Nuclear Propulsion Neg

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Space Race Bad – Russia

Plan kills US Russia relations – causes prolif and a space race

Krepon 4 (Michael – Politics prof @ Virginia U, Nov. 2004, JPG

Weaponizing space would poison relations with China and Russia, whose help is essential to stop and reverse proliferation. ASAT weapon tests and deployments would surely reinforce Russia’s hair-trigger nuclear posture, and China would likely feel compelled to alter its relaxed nuclear posture, which would then have negative repercussions on India and Pakistan. The Bush administration’s plans would also further alienate America’s friends and allies, which, with the possible exception of Israel, strongly oppose the weaponization of space. The fabric of international controls over weapons of mass destruction, which is being severely challenged by Iran’s and North Korea’s nuclear ambitions, could rip apart if the Bush administration’s interest in testing space and nuclear weapons is realized.
Space race kills relations with Russia and China – causes space and terrestrial prolif

Clary and Krepon 3 (Christopher Clary – south asian defense specialist @ Council on Foreign Relations, and Michael Krepon – Politics prof @ Virginia U, 4/2/3, JPG

The likely consequences of a dynamic, but uneven, space warfare competition are not hard to envision. Potential adversaries are likely to perceive American initiatives to weaponize space as adjuncts to a U.S. military doctrine of preemption and preventive war. Depending on the scope and nature of U.S. space warfare preparations, they could also add to Chinese and Russian concerns over the viability of their nuclear deterrents. U.S. initiatives to extend military dominance into space are therefore likely to raise tensions and impact negatively on U.S.-China and U.S.-Russia relations at a time when bilateral relations have some promising, but tenuous, elements. Cooperative relations with both countries will be needed to successfully combat proliferation, but Moscow and Beijing are unlikely to tender such cooperation if they perceive that U.S. strategic objectives include the negation of their deterrents. Under these circumstances, proliferation of weapons in space would be accompanied by terrestrial proliferation.
Developing nuclear propulsion causes a space race with Russia

Space-Travel 9 (1/11/9, JPG

Russia is preparing to develop a nuclear-propelled spacecraft to maintain a competitive edge in the global space race, officials said. Nearly $17 million has been earmarked for research this year by Rosatom, the state nuclear corporation, and Roscosmos, the Russian space agency, RIA Novosti reported Monday. The design stage is to be completed by 2012 and at least another $580 million would be needed for further development in the coming decade, Roscosmos chief Anatoly Perminov said. Nuclear-propelled space ships could be used for flights to Mars and other planets and to establish a permanent base on the moon, something Russia's space industry is incapable of now, Perminov said. Nuclear propulsion and its high energy efficiency is key to maintaining a competitive edge in the space race, he said.

Space Race Bad – Russia – Weaponization

Weaponization creates space race with China and Russia

Beljac 8 (Marko, contributor @ Foreign Policy in Focus, teaches @ Melbourne U, 3/31/8, JPG

Though the latest Russian and Chinese space arms control proposal is flawed, because of the clumsy definition of what constitutes a “space weapon,” this doesn’t mean that space arms control is not possible in principle. A global space arms control regime would protect U.S., Russian, Chinese, and even Australian space assets. An arms race in space will eventually lead other states to catch up with the United States and thereby placing Washington's commercial satellites at risk. Space weaponization may well have cataclysmic consequences given the link between space weapons and nuclear weapons strategy. This is because Russia, and the United States, to a certain extent rely on satellites for early warning of nuclear attack. As other space nations with nuclear weapons develop their space capacity it is expected that they will follow suit.

Space Race Bad – Russia UQ

Russia is ahead in the space race – we aren’t competing

The Daily Beast 7/7 ( JPG

When the space shuttle Atlantis blasts off from the Kennedy Space Center today on its final mission, it won't just be the 30-year history of the world's only reusable space shuttle that is coming to an end—it will be a whole chapter of the space race. After the shuttle returns to earth in a twelve days' time, the United States will no longer have a manned space flight program for the first time in five decades. More, for the foreseeable future it will be Russia, the U.S.'s old space rival, which will be the only country in the world regularly putting men and women into space. “It's in the DNA of our great country to reach for the stars and explore,” Mark Kelly, commander of the penultimate shuttle mission Endeavour, told reporters just before he blasted off in May, watched by his wife, Gabrielle Giffords, the congresswoman who was seriously wounded in a gun attack on Jan. 8 in Tucson, Ariz. “We must not stop.” But the reality is that the shuttle program has been a costly experiment that ultimately failed in its original intention—to create an easily reusable space vehicle that could travel into orbit weekly. Faced with mounting costs and criticism, NASA has pulled the plug after 135 missions and $192 billion. The demise of the shuttle leaves Russia's clunkier and more old-fashioned, but ultimately cheaper and more reliable, space technologies in the driver's seat. Back in its heyday in the 1960s, the space race was “really a proxy war of nuclear dominance,” says Piers Bizony, coauthor of Starman: The Truth Behind the Legend of Yuri Gagarin. “Russia and America flaunted their potentially destructive technologies in peaceful camouflage, with every successful mission leading to boasts of supremacy.” Soviet cosmonaut Yuri Gagarin's manned space flight in 1961 was widely touted as evidence of the superiority of Soviet science, for instance.

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