Monash university accident research centre report documentation page



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RESEARCH ON THE SAFETY IMPLICATIONS OF TAXI AND HIRE CAR AGE LIMITS

by

Stuart Newstead



Christine Mulvihill

Laurie Budd

Campbell Andrea

Masha Fridman

Natalina Nheu

Sjaan Koppel


April, 2015

Report No. Final

MONASH UNIVERSITY ACCIDENT RESEARCH CENTRE

REPORT DOCUMENTATION PAGE




Report No.

Date

ISBN

ISSN

Pages

Final

March 2015




1835-4815 (online)

79 + Appendices

Title and sub-title: Research on the safety implications of taxi and hire car age limits
Author(s): Newstead, S., Mulvihill, C., Budd, L., Andrea, C., Fridman, M., Koppel, S. and Nheu, N.




Sponsoring Organisation(s):

This project was funded through a contract with the Taxi Services Commission (TSC).



Abstract:
In response to recommendations from the review of the Victorian taxi industry, the objective of this project was to evaluate the appropriateness of current taxi and hire car age limits in ensuring safety of the taxi and hire car fleets. The aim was also to identify and analyse all associated issues including safety that the Taxi Services Commission (TSC) should consider in setting age limits for taxis and hire cars into the future. The project used a two phase methodology to meet these objectives. Phase one involved extensive consultation with relevant stakeholders in the taxi and hire car industries to determine issues relevant to the choice and operation of vehicles as taxis and hire cars. The second phase involved extensive analysis of the safety performance of the taxi and hire car fleet including the risk of crash involvement and injury outcomes related to vehicle choice in the event of a crash. The analysis then examined the relationship between these factors, taxi or hire car type and vehicle age. The safety performance was then used to construct an analytical model to test the influence of various scenarios not only for changes in taxi and hire car age limits but also scenarios related to safer vehicle choice and reduced vehicle crash risk related to improvements in driving standards. Finally, the economic worth of each of the scenarios considered was estimated in order to identify the most cost-effective strategies for improving the future safety of the taxi and hire car fleet. Recommendations for future policy on taxi and hire car age limits, vehicle choice and driver focused interventions were made and priorities for further research identified.


Key Words: Disclaimer

taxi, vehicle safety, crash risk, injury outcome, statistical analysis, policy

This report is disseminated in the interest of information exchange. The views expressed here are those of the authors, and not necessarily those of Monash University




Reproduction of this page is authorised.

www.monash.edu.au/muarc



Monash University Accident Research Centre,
Building 70, Clayton Campus, Victoria, 3800, Australia.
Telephone: +61 3 9905 4371, Fax: +61 3 9905 4363

Preface

Project Manager / Team Leader:

Associate Professor Stuart Newstead



Research Team:

  • Ms Christine Mulvihill

  • Ms Laurie Budd

  • Mr Campbell Andrea

  • Dr Mash Fridman

  • Dr Sjaan Koppel

  • Ms Natalina Nheu

Contributorship Statement

  • Project design - SN

  • Survey design – SK, NN, CM, CA, SN

  • Survey administration and analysis – CM, CA

  • Data preparation and analysis – MF, LB, SN

  • Report preparation – SN, CM, LB

Ethics Statement

This project was approved by the Monash University Human Research Ethics Committee (Project Number: CF14/2641 – 2014001430).



Acknowledgements

We are grateful to the taxi and hire car customers and industry stakeholders for their time and insightful input in responding to surveys and semi-structured interviews.





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