Level 6 Spelling Sounds and Rules



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Level 6 Spelling Sounds and Rules


CfE Experience and Outcome

I can spell most of the words I need to communicate, using spelling rules, specialist vocabulary, self-correction techniques and a range of resources.LIT 2-21a

Spelling Sound

Words from SWST List

LEVEL 6

Notes for teaching



Actions for sound

Useful Websites

Evaluation/Next Steps

ch -

chaos, character, chemist, choir, Christmas, chrome, chemistry, chemical, chord, chorus, chloroform, chemotherapy, chromosomes, chrysalis, chronic, ache, anchor, architect, echo, mechanic, orchestra, scheme, school, stomach, technology

Hard C sound. Teacher emphasise that the hard ‘c’ sound can be at the onset of a word/middle and end of a word.




http://www.softschools.com/language_arts/phonics/games/ch_sh_wh_th_sounds.jsp

(for middle/lower pr, stages)

http://www.playkidsgames.com/games/membergames/wordfind/wordfind.php?d=1974





ex-

exam, examine, example, exchange, exclaim, exercise, exhale, exhume, exile, exit, expel, expire, explain, exploit, explore, export, extend, exterior, external

Teacher stresses that ‘ex’ is a prefix/beginning of word.

Key grammar activities could relate to the prefix ‘ex’.






http://www.spelling.hemscott.net/begin3.html

Range of interactive wshts .






-dge

badge, badger, edge, hedge, ledge, sledge, bridge, ridge, lodger, splodge, budget, fudge, judge, nudge, trudge, sludge, smudge

Teacher highlight that ‘dge’ normally found at end of word with ‘j’ sound, vowel precedes the ending.




http://www.playkidsgames.com/games/membergames/wordfind/wordfind.php?d=1974




ph / gh

alphabet, autograph, autobiography, biography, cellophane , elephant, geography, graph, nephew, paragraph, orphan, phantom, phase, pheasant, phrase, phony, photocopy, photograph, physical, sphere,

telephone, cough, enough, rough, tough, trough, laugh



Teacher emphasise that ‘ph’ and ‘gh’ ending have ‘f’ sound.

‘ph’ can be in the middle of the word giving an ‘f’ sound.

‘gh’ at the end of the word has an ‘f’ sound and is preceded by a vowel.





www.primaryresources.co.uk/english/docs/ph_and_wh_words.doc

(Interactive worksheet)

http://www.playkidsgames.com/member-homepages.php?d=459

(gh word games)






gh

bought, brought, caught, daughter, fought, naughty, slaughter, plough, thorough, though, although, thought, thoughtless, through,

Teacher highlights the silent gh sound in the middle or end of the word.




http://www.playkidsgames.com/member-homepages.php?d=459






Level 6 Spelling Sounds and Rules


CfE Experience and Outcome

I can spell most of the words I need to communicate, using spelling rules, specialist vocabulary, self-correction techniques and a range of resources.LIT 2-21a

Spelling Sound

Words from SWST List

LEVEL 6

Notes for teaching



Actions for sound

Useful Websites

Evaluation/Next Steps

soft c

celebrate, celebrity, cemetery, centigrade, centimetres, certificate, cigarette, concert, cylinder, cynical, absence, apprentice, capacity, deceased, difference, distance, electricity, innocent, magnificent, practice, recent, specimen, vacancy

Teacher highlights the key words that begin with a soft ‘c’ which sounds like an ‘s’. Children list words that have that beginning sound and distinguish whether they begin with a soft ‘c’ or letter ‘s’.

Emphasise also that soft ‘c’ sound spelling is with a ‘c’ and not an ‘s’ and can be in the middle or end of the word e.g. innocent (middle) distance (end)






http://www.spelling.hemscott.net/begin3.html
http://www.primaryresources.co.uk/english/englishA1e.htm

(hard/soft ‘c’ relay race game cards for printing)






-or

author, calculator, collector, conductor, dictator, director, doctor, horror, inspector, inventor, mirror, navigator, operator, predictor, professor, radiator, razor, reflector, sailor, solicitor, tractor, visitor

Emphasise that these words all ‘end’ in ‘or’ and that both letter sounds can be heard.




http://www.spelling.hemscott.net/puzzles28.htm





-our / -iour

armour, colour, endeavour, favour, favourite, flavour, glamour, harbour, honour, humour, journal, journey, labour, neighbour, odour, rumour, vapour, behaviour, saviour

Illicit to children the difference between the ‘rime’ sound ‘our’ and ‘iour’

i.e. our = sounds like ‘our’ but ‘iour’ has a ‘your’ sound ending,



Clue to helping children to memorise spelling of ‘iour’ ending words is to use the spelling strategy of ‘saying it silly’ e.g. be hav i our




www.spellingcity.com (you will need to add your own word list here)



Level 6 Spelling Sounds and Rules


CfE Experience and Outcome

I can spell most of the words I need to communicate, using spelling rules, specialist vocabulary, self-correction techniques and a range of resources.LIT 2-21a

Spelling Sound

Words from SWST List

LEVEL 6

Notes for teaching


Actions for sound

Useful Websites

Evaluation/Next Steps

-ure

adventure, capture, creature, figure, furniture, future, manufacture, mixture, nature, picture, premature, puncture, signature, temperature, vulture

Highlight the ‘rime’ sound of each word noting that with the endings are preceded by the letter ‘t’ giving the rime sound of ‘ture’. Children could suggest other words that end with the ‘ture’ sound.




www.spellingcity.com (you will need to add your own word list here)




-tion

action, addition, addiction, ambition, attention, competition, condition, devotion, education, fiction, fraction, information, investigation, multiplication, prediction, question, reaction, reflection, relation, station

These words end with the rime ‘tion’ sounding like ‘shon’ . Teacher can ask pupils to suggest other ‘tion’ sounding words and take care to highlight the difference between the same rime sound of ‘tion’ and ‘sion’ words.




http://www.woodlands-junior.kent.sch.uk/interactive/literacy.html#13





-tion

affection, caution, celebration, circulation, composition, conservation, conversation, description, direction, examination, exhibition, indigestion, precaution, prescription, promotion, protection, quotation, refraction, sensation, separation, subtraction, ventilation, vibration

As in previous week’s words, teacher highlight the rime sound of ‘tion’ highlighting the sound ‘shon’ . Opportunities can be given to consolidate previous weeks’ words by children suggesting some key words from the previous spelling lesson and adding to those by including some of the words for this week.
Grammar: Useful Teaching Tool = powerpoint below

http://www.primaryresources.co.uk/english/englishA2b.htm






http://www.woodlands-junior.kent.sch.uk/interactive/literacy.html#13
http://www.bbc.co.uk/skillswise/words/spelling/recognising/letterpatterns/game.shtml

Grammar: Worksheets &

http://www.primaryresources.co.uk/english/englishA2b.htm







Level 6 Spelling Sounds and Rules

CfE Experience and Outcome

I can spell most of the words I need to communicate, using spelling rules, specialist vocabulary, self-correction techniques and a range of resources.LIT 2-21a

Spelling Sound

Words from SWST List

LEVEL 6

Notes for teaching


Actions for sound

Useful Websites

Evaluation/Next Steps

-sion

collision, conclusion, confusion, corrosion, decision, division, erosion, exclusion, explosion, extension, inclusion, intrusion, invasion, occasion, persuasion, repulsion, revision, supervision, television, transfusion

Revise the rime sound ‘shon’ as in previous week using the rime ‘tion’ and now introduce the rime ‘sion’ which also has this sound, the ‘ion’ preceded by ‘s’ this time and not ‘t’ as in ‘tion’.

As in ‘tion’ ending words, using the spelling strategy ‘say it silly’’ can often help children to memorise the spelling of these more complex words e.g.

tele vis i on

Grammar: Useful Teaching Tool = powerpoint below

http://www.primaryresources.co.uk/english/englishA2b.htm





http://www.woodlands-junior.kent.sch.uk/interactive/literacy.html#13
http://www.bbc.co.uk/skillswise/words/spelling/recognising/letterpatterns/game.shtml
Grammar: Worksheets &

http://www.primaryresources.co.uk/english/englishA2b.htm






-ssion

admission, aggression, depression, discussion, expression, impression, mission, oppression, passion, percussion, permission, possession, procession, profession, progression, session, succession, suppression

Highlight when teaching that these words, like the previous words with a ‘shon’ ending using ‘sion’ and ‘tion’, these words also have the same rime sound. However, note that the vowel sound preceding the rime is ‘short’.

Grammar: Useful Teaching Tool = powerpointbelow

http://www.primaryresources.co.uk/english/englishA2b.htm





http://www.woodlands-junior.kent.sch.uk/interactive/literacy.html#13
Grammar: Worksheets &

http://www.primaryresources.co.uk/english/englishA2b.htm






ie

achieve, belief, believe, brief, chief, field, fiend, fiery, friend, grief, lie, mischief, niece, pie, piece, pier, relief, review, shield, shriek, siege, sieve, thief

Remind children of the rule ‘i’ before ‘e’ except after ‘c’ to help with the spelling of these words which have an ‘ee’ sound with a ‘ie’ blend.




http://www.northwood.org.uk/i%20befor%20e/i%20before%20e%20sort/activity_1.html

(sorting ‘i’ before ‘e’ words)

http://www.spelling.hemscott.net/exlist.html

(Above includes many ‘i’ before ‘e’ games

http://www.bbc.co.uk/skillswise/words/spelling/recognising/letterpatterns/game.shtml







Level 6 Spelling Sounds and Rules


CfE Experience and Outcome

I can spell most of the words I need to communicate, using spelling rules, specialist vocabulary, self-correction techniques and a range of resources.LIT 2-21a

Spelling Sound

Words from SWST List

LEVEL 6

Notes for teaching



Actions for sound

Useful Websites

Evaluations/Next Steps

cei / sc

ceiling, conceit, deceive, perceive, receive, receipt, conceited

scenario, scene, scenery, science, scientist, scissors, conscience



As in previous week’s spelling, remind of the ‘i’ before ‘e’ rule except after ‘c’ to illustrate the spelling of these words. Using ‘ei’ after ‘c’ gives an ‘see’ sound. Highlight that the rule doesn’t apply to the word ‘science’ where it has an ‘I’ sound and has an ‘ei’ spelling. This is also the case for ‘conscience’ but the rime is different sounding ‘shence’. It is helpful in the spelling of these more complex words to use syllabification strategies.




http://www.northwood.org.uk/i%20befor%20e/i%20before%20e%20sort/activity_1.html

(sorting ‘i’ before ‘e’ words)






-ous

adventurous, carnivorous, dangerous, enormous, fabulous, famous, generous, herbivorous, humorous, jealous, luminous, marvellous, miraculous, mischievous, nervous, ominous, omnivorous, perilous, poisonous, ridiculous, scrupulous, tempestuous, vigorous

These words all have a rime sounding ‘us’ although with ‘ous’ ending.




http://www.woodlands-junior.kent.sch.uk/interactive/literacy.html#13





trans / bi

transaction, transatlantic, transfer, translate, transmit, transparent, transplant, transport

bicentenary, biceps, bicycle, bifocal, bilingual, bimonthly, binoculars, biopsy, biplane, bisect



Highlight the use of the prefixes ‘trans’ and ‘bi’ and their meanings.

Related grammar lessons could focus on prefixes and their meanings

‘trans’ = across ‘bi’ = two of . Incorporate other words beginning with common prefixes.





http://www.woodlands-junior.kent.sch.uk/interactive/literacy.html#7
http://www.vocabulary.co.il/root-words/high-school/root-word-meaning-match/

root words/prefix games






Level 6 Spelling Sounds and Rules


CfE Experience and Outcome

I can spell most of the words I need to communicate, using spelling rules, specialist vocabulary, self-correction techniques and a range of resources.LIT 2-21a

Spelling Sound

Words from SWST List

LEVEL 6

Notes for teaching

Actions for sound

Useful Websites

Evaluations/Next Steps

aero / oct / aqua

aerobatics, aerobics, aerodome, aerodynamic, aeronaut, aeroplane, aerosol, aerospace

octagon, octahedron, October, octogenarian, octopus

aquaplane, aquarium, aquatic, aqueduct


Highlight the use of the prefixes ‘aero’ , ‘oct ’ and ‘aqua’ and their meanings.

Related grammar lessons could focus on prefixes and their meanings

‘aero’ = across ‘oct’ = eight of aqua= water. Incorporate other words beginning with common prefixes.





http://www.vocabulary.co.il/root-words/high-school/root-word-meaning-match/

‘root words game/ prefix games’






tele / auto

telecommunication, telegraph, telepathy, telephoto, teleport, television

autograph, autobiography, automatic autopilot, autopsy



Highlight the use of the prefixes ‘trans’ and ‘bi’ and their meanings.

Related grammar lessons could focus on prefixes and their meanings

‘tele’ = distance ‘auto = of or by oneself . Incorporate other words beginning with common prefixes.





http://www.woodlands-junior.kent.sch.uk/interactive/literacy.html#7
http://www.vocabulary.co.il/root-words/high-school/root-word-meaning-match/

root words/prefix games






-ic

angelic, athletic, atomic, electric, energetic, epidemic, gigantic, heroic, historic, horrific, metallic, organic, poetic, specific, supersonic, volcanic

Teacher emphasises the short vowel sound of the ‘i’ when followed by the ‘c’.




http://www.spelling.hemscott.net/ends3A.html

http://www.primaryresources.co.uk/english/englishA2b.htm#suffixes

(P/Resources = worksheets ‘ic’.







Level 6 Spelling Sounds and Rules


CfE Experience and Outcome

I can spell most of the words I need to communicate, using spelling rules, specialist vocabulary, self-correction techniques and a range of resources.LIT 2-21a

Spelling Sound

Words from SWST List

LEVEL 6

Notes for teaching



Actions for sound

Useful Websites

Evaluation/Next Steps

-ly

accurately, conceitedly, consequently, correctly, dangerously, friendly, incorrectly, negatively, positively, prematurely, quickly, quietly, sincerely, strangely, comfortably, probably, suitably, terribly, hungrily, necessarily, noisily, guiltily

Highlight as in related grammar tasks below that ‘ly’ words are ‘adverbs’ and these are created using adjective + adding ‘ly’. (Though not for all adverb – some are irregular e.g. fast)
Grammar: focus on ‘adverbs’ usually having ‘-ly’ ending from the adjective. For example:

sincere…..becomes………sincere + ly

quiet………becomes………quiet + ly

hungry …..becomes ……..hungrily (drop ‘y’ + ily)

terrible…..becomes……..terribly (drop ‘e’ + y)





http://www.bbc.co.uk/schools/ks2bitesize/english/spelling_grammar/spelling/read5.shtml

http://www.learningplanet.com/act/rats/rats3.asp?rats_advadj

( for middle school children)





-ship / -hood / -cide / -ology

apprenticeship, championship, craftsmanship, dictatorship, fellowship, friendship, membership, ownership, partnership

brotherhood, childhood, fatherhood, knighthood, motherhood, neighbourhood

genocide, insecticide, suicide

biology, geology, physiology, zoology



Highlight that these words end with the suffix ‘ship’ and ‘hood’ and that the meaning of ‘ship’ and ‘hood’ when added to the root word emphasises

‘the state or condition of being an…….apprentice/fellow/friend/member’ i.e. being part of a larger group of the noun.


Grammar: Related activities could focus on the identification of other words sharing the suffix ‘hood/ship’.

NOTE:

Powerpoint teaching tool for these suffixes below at:


http://www.primaryresources.co.uk/english/englishA2b.htm




http://www.woodlands-junior.kent.sch.uk/interactive/literacy.html#13
http://www.ngfl-cymru.org.uk/vtc/crazy_comp_words/eng/Introduction/default.htm

‘Compound word games/activities’

http://www.primaryresources.co.uk/english/englishA2b.htm#suffixes

(Above= web worksheet resources bank)






Level 6 Spelling Sounds and Rules


CfE Experience and Outcome

I can spell most of the words I need to communicate, using spelling rules, specialist vocabulary, self-correction techniques and a range of resources.LIT 2-21a

Spelling Sound

Words from SWST List

LEVEL 6

Notes for teaching


Actions for sound

Useful Websites

Evaluation/Next Steps

-ful/less / -iness

beautiful, delightful, doubtful, fanciful, pitiful, plentiful, resentful, respectful, sorrowful, successful, thoughtful, truthful, wonderful, colourless, thoughtless

emptiness, happiness, heaviness, hungriness, laziness, loneliness, nastiness, silliness, tidiness



Note:

suffixes ‘



  • ‘ ful’, emphasise the use of one ‘l’ and not the common error of using ‘two’ – ‘ll’.

  • ‘less’/’ness’ – emphasise that there are two - ‘ss’ and not ‘one’

  • ‘iness’ – when applied to the root word of each, rule applied = drop ‘y’ + iness lazy = laziness






http://www.primaryresources.co.uk/english/englishA2b.htm#suffixes

(Above= web worksheet resources bank)







P*s

calculators, celebrations, characters, competitions, directions, exhibitions, ghosts, investigations, mechanics, musicians, neighbours, photographs, predictions, professors, reflections, adventures, earthquakes, pictures, knives, phoneys, celebrities, emergencies, photocopies, vacancies, echoes

Grammar Rules:

Plurals when only adding ‘s’ when word ends in a consonant. e,g. ghost + s

Highlight that when words ending in ‘f’ e.g.

loaf, elf, shelf, knife and life are turned into their plural form by replacing the ‘f’ ending with a ‘ves’ ending = loaves, elves, shelves, knives and lives.

Other words ending in "f," "fe" and "ff" can be turned plural by simply adding "s" to the end of the word e.g. giraffe (giraffes), cliff (cliffs)

Some words, such as ’dwarf’ and ‘scarf’ can be made plural either way.






http://www.woodlands-junior.kent.sch.uk/interactive/literacy.html#13
http://www.bbc.co.uk/skillswise/words/spelling/plurals/pluralrules/game.shtml
http://www.primarygames.com/see-n-spell/plurals/question7.htm







Level 6 Spelling Sounds and Rules


CfE Experience and Outcome

I can spell most of the words I need to communicate, using spelling rules, specialist vocabulary, self-correction techniques and a range of resources.LIT 2-21a

Spelling Sound

Words from SWST List

LEVEL 6

Notes for teaching



Actions for sound

Useful Websites

Evaluation/Next Steps

-ing

directing, explaining, knowing, laughing, learning, photocopying, photographing, searching, achieving, believing, celebrating, cycling, deceiving, decomposing, describing, deserving, exercising, exploding, investigating, pausing, prescribing, practising, receiving, sieving, telephoning

Explain that some verbs, when being used with ‘ing’ ending require the root verb + ‘ing’ e.g. direct = direct+ing/directing
Illustrate to pupils that other verbs ending in ‘e’ apply the rule:

drop’ the ‘e’ + ing







http://www.primaryresources.co.uk/english/englishA2b.htm

(This includes p/point teaching resource for + ing)






-d/ed

applauded, calculated, celebrated, coloured, conceited, digested, endeavoured, exclaimed, exhibited, exhumed, flavoured, knocked, laboured, numbed, pictured, predicted, punctured, received, reflected, researched, searched, signed, telephoned, whistled, wrapped

Highlight key rules in changing verbs from present tense to past tense+

  • When verb ends in ‘e’ + d e.g. calculated

  • When verb ends in a consonant + ed e.g. applauded

  • When verb ends with a ‘short’ vowel and a consonant =

dbl letter + ed e.g. wrap becomes wrapped




http://www.bbc.co.uk/schools/starship/english/games/blast_the_rocket/small_sound/standard.shtml

( Game above includes some ‘irregular’ past tense words: fly = flew)






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