Kgatleng district council kgatleng district development committee ministry of local government

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2.3Constraints/Challenges in DDP5

2.3.1Development Programme

i. District Housing – LH 203

The major constraint experienced was the acquisition of land to construct the tribal administration offices in Mochudi. Two private landowners refused to accept compensation for the acquisition of their land and refused to relocate. The Land Board is currently pursuing the compulsory acquisition of these plots.

ii. Land Board Development – LG1001

Lack of room for expansion due to congestion at the present site, prevented the expansion of the Land Board offices.

iii. Primary Schools – LG1102

Under estimation of and insufficient funds impeded the implementation of the planned programme. Consequently, implementation of some of the recommended education facilities had to be delayed. There is also a problem with contractors who fail to finish projects on time because of poor management on the part of contractors. We also foresee a problem with the implementation of the recommended facilities at existing old schools because the sites are inadequate.

iv. Primary Health – LG1104

The major problems experienced under LG1104, include delays in the approval of funds, inadequacy of sufficient funds to execute programme leading to delays in project completion. Underestimation of and insufficient funds have resulted in delays in project implementation. There is also the problem with contractors who fail to finish projects on time because of poor management. More importantly, however, is shortage of staff to ensure timely delivery of services. This problem was experieced at Morwa and Boseja clinics.

v. Rural Administration Centre – LG1105

The major problem experienced by this programme was the underestimation of the construction cost of the chamber. This prevented the construction from commencing earlier because additional funding had to be provided and this was only made available during the financial year 2001/02.

vi. Remote Area Development Programme – LG1106

The major challenge is the provision of viable economic and income generation projects. The implementation of the Orchard/Woodland project at Kgomodiatshaba will commence during the 2002/03 financial year. No boreholes for livestock watering were drilled because the district is still awaiting the implementation of the fencing policy to establish ranches for such.

vii. National Rural Sanitation Programme – LG1108

Delays in the approval of funds have affected project implementation. The district is one year behind schedule. Many of the beneficiaries of toilet substructures fail to put up proper toilet superstructures. The shift from VIP to dry compost toilets will result in the construction of fewer toilets since the dry compost toilets are more expensive.

viii. Water and Wastewater – LG1110

The river villages are faced with poor water quality problem. Residents complain about the taste of water. However, the water quality is within World Health Organisation guidelines on potable water standards. A consultancy is currently underway to identify and recommend a feasible option to address this problem. Lack of funds delayed the implementation of the phase two sanitation programme.

ix. Village Infrastructure Programme – LG1111

Servicing of the Pilane industrial site has been delayed because of shortage of funds.

x. District Roads – LG1115

The major setback suffered under District Roads programme is the gross underestimation of project cost. About P15 million is required to complete the remaining projects under DDP5. In addition to funding constraints, Council has a small fleet of construction equipment, coupled with frequent breakdowns, therefore cannot adequately cater for the district’s requirement.

2.3.2Department of Wildlife and National Parks

Planned construction of some offices and staff housing at Olifantsdrift has not been approved for implementation because the TEC has been exhausted.
The ostrich-farming project could have been successfully implemented but due to limited land resource there has been competition in land usage with arable and livestock farming. Failure of applicants to raise their contribution towards their FAP projects have resulted in a significant number of projects failing to get off the ground. There is also a problem of water provision in production zones.

2.3.3Integrated Field Services – IFS

The major problems encountered are shortage of staff and transport. The staff complement is inadequate to provide efficient and effective service to the community across the district. Lack of transport hinders proper monitoring of FAP projects.

2.3.4Agriculture – Department of Crops

The funds under ALDEP were depleted quickly because of excessive number of beneficiaries. The influx of applications was a result of a lax definition of a farmer, where every applicant claimed to be a farmer led to the depletion of the fonds.
Failure of some applicants to meet their contributions for the FAP resulted in 3 projects not being started. High water tariffs and lack of a policy on irrigated agriculture were also sited as constraints. The unavailability of sufficient funds to undertake projects is also a constraint to the department.

2.4Long Term Potential Developments

2.4.1Development Potential and Long Term Prospects of Economic Diversification

Pilane industrial site has a high potential for economic diversification hence needs to be fully serviced to attract investors to put up manufacturing industries. During DDP 5 the district managed to make detailed designs for the Central Business District (CBD). It is therefore important that implementation be funded during DDP 6 to constitute a long-term development programme for the district.
The Government’s existing strategy to provide water in production zones has proved quite ineffective. In order to assist in the development of these zones, there is need to provide assistance for drilling of boreholes or alternatively to provide water to production areas. This is in line with the National Master Plan for Arable Agriculture and Dairy Development (NAMPAADD).
There is tourism potential in the district. There are some resources like Matsieng Foot Prints and Ramotlabaki Bird Sanctuary, where the Kgatleng community tried to establish projects but did not do well. It is the intention of the district to revive and support these projects. The district has scenic sites like the Phuthadikobo Museum in Mochudi, which will be developed and widely marketed, as well as other tourism potential sites.
On promotion of conservation of natural resources and their sustainable use for income generation opportunity, the district will vigorously embark on educating communities on utilizing natural resources to create income-earning opportunities. The district will also embark on the promotion of alternative energy sources such as coal and solar power technology. Government institutions should to take a lead role in promoting energy saving technologies.
On Cost Recovery Measures the district has already started implementing some cost recovery measures as foreign students are already paying for their primary education and health services. The district will extend the service to citizens during DDP6. DDP 6 will also implement cost recovery measures on serviced commercial and industrial areas.

2.4.2Development Constraints and financial resources

The provision of adequately skilled human resource remains a challenge during DDP5 and requires to be addressed urgently in order to have positive impacts on the implementation of DDP6. Indeed, in all sectors of the country, the HIV/AIDS pandemic has a devastating impact on the labour force and financial resources of the country. National statistics have pointed to approximately 23% of Batswana infected with HIV, meaning that significant amount of human and financial resources will have to be diverted from other programmes to manage the impact of HIV. Of significance is the acute shortage of medical personnel to man the health sector effectively.
Emphasis should be given to the implementation of the privatisation policy. Hiving off such activities as building maintenance from Council, for example, will allow the technical staff to be more effective in the monitoring of development projects. Understaffing in the Engineering Department is more acute and can be addressed by hiving off some of its services to the private sector. Likewise, hiving off certain other services like refuse collection, vehicle maintenance and repairs and certain secretarial activities can help to consolidate public sector efficiency.
During DDP6 emphasis will be given to the implementation of cost recovery measures to augment Council’s financial resources. and maintenance

The emphasis in the provision of much needed basic infrastructure such as roads, schools, and clinics. Many of these projects are aged and needs substantial overhaul. Priority needs to be given to the area of maintenance of public infrastructure and any future demand on revenue must first address this issue.
In the case of Council, this will mean a one off maintenance programme to take care of the backlog and a future schedule which will necessitate an increase in the revenue support grant since it is unlikely that current cost recovery measures can meet future maintenance needs.
Significant progress was made in the provision of social and physical infrastructure as well as in the implementation of policies and programmes aimed at improving the social, economic and environmental circumstance of the district. However, given the current constraints experienced, it is hardly likely that the district can fully implement its development plan. Priority programmes and projects will be carried over into DDP6.

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