The Trade, Industry, Wildlife and Tourism sector is committed to the realization of the Vision 2016 aspiration of Building a Prosperous, Productive and Innovative Nation by facilitating the promotion and attraction of both domestic and foreign investment in the industrial and commercial sectors so as to achieve sustainable and diversified development. It is also charged with the responsibility to ensure sustainable development of Botswana Wildlife and Tourism sectors, which have the potential to contribute to the growth and diversification of the economy, which, in the long run will generate sustained socio-economic benefits to the nation. At the district level, the Ministry is represented by the departments of Industrial Affairs, Wildlife and National Park and Tourism.
The department, through its division of Integrated Field Services, is responsible for promoting industrial development through provision of business skills to both existing and aspiring entrepreneurs in the district.
188.8.131.52Wildlife and National Parks
The department will continue involving local communities in the management of the wildlife resources in the district for the latter to derive direct benefits from them. The department is also committed to developing partnerships with the local communities, for future conservation of the wildlife resource.
The department is charged with the mandate of maximising the sustainable utilisation of the district’s tourism resources for the benefit of local communities. It is also responsible for the promotion and marketing of tourism and for the formulation and implementation of tourism policies and programmes.
8.1.2Strategic Plans for Respective Ministries
Ministry of Trade, Wildlife and Tourism
The Ministry’s goal is to establish and maintain conducive environment for diversified sustainable economic activities.
Its aim is to ensure development of viable, sustainable citizen-owned business enterprises that are able to able to add value to the economy.
Ministry of Finance and Development Planning
To ensure efficient and sound economic development.
Ministry of Local Government
This Ministry through the District Councils spearheads the development of this sector through the provision of infrastructure services to both commercial and industrial areas. The Council is also responsible for preparing layouts for both commercial and Industrial purposes.
Ministry of Lands and Housing
The Ministry will create a conducive environment for investors through the preparation of Integrated Land Use Plans to facilitate better land allocation and management. In addition, it provides long-range guidance to the district and village level development planning and implementation through the National Settlement Policy and the District Settlement Strategy.
8.1.3Role of the Private Sector
The private sector will continue to establish small manufacturing and commercial enterprises to boost the district’s industrial development, and take advantage of district’s proximity to the larger market in Gaborone. Individuals and private companies are also expected to engage in game ranching activities, though at a small scale, since the district has very few wildlife species. The involvement of the private sector, as well as individuals in these activities is expected to drive the realisation of NDP9 theme, which is “Towards Realisation of Vision 2016”: Sustainable and Diversified Development through competitiveness in Global Markets”.
Communities raised a concern that there is lack of employment opportunities in rural areas due to the fact that the main source of livelihood, which is agriculture, has experienced a dramatic decline in the past, mainly due to persistent drought. It also emerged that some individuals and groups have been granted FAP and CEDA funds but there is insignificant progress made because of the following factors: -
Lack of entrepreneurial skills because of the cost sharing practice.
Lack of markets and lack of diversification of projects undertaken since most FAP recipients concentrated on the same type of projects such as sewing, welding and brick moulding.
They therefore called for intensive training of entrepreneurs in both business management and marketing skills to sustain these projects.
This Act is administered by the Land Board and gives guidance in allocation of land for various purposes, including land for commercial and industrial purposes.
The Citizen Entrepreneur Development Agency (CEDA) was established in 2001 to replace the Financial Assistance Policy. This was after the findings of the review on the latter policy that the programme (FAP) was no longer effective in achieving its objective of promoting sustainable employment creation. CEDA was therefore introduced to give out loans and provide mentoring to citizen owned projects in all sectors of the economy.
In order to promote industrial and commercial development, communities will be mobilized to utilize CEDA loans and venture into income generating activities, to boost the ailing rural economies, by providing the much needed employment and income.
8.2.3Tourism Policy 1990
During DDP 6 tourism development in the district will be guided by the Tourism Policy of 1990, as well as the Tourism Master Plan. The Eco-Tourism Strategy will also go a long way in providing guidance to communities to enable them to utilize the rich cultural heritage of Bakgatla by establishing eco-tourism projects that will not only benefit them financially but will also help communities to preserve them for future generations.