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Pathways Chapter 12

Part 4 Paragraph Basics, Development, and Revision Chapter Twelve Drafting and Revising

PowerPoint by Joanna Chrzanowski, Ph.D.

Jefferson Community College


Pathways
Fourth Edition
by Kathleen McWhorter

In this chapter you will learn how to:

Choose a manageable topic

Write an effective topic sentence

Develop a paragraph using supporting details

Revise a paragraph by adding, deleting, and changing text


Chapter Twelve Drafting and Revising
GOAL 1
GOAL 2
GOAL 3
GOAL 4
Choose a manageable topic
GOAL 1
CHOOSING A MANAGEABLE TOPIC

WRITING TOPIC SENTENCES


Write an effective topic sentence
GOAL 2
An effective topic sentence must
  • identify what the paragraph is about (the topic).
  • make a point (an idea) about that topic.

Be sure your topic sentence is a complete thought.

Place your topic sentence first in the paragraph.

Avoid direct announcements or statements of intent.

DEVELOPING THE PARAGRAPH


Develop a paragraph using supporting details
GOAL 3
Choosing Relevant Details

DEVELOPING THE PARAGRAPH


Develop a paragraph using supporting details
GOAL 3
Including Sufficient Details

DEVELOPING THE PARAGRAPH


Develop a paragraph using supporting details
GOAL 3
Avoiding Plagiarism and Citing Sources
  • It is not necessary to credit information that is common knowledge.
  • You should credit unique ideas, little-known facts, interpretations of facts, and unique wording.
  • If you copy in your notes a phrase, sentence, or paragraph from a source, put quotation marks around it.
  • When taking notes on someone else’s unique ideas, place brackets around your notes to indicate that the information was taken from a source.

Drafting Paragraphs Summary

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