These questions are for use by Missouri State High School Activities Association members for conference competitions and independent tournaments. The Scholastic Bowl Company of Virginia, using tossups from Virginia High School League competition, writes them. There are 36 matches for this use. Each entity (conference or tournament) will be assigned matches for their competition. Users of these questions are allowed to distribute the rounds they have been assigned to the competing teams. Sharing these questions with teams not in that competition is not allowed but general discussion of the questions is permitted, as long as answers are not being shared. First period: 15 tossups TOSSUP 1 MATH
THIS IS A COMPUTATION QUESTION. Factor x squared plus 14x plus 48.
ANSWER: (x plus 6) times (x plus 8) (can be said in either order)
TOSSUP 2 LITERATURE
Catholic clergy wear something similar called a zucchetto (zoo-ket-toh). According to the 16th century Shulchan Aruch (shool-khan ah-rookh), one should not walk more than four cubits without one on. Women in the Reform and Conservative movements sometimes wear one. Visitors to the Western Wall or any synagogue should wear one, regardless of faith. What are these head coverings associated with Judaism?
ANSWER: kippah or yarmulke TOSSUP 3 FINE ARTS
In the “British” musical notation, it is known as a “semibreve.” A rest of equal duration is represented by a rectangle hanging below the second line of the staff. What note occurs when a hollow note head appears with no stem, and is equal to in length to four quarter notes?
ANSWER: whole note
TOSSUP 4 LITERATURE
This series of books, written by Zerna Sharp, was re-released in 2003, but Grosset & Dunlap cautioned against using it for educational purposes. Rudolf Fleisch criticized its ‘whole word’ reading technique in Why Johnny Can’t Read. Phrases such as ‘See Spot run!’ were contained in what mid 20th century children’s reading series?
ANSWER: Dick and Jane TOSSUP 5 MATH
THIS IS A COMPUTATION QUESTION. What is the prime factorization of 462?
ANSWER: 2, 3, 7, and 11 (can be said in any order)
TOSSUP 6 SOCIAL STUDIES
He argued before the Supreme Court in Dartmouth v. Woodward and Gibbons v. Ogden. As Secretary of State, he negotiated a treaty that set the border between Maine and New Brunswick, Canada. Who also served nearly two decades in the Senate, representing Massachusetts and cementing his reputation as a great orator?
ANSWER: Daniel Webster TOSSUP 7 SOCIAL STUDIES
2500 years after Croesus (KREE-sus) created them, South Africa offers the ‘Krugerrand,’ Australia offers the ‘Nugget,’ Canada the ‘Maple Leaf,’ and the United States the ‘Eagle.’ The US once made the Saint-Gaudens (sawn goh-dawn) Double Eagle worth $20. What numismatic items are made from metal more precious than silver?
Referred to in the Bible as brimstone, it is found in the amino acids cysteine and methionine and is used in fungicides, gunpowder, fertilizers, and Epsom salts. It is a yellow crystalline solid with an atomic mass of 32. Name this nonmetallic element with atomic number 16 and symbol S.
ANSWER: sulfur TOSSUP 9 SOCIAL STUDIES
The King of Naples led an early charge that took the Rayevski Redoubt, but the French were unwilling to commit the Imperial Guard. This spared the enemy army, commanded by Mikhail Kutozov. The single bloodiest day of the Napoleonic Wars was what battle of September 7, 1812, fought against Russia?
ANSWER: Battle of Borodino TOSSUP 10 SCIENCE
Also known as moment or couple, it can be measured in pounds-feet, but the SI unit for it is the newton-meter. When applied to a lever, the right-hand rule determines its direction. Name this angular force defined as ‘linear force multiplied by a radius,’ that is represented by the Greek letter tau.
ANSWER: torque TOSSUP 11 LANGUAGE ARTS
One meaning of this four-letter word is from a French word meaning ‘to deride,’ and it refers to bitter complaining, such as against one’s fate. Another meaning is from a Latin word meaning, ‘straight piece of wood.’ Something that is the ‘third’ one of these is something dangerous to touch. What name is given to a metal or wood bar used for support on a stairway, or to a pair of parallel metal bars on which a train runs?
TOSSUP 12 MISCELLANEOUS
In 2007, this country’s current leader held the Presidency of the European Union and the presidency of the G8. The annual G8 summit was held on its Baltic Sea coast. In 2005, after President Horst Kohler called for new elections, what European nation replaced Gerhard Schroeder with Angela Merkel as Chancellor?
ANSWER: Germany TOSSUP 13 SCIENCE
In 1989, a variety of this virus usually associated with the tropics caused panic in Reston, Virginia. First recognized in 1976, it is a zoonotic (zoh-oh-naw-tik) filovirus with the fruit bat as a possible reservoir for it. Similar to the Marburg virus, it causes a hemorrhagic fever and has a fifty to ninety percent fatality rate. Name this virus that is named after an African river and turns the body’s insides into blood pudding.
ANSWER: Ebola TOSSUP 14 LITERATURE
He has a myna bird named Uncle Feather and a little sister named Tamara, or ‘Tootsie.’ According to his brother Peter Hatcher, he is the biggest pain ever invented. He first appeared in Tales of a Fourth Grade Nothing. Farley Drexel Hatcher is the real name of what character, the focus of five books by Judy Bloom?
ANSWER: (Super)Fudge (accept Farley Drexel Hatcher before it is said)
TOSSUP 15 MATH
THIS IS A COMPUTATION QUESTION. What is the supplement of a 62-degree angle, given that an angle plus its supplement equals 180 degrees?
ANSWER: 118 degrees
Second period: 10 toss-ups with 4-part bonuses TOSSUP 16 SOCIAL STUDIES
Despite being dead, he is the ‘Eternal President of the Republic.’ In 1935, he changed his first name to words meaning, ‘become the sun’ and became a guerrilla fighter against the Japanese. In 1950, he fled to China, as UN forces had captured his capital. What ‘Great Leader’ is the father of the current ‘Dear Leader’ of North Korea?
ANSWER: Kim Il-Sung (DO NOT accept ‘Kim Jong-il’)
BONUS 16 FINE ARTS
Name the painter given the title of a work.
A. The Child's Bath ANSWER: Mary Cassatt
B. American Gothic ANSWER: Grant Wood
C. A Rake's Progress ANSWER: William Hogarth
D. Stag at Sharkey's ANSWER: George Wesley Bellows
TOSSUP 17 MISCELLANEOUS
Gamma Productions, a Mexican animation studio, provided the animation for this cartoon, while Bill Scott wrote scripts using characters from an earlier show, The Frostbite Falls Revue. Like most 1960s cartoons, it had a number of other features, such as Peabody’s Improable History, Fractured Fairy Tales, and Dudley Do-Right of the Mounties. What cartoon was about the adventures of a moose and a flying squirrel?
ANSWER: Rocky and Bullwinkle BONUS 17 MATH
THIS IS A COMPUTATION QUESTION. What is the remainder when 17,894 is divided by the following?
A. Four. Answer: 2
B. Nine. Answer: 2
C. Eleven. Answer: 8
D. Fifteen. Answer: 14 TOSSUP 18 SCIENCE
Officially known as Canis latrans, there are 19 subspecies of this North American animal. This relative of the wolf preys on rabbits, mice, shrews, and sometimes fawns and is known for its high-pitched howl. Name this wild animal in the dog family that in cartoons chases a roadrunner.
ANSWER: coyote BONUS 18 SOCIAL STUDIES
Answer these questions about a famous World War II photograph.
A. Five Marines and a Navy corpsman can be seen raising a flag on February 23, 1945, on what Japanese-held island?
ANSWER: Iwo Jima
B. Who took that photograph, winning a Pulitzer Prize in 1945?
ANSWER: Joe Rosenthal
C. The flag-raising took place atop what highest mountain on Iwo Jima?
ANSWER: Mount Suribachi
D. The invasion of Iwo Jima was followed by an invasion of what island on March 18, 1945?
TOSSUP 19 LITERATURE
This man's followers normally refer to him by names which translate as "Wish-Fulfilling Gem" or simply "The Presence." Tenzin Gyatso is the name of the current person to hold this title and is the 14th overall. Exiled from Lhasa by the People's Republic of China in 1959, this is what man, the spiritual leader of Buddhist monks in Tibet?
ANSWER: Dalai Lama BONUS 19 MATH
THIS IS A COMPUTATION QUESTION. How many total bases are the following?
A. 14 home runs, 9 triples, 22 doubles, and 31 singles. Answer: 158 bases
B. 21 home runs, 14 triples, 15 doubles, and 43 singles. Answer: 199 bases
C. 33 home runs, 8 triples, 41 doubles, and 65 singles. Answer: 303 bases
D. 27 home runs, 11 triples, 32 doubles, and 57 singles. Answer: 262 bases TOSSUP 20 MATH
THIS IS A COMPUTATION QUESTION. What is the area of a rectangle with perimeter 52 feet and one side length of length 12 feet?
ANSWER: 168 square feet
BONUS 20 LITERATURE
Name the author of the following lines from American poetry.
A. “We loved with a love that was more than love - / I and my Annabel Lee.”
ANSWER: Edgar Allan Poe
B. “The woods are lovely, dark, and deep / But I have promises to keep…”
ANSWER: Robert Frost
C. “One if by land, and two if by sea.”
ANSWER: Henry Wadsworth Longfellow
D. “I saw the best minds of my generation destroyed by madness…”
ANSWER: Allen Ginsberg
TOSSUP 21 LANGUAGE ARTS
In Scholasticism, this word is used to describe the complete person, both body and soul. It is used as a synonym for self-esteem, but sometimes is used to describe someone’s conceitedness. In psychoanalysis, it mediates between the id and the conscience. What is this word that is taken from the Latin word for “I”?
ANSWER: ego BONUS 21 SCIENCE
The 2005 Atlantic hurricane season was the most active on record.
A. A 30-foot storm surge from this August/September hurricane devastated Louisiana.
B. Just three weeks after Katrina, this hurricane made landfall near the Texas-Louisiana border.
ANSWER: Hurricane Rita
C. This hurricane, which made landfall over Florida, had a record-low pressure for an Atlantic hurricane.
ANSWER: Hurricane Wilma
D. This seventh major hurricane of the 2005 season was the twenty-third named tropical storm of the season; as the pre-assigned list officially contains only 21 names, it was given this name.
ANSWER: Hurricane Beta
TOSSUP 22 LITERATURE
After ravishing the beautiful mortal Caenis (kay-nis), this god turned her into a man. He had an affair with his own granddaughter, Alope (ah-loh-pee). He seduced Medusa on the floor of a temple to Athena. His wife, Amphitrite (am-fih-treye-tee), bore it all patiently, even tolerating him fathering, with his sister Demeter, a talking horse named Arion. Such is the love life of what trident-bearing Greek god of the sea?
ANSWER: Poseidon (accept Neptune before ‘Greek’ is said)
BONUS 22 MISCELLANEOUS
Given a sports team and a players number, name that player for the 2007-2008 season.
A. Indianapolis Colts; Number 18 ANSWER: Peyton Manning
B. Pittsburgh Penguins; Number 87 ANSWER: Sidney Crosby
C. Washington Wizards; Number 0 ANSWER: Gilbert Arenas
D. New York Yankees: Number 2 ANSWER: Derek Jeter TOSSUP 23 SOCIAL STUDIES
The highest point in this state is Kings Peak in the Uinta Mountains. The Wasatch is the other major mountain range in this state. Other features include Canyonlands and Zion National Parks and the 200-square-mile Bonneville Salt Flats. What state includes cities such as Orem, St. George, Ogden, Provo, and the capital, Salt Lake City?
ANSWER: Utah BONUS 23 SOCIAL STUDIES
Given a continent name the largest city on that continent according to 2005 United Nations revision of agglomerations.
A. South America ANSWER: Sao Paulo, Brazil
B. Asia ANSWER: Tokyo, Japan
C. Europe ANSWER: Paris, France
D. North America ANSWER: Mexico City, Mexico
TOSSUP 24 SCIENCE
Named after a Swedish physicist, its value for hydrogen is about 1.09678 times 10 to the 7th per meter. This is electron mass, times elementary charge to the 4th power, divided by the quantity 8 times the permittivity of free space squared, times Planck’s constant cubed, times c end quantity. Name this constant appearing in the Balmer formula for spectral lines of the hydrogen atom.
ANSWER: Rydberg constant
BONUS 24 LITERATURE
Name these colorful characters in world literature.
A. In Anna Sewell’s book, this title animal gives the story of his life.
ANSWER: Black Beauty
B. In Perault’s Tales of Mother Goose, this character keeps the remains of six wives in a room.
C. “Oh dear! Oh dear! I shall be too late!” is the line muttered by this character near the outset of Lewis Carroll’s Alice’s Adventures in Wonderland.
ANSWER: White Rabbit
D. In Scottish folklore, this is the name for a pleasant elf that works around the house.
TOSSUP 25 MATH
Using an encoding standard of 8B/10B, the same as Ethernet, fiber optics, and PCI Express, it currently has a transfer rate of 3 gigabits per second. The cable for a drive uses a 7 pin connector while the power connector uses a 15 pin connection. Name this successor to the legacy connection Advanced Technology Attachment.
ANSWER: Serial ATA or Serial Advanced Technology Attachment or SATA II (prompt on Advanced Technology Attachment or ATA)
BONUS 25 SCIENCE
Answer these questions about the eye:
A. Which nerve relays sensory information from the eye to the brain?
ANSWER: optic nerve [accept cranial nerve II]
B. The optic nerve relays information from what back layer of the eye, that generates signals when it receives light?
C. Color vision is accomplished by which photoreceptor cell that has three subtypes that are best-activated at specific wavelengths?
D. What condition, often corrected by surgery, occurs when the lens of the eye becomes opaque?
Third period: 15 toss-ups TOSSUP 26 SOCIAL STUDIES
It wasn’t a top headline the next day, as Lyndon B. Johnson had died. It was decided along with the case of Doe v. Bolton and was modified by 1989’s Webster v. Reproductive Health Services and 1992’s Planned Parenthood v. Casey. What 1973 Supreme Court decision struck down laws that outlawed abortion?
ANSWER: Roe v. Wade TOSSUP 27 LITERATURE
Arthur Rimbaud (ram-BOH) called him the ‘king of poets.’ Between 1847 and 1865, he translated Edgar Allan Poe into French, but did write Artificial Paradises in 1860. What French poet called Satan ‘thrice-great’ and considered ennui the greatest enemy in the foreword to his collection, Les fleurs de mal (lay flur dih mal)?
ANSWER: Charles Baudelaire TOSSUP 28 MATH
THIS IS A COMPUTATION QUESTION. What is the complex product of 7 minus 4i and 6 minus 5i?
ANSWER: 22 minus 59i
TOSSUP 29 SCIENCE
Its three main functions are conduit functions, integrative functions, and the emergence of cranial nerves three through twelve from it. This structure of the brain consists of the pons, midbrain, and medulla oblongata. Name this lower part of the brain that adjoins the spinal cord.
ANSWER: brain stem TOSSUP 30 MISCELLANEOUS
He replaced Peter Fitzgerald in the US Senate by defeating Alan Keyes. He gave the keynote speech at the 2004 Democratic National Convention. His second book, The Audacity of Hope, reached the New York Times Bestseller list in November 2006. Oprah Winfrey endorsed what Presidential candidate that is a current US Senator from Illinois?
ANSWER: Barack Obama TOSSUP 31 FINE ARTS
After roles in 1914’s Tess of the Storm Country, she became the first actress to make a million dollars per year. In 1929, she cut her hair to play the title role in Coquette, and retired from acting four years later. What silent film star, husband of Douglas Fairbanks, and co-founder of United Artists was known as ‘America’s Sweetheart?’
ANSWER: Mary Pickford TOSSUP 32 SOCIAL STUDIES
She was first woman to graduate from the Unversity of Rome’s La Sapienza (sah-pee-EN-tsah) Medical School. Her success with mentally retarded students led her, in 1907, to open the Children’s House in Rome as a place to put her educational ideas into practice. Who is the namesake of a teaching method that stresses self-directed learning?
ANSWER: Maria Montessori TOSSUP 33 LITERATURE
In this character’s first book, The Case of the Velvet Claws, he defined himself as ‘a specialist on getting people out of trouble.’ He has the help of Paul Drake and Della Street and always defeats District Attorney Hamilton Burger. Erle Stanley Gardner created what fictional lawyer that always won acquittals?
ANSWER: Perry Mason TOSSUP 34 LANGUAGE ARTS
Defective verbs such as “can,” “may,” and “must” do not have this verb form. When it is “bare,” it looks the same as the verb in the present subjunctive. To become full, it must have the word “to” put before it. What is this “basic” verb form, examples of which include “to be” and “to do”?
TOSSUP 35 MATH
THIS IS A COMPUTATION QUESTION. What is the next Fibonacci number after 34?
TOSSUP 36 SOCIAL STUDIES
This object had been discovered in Nathaniel Hawthorne’s ‘Dr. Heidegger’s Experiment.’ Sequene, a leader of the Arawaks, led some of his people in search of this object, which was located in the land of Bimini. The archaeological park named for it is in St. Augustine, Florida. What mythical object was sought by Juan Ponce de Leon?
ANSWER: Fountain of Youth TOSSUP 37 SCIENCE
It has a half-life of 12.32 years and has replaced radium in glow-in-the-dark watches. It forms a diatomic gas at standard temperature and pressure, is an important fuel for controlled nuclear fusion, and its atomic mass is three. Name this isotope of hydrogen that has one proton, one electron, and two neutrons.
ANSWER: tritium or hydrogen-3 (prompt on ‘hydrogen’)
TOSSUP 38 LITERATURE
This writer has Lady Carlotta use the Quabarl children to recreate the abduction of the Sabine women in ‘The Schatz-Metterklume Method.’ A John Stuart Mill action figure is a Christmas present in his ‘The Toys of Peace.’ Framton Nuttel runs screaming from the house in his ‘The Open Window.’ What short story writer was born as Hector Hugh Monro?
ANSWER: Saki (accept H(ector) H(ugh) Monro before it is said in the question)
TOSSUP 39 MATH
From the Greek for same leg, its geometric centroid is two-thirds the way from its vertex. It can have a right angle, in which case the other two angles each measure 45 degrees. Name this type of triangle with two congruent angles and two sides of equal length.
ANSWER: isosceles triangle
TOSSUP 40 SCIENCE
While working in France, she studied coal’s structure and learned X-ray diffraction. “Photo 51” has nothing to do with aliens, but this X-ray diffraction is her most famous work. Nobel Prize rules forbid posthumous nominations, so Francis Crick, James Watson, and Maurice Wilkins got to win the Nobel Prize in 1962, leaving out in the cold – what woman?
ANSWER: Rosalind Franklin
Fourth period: 10 toss-ups with 4-part bonuses TOSSUP 41 SOCIAL STUDIES
Adam of Bremen’s account has led some researchers to believe it was in New England. It was discovered after Helluland and Markland, and it was populated by people its discoverer called ‘skraelings’ (skra-lingz). Its name referred to pastures, instead of grapes. What name was given to Newfoundland by its discoverer, Leif Ericsson?
ANSWER: Vinland BONUS 41 LITERATURE
Answer these questions about British poets laureate.
A. Before dying in 1998, this poet laureate published Birthday Letters, which explored his complex seven-year marriage to Sylvia Plath.
ANSWER: Ted Hughes
B. Appointed in 1850, this poet laureate penned The Charge of the Light Brigade.
ANSWER: Alfred, Lord Tenneyson
C. The Alchemist and Volpone are among the best known works of this poet laureate and contemporary of Shakespeare.
ANSWER: Ben Jonson
D. In 2003 this current poet laureate wrote a poem entitled “Regime Change,” told from the viewpoint of Death standing in the streets of Iraq.
ANSWER: Andrew Motion
TOSSUP 42 SOCIAL STUDIES
He spent nine years in the Indiana State Prison for robbing Frank Morgan and escaped from jails in Lima, Ohio, and Crown Point, Indiana. By 1934, a third of the FBI’s budget was dedicated to catching him. Ana Cumpanas, the ‘Lady in Red,’ helped Melvin Purvis kill what criminal outside Chicago’s Biograph Theater on July 22, 1934?
ANSWER: John Dillinger BONUS 42 SCIENCE
Name these Italian scientists:
A. The developer of the first nuclear reactor
ANSWER: Enrico Fermi [FAIR-mee]
B. The author of The Starry Messenger
ANSWER: GalileoGalilei [accept either]
C. The developer of a stain who discovered an eponymous organelle
ANSWER: Camillo Golgi [GOAL-jee]
D. The biologist who discovered that muscles and nerves produce electricity
ANSWER: Luigi Galvani [gahl-VAH-nee]
TOSSUP 43 FINE ARTS
His Portrait of a Man in a Turban is probably a self-portrait. This painter of Madonna with Child Reading painted many of his works, including The Virgin of Chancellor Rubin for officials in the Duchy of Burgundy. Hubert may have been the brother of what Dutch painter of The Arnolfini Wedding and the Ghent Altarpiece?
ANSWER: Jan (or Johannes) van Eyck (van ike)
BONUS 43 MATH
What types of conic sections are the following?
A. x squared plus y squared equals 238. Answer: circle
B. x squared over 23 plus y squared over 64 equals 1. Answer: ellipse
C. x squared over 3 minus y squared over 13 = 1. Answer: hyperbola
D. y = 7 times (x minus 26) squared minus 55. Answer: parabola
TOSSUP 44 MATH
THIS IS A COMPUTATION QUESTION. Twenty factorial ends in how many consecutive zeros?
BONUS 44 MATH
Strings are a very useful tool in computer science today. Given a description of a tool using strings, name that tool.
A. If two strings are the same this tool returns a zero if not the same it returns a one.
ANSWER: String Compare
B. This tool combines two strings into one new string.
ANSWER: String Concatenation
C. This tool returns an integer number for how many characters are in the string.
ANSWER: String Length
D. This tool is used to find a keyword in strings and changes that keyword to a new word of the user’s choice.
ANSWER: String Replace
TOSSUP 45 LITERATURE
In this novel, money is made by making a ‘little nameless object’ in Woollett, Massachusetts. However, the family business is at stake, for Chad Newsome has taken up with the wicked Frenchwoman, Marie de Vionnet. Maria Gostrey’s marriage proposal is turned down by Lambert Strether in what Henry James novel that is not about diplomats?
ANSWER: The Ambassadors BONUS 45 MISCELLANEOUS
Name these 1980s video games.
A. The title character, a giant ape, has kidnapped the player’s girlfriend, and so the player must avoid barrels, cement pies, fireballs, and other obstacles to rescue her.
ANSWER: Donkey Kong
B. The eight pieces of the Triforce of Wisdom have been scattered; after picking them up, the player must defeat the evil Ganon.
C. The evil Qotile lives behind an edible shield, and can only be killed by the Zorlon Cannon.
ANSWER: Yars’ Revenge
D. In this Atari 2600 game, the player must get phone pieces and Reese’s Pieces; Atari supposedly buried millions of copies of this game in a landfill.
ANSWER: E. T. The Extra-Terrestrial
TOSSUP 46 MISCELLANEOUS
This actress had a cameo in Reality Bites. She was an apron-wearing MusicTown employee and aspiring singer that slept with Rex Manning in Empire Records. Better known as the assistant to a suddenly-independent sports agent who "had her at hello", this actress played the title role of a Helen Fielding screenplay with an eponymous journal. Who played murderess Roxie Hart in the movie Chicago?
ANSWER: Renée Zellweger BONUS 46 SOCIAL STUDIES
Answer these questions about the 1950s.
A. Who did Dwight Eisenhower defeat in the 1952 and 1956 Presidential elections?
ANSWER: Adlai E. Stevenson II
B. The Korean War came to an end with a truce signed in what village?
C. In Eisenhower’s Farewell Address, he expressed concern with ‘the acquisition of unwarranted influence’ by what entity?
ANSWER: Military-Industrial Complex
D. Whittaker Chambers famously accused this former State Department employee of espionage. Who was convicted of perjury in 1950?
ANSWER: Alger Hiss
TOSSUP 47 SCIENCE
Consisting of the Lopingian, Guadalupian, and Cisuralian Epochs, it is named after a region in Russia. At its end was a marine mass extinction possibly caused by hydrogen sulfide gas. Name this geologic period that lasted from 299 million years ago to 251 million years ago that ended the Paleozoic Era.
ANSWER: Permian BONUS 47 SOCIAL STUDIES
Given a U.S. government agency, name the Cabinet Department it is a part of.
A. Bureau of Indian Affairs. ANSWER: Department of the Interior
B. Bureau of Engraving and Printing. ANSWER: Department of the Treasury
C. Cooperative State Research, Education, and Extension Service.
ANSWER: Department of Agriculture
D. National Cemetery Administration.
ANSWER: Department of Veteran’s Affairs
TOSSUP 48 LITERATURE
In the ‘Further Adventures’ of his master, three arrows killed him as he was leaving the deserted island north of Venezuela he called home for many years. After escaping the clutches of cannibals, he learned English and converted to Christianity. Who was the loyal servant in Robinson Crusoe, named for the day of the week he was found?
ANSWER: Friday BONUS 48 LITERATURE
Name these characters from The Scarlet Letter.
A. This protagonist had a child out of wedlock.
ANSWER: Hester Prynne
B. This was the daughter that haunted her and her lover.
C. This was Pearl’s father, a preacher.
ANSWER: Rev. Arthur Dimmesdale
D. This was Hester’s husband, who came later from England.
ANSWER: Roger Chillingworth
TOSSUP 49 SCIENCE
This muscle’s actions include knee extension, rotation and extension of the hip joint, and being the chief muscle in sitting. Name this muscle that makes up a large portion of the buttocks.
ANSWER: gluteus maximus (prompt on ‘glutes’)
BONUS 49 SCIENCE
How many carbon atoms are there in a molecule of . . .
A. Ribose? ANSWER: 5
B. Sucrose? ANSWER: 12
C. Glycerol? ANSWER: 3
D. Urea? ANSWER: 1
TOSSUP 50 MATH
THIS IS A COMPUTATION QUESTION. What is 2688 divided by 48?
BONUS 50 LANGUAGE ARTS
Given a day in English and a language, give the day in that language.
These rights are not violated when police give a blood test to detect blood-alcohol content. They are a means of guaranteeing the Fifth Amendment right to avoid testifying against oneself. A 1966 Supreme Court decision made universal what set of rights for the arrested that include the right to an attorney and the right to remain silent?
ANSWER: Miranda rights
BONUS 51 MATH
THIS IS A COMPUTATION QUESTION. What are the volumes of the following?
A. A sphere of diameter 18 feet. Answer: 972 pi cubic feet
B. A box of width 8 feet, height 5 feet, and length 9 feet. Answer: 360 cubic feet
C. A cube of surface area 1014 square feet. Answer: 2197 cubic feet
D. A cube of edge length 20 feet. Answer: 8000 cubic feet TOSSUP 52 LANGUAGE ARTS
Write down the following Spanish sentence. (Quizmaster: speak slowly) Yo hablo la verdad. (yoh ah-bloh lah vair-dahd). (Quizmaster: speak normally) Put that sentence in the future tense.
ANSWER: Yo hablaré la verdad (yoh hah-blah-ray lah vair-dahd)
BONUS 52 SCIENCE
Which gas law states that . . .
A. PV equals nRT?
ANSWER: ideal gas law or general gas law or perfect gas law or universal gas law
B. The ratio of temperatures equals the ratio of volumes?
ANSWER: Charles' law
C. The rate of effusion is inversely proportional to molar mass?
ANSWER: Graham's law of effusion
D. Equal volumes of gases contain equal numbers of moles?
ANSWER: Avogadro's law
TOSSUP 53 MATH
THIS IS A COMPUTATION QUESTION. What is 18 squared minus 3 cubed?
BONUS 53 MISCELLANEOUS
How well do you know the new food pyramid? Answer the following about the new food pyramid.
A. This group of foods is what the USDA believes you should eat the most of in a given day.
B. The top of the pyramid is classified as this and houses foods and drinks such as Candy and Alcohol
ANSWER: Discretionary Calories
C. This group is what the USDA believes you should eat the least of. The USDA recommends fish, vegatable or nut varieties.
ANSWER: Fats or Oils
D. This group is the 2nd least you should eat and the USDA recommends at least half an ounce of nuts and seeds.
ANSWER: Meat and Beans
TOSSUP 54 SCIENCE
One of the strongest on record killed thousands in Lisbon, Portugal, and Cornwall, England, in 1755 in a 4 hour span. More often associated with the Pacific Ocean are what events, usually seismically triggered, that can move through the oceans at intense speeds and flood entire cities, and are sometimes falsely labeled tidal waves?
ANSWER: tsunami (do not accept or prompt on ‘tidal waves’)
BONUS 54 FINE ARTS
Answer with famous title pairs from the classical music world.
A. Prokofiev wrote a ballet and Tchaikovsky a "fantasy overture" on this pair of tragic lovers.
ANSWER: Romeo and Juliet
B. Gershwin's most famous opera is this work set on Catfish Row.
ANSWER: Porgy and Bess
C. Elgar eventually wrote five marches with this title taken from a line in
D. This 1842 follow-up to A Life for the Tsar is Mikhail Glinka's most famous opera and features a popular overture.
ANSWER: Russlan and Ludmilla TOSSUP 55 SOCIAL STUDIES
This nation is part of the largest island in the Lesser Sunda chain. It is, along with the Philippines, one of only two Catholic nations in Asia. Its cities include Liquiçá (lee-kee-sah), Baucau (bow-cow) and its capital, Dili. In 1975, it declared itself independent from Portugal, but was invaded nine days later by its only land neighbor. In 2002, what nation gained independence from Indonesia?
ANSWER: The Democratic Republic East Timor or Timor-Leste BONUS 55 LITERATURE
Name these ancient Israelites.
A. Who anointed Saul and David as King of Israel?
B. What eldest son of King Saul sided with David during his father’s bouts of madness?
C. Who rebelled against his father David, and died when his hair got caught in the branches of a tree?
D. Despite his 1,000 wives and concubines, who was the only son of Solomon?
TOSSUP 56 FINE ARTS
Sisters Patty and Mildred Hill wrote the music, and the words were written by Preston Ware Orem in 1935. In 1990, when the Birch Tree Group was sold to Warner Music Group, its copyright value was estimated at $5 million. Hence – when it is performed at chain restaurants, the medley and lyrics are different. What most common song in the English language is usually heard when someone is getting a year older?
ANSWER: “Happy Birthday to You”
BONUS 56 LANGUAGE ARTS
Identify these words.
A. This eight-letter word comes from a Middle French word meaning, ‘to get rid of.’ It can mean ‘to kill efficiently,’ as with a foe, an urgent letter, or to send someone somewhere, as with an ambulance.
B. This four-letter word comes from a Latin word meaning ‘rubble.’ It can mean ‘simple’ or it can refer to behavior that is intentionally discourteous.
C. This word can either mean ‘a natural salt deposit,’ ‘to get the better of someone’ (as in a fight), or ‘to move one’s tongue across something.’
D. This word can either mean ‘to polish to a shine,’ ‘a light yellow color,’ or ‘a physique that is well-exercised.’
TOSSUP 57 LITERATURE
Supporting characters in this work include Archbishop Turpin and King Marsilion of Sarragossa. This epic poem is based on the 778 AD Battle of Roncevaux (rawn-seh-VOH) Pass, in which Charlemagne’s rearguard was defeated by the Basques. Ganelon betrays the title character in what oldest work of French literature?
ANSWER: The Song of Roland BONUS 57 SOCIAL STUDIES
Identify these Soviets.
A. He negotiated the German-Soviet Non-aggression Pact in August 1939, but is more famous as the namesake for improvised explosives used by the Finns.
ANSWER: Vyacheslav Molotov
B. Molotov and Khrushchev oversaw the internal coup that ousted what head of the NKVD, or the Soviet secret police?
ANSWER: Lavrenty Beria
C. Who led the Soviet Union between 1964 and 1982?
ANSWER: Leonid Brezhnev
D. Brezhnev and what World War II Marshal of the Soviet Union were the only four-time Heroes of the Soviet Union?
ANSWER: Georgy Zhukov
Questions copyright 2007-2008 by the Scholastic Bowl Company of Virginia, Inc. All rights reserved.