Kgatleng district council kgatleng district development committee ministry of local government



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7.3Agricultural Sector Activities.


The agricultural sector activities in the district are crop sub sector and Livestock sub sector and Co-operative sub sector.

7.3.1Crops sub sector

7.3.1.1Rain-fed Agriculture


This sector is dominated by small farmers with inadequate drought power, poor technology and inadequate funds hence low yields. In an effort to address these issues Arable Land Development Programme (ALDEP) was introduced to improve income level, and food security in rural areas through subsidized inputs. However this programme was suspended during DDP 5 pending evaluation. Kgatleng District is one of the targeted districts under NAMPAAD, and has found out that rain-fed crop production is economically viable provided farmers are empowered and provided with skills to shift from subsistence to commercial farming. This means using modern means of production and this require funds and at least 150 ha of land owned by an individual or groups.

7.3.1.2Irrigated Agriculture (horticulture)


Irrigated agriculture has been identified as a priority area for diversification of agricultural production base. It is concerned mainly with horticultural or vegetable production on basis of soil suitability, availability of water, production parameters and marketing aspects. This is part and parcel of the projects in DDP 6 that will be given first priority in Kgatleng District.

7.3.2Livestock sub sector

7.3.2.1Dairy Farming


Being close to a good market for milk products, Gaborone, Kgatleng will benefit from government effort to develop the dairy industry. The Ministry of Agriculture will take an active part by, providing the necessary infrastructure and identifying suitable land for irrigation of fodder products.
Although the Central Governments extensions are known in dairy, irrigated and rain-fed agriculture, data that is available to support these statements (district allocation) are not available at district but only at national level. This makes it difficult to know how much funds are earmarked for Kgatleng District for NDP9/DDP6.

7.3.2.2Beef Production


This is the sector that seems to be doing well in the district despite persistent drought. It is implemented through Department of Animal Health and Production based in Mochudi with extension officers in some parts of the district. The Department has come up with initiative to improve production and marketing through implementation of fencing component of New Agricultural Development Policy and livestock identification and trace-back system respectively.

7.3.3Cooperatives sub sector


Department of Cooperative is responsible for registration of cooperative societies and ensuring compliance with Cooperatives Act, encouraging formation of cooperatives societies, assisting in efficient running of cooperatives societies through provision of business advice and provision of human resources development to cooperatives movements. Cooperatives create employment for rural areas where they operate.

7.4Agricultural Sector Goals and Objectives


Table 7.28 Sector Goals and Objectives

Goals

Objectives

Conservation of agricultural resources

To combat effect of land degradation.

Improvement in food security at the household and national level

To diversify the agricultural production base.

To enhance technology transfer through development and delivery of appropriate extension messages.

To develop appropriate extension services

To maintain a healthy head by preventing and controlling livestock diseases

To maintain surveillance of diseases of economic importance such as foot and mouth disease, mad cow diseases and Newcastle diseases in Kgatleng district throughout plan period.

To construct and renovate disease control infrastructure such as crushes.

To control measures diseases in all cattle in Kgatleng district


To encourage cooperative development

To provide business advisory services.

7.5Framework For Strategic Environmental Assessment

7.5.1Evaluation of Environmental Key Issues with Sector Goals and Objectives


Table 7.29 Sector Goals, Objectives, Environmental Key Issues and Impacts

Goals

Objectives

Environmental Key Issues

Impacts

1.Conservation of agricultural resources

To combat effect of land degradation.

Land management, Natural utilization

None

2. Improvement in food security at the household and national level

To diversify the agricultural production base.

Land management, Natural utilization

Water supply



Over usage of natural resources, land degradation, water pollution

3. To enhance technology transfer through development and delivery of appropriate extension messages.

To develop appropriate extension services

Land management, Natural utilization

Water supply



Over usage of natural resources, land degradation, water pollution

4. To maintain a healthy head by preventing and controlling livestock diseases

To maintain surveillance of diseases of economic importance such as foot and mouth disease, mad cow diseases and Newcastle diseases in Kgatleng district throughout plan period.

To construct and renovate disease control infrastructure such as crushes.

To control major diseases in all cattle in Kgatleng district


None

Land, natural resource utilization

Pollution and waste management


N/A

Land degradation, over usage of natural resources

Littering


5. To encourage cooperative development

To provide business advisory services.

None

Not applicable



7.5.2Evaluation of Sector Polices and Programs


Table 7.30 Sector Goals, Objectives, Policies/Programmes and Impacts

Goals

Objectives

Sector Policies/Program

Impacts

1.Conservation of agricultural resources

To combat effect of land degradation.

Agricultural Resources Act, Fencing component of New Agricultural Development Policy

Fair to good in terms of implementation.

2. Improvement in food security at the household and national level

To diversify the agricultural production base.

New Agricultural Development Policy,

Fair to good in terms of implementation.

3. To enhance technology transfer through development and delivery of appropriate extension messages.

To develop appropriate extension services

New Agricultural Development Policy

Fair to good, small agricultural holdings have been allocated and NAMPAADD have identified the district as priority area.

4. To maintain a healthy head by preventing and controlling livestock diseases

To maintain surveillance of diseases of economic importance such as foot and mouth disease, mad cow diseases and Newcastle diseases in Kgatleng district throughout plan period.

To construct and renovate disease control infrastructure such as crushes.

To control major diseases in all cattle in Kgatleng district


New Agricultural Development Policy

New Agricultural Development Policy

New Agricultural Development Policy


The Department has been conducting this surveillance

Crushes have been constructed and maintained during DDP 5.

The Department has been conducting this surveillance


5. To encourage cooperative development

To provide business advisory services.

New Agricultural Development Policy

This is the core business of the Department and will continue to be done.





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