 13th Party Congress,"in Issues and Studies, Vol. 24, No. 10, Taipei, Taiwan, Oct. 1988.
Capitol Jobs: An Insiders Guide To Finding a Job in Congress, Tilden Press, Inc., Washington, D.C., 1986.
Publicationscongressional and Congressional research service publications Underlying Strains in Taiwan-U.S. Political Relations, RL33684, August 1, 2007.
China-U.S. Relations: Current Issues and Implications for U.S. Policy, RL33510, August 20, 2007 (updated regularly)
Taiwan: Recent Developments and U.S. Policy Choices, RL33510, July 24, 2007 (updated regularly.)
China-U.S. Relations in the 109th Congress: RL32804, December 31, 2006.
Taiwan’s Political Status: Historical Background and Ongoing Implications, February 23, 2006.
International Efforts to Control the Spread of Avian Influenza (H5N1) Virus: Affected Countries’ Responses, RL33349, August 24, 2006.
Mongolia: Political and Economic Status, RS21155, May 3, 2006.
China and Sub-Saharan Africa, RL33055, August 25, 2005.
China’s Growing Interest in Latin America, RS22119, April 20, 2005.
Taiwan in 2004: Elections and Referendum, RS21770, March 12, 2004.
SARS, Avian Flu, and Other Challenges for China's Political, Social, and Economic Transformation, RL32227, February 12, 2004.
China-U.S. Relations: Issues in the 108th Congress, RL31815, June 12, 2003.
China-U.S. Relations in the 107th Congress: Policy Developments, 2001-2002, RL31729, January 23, 2003.
China’s new leadership line-up: Implications for U.S. Policy, RL31661, December 9, 2002.
Sino-U.S. Summit, October 2002, RS21351, November 6, 2002.
Tibet, China, and the 107th Congress: issues for U.S. policy, RL30983, March 12, 2002.
President Bush's 2002 state visits in Asia: implications, RL31328, March 11, 2002.
Political succession and leadership issues in China: issues for U.S. Policy, RL30990, January 7, 2002.
Taiwan’s December 2001 election results, RS21093, December 21, 2001.
China’s maritime territorial claims: implications for U.S. interests, RL31183, November 12, 2001.
China U.S. aircraft collision incident of April 2001: assessments and policy implications.
RL30946, October 10, 2001.
China's Xinjiang Uighur autonomous region: current developments and U.S. interests. #RS20476, September 28, 2001.
Voting on NTR for China again in 2001, and past congressional decisions. RS20691, July 17, 2001.
Hong Kong’s ongoing transition: implications of Chinese sovereignty in 2001. RL30895, March 23, 2001.
China's trade status: past congressional decisions, post PNTR implications. #RS20691, Jan. 17, 2001.
Ten years in U.S. China policy; interest groups and their influence, 1989 2000. #RL30768, Dec. 12, 2000.
Hong Kong's September 2000 legislative elections: background, process, and prospects.
#RS30651, Aug. 22, 2000.
China-U.S. Relations: Developments in the Clinton Administration, #97-484 F, July 25, 2000.
Chinese Embassy bombing in Belgrade: compensation issues. #RS20547, April 10, 2000.
The Taiwan Security Enhancement Act and underlying issues in U.S. policy. #RS20370, March 1, 2000.
Tibet and China: current issues and implications for U.S. policy. #RS20395, Nov. 8, 1999.
China and the 105th Congress: policy issues and legislation, 1997 1998. #RL30350, Oct. 21, 1999.
China and the Reversion of Macau: background and implications. #RL20389, Aug. 24, 1999.
China-U.S. Summitry: Premier Zhu Rongji's April 1999 Visit. #RS20135, Mar. 30, 1999.
China-U.S. Relations, Issue Brief 98018, regularly updated.
Taiwan: Recent Developments and U.S. Policy Choices. Issue brief 98034, regularly updated.
China: Legislation in the 105th Congress, #97-933 F, Jan. 22, 1998.
Hong Kong's 1998 Elections #97-822 F, May 26, 1998.
Hong Kong After the Return to China, Issue Brief 95119, regularly updated.
China's Treatment of Religious Practices, #97-882 F, Nov. 17, 1997.
China-U.S. Summit, October 1997, #97-941 F, October 16, 1997.
Mongolia: Most-Favored-Nation Status, #97-924 F, Oct. 7, 1997.
Tibet and China: Implications for U.S. Policy, #96-139 F, June 6, 1997.
Hong Kong's "Provisional Legislature" Controversy, #97-557 F, May 21, 1997.
Population Assistance Programs: Early Action in the 105th Congress, #97-147 F, Mar. 14, 1997.
Hong Kong's Reversion to China: Problems and Remedies for the United States,
#97-311 F, Mar. 3, 1997.
Most-Favored-Nation Status and China: History, Current Law, Economic and Political Considerations, and Alternative Approaches, #96-923 E, Nov. 19, 1996.
“China and U.S. Policy: Future Decision Points,” in China’s Economic Future: Challenges to U.S. Policy, Joint Economic Committee, Congress of the United States, S. Prt. 104-62, August 1996, pp. 515-530.
China-U.S. Problems: Views from Beijing. #96-543 F, June 14, 1996.
Taiwan: the Taiwan Relations Act, the U.S.-China Communiques, and the "Six Assurances", #96-246 F, Mar. 18, 1996.
China-U.S. Summit, October 1995, #95-1026 F, October 6, 1995.
China's MFN Status: Implications of the 1994 Decision. #94-531 F, Aug. 15, 1994.
China: Current U.S. Sanctions. #94-92 F, Apr. 14, 1995.
China in Transition: Changing Conditions and Implications for U.S. Interests. #93-1061 S,
Dec. 20, 1993.
“China and Congress in 1992,” in Congress and Foreign Policy 1992, Committee Print,
U.S. House of Representatives, Committee on Foreign Affairs, October 4, 1993, pp. 151-169.
Hong Kong: Political and Economic Issues. #92-525 F. June 24, 1992.
China’s Economic Dilemmas in the 1990s: The Problems of Reforms, Modernization, and Interdependence, chapter “Hong Kong and China in the 1990s,” in Joint Economic Committee, Congress of the United States, S. Prt. 102-21, Vol. I, April 1992, pp. 858-872.
China's Prospects after Tiananmen Square: Current Conditions, Future Scenarios, and
A Survey of Expert Opinion. #91-137 F, Jan. 15, 1991.
China in Crisis: Public Dissent and the Power Struggle. Issue brief 89100. Archived Nov. 21, 1990.
Chinese Student and Scholar Organizations in the United States. #90-558 F, Archived Oct. 15, 1990.
"Technology and Telecommunications in China's Democracy Movement , CRS Review, July-August, 1990, pp. 34-35.
Pakistan's Nuclear Program: U.S. Foreign Policy Considerations. Issue brief.87227, Archived Mar. 19, 1990.
China-U.S. Cooperation: Military Sales, Government Programs, Multilateral Aid, and
Private-Sector Activities. #89-355 F, July 14, 1989.
China's Future. IB85108, Archived Mar. 2, 1989.
Hong Kong-U.S. Economic Relations: Views from Hong Kong's Economic Elite. #89-23 F,
Jan. 12, 1989.
Sino Soviet Relations after the Summit; proceedings of a May 15, 1989 workshop sponsored by the Senate Foreign Relations Committee and the Congressional Research Service. Published Feb. 1990. #RBC 1922.
China's "Democracy" Crisis: Chronology and Leadership Information. #89-354 F, June 9, 1989.
China's Prospects for Continuing Reform: the 13th Party Congress and After. #88-638 F. Sept. 21, 1988.
Tibet: Disputed Facts About the Situation. #88 40 F. May 3, 1988.
The 99th Congress and Foreign Assistance in an Era of Budget Constraints. #87-952 F. Sept. 22, 1987.
Gorbachev's Reform Strategy: Comparisons with the Hungarian and Chinese Experience.
#87-813 F, Oct. 7, 1987.
Pakistan's Request for the U.S. AWACS. Issue brief 87188, Archived July 11, 1988.
Korea and Congress, 1950 1990. 85-171 F. Aug. 16, 1985.
U.S. Arms Sales to China. #85-138 F, July 8, 1985.