This sector is dominated by small farmers with inadequate drought power, poor technology and inadequate funds hence low yields. In an effort to address these issues Arable Land Development Programme (ALDEP) was introduced to improve income level, and food security in rural areas through subsidized inputs. However this programme was suspended during DDP 5 pending evaluation. Kgatleng District is one of the targeted districts under NAMPAAD, and has found out that rain-fed crop production is economically viable provided farmers are empowered and provided with skills to shift from subsistence to commercial farming. This means using modern means of production and this require funds and at least 150 ha of land owned by an individual or groups.
220.127.116.11Irrigated Agriculture (horticulture)
Irrigated agriculture has been identified as a priority area for diversification of agricultural production base. It is concerned mainly with horticultural or vegetable production on basis of soil suitability, availability of water, production parameters and marketing aspects. This is part and parcel of the projects in DDP 6 that will be given first priority in Kgatleng District.
7.3.2Livestock sub sector
Being close to a good market for milk products, Gaborone, Kgatleng will benefit from government effort to develop the dairy industry. The Ministry of Agriculture will take an active part by, providing the necessary infrastructure and identifying suitable land for irrigation of fodder products.
Although the Central Governments extensions are known in dairy, irrigated and rain-fed agriculture, data that is available to support these statements (district allocation) are not available at district but only at national level. This makes it difficult to know how much funds are earmarked for Kgatleng District for NDP9/DDP6.
This is the sector that seems to be doing well in the district despite persistent drought. It is implemented through Department of Animal Health and Production based in Mochudi with extension officers in some parts of the district. The Department has come up with initiative to improve production and marketing through implementation of fencing component of New Agricultural Development Policy and livestock identification and trace-back system respectively.
7.3.3Cooperatives sub sector
Department of Cooperative is responsible for registration of cooperative societies and ensuring compliance with Cooperatives Act, encouraging formation of cooperatives societies, assisting in efficient running of cooperatives societies through provision of business advice and provision of human resources development to cooperatives movements. Cooperatives create employment for rural areas where they operate.